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t . 

Benjamin White. Eso 

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Hampsliire County, Massachusetts, 






Boston : 







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^/'-^ -f^l 

Goshefi, April 8, i88i. 

Hiram Barrus, Esq., 

Dear Sir: 

The undersigned having been chosen a committee to mature 
and execute plans for a proper observance of the One Hundredth 
Anniversary of the Incorporation of the town of Goshen, desire to 
have you complete and publish the history of the town in season for 
that event. 

We would also take the present opportunity to invite you to 
deliver an historical address on that occasion. 

Most respectfully yours, 




> Committee, 


In compliance with the invitation of the Committee of the town, the History of 
Goshen is herewith presented. Portions of it were publi^hed in the Hampshire 
Gazette about fifteen years since, but nearly all has been re-written and also enlarged 
by the addition o^ much new matter. The materia! facts have been gathered, as 
far as possible, from the records of the church and town, and the archives of the 

Copious notes of facts and incidents related more than thirty years since by some 
of the early, residents of the town, have proved valuable aids. Among the persons 
who thus continue to speak through these pages, may be named Mr. Cyrus Stearns, 
a native of the town, who was personally acquainted with nearly every family from 
the first settlement tof the town onward for nearly ninety years; Maj. Ambrose 
Stone, who was identified with the leading interests of the town from its incorpora- 
tion for about seventy years ; Capt. John Grant, Col. Luther Stone, Dea. Benjamin 
White, Mr. Moses Dresser and others, who were intelligent observers, life-long res- 
idents, and themselves important factors in the town's history. 

The family sketches, intended at first to be only brief outlines, grew more and 
more extended as the work progressed and the material accumulated, till this de- 
partment assumed an unexpected prominence. It has involved much labor, and it 
is hoped will prove acceptable. 

Hon. Charles Hudson, in his preface to the History of Lexington, says, "It is 
the fortune of those who compile our local histories, and especially if they deal 
with the genealogies of families, to rest under the imputation of being inaccurate." 
This is expected, and much care has been taken in the preparation of this work to 
disarm criticism by preventing errors. Yet some have crept in, and, as far as dis- 
covered, are corrected. Town records do not always agree with family records, in 
dates or names : Mary is often used for Polly, Sarah for Sally, Elizabeth for 
Betsey, Dolly for Dorothy, and, now-a-days, everything possible among female 
names is euphonized by change of termination into ie — Sallie, Mollie, Hattie, 
Maggie, &c. Such changes may be pleasing to the ear, but are confusing to the 
genealogist, and may yet result in perplexing the courts as to the identity of 
persons named in wills and other important documents. 

The sketches of some of the families are quite disconnected and will be found 
on pages widely separate, in consequence of obtaining some of the facts after the 
others had been put in print. Proper names are usually given as spelt in the 
original records, and hence the spelling is not always uniform. 

The record of marriages commences on the settlement of Rev, Mr. Whitman in 


1788, and continues nearly complete to the present time. Where the date of mar- 
riage is wanting the date of the ''Intentions of marriage" is given. The records of 
these commence in 1788, but are missing from 1858 to 1867. The record of births 
previous to 1844 is very deficient, probably mislaid or lost. A list of baptisms is 
inserted to supply in some measure the deficiency, the date of baptism generally 
indicating within a few weeks or months the date of birth. 

Grateful acknowledgments for courtesies received in the preparation of this work, 
are due Rev. J. E. M. Wright, Emmons Putney, Miss Fannie E. Hawks, Albert B. 
Dresser, Alvan Barrus and others of Goshen ; J. Milton Smith of Sunderland ; 
Hon. Albert Nichols of Chesterfield; Luther James, Esq., of Ann Arbor, Mich.; 
Hon. James White of Boston ; Hon. Levi P. Morton, recently appointed United 
States Minister to France ; Rev. D. G. Wright, D. D.,-of Poughkeepsie, N. Y. ; 
Dr. Edward Strong, of the office of Secretary of State, Boston ; Miss Mary E. 
Stone of the Congregational Library, and Hon. J. W. Dean, Librarian of the N. E. 
Genealogical Society, Boston. 

In conclusion, the history is ciedicatcd to the sons and daughters of Goshen, 
wherever residing, in the hope that they may prove worthy of their ancestry in 
whatsoever things are true ; in whatsoever things are honest ; in whatsoever 
things are pure ; in whatsoever things are lovely; in whatsoever things are of 
good report. 


Boston, May 14, 188 1. 



From the first settlement, 1761, to Incorporation of the town, 1781. New England enter- 
prise, Early pioneers, 9; First winter, Two wives and five children, Beaver meadow, The 
truant cow, Fall of the chimney, Other settlers, Disturbed slumbers, 10-11 ; More arrivals, 
Quabbin and the Gore, Narragansett expe<lition, Grants to the soldiers, 11; Chesterfield 
incorporated. Gore annexed and set ofl', Towil oflicers. Birth of first child. Close 
of French and Indian War, First physician, Mijuite men, 12; Muster roll of Lexington 
men, 13-U; Days of grief, Camp distemper, Burgoync, U; Hard winter of 1780, Dark day 
and Dr. Byles, Buckskin and bean porri<lgc, 15. 



Copy of petition, 10; Agent and committee. Act passed, and town named, First town meet- 
ing, 17; Other meetings, Minister called. Money raised for soldiers, School districts, 
Contributions for Southern sufferers, 18; Meeting-house located and built, Goshen vs. 
Utley, 19; Plan of the house, Long sermons and cold weather, House removed, 20. 

ANNALS OF THE TOWN, 1782-1880. 

First annual meeting, "Bulldozing" Congress, 21 ; Not an cflice-seeker. Paper currency "in 
a constitutional way," School matters, 22 ; Warned out of town, 23-4; School houses. Seat- 
ing the singers, 24; Painting the church. Dog tax and School money. Weights and meas- 
ures. The "James Fund," 25-G; The embargo. Congress asked to explain. Severe cold, 26; 
War of 1812 disapproved, Call for troops, 27; Soldiers that went. Cold summer, 28; 
School house built. Baptist church built, Average temperature of winter seasons. Road 
case in court, 20 ; Committee in charge of funerals. Ovation to Revolutionary soldiers, 
80 ; Surplus Revenue, 31 ; Log cabins and hard cider. School districts, 32 ; Town house 
built. Money raised for volunteers in 1861, War notes, 33; Cemetery enlarged. Will of 
Whiting Street, Town ofilcers 1880, Centennial committee, 34-5. 



Town Clerks and Selectmen, 35-9; Representatives to General Court, 39-40; Justices of 
the Peace, Coroner, County Commissioner, Deputy Sheriff, 40. 


Congregational church organized. Members, 41-2; First meeting for business. Pastor 
called. Half way covenant, 42 ; Non -intercourse act, 43; Chords and discords, Recogni- 
tion of the sisters ; Deacons chosen. Rev. Mr. Whitman installed, 44 ; Dancing disallowed , 
Missions, The Catechism, 45; Mr. Wliitman dismissed, 40; Succeeding pastors, 47-8-9-50; 


List of Deacons, 51; Beyivals and results, 52; Additions to the church, 53; Native minis- 
ters and wives of ministers, 54-62; Journey to the Choctaws, 59; Amos Dresser, 61; Nu- 
cleus of Fund for church building, Congregational Society organized, Mrs. Williams's 
Fund, 63; Singing affairs. Dr. Bushnell, 64-6; Centennial of the church. Baptist church 
and society, List of members, 66; Pastors, 67; First Calvinistic society. Second Advent 
church, 67. 


Division of the town into districts, Successors of the early residents down to the present, 
68-72; Early schoolrooms, 72; Books, 73-4; Select schools^ Teachers, 74-5; School Com- 
mittees, 77-6; Statistics, 76-7. 



Route of troops, 78; Method of travel, Post-office, Transportation of goods, Houses on the 
road to Northampton, 79; Stores and Taverns, 81-2; Highland House, Goshen scenery, 
83; Physicians, 83-5; Industrial pursuits, 85-7; Mills and Trades, 88-92; Military compa- 
nies, 92-5. 



Drafted persons. Soldiers and place of service, 95-8; Capt. Weeks' Journal, 99, 100; Wm. 
White, delegate,—; Continental money, 101; Eurgoyne's men, 101-2; Literature of the 
Revolution, 102-3; War of 1812, 103; The Great Rebellion, 103; Sketches of soldiers, 


Grcological, 108; More's Hill; Great Meadow, 109; Ponds and Brooks, 110; Population and 
Depopulation, 111; Wages, Indian relics. Tornadoes, 112-3; Perished in snow storms. 
Wild animals, 114-5; A fatal remedy, 115; First apple tree, Slaves freed. Shay's Rebel- 
lion, 116; Travelling in Circles, Beech trees not struck by lightning; Locofoco matches, 
117-8; Casualties, 118; The burying ground. Malignant diseases, 119; Buildings burnt, 
Aged people, 121; Atlantic cable celebration, 122-4; Town officers for 100 years, 124-6. 


Personified and sketched, 127-132. 


Additions and corrections, 207; Marriages, 216; Intentions, 223; Births, 226; Baptisms, 
233; Deaths, 237. 


Act of Incorporation, 246-7; Biographical— J. D. [Chamberlin, 248; Rev. J. S. Burgess, 
248-250; L. L. Pierce, 250-2; Centennial Committee, 252-3; Index, 255-262. 




1761 1781. 

The sons of New England have earned the reputation of being an 
enterprising people. Their love of home is proverbial, yet seldom so 
strong as to prevent their removal when prompted by necessity, or 
when by so doing they may expect to improve their condition. The 
rapid filling up of the older towns made emigration to new localities 
not only desirable but necessary, and this process continued shows how 
neighborhoods became towns and towns became states. 

Isaac Stearns came to this country from England in 1630 in the 
same ship, it is thought, with Gov. Winthrop. He and "his kinsman," 
Charles Stearns, settled in Watertown, Mass. Charles was admitted 
freeman in 1646. In 1680 he sold hislands in Watertown, and with his 
son Shubael removed to Lynn and took up his residence on the wild 
lands near Reading. Shubael, a soldier in the Narragansett expedi- 
dion, had a son Ebenezer, who married Martha Eurnap of the latter 
town in 17 17 and renioved to Sutton, where the first settlers received 
one hundred acres of land free. David Stearns, the fourth son of 
Ebenezer, born 1729, removed to Dudley, remained a few years, and 
in 1761, accompanied by Abijah Tucker sought a new home in the un- 
broken forest that covered the hills west of the Connecticut river. 
David Stearns may have received his land here in consideration of 
his grandfather Shubael's service in the Narragansett expedition. 
They brought their families to Northampton and left them there during 
the summer, where they could often visit them, and then proceeded 
on. their way, following the then recent military trail towards .Albany 


for about twelve miles. Here they stopped, felled the trees, built a 
log house, and began to cultivate the land. The location is still 
marked b}' the old cellar and well, about thirty rods north of the house 
of Amos Hawks, near the old boundary line between Chesterfield 
and the *'Gore." Here the two families spent the winter of 1761-2, 
their only neighbors, within the present limits of Goshen, being wolves, 
ibears and other wild beasts. Lonely as that winter must have been 
to these families, it was further increased by the frequent absence of 
the men in Northampton, where they found employment among the 
farmers, leaving the two wives and five children, to keep their houses 
and care for the cow and horse. "Beaver meadow," two miles away 
to the north, had furnished pasturage in the summer and hay for the 
winter. One day, in the absence of the men, the cow wandered away 
through the deep snow to the meadow, and did not return as the night 
came on. Neither woman would go alone for the cow, nor remain 
alone with the children, so they compromised by taking out the horse, 
loading the five children upon his back, and all went for the truant 

Another incident was remembered and told by one of the sons, 
Cyrus Stearns, who lived to be 90 years of age, and abounded in 
facts relating to the early history of the town. 'I'he chimney of their 
house was a rude affair, and one morning, while preparing breakfast, 
the mother saw it giving way and about to fall. She placed her 
shoulder against the lowering mantel and held it while the children 
escaped by flight, but the breakfast was buried in the ruins. 

In the spring of 1762, Ezra May from Woodstock, Conn., with ten 
hired men and Ezekiel Corbin and wife to do their cookino- com- 
mencedclearing what is still known as the May farm, now owned by Mar- 
lon Damon. William White from Charlton came about the same time 
and boarded with May while clearing his own lands half a mile south, 
now in possession of Marshall Dadmun. White was an excellent 
marksman, and game was so plenty that it is said he killed enough on 
his way to and from his labors to pay his board. He once shot two 
ducks, cutting off both heads with a single ball Robert Webster 
from Dudley and Lemuel Lyon from Woodstock came the same year. 
As a protection against the wild animals, the wife of Webster, Vv^hen 
he was absent, kept a fire burning outside the cabin in the ni;j;ht. One 
night when alone with her infant child, the horse became frightened 
by some wild beast, and with a loud neigh came rushing through the 


doorway, which was only closed by a blanket, into the room where 
she slept. Another woman alone in a moonlight night was suddenly 
surprised by seeing a wild cat jump through an open window in the 
attic down into her room. The shriek of the woman was too much 
for the intruder, and he left as suddenly as he came. 

Other settlers that came within a few years were x-Vsa Grant from 
Wrenlham, John James and Zebulon Willcutt from Cohasset, Joseph 
Blake and Edward Orcutt from Hingham, Reuben and Moses Dresser, 
and Ebenezer Putney from Charlton, Thomas and Daniel Brown and 
the five Banister brothers — John, Lemuel, Christopher, Barzillai and 
William — and probably Artemasand Sylvanus Stone, from Brookfield, 
Joshua Abell from Rehoboth, Capt. John Bigelow, Isaac Kingman, 
James and Joshua Packard from Bridgewater, Doctor Benjamin Bur- 
gess and Samuel Mott from Tisbury, John Smith, Timotliy Lyman, 
Benjamin Parsons and his sons, Ebenezer, Justin, Solomon, Silas and 
Benjamin, from Northampton, Thomas Weeks and Ambrose Stone 
from Greenwich, and William Hallock from Long Island. 

The territory included in ihe town of Goshen was formerly desig- 
nated by various names. The southern portion lying west of what is 
now Williamsburgh, consisting of thirty lots of one hundred acres 
each, was called '^Quabbin," ''Quabbin Proprietary," or "First Addi- 
tional Grant.*' The northern portion lying [)etween "()uabbin" and 
Huntstown, now Ashfield, containing about three thousand five hun- 
dred acres, was called ^*The Gore," "Chesterlleld Gore," or "Second 
Additional Grant." The division line between Quabbin and the Gore 
extended from the N. W. corner of Williamsburgh westerly, just south 
of the meetinghouse, to Cumrnington line. 9 

These grants were made to satisfy the claims of the heirs of the 
soldiers in the Narragansett expedition in King Philip's War. They 
were promised *'if they played the man, took the fort, and drove the 
enemy ©ut of the country, they should have a gratuity in land besides 
their wages." ' Pursuant to this promise the court in 1732 granted 
seven townships, each six miles square, to the descendants of the 840 
soldiers engaged in the expedition. These townships were located 
in Maine, New Hampshire, and in this state. **Narragansett town- 
ship" No. 4, located in New Hampshire, was reported unfit for 
settlement, and in lieu of it, the territory called "Quabbin," now 
Greenwich, ]\Iass., was granted. But this being less than six miles 
square, *'The First Additional Grant," above named and now included 


in Goshen, was made to supply the deficiency. This also failed to 
give entire satisfaction and "The Second Additional Grant" was made. 

In 1762 Chesterfield was incorporated and the *'Quabbin" district 
was included wiihin its limits. In the following January, on petition 
of its inhabitants, the Gore was annexed to Chesterfield by the Gener- 
al Court without serving notice or asking consent of the town. 
Twenty-three inhabitants of Chesterfield, in their turn, petitioned to 
have the people of the Gore set off again, for the reason that *'their 
being annexed had laid foundation for lasting contention, as the in- 
habitants living on said Grant will have it in their power to erect the 
meetinghouse quite out of the center of the town, the place heretofore 
pitched upon for it, which is on the county road." Their petition 
prevailed, and the Gore was dis-uniied in June of the same year. 

The early settlers of *'Quabbin" and the "Gore" had men of recog- 
nized ability among them, as shown by records of the first annual town 
meeting: in Chesterfield. Of these men the followinj: were chosen to 
office: Ezra May was chosen moderator of the meetin<:^, and also 
constable and chairman of the board of selectmen ; Abijah Tiich;er 
was also chosen selectman ; David Stearns, warden ; Robert Web- 
ster, highway surveyor; William White, deer reeve. May served in 
Chesterfield six years as selectman, William White two, Abijah Tucker 
five, Robert Webster two, Reuben Dresser, Joshua Abell, Christopher 
Banister one each. 

The first child born within the present limits of Goshen was Sarah, 
daughter of Ezra May, January 27, 1763, who married Elisha Morton 
of Williamsburgh ; the first male child was Samuel, son of David 
Stearns, March 25, 1763, who died young. 

The close of the French and Indian War by the treaty of 1763 gave 
a new impetus to emigration to the "West," which at that time was 
reckoned within the limits of the state. In a petition to the General 
Court the people speak of their settlement, which they aver has gone 
on prosperously since they have been freed from the fear of the In- 
dian enemy. The early settlers, being chiefly young people, their 
occupation and the climate healthful, families became large, invalids 
were few, and physicians scarce. Dr. Isaac Robinson, who was here 
in i77i,was probably the first resident physician, and remained about 
eleven years — perhaps till Dr. Benjamin Burgess came. 

Several men belonging in what is now Goshen, were enrolled among 
the minute men in Capt. Webster's company, and marched two days 


after the battle of Lexington to the defence of that part of the state. 
The following, copied from the state archives, gives the list of Capt. 
Webster's company of minute men. 

A Muster lloJl of the Minute Mm under the command of Capt, 
Bohert Webster in General Pomeroifs lieglmentjivho marched from 
Chesterfield in the County of HampshirCj April 21, 1775. 

* Robert Webster, Captain. Ebenezer Cole, 

*Christ. Banister, Lieut. Jabez Cowles, 

*William White, Serg't. *Christo. Grant, 

Daniel Littlefield, " Thos. Pierce, 

*John Halbert " Tilly Burk, 

James Cox, " Adam Beal, 

Richard Silvester, Corp. Stephen Tyler, 

*Wait Burk, " Nathan Web Tyler, 

Asa Packard, Fifer. George Mills, Jun., 

Privates. ^^^"j- ^^^ ^^^'^ 

Everston Beswick, Luke Silvester, 

John Shea, Robert Damon, 

*Richard Burk, ^"^o^ Ciittenden, 

Josiah Brown, ^^^^^I'l Leach, 

Joseph Brown, ^Samuel Olds, 

*Cyrus Lyon, Josiah Clark, 

Asa Spaulding, isaac Buck, 

Enoch Pratt, *^^»^j- Bourn, 

Zach. Curtis, Simeon Higgins, 

Wm. Damon, Wm. Turner. \ 

[These were paid for six days service probably before they joined Gen. Potncroy's 
regiment. Their nam ;s in October, 1775, appear with others from Chesterfield in 
a muster roll as the 8th Co. of the 8th Regiment of Foot in the Continental army, 
posted at Dorchester, under Col. John P'ellows.] 

The records continue : 

Men^s Names that Returned Home, 

Travel. Time of Service. 

Jere Stockwell, 2nd Lieut 230 miles, i month, 7 days. 

*Jona. Nelson, Corporal i " 

Justin Wrif^ht, " 80 " 14" 

Edward Converse, Drufnfner ^-230 ** 

♦ Residents of Goshen. 




Travol. Tinu' of Service. 


*Timo Lvman i4davs 

Elijah Warner." 14 *' 

*Artemas Stone 14 " 

*Reuben Dresser 18 " 

*i3arzillai Banister i ** 

*£ben'r Putney i *' 7 

Aaron Jewell i " 

Prince Cowen 14 

*01iver Taylor 14** 

Chester Kid 68 miles. 3 

Josiah Perry 3 

The men that returned home were allowed one penny per niile for 
travel each way — 230 miles. The privates received about 25 cents 
per day as wages. The two rolls show the amount due the 'offic<!rs 
and men £^2. 6s. 4d. Si<(ned and sworn to by Capt. \\'ebster, 
December 25, 1775. Read in Council and allowed, February 6, 
1776. The names of Caleb Cushman and Nehemiah May are 
included in another list of minute men among the papers of Capt. 
Webster, each being 28 days in thnt service. 

The early settlemant had its days of sorrow. The darkest time 
in its history was in 1777-8. The ** camp distemper" — probably 
dysentery — introduced by a sick soldier, became epidemic and raged 
fearfully. In 21 days there were 21 deaths. In some families all 
the children died. Reuben Dresser lost three children in six days, 
Ebenezer Putney two in one day, CjI. May two in five days. 

Gen. Burgoyne, with his army, was then on his way from the north, 
and the people were expecting he would march across from Albany 
to Boston, laying waste the country as he passed. The probability 
that he might go through this section added not a little to the pre- 
vailing distress. Th(^ men not already in the army were called out to 
oppose his progress, and so many went that the ripened crops in the 
field stood unharvested, with few men or none to gather them. The 
mothers and daughters, equal to (he emergency, came to the rescue, 
and with their own hands gathered the crops that were to supply their 
food for the dreaded winter. Their self-denying efforts were not lost. 
Burgoyne defeated at the battle of Saratoga, raarched from Albany 

* Kesi<lent8 of Goshen, 


to Boston, as a prisoner of war with his humiliated army, and the 
patriotic women had the satisfaction of seeing a portion of the prison- 
ers pass through this town under guard of our soldiers. 

The winter of 1780 was known among the early settlers as **The 
Hard Winter." Severe cold and deep snow prevailed, and for six 
weeks the sun did not melt the snow on the sunny side of the build- 
ings. Deer huddled together where they could browse among the 
small twigs of trees, and being unable to escape through the deep 
^snow by flight, were easily killed with clubs, and to such an extent 
was the slaughter, that they were nearly exterminated. Major 
Ambrose Stone removed here April 20th of that year, and gave it as 
a fact that at that time the fences were buried in the snow our of 
sight, "stakes and all.'* The snow was then so solid that loaded 
teams travelled over it wherever their drivers chose. 

The Dark Day of May 19, 17S0, belongtfd to this period. An 
unusual darkness extended over New England nearly all day and 
night. Candles were needed at noon-day, fowls went to their roost, 
the frogs peeped as tiiough it were evening, and in the universal 
gloom many people thought the final day had surely come. The 
cause of the darkness was never satisfactorily explained, and the 
answer of the punnin^^ Rev. Dr. Byles, seiit by the servant, was per- 
haps as good as could have been given : '' Tell your mistress I am as 
much in the dark as she is." 

Luxuries in these early days were rarities. The dress of the peo- 
ple was prepared more with reference to comfort than to the dictate 
of citv fashions. Buckskin mittens and breeches were in common 
use. Shoes with leggins were for winter wear, and boots were so rare 
an article that a young fellow from abroad weaiing a pair wus nick- 
named ** Boots," for his extravagance. Flax was then, as for long 
years afterward, raised, pulled, rotted, broken, swingled, hatcheled 
spun, woven and wrought into clothing for summer wear ; and wool 
from the fleece was carded, spun, dyed, woven by thcihandof woman 
for winter clotliing. The cradle for the infant was a segment of a 
hollow log ; a block of wood, served for a chair; an upright block 
three feet high, with a cavity in the top, and a heavy pestle, was used 
for reducing corn to hominy for many a frugal meal. "Bean por- 
ridge hot, bean porridge cold," and "bean porridge nine days old," 
was one of the luxuries tliat came of a liberal preparation of potluck. 
Wooden plates, or no plates, was the early fashion, then came pewter 
dishes, and finally earthen. 




The **Gore" seemed to be, in some respects, unfortunately situated. 
Its early settlers, as already stated, had been at one time annexed to 
Chesterfield, but to restore peace, were again set off. Their necessi- 
ties finally compelled them again to appeal to the General Court, re- 
ciiing their grievances, and asking to be incorporated as a town. 
They say in their petition: 

That, wliereas the First and Second Additional Grants to Narragansett township 
No. 4 were formerly one propriety, ]>roperIy and conveniently situated for the bene- 
fit of society, which benefit those of us which were the first purchasers and settlers 
of said land expected to have enjoyed, but to our astonishment and great disap- 
pointment, and also without the consent or knowledge of the proprietors and in- 
habitants thereof, it was in the year 1762 torn asunder and divided by an Act of 
Court incorporating said First Additional Grant, together with a plantation called 
New Hingham into a town by the name of Chesterfield, greatly to the disadvan- 
tage of the proprietors of the said Second Additional Grant, or Chesterfield Gore, 
in that they were thereby left a small, unincorporated, poor people, without a suffi- 
ciency of land for a society, and were thereby unable to support a minister of the 
gospel, and consequently have to this day been deprived of one of the natural rights 
of mankind, as also one of the greatest blessings, benefits and privileges of society : 

"And whereas, your petitioners and other inhabitants of said Gore, with a num- 
ber of inhabitants living on the northwardly part of Chesterfield, which also makes 
a part of this church, and whose petition is now pending in Court to be annexed to 
said Gore, h^ve, for the space of several months, jointly agreed in carrying on the 
public worship of God, and in supporting a minister of the gospel, and are earnest- 
ly desirous of having a legal right to do so in the future; therefore, your petitioners 
most earnestly supplicate your honors to take their case into your serious consider- 
ation, and enlarge their borders, by incorporating them with such a part of Ches- 
terfield as are willing and desirous to be annexed to said Gore, and which will best 
accommodate them and least incommode the town of Chesterfield, which, we hum- 
bly conceive, your honors are fully sensible, is the only land that can accommodate 
said Gore to make them a convenient town, and build them a society sufficiently 
able to support a minister of the gospel, and thereby, not only your destitute peti- 
tioners, but also the whole of the inhabitants of said Gore, consisting of more than 
200 souls, will be put into a circumstance whereby they will be able to support the 


Capt. Thomas Weeks presented the riialter to the Court in 1779 
and again in 1781. In January of the latter year, moved by "the 
petition of Thomas Weeks, agent to the petitioners of a part of Ches- 
terfield," also of the "petitioners of a Gore of land, called Chester- 
field Gore," a committee was appointed by the General Court to repair 
to Chesterfield, hear the parties, and report at the next session of the 
Court. The action of the committee may be inferred from a letter 
of which the following is a copy: 

Norwich, May i, 178 1. 
Sir: I have lelt the report of the committee appointed on the matters relating to 
the Gore, Narragansett No. 4, and Chesterfield, with landlord Elisha Lyman and 
all the papers except yours, left with me, which are here enclosed. If you go down 
this session, remember to carry down to Court the plan of that part of Narragan- 
sett No. 4, as Capt. White proposed to the committee when at Mr. May's, represent- 
ing those that were willing to he annexed to the Gore. Doct. Mather and Doct. 
Shepard propose not to go down this session, and I can't. You will do as you 
-think best respecting going down this session or the next. We have closed our re- 
port, which if you send, you will have safely conveyed to the Secretary as directed. 

Doct. Mather's l)ill l.'i | 9 hard money. 
Doct. Shepard's bill 7 | 10 " " 

I am Sr. your most Humble Serv't, 

John Kirkland. 
To Mr. Joslma AbelL 

The act of incorporation finally passed May 14, 1781, and was ap- 
proved by John Hancock, Governor. The name given in the act is 
Goshan — probably a clerical error. The origin of the name, as given 
by Dea. Oliver Taylor to his daughter, Mrs. (^athcart, is said by her 
daughter, Mrs. Polly Tilton, to have been this : — Goshen of old was 
the best part of Egypt, so the name was considered appropriate for 
what was claimed to be the best part of Chesterfield. 

The town meeting, for organization, was held pursuant to a warrant 
issued by Jacob Sherwin, Esq., of Ashfield, May 23, at the house of 
John Williams, which then stood. just above the burying ground. 
Lieut. Thomas Weeks was chosen clerk ; Joshua Abell, treasurer; 
Capt. William White, Lieut. Lemuel Lyon, Maj. Christopher Banister, 
selectmen and assessors; Thomas Brown and Ebeneztr Parsons, 
constables; Farnum White, Lemuel Banister, Ebenezer Putney, Lieut. 
Timothy Lyman, Thomas Weeks and Barzillai Banister, highway sur- 
veyors; John Williams, sealer of weights and measures; Lemuel 
Banister and Farnum White, tythingmen; John Smith and Maj. Chris- 


toplier Banister, fence viewers; Samuel Olds, leather sealer; ]^arzillai 
Banister, deer-reeve; Nehemiah May, Daniel Brown, Barzillai Banis- 
ter and Lemuel B.misler, h()<::-reeves. 

The selectmen called anoiher town meelinp^, June 4, 1781. 

Capt. Wm. White was chosen moderator. J'uttd tf) raise 50 pounds silver 
money for repair of Inghways and to allow 3 shillings per day for a man, i shilling 
ar:d six pence for a good yoke of oxen, i .shilling each for a plough and cart. Vo- 
ted that hogs should not run at large. 

It was voted to give Mr. Joseph Barker a call to settle with them in 
the work of the ministry. June 21, it was voted to olTer him loa 
pounds as an ^'encouragement." His salary was to be 40 pounds the 
first year and after that to increase annually five pounds, until it 
amounted to sixty pounds. Voted tliat Lemuel Banister, David 
Stearns and Thomas Brown wait on Mr. Baiker with said offers, but 
the call was not accepted. 

August 21, voted to raise thirty-six pounds, three shillings, for pay- 
ing the bounty and wages of three soldiers for three months service,, 
and to piocnre 5 linen shirts, 5 piuvs stockings and shoes, and 2 
blankets; also2ioi lbs. of beef for the army, all in obedience to acts of 
the General Court, and voted to raise 32 pounds of money to pay for 
the beef. 

October 16, the town voted that fLbenezer Putney, Timothy Lyman,. 
Thomas Hamilton, ]ienjamin Burgess, Oliver Taylor, Christopher 
Banister and William Hallock, divide the town into school districts. 
Their report was made and fortunately entered upon the town rec- 
ords, and is interesting, as it probably shows the whole number of 
families in the town at that time. The list will be given in a future 
chapter. The town voted to raise 15 pounds for preaching, and chose 
Lemuel Banister, Thomas Brown, Farnum White, Thomas Weeks and 
David Stearns a committee to employ a preacher. 

K«7/f^ November 15,10 raise 25 pounds for schooling. 

Voted December 21, ijSr, that Mr. Joshua Abcll receive the donations that may 
be given in this town to the support of the sufferers in the Southern States, agreea- 
ble to a brief from his Excellency, John Hancock, and pay the same to the gentle- 
man said brief diiects, 

Voiedio hire Mr. Fowler to preach ten Sabbaths more. 

The town's first year was full of activity and not a little perplexity.. 


The matter of religious worship had a prominent place, and the loca- 
tion of the meetinghouse, as usual in the new towns, was not easily 
settled. It was voted in November, that David Stearns, Lemuel 
Lyon, John James, Lemuel Banister, James Packard, Thomas Hamil- 
ton and Joshua Abell be a committee to set up a stake on the hill in 
Lieut. Lyman's field, and another in the first convenient place south 
of the burying ground. It was voted to erect the house on the last 
named spot; that it should be 50 feet long, 40 feet wide, with posts 
two feet shorter than the Chesterfield meetinghouse. The timber was 
brought to the place, but, ^Liy 20, 17S2, th'j vote was changed and a 
new site selecled ten rods north of the house of Lemuel Lvon. This 
was not satisfactory, and the next day it was voted to refer the mat- 
ter to a committee chosen from the neighboring towns. Dea. Ebene- 
zer Snell of Cummington, Capt. Benj. Phillips of Ashfield, Josiah 
Dwight of Williamsburgh, were chosen, ahd William Ward, Jacob 
Sherwin, William Bodman were added, but nothing came of their ac- 
tion. The contribution of an acre of land by the widow of Col. Ezra 
May, and a half acre by Lieut. Lemuel Lyon, finally decided the ques- 
tion. The donations were accepted May 30, and it was voted to set 
the house on the division line between Lieut. Lemuel Lvon and the 
widow Margaret May's, on the east side of the road, leading from 
Widow May's to said Lyon's. Tiie hi^^hway at that time was some 
rods west of the present one. The house was built during that year, 
and the first town meeting was held in it December 19. It was then 
voted \.o inircliase an acre and a half of land to conv^me siad house, 
and also one-fourth of an acre outside of the acre already staked out 
— the east stakes to stand. This same piece of land that served to 
end one long controversy was the cause of another, that was still 
longer and more bitter. The land was constantly lessened in area 
by encroachments; the removal of the highway to the east cut off a 
portion of it; the highway on the north side severed another portion. 
The purchasers of the May farm faund that their deeds included the 
remainder of the Common, as it has- long been called, making no re- 
servation of the land sold "to convene the meetinghouse.'' So there 
came to be two sets of claimants for the land, causing a long contro- 
versy in the courts, in the case of Goshen vs. Utlcy. The people were 
divided into two parties, and for a whole decade, beginning in 1847, 
the contest was active and exciting. It was finally settled by com- 
promise, as it should have been at the beginning, and the rights of 


each party were made secure for the future by mutual deeds of qui.t- 

The church was built with porches at the east and west ends, 
through which stairways led to the galleries. Thti pews were box- 
like enclosures, nearly square, with seats on each of the four sides, 
facing inward. In front, on either side of the pulpit, were the dea- 
cons' seats, where these solemn officials sat overlooking the congrega- 
tion to see that everything was done in an orderly and orthodox 
manner. Tythingnien also kept constant watch that no breach of 
order should disturb the Sabbath services. The pulpit had its sound- 
ing-board suspended like an umbrella over the preacher's head, — a 
constant conundrum for the small boy. The house had neither bell 
nor steeple, and for many years no means for warming, save the foot- 
stoves carried by the mothers, and replenished, between the services, 
from some charitable " fire-place " near the church. No wonder that 
the boys during the bleak winter afternoons, when the mercury was at 
zero and the services were prolonged till nearly sunset, should watch 
with interest for the turning of the last leaf of the long sermon. And 
yet ** Sunday sickness" had not been invented, and parents and 
children were constant attendants. 

The annual town meetings, for 51 years, were held in the house, 
and it would not be strange if its walls sometimes echoed sentiments 
and speeches that were not in entire harmony with orthodox creeds. 

In 1835, the house having been unroofed by a tornado the year 
before, was removed across the street to its present site, remodeled, 
repaired, painted, and provided with a bell, the latter the donation 
of Col. Timothy Lyman. The work was done by Caleb Loud of 
Westhampton. Extensive repairs were again made on the church in 
1859, when it was repainted within and without. 




At the first annual meeting, which was held at the house of John Williams, John 
James was chosen Moderator ; Thomas Weeks, Clerk; Thomas Brown, Treasurer ; 
Capt. Wm. White, Maj. Christopher Banister, Lieut. Oliver Taylor, Selectmen; 
John James, Reuben Dresser, Capt. Wm. White, Assessors; Barzillai Banister, 
Neh. May, Constables ; Farnum White, John Smith, Tythingnien ; ^[aj. Chr. 
Banister, Farnum White, Moses Dresser, B. Banister, Artemas Stone, Kbcnczer 
Putney, Surveyors of Ways and Bridges; James Packard, Adams Beals, Fence 
Viewers; Samuel Olds, Leather Sealer; Christo[)hcr Grant, Deer-Reeve; John 
Williams, Sealer of Weiiihts and Measures ; Justin Parsons, Daniel ]Jrown, David 
Stearns, Capt. Wm. White, Cyrus Lyon, IIog-Reeves. 

Voted to allow Thomas Weeks, nine shillings for surveying roads. 

April I. Wm. White, Moderator. Voted to raise 65 ]K)unds for repairing high- 
ways. Voted to confirm what the Assessors have done with res[)ect to classing said 
inhabitants to raise two Continental soldiers, agreeable to the resolve of the General 
Court. Voted to choose a delegate to send to the County Convention at Hatfield, 
and elected Wm. White said delegate. Voted 6o pounds f6r paying a man already 
procured lor the army for three years. 

The records show that Barnabas Polter, a soldier in the old Cana- 
dian regiment, was a deserter from the continental army, but his 
friends procured a substitute, one William Jones, and obtained Pot- 
ter's discharjxe. 



October 6. Voted not to pay any Continental, State or County taxes until Con- 
gress rescind their vote, allowing five years pay to the officers of the Continental 

What the effect of that vote was upon Congress we are not 
informed, but the town continued to pay its share of the public taxes. 



The town had one man who evidently was not an office seeker. 


June 7. Voted that Samuel Grimes givie an obligation to the Selectmen to serve 
as Constable and Collector; or procure some meet person to serve in his room and 
stead ; or give a note on demand with interest, for the fine prescribed by law, for 
refusing to serve in those offices. 

November 16. The town voted that paper currency is absolutely 
necessary to discharf^e our quota of tiie debt contracted in the late 
war belonging to this Commonwealth, money borrowed of foreign 
nations excepted. Voted to recon'imend the neighboring towns to 
take similar action. Lemuel Banister was chosen to represent the 
town in a County Convention, and a petition was suggested to aid the 
matter "in a constitutional way." 


January 11. Road laid from Ezekiel Corbin's by the Willard 
Packard place to intersect with the highway leading from John 
Jipson's to JaiBes Orr's. 


Voted that it is expedient to have a paper currency emitted, and that William 
White, Doctor Kenj. Burgess and Oliver Taylor be a connnittee to prefer a peti- 
tion to the General Court for that purpose. Ti>\\n chwse school committees in 
each district. Voted that the school money be divided according to the number of 
perstms from 5 to 18 years old. A new district was ft^rmcd of the families taken 
from Conway and annexed to Goshen, including also Samuel Mott and William 
Meader. It was voted to raise 15 pounds for building a pulpit in the meeting 


January i. Voted to raise 15c pounds for building school houses. 


Voted to build five school houses, and tliat Reuben Dresser and Eben'r Putney 
be a committee to build a school house in the South Kast District ; Farnum White 
and Deac">n Stone in the Middle District; Lemuel IJanister and Cyrus Lvon for 
the South West District ; Capt. ]>. IJanistcr and Anvbrose Stone for the North 
West District ; Xaih'l .-Xbell and Capt. Jona. Snow lor the North East District 
In I7S9 the North East and Middle Districts were united. 




Road laid from Ashfield line by Daniel Kellogg's to Ambrose 
Stone's. It passed around the west side of what is now called Mt. 
Rood, and by the house of Joshua Packard. 

In order to prevent their "gaining a settlement," the following per- 
sons were warned out of town: 

Silas Bassett, 

Freeborn May hew, 

Adam Keals, 

Enoch Beals, 

Adam Beals, Jr., 

John Mansfield, 

Jonathan Snow, 

Edward Wing, 

Reuben Howes, 

Sanwel Luce, 

Sahilhiel Tilton, 

Samuel Alott, 

Parnum White, 

Daniel Brown, 

Isaac Tower, 

Phineas Manning, 

Jonah Williams, 

Widow Tan net H albert, 

Steven Grove r. 

Shepherd More, 

Jedediah Buckingham, 

Levy Olds, 

Sylvanus Stone, but not his wife, 

Nathan H albert, but not his wife, 

Greenwood Brown, 

Isaac Kingman, 

Joseph Jepson, 

James Orr, 

John Powers, 

James Packard, 

J^ns. Ambrose Stone, 

James Partrick, 

Danit'l Kellogg, 

John Jepson, 

Thumas Weeks, 

Eliliu Parsons, 

Stei>hen Kellogg, 

Widow Mary Gates,- 

D^)ct()r John Kittredge, 

Malachi James, 

Caleb Cushman, 

Maj. Barzillai Banister, 

James II albert, 

Joseph Naramore, 

Zebulon Willcutt, 

Ahner Damon, 

Widow Deborah Naramore ; 

John Williams, 

Widow Grimes, 

James Grimes, 

Moses James, 

Watson Robinson, 

Benjamin liourn, 

Moses Hay ward, 

Micah Jepson, 

^licah Je[)son, Jr., 

Asa Chamberlain, 

George Dorr, 

Oliver Taylor, 

John James, 

James Wheeler, 

Alpheus Naramore, 



Jonatlian Russell, 
Capt. Lemuel Banister, 
John Rogers, 
Ebenezer White, 
Josiah White, 
Widow Abigail White, 
Widow Molly White, 
Ezekiel White, 
Ezekiel White, Jr., 

Nathaniel Vinton, 
Abiathar Vinton, 
Levy Vinton, 
Zebnlon Richmond, 
Richard Tower, 
Doctor Benjamin Burgess, 
Widow Elizabeth Grant, 
Widow ALiry Parker, together witb 
their families. 

.4/50 the ivices of the fotloivhig mrn^ riz: 

Ebenezer Putnev, 
Joshua Abell, 
Joshua Abell, Jr., 
Nathaniel Abtll, 
Benjamin Abell, 
Justin Parsons, 
Cyrus Stearns, 
John Stearns, 

James Whitcomb, 

Lemuel Lyon, 

Silas Parsons and 

William Beals and family, also 

Cvrus Lvon and 

Thaddeus Naramore, but not their 

wives, also 
Philip Allen and family. 

Hampshire, ss. Goshen, April 4, 1791. By virtue of the within 
warrant, I have wnrned as directed, that said inhabitants reside in 
said town no longer, except the widow Abigail White and Mary White 
and the wife of Cyrus Stearns and Ebenezer Putney's. 

Justin Parsons, Constable. 
Fees for warning, 12 | . 


Voted to sell the school house by the meetinghouse at vendue, and to raise forty- 
five pounds for building school houses. 


Voted tw fence the burying ground with stone wall, and chose Reuben Dresser 
and Ebenezer Putney committee for that purpose. Voted that the singers improve 
the fore seats in the gallery, in the meelirg'iouse on Lord's days. Middle school 
district divided by the brook east of the meetinghouse, and extends so far north as 
to include Edward Orcutt and Benjamin Abell. 



Voted to paint the roof and porches of the church, and hang the doors of the 
pews in the galleries. Voted to raise ^200 for schooling. The report of a commit- 
tee was accepted, recommending that only two masters be employed for the winter; 
and that they remove from one district to another as the selectmen direct, and 
that a larger proportion of the money be devoted to the summer schools. It was vot- 
ed to build a pound and set it "the west side of the road opposite the Gun House." 
Voted to finish the back side of the meetinghouse and paint the same. 


January. The small pox broke out in the east part of the town, 
and a meeting was called **to see if the town will agree to let any per- 
sons have the small pox by way of inoculation who have not been ex- 
posed to it." It was voted, after much opposition, that Doctor Ben- 
jamin Burgess, Dea. Oliver Taylor, Capt. Ambrose Stone, Lieut. 
Nehemiah May, Mr. Justin Parsons, Dea. Thomas Brown, and Lieut. 
Ebenezer Parsons be a committee to conduct the business respecting 
the small pox as they shall think best. 


History never tires of repeating itself. The town voted that the 
money raised by the dog tax should be appropriated to the support 
of schools. The same thing is now done under the law of the state. 


Voted to take part of the money recovered from Mr. J.tni-s Grimes of Xewton 
for support of a pauper to buy weights and m?asur3s. 


The town appears to have owned the books belonging to the 
schools, an idea which in some places is in practical operation in later 

Voted that the Selectmen have the care and charge of the school books belonging 
to the town, and distribute them among the several schools as they judge proper. 

April I. Voted to accept the grant made to 'he town by Mr. John James in his 
will expressed in the following terms : Hem. I give unto the town of Goshen the 
sum of one hundred dollars, to be paid equally by my executors, if the town will 
accept of such a trifle, on the following terms, (to wit) : To be under the care and 


inspection or the Selectmen, unless the town see fit to choose a committee to take 
C2re of it, on interest, to be annually paid for the full term of one hundred years, 
from and after my decease. The person or persons who hire said money are to 
l>rocure a good and sufficient bondsman, and whatever expense may arise in conse- 
quence «f letting said money, is to be paid by the town, so that no encroachment 
may be made on said money, and at the end uf the above mentioned time of one 
hundred years, the aforesaid sum of one hundred dollars, together with all the 
interest that may arise therefrom, be the same more or less, is to be foreyer kept 
on interest under the aforesaid regulations, and the interest arising therefrom is to 
be appropriated for the support of a Gospel minister in said town, of the Congre- 
gational standing order so called ; for the support of schools, and for the support 
of the poor in said town, for the building and repairing of public buildings, as the 
case may be. 


This year was noted for the execution of Daley and Halligan, in 
Northarapton, June 6, for the murder of Marcus I^yon in Wilbraham. 
It was thought 15,000 people from the surrounding towns were present. 
The culprits were executed about 3 p. m. The day was very hot, and 
the spectators suffered greatly from thirst. 

June 16 was long remembered for the total eclipse of the sun about 
midday. The stars appeared, the fowls went to roost, men left their 
work, and some persons were so impressed by the prevailing gloom, 
that they fainted. The total eclipse lasted about three minutes, 
when the sun came out again with unusual brightness, and was wel- 
comed by the crowing of the chanticleers, the songs of the birds and 
the rejoicing of the people. 


The political troubles that culminated in the war of 1812 engaged 
the attention* of the people early as 1808. The town appointed Dea- 
con Taylor, William White, Deacon Parsons and Col. Neh. May to 
draft and forward a memorial to Congress, asking for an explanation 
of their measures respecting the Embargo, and for redress of certain 
grievances. In August, in response to a letter from the Selectmen of 
Boston, the Selectmen of the town were directed to iDetition the Pres- 
ident for a suspension of the Embargo. 


January 19 was memorable for its severe weather. The mercury 
fell from 47° above zero at sunset to 12° below, — 59"^ in 8 hours. A 


violent, piercing north-west wind prevailed, that in some places pros- 
trated trees and buildings. There was much suffering, and some 
persons and animals perished. 


The town voted unanimously against the proposed division of the 
County of Hampshire, and instructed Oliver Taylor, Esq., represen- 
tative elect, to use his best endeavors to prevent it. 

Note. — Hampshire County formerly included all the tervitorj- of Massachusetts west of 
Worcester County. Berkshire County was set off in April, 1761 ; Franklin County in June, 
1811 ; Hampden in February, 1812. 


In the month of June, Congress declared war against Great Britain. 
The Federalists in the previous election in this state had elected the 
Governor, Caleb Strong of Northampton, and a majority of the House 
of Representatives. The House prepared an address, regretting the 
war and declaring it impolitic and inexpedient. The Senate was 
Democratic, and published an address approving the war and declar- 
ing it in their opinion just and necessary. This town was strongly 
Federal in politics, and passed a series of resolutions deprecating the 
war and denouncing the war measures of the administration in very 
strong terms. A petition was sent to the Legislature, suggesting a 
convention of all the northern and commercial states by delegates to 
be appointed by their Legislatures, to consult upon measures for pro- 
curing such alterations in the Federal Constitution as would give the 
Northern States a due proportion of representation, as "in conse- 
quence of the slaves, the Southern States have by far too great an in- 
fluence, disproportioned to their wealth, strength, and resources.'* 

But their opposition to what they termed, offensive war, did not pre- 
vent furnishing men for the defence of the state. 


Gov. Strong declined to raise troops to be placed at the command 
of the President, but issued a call for troops in the autumn of 1814, 
to be used in case of emergency within the commonwealti). Thir- 
teen men from this town were drafted and went to Boston for the 
defence of the seaboard against the anticipated attacks of the British. 


They met in Cliesterfield and started on iheir march Sabbath morn- 
ing, September ii, 1814. They formed a part of a legiment of 
infantty made up from the militia companies '.n the northern portion 
of old Hampshire County. Col. Thomas Longley of Hawley was in 
command of the regiment. The names of the soldiers that belonged 
tb this town were: Timothy Lyman, Asahel Billings, Enoch James, 
William Tilton, John Fuller, Stephen Parsons, Arad Hosford, Ezra 
Stearns, Abishai Williams, William Abell, Oliver T. Cathcart, Samuel 
Wing and Robert Barrows. They were joined with delachmenis of 
companies fronr other towns, in sufficient number to make up a com- 
pany. Timothy Lyman was detailed from the regiment to. serve as 
the captain, and Asahel Billings as orderly sergeant. They were sta- 
tioned at Commercial Point, Dorchester, where they saw little of the 
hardships and sufferings incident to war beyond the daily routine of 
camp life, but nothing of the expected foe. One of their number, 
Ezra Stearns, sickened and died at the hospital in Boston, at the very 
hour the Governor was reviewing the troops on the Common, prelim- 
inary to their discharge. He was buried at Dorchester with military 
honors. The troops were dismissed in October, having been in camp 
about forty days; and thus ended what was known at that day as 
**Governor Strong's War." The Goshen company were in uniform, 
and received in consequence, before leaving camp, a gratuity from 
the state. A military company in uniform was a spectacle of so rare 
occurrence at that time, that on their way home they were induced to 
march or three miles out of a village and accept the hospitalities 
of a gentleman who was anxious to have his family enjoy so Movel a 


This year was remarkable for its cold summer. Severe frosts oc- 
curred in every month. June 7 and 8 snow fell, and it was too cold 
for comfort even in winter clothing, and frosts cut the corn down to 
the roots, but it was replanted. September 25, corn was still in the 
milk and so thoroughly frozen by three wintry nights, that it never 
ripened and was scarcely worth gathering. Breadstuff s were scarce 
and prices high, and the poorer class of people were often in straits 
for want of food. 



The winter of 1817-8 was called very mild, but it was said to be 
the coldest February since 1780. 


The present school house in the northwest district probably built 
this year. The first school in it was taught by Levi Williams in 1820. 


The season for planting and sowing was quite early. Peas were 
planted April 2, and gathered for the table June 28, which was often 
referred to as an unusual occurrence. 

The Baptist meetinghouse was built during this year. The franae 
was partially raised Independence day, but on account of rain was 
not completed till the next day. 


The winter of 1827-8 is said to have been one of the mildest known, 
the mean temperature being 34^, — the average temperature be- 
tween 1786 and 1828 being about 28^. 

The people turned their attention in 1827-8 to improving the prin- 
cipal lines of travel through the town. The old stage road from 
Northampton to Albany passed over the hill by the burying ground 
— the highest land in that part of the town. 

It was voted to raise the sum of $500 for the pur[]iose of procuring an alteration 
in the road from John Williams' to Cummington line by Luther Stone's factory. 
Col. Timothy Lyman, Benjamin White, Jared Hawks, Jr.. were chosen a committee 
**to appropriate" this money, and Capt. Malachi James was chosen to collect it. 

The County Commissioners laid the road on condition the town 
would pay all the costs of building, beyond $650 which the County 
would pay. The road was built, but some of the tax-payers took the 
ground that the tax was illegal and refused to pay. Mr. Willard Par- 
sons, who built the road, sued the town to compel payment. The 
case was carried to the Supreme Court, which decided that "a town 
has no authority to aid in the construction of a road, which by law is 
to be made at the expense of the County." It decidedjthat the tax 


was illegal and void, and that the contract for building the road was 
not binding upon the town. The decision in this case furnished a 
precedent, which is often quoted and followed by the courts to the 
present day. The principle is quite frequently stated in this way: — 
"A town has no right to raise money to give away." 

The laying of the "Potash Brook" road, and another from the 
North West school house northward towards Cyrus Stearns', soon fol- 
lowed, and then came the discontinuance of the unnecessary old roads 
over the hills to the village. 


Town chose the following committee t© take charge of funerals: 
Col. Luther Stone in North W«st district; Asahel Billings in North 
district; Silas Burgess in East district; Capt. Wm. Abell in South 
district; Capt. M. James in West district. 


July 4, the citizens celebrated the day by giving an ovation to the 
surviving soldiers of the Revolution. Porty-twoof their number from 
this and adjoining towns were present, and listened with interest to 
the address of Rev. Benjamin Holmes of Chesterfield, a native of 
England. The veterans were men of athletic frame, and even then 
retained somewhat of their youthful strength and bearing. The ad- 
dress was the eloquent tribute of an Englishman to the patriot heroes 
of America. One sentence is remembered: — "These men were raised 
up by Providence, stalwart, vigorous, brave, to achieve the indepen- 
dence of the nation." The services were held in the old church, and 
the choir under the lead of F. P. Stone, contributed to the interest of 
the occasion by singing those inspiring pieces, "Bruce's Address," 
**America," and the "Ode on Science." The Declaration of Inde- 
pendence was read by Col. Kinney of Chesterfield, chief marshal of 
the day. 

After the benediction the roll prepared for the occasion was called 
by Nehemiah Richards, Esq., of Cummington, the old soldiers re- 
sponding and forming in line as their names were called. Col. 
Patrick Bryant of Chesterfield, another veteran, took command of 
, the out-of-door exercises. The veterans marched off in fine order, 
led, it is said, by F. P. Stone and John White, drummers, and Levi 


Barrus, fifer. After partaking of an excellent dinner at the hotel 
then kept by Israel B. Thompson, they again met in "martial array" 
and went through the manual exercise, to the no small delight of a 
crowd of spectators. It was a pleasant occasion, and none enjoyed 
it more than did** the old pensioners,'' as they were usually called in 
their later years. It was the last gathering of so many of their num- 
ber in this vicinity, and many of the old heroes probably never met 
again. Major Ambrose Stone, who died in 1850 at the age of 93, 
and Zebulon Willcutt, who died at the same a<2[e in 1852, were the 
last of that heroic band who resided in this town. 

November 13, occurred one of the most remarkable meteoric dis- 
plays ever witnessed in this country. It took place about 4 o'clock 
in the morning, and very few had the pleasure of seeing it. Mr. Levi 
Barrus saw the display, and described it as one of the most magnifi- 
cent sights he ever beheld. The air seemed to be full of shooting 
stars ; all left brilliant trails behind them, and often one larger than 
the others would shoot across the heavens with a flash like lightning. 
They extended from Nova Scotia to Mexico. A gentleman in South 
Carolina said, *' The scene was truly awful, for never did rainfall 
much thicker than the meteors fell towards the earth ; east, west, 
north and south, it was the same." 

There is usually a slight display of meteors at the same date, every 
year. Once in 33 or 34 years the exhibition is bw a grand scale. In 
1799, November 12 or 13, it was witnessed in different parts of Amer- 
ica. Humboldt was in South America, and said that for four hours 
every space in the heavens of three diameters of the moon was filled 
with the falling stars. In 1866 the display was not so brilliant here 
as in some other places, but sufficient to confirm the belief of its 
return every 33 or 34 years. The people of 1899 or 1900 may expect 
to witness another first class meteoric showen 


This year was noted for the general suspension of the banks, ex- 
tensive financial distress, and many failures among business men. 

The " Surplus Revenue" was distributed by the United States 
government among the states, and by this state to the towns. This 
town voted, May 15, to receive its proportion, and to comply with the 
conditions. Col. Luther Stone was appointed agent to receive the 


money, anH sign certificate of deposit, binding the town for repay- 
ment when required. The total amount received was $1,255.78. 

January 25. One of the most remarkable exhibitions of Northern 
Lights or Aurora Borealis ever witnessed in this latitude occurred in 
the (tvening of this day. The whole northern hemisphere was cov- 
ered with most beautiful and ever-varying coruscations of auroreal 
light. A deep tinge of red prevailing for several hours was however 
the most striking feature. The snow reflecting; the color, seemed as if 
stained with blood. The beams of the aurora would frequently pass 
into the southern hemisphere, shooting up and converging at that 
point below the zenith to which the dipping needle directs itself. 
TJie compass needle was singularly agitated during the display. The 
night was severely cold. 


Town consents to William Jones being set off to Chesterfield. 

This year marked a new era in political campaigns, — log cabins, 
hard cider and political songs, playing an important part in the elec- 
tion of ** Tippecanoe and Tyler too." 


The potato disease commenced here quite generally this year. It 
was first observed about the 20th of September, the potato vines 
changing in two or three days from a healthy appearance to an almost 
black. The tubers decayed to such an extent that some fields 
would hardly pay for harvesting. 


New road built from near the house of Levi Barrusto Ashfield line 
near Ranney's mills. 


A geographical division was made of the town into school dis- 
tricts, the previous division by families not being considered Ies;a]. 



Voted to build a town house, using as much of the Surplus Revenue as needed 
for that purpose. Luther Stone, Edward Bridgman, West Tilton, H. Washburn, 
Jr., and Daniel Williams were chosen building committee. 


Benjamin White, Esq., commiltee on the "James Fund," reported 
that Capt. Malachi James had always been a member of the commit- 
tee on the ifund left by his father, John James, till his decease in 1849, 
and had the principal care of it, holding tbe notes and receiving and 
loaning the money. The notes received from the executor of Capt. 
James amounted to $1,228.84. 


New road built from Levi Barrus's to Col. Stone's *' Red House." 


May 6. Voted to raise $20« for the purpose of prepaying volunteers for service 
in the present war, to be assessed and expended under direction of |he following 
committee:— Calvin A. Packard, Henry Tilton, Hiram Packard, Daniel Williams, 
and I^rancis Jepson. 

October 7. Voted to furnish aid to those citizens of the town who have already 
volunteered their services to the government, and the selectmen are authorized to 
hire money for that purpose. 


August 16, Benjamin White, Esq., appointed Town Clerk in place of Alvan 
Barrus, enlisted as a soldier. 

September 10. Town voted that those citizens who have enlisted for three years, 
be paid $100 bounty, and that the same be paid those who may voluntarily enlist 
for nine months. 


January 19. Voted to pay $100 bounty for four volunteers, being the town's 
quota under recent orders. 

Voted to raise $1,140 for payment of bounties. 

April 6. Selectmen authorized to borrow I300 to pay State Aid. 


April 4. Voted to raise $125 for each volunteer required to fill quota under call 
of October 17, 1863, and February i, 1864. 




May 22. Voted to reimburse all moneys paid by drafted men during the present 
war for substitutes or commutation. (Rescinded in iS66). 


March 6. The James Fund was transferred to the care of the 


March 3. Alvan Barrus chosen agent for taking care of "James 


Burying ground enlarged by an addition upon the west side of 141 
rods, 125 feet of land. Alvan Barrus, Hiram Packard and John H. 
Godfrey chosen Cemetery committee. 


March 3.% Voted to accept the donation of $750 under the will of 
Whiting Street. 

The terms of the will are : To pay certain sums of money to cer- 
tain towns named,* in trust for the relief and comfort of the worthy 
poor of said towns, who shall not be in the almshouse, nor be town 
paupers. The towns are to agree to forever keep the principal good 
and spend the income, annually, for this and no other purpose, on 
penalty of forfeiture. 

♦ The other towns named are : Northampton and Holyoke each $25,000 ; Chicopee, 
Amherst, Kasthampton, each $6,000; S. Hadley and W. Springfield, each $5,000; Belcher- 
town, William sbiirgh and Agawam, each $4,000; Conway and Southampton, $2,000; Granby^ 
$1,750; Ashfleld, Cummington and Worthington, each $1,500; Chesterfield, Westhampton, 
Huntington and Enfield each, $1,000; Plainficid, $750. 


March I. Geo. Dresser, Moderator; Fred S. Billings, Clerk; Alvan Barrus, 
Hiram Packard, Alonzo Shaw, Selectmen. School Committee for 3 years, Geo. 
C. Dresser. Raised for support of Schools $300. 

Voted to build new school house in West District. 

Voted to appoint a committee to make arrangements for celebrating, in 1881, the 


one hundredth anniversary of the incorporation of the town. Chose AlvanBarrus, 
Geo. Dresser, Hiram Packard, T. P. Lyman, J. H. Godfrey, 'J'. L. Barrus, Alonzo 

Voted to raise $150 for payment of expenses on that occasion. 


T»%%-ii und County Officem, Ac. 

Toicn (lerlcs. 

The first Town Clerk, Thomas Weeks, served two years. William 
White, Esq., was next chosen and served for thirty years. Joseph 
White, his son, succeeded him and served fourteen years. Benj. 
White,. Esq., another son, twin brother of Joseph, continued in the 
office fifteen years. Elijah Billings then served seven years ; and 
Hattil Washburn, Jr., three years. Benj. White was again called to 
the office in 1853 and declined a re-election in 1862, when Alvan 
Barrus was chosen, but he resigning the same year, Mr. White was 
again re-elected, and completed the seventieth year of service by 
members of the same family — father and sons. The refusal of Mr. 
White to be longer a candidate prevented his re-election. Joshua 
Knowlton served 1864 to 1867. Elijah Billings 1867 to his decease, 
December 12 1879, when Charles Barrus was appointed. He served 
till the next annual meeting, March, 1880, when Frederick S. Bil- 

lings was chosen. 


1 781— William White, 1831— Timothy Lyman, 

Lemuel Lyon, John Grant, 

Christ. Bannister. Luther Stone. 



1782— William White, 
Chris. Banister, 
Oliver Taylor. 

1783— William White, 
Reu. Dresser, 
Oliver Taylor. 

1784— William White, 
Rtu. Dresser, 
Eben'r Parsons. 

1785 — William White. 
Reu. Dresser, 
Eben'r Parsons. 

1786 — Benj. Burgess, 
Thos. Brown, 
Chris'r Banister. 

17871 — Benj. Burgess, 
Oliver Taylor, 
Thomas Brown. 

1788— William White, 
Thomas Brown, 
Oliver Taylor. 

I789— William White, 
Thomas Brown, 
Oliver Taylor. 

1790 — Reuben Dresser, 
Oliver Taylor, 
Benj. Burgess. 

1791 — Reuben Dresser, 
Lem. Banister, 
Barz. Banister. 

1792 — Reuben Dresser, 
Benj. Burgess, 
Oliver Taylor. 

1793 — Oliver Taylor, 
Thomas Brown, 
Nehemiah May. 

1794 — Oliver Taylor, 
Ambrose Stone, 
Nehemiah May. 

1832 — John Grant, 

Asahel Billings, 
Horace Packard. 

1833 — Luther Stone, 

Asahel Billings, 
Horiice Packard. 

1834 — Luther Stone, 
As a he' Billings, 
Frank. Naramore. 

1835 — Asahel Billings, 
Moses Dresser, 
Horace Packard. 

1836 — Asahe! Billings, 
Barney Prentiss, 
W^n. Til ton. 

1837 — Emmons Putney, 
Francis Lyman, 
S. Bardwell. 

1838 — Luther Stone, 

Asahel Billings,- 
Moses Dresser. 

1839 — Luther Stone, 
Moses Dresser, 
William Abell. 

J 840— William Abell, 
F. Naramore, 
Horace Packard. 

1841 — Luther Stone, 
Asahel Billings, 
F. Naramore. 

1842— Benj. White, 
West Tilton, 
Daniel Williams. 
1843 — F. Naramore, 
Luther Stone, 
Francis Dresser. 
1844 — F. Naramore, 
Luther Stone, 
Francis Dresser. 


5 — Nehemiah May, 
Eben Parsons, 
Jos. Naramore. 

6 — Reuben Dresser, 
Eben Putney, 
Ambrose Stone. 

7 — Nehemiah May, 
Josh. Abell, Jr., 
Geo. Salmon. 

8— Oliver Taylor, 
Ambrose Stone, 
George Salmon. 

9 — Oliver Taylor, 
Ambrose Stone, 
Justin Parsons. 

lo — Justin Parsons, 
Geo. Salmon, 
Alpb. Naramore. 

I — Oliver Taylor, 
Geo. Salmon, 
Alpheus Naramore. 

•2 — Oliver Taylor, 
John Williams, 
Sol. Parsons. 

)3 — Reuben Dresser, 
John Williams, 
Jos. Naramore. 

)4 — Justin Parsons, 
Ambrose Stone, 
Geo. Salmon. 

35 — Justin Parsons, 
Ambrose Stone, 
Geo. Salmon. 

d6 — Reuben Dresser, 
Dr. E. Coney, 
John Williams. 

37 — Reuben Dresser, 
Ambrose Stone, 
John Grant. 

1845 — ^- Naramore, 

Ralph Utley, 

FreemaM Sears. 
1846 — Ambrose Stone, Jr., 

F. Sears, 

West Tiiton. 
1847 — Freeman Sears, 

F. Dresser, 

West Tiiton. 
1848 — Freeman Sears, 

F. Dresser, 

West Tiiton. 
1849 — Freeman Sears, 

F. Dresser, 

West Tiiton. 
1850 — Freeman Sears, 

Frank Naramore, 

West Tiiton. 
1 85 1 — F. Naramore, 

Asahel Billinj^s, 

George Abell. 
1852 — J. Milton Smith, 

Asahel Billings, 

George Abell. 
1853 — Asa White, 

Franklin Naramore, 

Ralph Uiley. 
1854 — Franklin Naranaore, 

Asa White, 

Ralph Utley. 
1855 — ^* ^ears, 

Asahel Billings, 

Reuben Gardner. 
1856 — F. Sears, 

Hiram Barrus, 

Calvin A. Packard. 
1857 — F. Sears, 

Hiram Packard, 

Henry White. 



1808 — John Grant, 

Giles Lyman, 

Gershom Cathcart. 
1809 — John Grant, 

G. CathcaYt, 

Timothy Lyman, Jr. 
1810 — John Grant, 

J. Abell, Jr., 

Timothy Lyman, Jr. 
1811 — John Grant, 

J. Abel), Jr., 

Timothy Lvman, Jr. 
1812 — John C.Lyman, 

J. Packard, Jr., 

Oliver Taylor. 
1813 — Oliver Taylor, 

Ambrose Stone, 

John C. Lyman. 
18 1 4 — Ambrose Stone, 

John C. Lyman, 

Benj. White. 
1815 — John C. Lyman, 

Josh. Packard, Jr., 

Benj. White. 
i8i6-r-John C. Lyman, 

Josh. Packard, Jr., 

Benj. White. 
1 81 7 — Ambrose Stone, 

Tim. Lvman, 

Reuben Dresser. 
18 18 — Timothy Lyman, 

Benj. White, 

Joseph Putney. 
18 19 — Timothy Lyman, 

Benj. White, 

Robert Webster. 
1820 — Timothy Lyman, 

Robert Webster, 

Luther Stone. 

1858 — Hiram Barrus, 

Calvin A. Packard, 
C. C. Dresser. 

1859 — Hiram Barrus, 

Calvin A. Packard, 
C. C. Dresser. 

i860 — F. Se«irs, 

Hiram Packard, 
Ralph E. Smith. 

1861 — Hiram Barrus, 

Calvin A. Packard, 
C C. Dresser. 

1862 — Calvin A. Packard, 
C. C. Dresser, 
Alonzo Shaw. 

1863 — Calvin A. Packard, 
C. C. Dresser, 
Geo. Dresser. 

1864 — Calvin A. Packard, 
Geo. Dresser, 
Alonzo Shaw. 

1865 — Calvin A. Packard, 
Alvan Barrus, 
J. Knowlton. 

1866 — Calvin A. Packard, 
Alvan Barrus, 
Joshua Knowlton. 

1867 — Freeman Sears, 
Daniel Williams, 
Tim'y D. Pierce. 

1868 — Freeman Sears, 
Daniel Williams, 
Tim'y D. Pierce. 

1869— C. ^' Packard, 
Geo. Dresser, 
Alvan Barrus. 

1S70 — Alvan Barrus, 

Timothy P. Lyman, 
John H. Godfrey. 



182 1 — Timothy Lyman, 
Robert Webster, 
Luther Stone. 

1822 — Timothy Lyman, 
Robert Webster, 
Luther Stone. 

1823 — Timothy Lyman, 
Robert Webster, 
Luther Stone. 

1824 — Benj. White, 
John Grant, 
Joshua Simmons. 

1825 — Benj. White, 

Asahel Billin^^s, 
Jrancis Lyman. 

1826 — Benj. White, 
Luther Stone, 
Joshua Packard. 

1827 — Benj. White, 

Joshua Simmons, 
Asahel Billings. 

1828 — Timothy Lyman, 
John Grant, 
Samuel Luce. 

1829 — Timothy Lyman, 
John Grant, 
Luther Stone. 

1830 — Timothy Lyman, 
John Grant, 
Luther Stone. 

187 1 — Alvan Barrus, 

John H. Godfrey, 
Joseph Beals. 

1872 — Alvan Barrus, 

John H. Godfrey, 
Joseph Beals. 

1873 — Wm. S. Packard, 
.Geo. Mayor, 
Elisha H. Hayden, 

1874 — Wm. S. Packard, 
E. H. Hayden, 
Lorin Barrus. 

1875— Wm. S. Packard, 
Lorin Barrus, 
J. H. Godfrey, 

1876 — Wm. S. Packard, 
Lorin Barrus, 
J. H. Godfrey. 

1877 — Alvan Barrus, 

Hiram Packard, 
J. H. Godfrey. 

1878— Alvan Barrus, 
Hiram Packard, 
J. H.Godfrey. 

1879 — Alvan Barrus, 

Hiram Packard, 
Alonzo Shaw. 

1880 — Alvan Barrus, 

Hiram Packard, 
Alonzo Shaw. 

lieprcscntatlces to General Court. 

1805, Justin. Parsons; 1806, Nehemiah May; 1808, Rev. S. Whit- 
man; 1809, Wm. White; 1810-11-12-14, Oliver Taylor; 1813, Nehe- 
miah May; 18 15, Ambrose Stone; 1816, Timothy Lyman; and he was 
also chosen delegate to the Constutional Convention in 1820, 1827, 
Ambrose Stone; 1829, Joshua Simmons; 1834, Asahel Billings; 



1835--6-7, Rev. Wm. Hubbard; 1838, Benjamin White; 1839, Luther 
Stone; 1840, Asahel Billings; 1841, Frederick P. Stone^i842, Frank- 
lin Naramore; 1843, Benjamin White; 1849, Luther Stone; 1851, 
William Tilton; 1852, Asahel Billings; 1853, Franklin Naramore; 
1853, Benjamin White, delegate to Constitutional Convention; 1862, 
Rev. John C.Thompson, elected from the district comprising Goshen, 
Plainfield, Cummington, Worthington, and Middlefield, without an 
opposing vote; 1867, Calvin A. Packard; 1873, Hiram Packard; 
1879, Alvan Barrus. 

Justices of the Peace, tvith dates of Commission, 

William White, 1785, 1792, 1799, 1806, 1813, 1819. Died 1821. 

Benjamin Burgess, 1786. 

Oliver Taylor, 1810, 1817, 1824. Died 1826. 

John Williams, 181 1, 1817, 1824, 1832*. 

Timothy Lyman, 1822, 1829. Died 1831. 

Joseph White, 1827, (removed from the county). 

Benjamin White, 1832, 1839, 1846, 1853, i860* 1867* 

Asahel Billings, 1834*, 1841* 

Luther Stone, 1837, 1845, 1852, 1859, x866* 

Hiram Barrus, 1856, 1861, (removed from the county). 

Calvin A. Packard, 1861* 1867, 1774*. 

Alvan Barrus, 1874. 


Ambrose Stone, 1803 ^ 'S50. 

Special County Commissioner. 
Benjamin White, 1838 to 1842. 

Depntif Sheriff. 
Solomon Parsons served under Sheriff, Mattoon. 

*Di<l not qualify. 


• , » -, • 

. . ' ■ I ' ' • II t >>•■ , > . I ' I l' 

/; ■.-.. '.;•■ , ••■. 

••;.' : li! .:'•. '■'.•> •. 




The Congregational (liurch. 

True to the Pilgrim idea, the church and the school — the heart 
and the head of true prosperity — recei/ed <!arly attention 'and have 
always been cherished institutions among the people here. This, 
church, the first in the placi, was o-gmized December 21, 1780, 
nearly five months before the incorporation of the town. It is a fact, 
not without interest, that its organization, whether intended or not, 
occurred on **Forefather*s Day," — 160 years from the day on which 
the Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock. 

The earliest record of the church is the following: — 

Chesterfield Gore, December 21, 1780. 

A church was gathered in this place and properly incorporated [organized] by 
the Reverend Mr. Josiah Kilburn, pastor of the church in Chesterfield. At the 
same time the church made choice of one of the brethren, viz: Thomas Weeks for 
their clerk. Also at the same time, said church agreed to the followintr confession 
of Faith, Covenant, and Hnlcs of Church Discipline — that is to say: 

We, whose names are hereunto subscribed, the brethren of the Church of Christ 
in Chesterfield Gore, have mutually agreed, and unanimously Consented, to the fol- 
lowing Confession of Faith, Covenant, and Rules of Church Discipline as the Rule 
of our Faith and Practice in this church. 

(Signed) Thomas Wf.kks, 


Thomas IJrown, 
Damki. IJrown, 
John Smith. 

The Confession, Covenant and Rules follow, but it seems unneces- 
sary to reproduce them here. 

The records do not distinctly indicate the names of a'l wiio joined 
the church at its organization, but the following are given without 
date as members previous to 17^3: 

Thomas Weeks, Nehemiah May, 

Mary Weeks, Jeremiah Hallock, 

♦Lemuel Lyon, Alse Hallock, 

*John Smith, Mary Grimes, 


*Sarah Smith, *Justin Parsons, 
*Thomas Brown, Hannah Parsons, 

*JudiLh Brown,- Ebenezer Putney, 

*Daniel Brown, Farnum While, 

*Dorcas Brown, fMarcy White, 

Artemas Stone, Christopher Grant, 

Jerusha Stone, Elizabeth Grant, 

Joseph Banister, Abiel Banister, 

^Deborah Banister, Margaret May, 

Christopher Banister, *David Stearns, 

Mary Banister, Lemuel Banister — 30. 

The first meeting of the church for business was held one week 
later, when choice was made of Rev. Josiah Kilburn of Chesterfield, 
as moderator in case of emergency while they continued destitute of 
a pastor. Voted, that brother Thomas Weeks read the Psalm in this 
church when they assemble for religious worship. Voted, that broth- 
er John Smith lead in singing. 

March 26, 1781, it was voted to call to the pastorate. Rev. Joseph 
Barker, who had been preaching here for nearly a year. The "cove- 
nanters" and others in the vicinity, were invited to join with the 
church in calling Mr. Barker and in making proposals for his support. 
Thomas Weeks, Thomas Brown, and Lemuel Lyon were a committee 
to wait on the candidate with the call. He did not accept, but in the 
same year became pastor of the church in Middleboro, where he died 
in 1S15. He appears to have been an able man, and was member of 
Congress 1805 to 1808. 

From the earliest settlements in this state it was a pre-requisite of 
the incorporation of a town that it should have a church already or- 
ganized, or about to be. For a long period, none but church mem- 
bers could hold office in town or state. Naturally enough church 
membership became very popular with two classes, those who wished 
t© be thought respectable and those who wanted office. Very effi- 
cient men outside of the church were often wanted to serve in impor- 
tant positions, who were not available under this disability. So the 
"half-way covenant" was invented, by which men of correct morals 
could so far become church members as to avoid the disabilities of 

* Keceived from first churcli in Cliesterfiold. f Wife of William White. 



non-membership. Akin to this was the parish system — well intended 
and in some respects desirable. But these devices for qualifying men 
for office and filling .the churches, proved a ruinous policy for what 
were known as the Orthodox churches. Moral men did not alvvays 
prove to be in the strictest sense religious men. They did not relish 
some of the doctrines held by the church and proclaimed from the 
pulpit. So there came to be a demand for more liberal preaching 
and preachers. The moral element of the churches- -the half-way 
covenanters — found themselves, in many cast's, the majority of the 
church and parish, and the "liberal" preachers were put in the place * 
of the less liberal. The new pastors preached easy doctrines, church 
membership became more easy than ever, morality was substituted 
for religion, and so in many cases the Orthodox ('ongregational 
• churches naturally drifted over into L'nitarian Congregational 
churches, taking with them the church building and property. 

But this church appears to have kept due watch and care over its 
members. One sister confesses to having told wrong stories, and 
heartily asks the forgiveness of the church ; on a subsecjuent com- 
plaint for absolute lying, she is excommunicated. One brother com- 
plains of the discipline of the church in receiving a verbal complaint 
against himself " without proof." The church takes the place of the 
alleged offender and acknowledges its error. Another brother makes 
amends for havinjr ordered another member to withdraw from com- 
munion ; another for breach of covenant, absence from the meetings, 
and denying in particular the doctrine of Free Sovereign P^lection, is 
admonished.* Occasionally one is excommunicated, and, that the 
offender might fully realize the full force of this act of the church, 
one of the articles of discipline required the members to forbear 
to associate, or familiarize with him any further than the necessity of 
natural, civil, domestical relaiions, or humanity required, that he 
might be ashamed; agreeably to 2 Thess. 3 : 14, 15. Not withstand- 

* What thechuirh at that tinu' iiiKlcrstood by 'Mlenyiiij; the dochiiu'sof Fri-c Sovoivijai 
KhM'tioii." we are not inft)rjiUMl. It may mean, however, that the ehinrh did n<»t umler- 
Htand thi? dot^trhie as the offender lUKh'rstocxl it. From what is known of the offen<nii;f 
brother, it is safe to infer tliat his views Avere more nearly in sympathy witli the eliurch tif 
the present, than of his own thne. Like some of tlie ol<l Knprlisli martyrs, he may have 
been one who ha<l Uie fortnne, or misfortune, to live in a<lvanee of his time, and Uierefore 
not in sympathy willi his contemporaries. The man who l)ases his theology on his own 
careful and prayerful study of the bible is usually in advance of tlie creeds ol his churcli 
jin<l tlnips. 


ing this seeming strictness of discipline there were lines of charity 
running through its action. A vote was passed, embodying ihe apos 
tolic idea "if a man be overtaken in a fault, ye which are spiritual 
restore such an one in the spirit of meekness " in the following terms : 

Voted that aggrieved members who have tiken the first steps in discipline with- 
out success, lay their case before the committee that " transacts the pruden- 
tials of the church, who are to use their endeavors for the reconciliation of the con- 
tending parties. If unsuccessful they are to prepare and present the case to the 

The matter of singing seems to have been, as it sometimes has in 
later years, an element of occasional discord, which probably caused 
the passage of the following votes: 

Voted that the church ought to govern in the worship of God. 
Voted the church shall govern. 

Voted that we disapprove of the present mode of singing. 

Voted to choose a committee to make ?. collection of tunes to be sung in the time 
of public worship. 

It was finally decided to sing on the Sabbath in ihe forenoon and 
the first lime in the afternoon only, by reading line by line. Hymn 
books were scarce, and made this necessary, which was called " dea- 
coning off the hymns." 

But singing matters, always sensitive and often uncertain, generally 
have their own way in the end, and within a year a vote was passed 
allowing the singing to be performed without reading as often as the 
choristers see fit. Up to this time the men seem to have had the 
church meetings all to themselves, but now a vote was passed break- 
ing up the exclusiveness, by declaring that *'the sisters of the church 
have a right to attend all the church meetings." 

For seven years no pastor was settled, though calls had been ex- 
tended to Elisha Hutchinson; Jeremiah Hallcck of this town, who 
settled in West Siinsbury, (Canton) Conn.; Mase Shepard, father of 
Prof. C. U. Shepard of Amherst college; Abraham Fowler, who ac- 
cepted^ but finally withdrew, though a council was to meet for his 
settlement April 2, 1783. 

In 1787 two deacons were chosen — Oliver Taylor and Artemas 
Stone. Rev. Samuel Whitman of Ashby was called to the pastorate 
and was installed January 10, 1788. The leading parts of the instal- 
lation services were as follows: — 


Rev. Timothy Allen of Chesterfield, the moderator of the council, 
preached the sermon; Rev. Aaron Bascom of Chester, the scribe, led 
in prayer; Rev. Joseph Strong of Williamsburgh, gave the charge; 
Rev. James Briggs of Cummington, offered the closing prayer. 

The church sometimes exhibited its militant character in matters 
that at the present day are more often passed over in silent regret. 
The young people would have their parties and would sometimes 
dance. One of the church members kept a hotel, and perhaps allow- 
ed these parties the use of his hall, which may account for a vote 
passed in 1796 — that "professors of religion are under obligation to 
disallow and disapprove of frolicking and dancing in their houses, 
and should prevent their children and others under their care going 
abroad for the purpose of frolicking and dancing." On one occasion, 
a. prominent member of the church, thought it his duty to enter his 
protest in person against one of these parties having a ball at the ho- 
tel. He was politely received by one of the leaders, who, understand- 
ing the purpose of the visit, said, **Deacon, if you wish to dance a 
figure with us I will introduce you to a partner, but if you come in to 
make trouble you will go out a mighty sight quicker than you came 
in." The good man took the hint and did not wait to dance, or to 
be helped out. 

The landlord had a human, as well as religious side, and like edi- 
tors of the present day did not hold kimself responsible for all the 
communications of his patrons. Complaint was entered against him 
for allowing dancing at his house, and kept before the church for ten 
years, when it was dismissed and he was restored to fellowship. 

In the year 1800 the church passed a vote that seemed more leni- 
ent than the general sentiment of that day allowed in regard to the 
doctrines. The vote was " that no confession of faith be read to 
persons in order for admission to the church," but assent was 
required to a covenant then adopted for future use. The church 
interested itself earlv in the cause of missions, and in 1802 chose 
Dea. Taylor as delegate to a convention in Northampton to ratify a 
constitution for a missionary society. The church adopted ** the plan 
of the Berkshire Association for the family covenant and catechising 
of children." The features of this plan are not explained, but may 
have been that which was carried out by the pastor in his weekly 
visits to the schools, when the pupils were required to answer 


the questions in the Westminster catechism. It was considered 
quite an accomphshment to be able lo answer every question. Mr; 
Reuben Smith, an Amherst boy, in later years a member of this 
church, committed tlie catechism to memory when ten years of age. 
In his88lh year he repeated it to his pastor, Rev. T. H. Rood, with-, 
out an error. Tiie Massachusetts Sabbath School Society, on learn- 
ing the fact, sent him an elegant voknne of its publications.* 

The paslorate of Mr. Whitman, though the pastors of his day were 
understood to be settled for life, was brought to a close in 1818, after 
a long and unpleasant controversy. One of the chief reasons said 
to have been urged for his dismission, was that he had made some 
departure from the orthodox standards of faith. But possibly feel- 
ing had as much to do with the matter as principle had. He was a 
studious man, and the author of several theological volumes. Ab- 
sorbed in matters of thought, he was reserved in manner, and possi- 
bly had imbibed to some extent the old time notion that a minister 
was something more than a man ; for the poet once said : 'Ministers 
and monarchs are awful names." One of the bovs of his dav, now 
residing in another part of the State, gives the following recollec- 
tions of him. Pastors who ignore the boys may protit by the lesson 
ihey furnish. 

"Mr. Whitman was not social with young people. My father once 
sent ine with a nice quarier of veal as a present to him. On learn- 
ing my errand he said: 'Well lay it down on that table' — and that 
was all. I never carried another. A boy went to visit one of his 
boys, and Mr. Whitman asked, ' Boy, vvhat did you come after.?' 
*■ Nothing sir,* \vas the reply. 'Well, take nothing and go home.' *I 
have nothing to put it ii\ sir/ fiom the boy, ended the colloquy, and 
perhaps also the boy's respect for the pastor. 

" Many thought him erroneous in doctrine, but I now think he did 
not explain his views clearly, and therefore was not understood. The 
council which met to investigate matters in relation to his dismission 
was composed of nine ministers and their delegates. The council 
was in session three days. It was in the years before the temperance 
reform had made much progress, and the society had to pay for 120 

* One hoy who owasionally jittended the rehearsals had a less tenaclouH memory. 
Being asked hy Mr. Whitman, "Who was tlie first man?" replied, "\A ell, I don't remember 
exactly. It was rather late when 1 got here, but I guess it was Adam, or Eve, or Methusa- 



mugs of sling used by the council during their session. In these 
times explanation may be needed to learn wKal a mug of sling was : 
a half pint of spirit with water, well sweetened with loaf sugar. Yet 
I believe the council were good pious men, but without the light that 
■shines upon us." 

His work — the best test of his ministry — appeals to have been 
approved of his Master, ar.d nearly one luindied and twenty were 
added to the church during his pastorate. He died suddenly Decem- 
ber i8, 1826, aged 75 years. He was a graduate of Hhi vard College, 
1775. -^^^ wife, Grace Cheever, was a relative of the re.iowued 
Ezekiel Cheever, for 70 years a teacher in Boston and New Haven. 
Mr. Whitman resided where Mr. Emmons Putney now lives. His 
son Ephraim was a printer, and worked his press in his father's house. 
He published some of his father's works here, and a few pamph- 
lets for other parties. His press afterward went to Poultney, Vt., 
and was used in iprnting a newspaper there. 

Rev. Joel Wright, second pastor of the church, graduate of Dart- 
mouth College, 1809, was installed September 26, 1821, and remained 
here seven years. The house of J- H. Godfrey was built as a parson- 
age for him. An affecting incident attended his removal to this 
town. The parents broui;ht with them the remains of a deceased 
child for burial in the cemetery here. 

The pastorate of Mr. Wright was not marked by any specially 
stirring incidents. He labored faithfully for the best interests of his 
people, by whom he was much beloved. 

Mr. Wright was previously installed in Leverett, Mass., December 

9, 1812 ; dismissed January 26, 1820. 

Rev. Henry B. Holmes from Stratford, England, third pastor, was 
installed September 25, 1830. He was active in doing good, an elo- 
quent speaker, and greatly endeared to his people. 75 were added 
to the church during his short stay here. He was dismissed January, 
1833. The church numbered January 7, 1831, 69 members — 21 
male, 48 female; January i, 1832, 98 members — 29 male, 69 female. 

Rev. Stephen Mason, graduate of Williams College, 1812, fourth 
pastor of the church, was installed Jui^e 22, 1836, dismissed April 

10, 1837. He removed to Marshall, Mich., where he died November 
8, 1870. 


Rev. John C. Thompson, of Heath, fifth pastor, graduate of Am- 
herst College, 1829, was installed October 4, 1837. The installation 
services were conducted as follows : Introductory prayer by the 
scribe. Rev. \Vm. Lusk of Williamsburgh ; installing prayer by the 
moderator, Rev. Moses Miller of Heath ; sermon by Rev. Horatio 
Bardwell of Oxford ; charge to the pastor by Rev. M. G. Wheeler of 
Conway; right hand of fellowship. Rev. Israel G. Rose of Chester- 
field ; address to the people by Rev. Mr. Mitchell of Northampton ; 
concluding prayer by Rev. M. E. White of Southampton. 

In 1841 Mr. Thompson was compelled by failing health to give up 
active labor, for a time, and was dismissed in 1842, greatl}* to the 
sorrow of his people, by whom he was highly respected. He was a 
model pastor, a peace-maker, a man of devoted piety, zealous in every 
good work, a faithful preacher. The result of his labors was more 
manifest in the healthy growth and general prosperity of the church 
during his pastorate than in large accessions by revivals. 

Rev. Royal Reed, sixth pastor, was installed October 19, 1842, 
dismissed June 15, 1847. ^^ w*^^ ^ "^^" ^^ ability, sociable, and 
faithful in his calling. 42 were added to the church under his min- 

Rev. Wm. J. Boardman, who had supplied the pulpit for a time 
after the dismission of Mr. Whitman, again supplied till the failure of 
his health in 1849. His death occurred in Northford, Conn., the 
same year. He was a good man, an earnest preacher, and much 

Rev. Robert Crossett from Alstead, N. H., came soon after and 
remained till 1853, but was not installed here. He was an active 
laborer in christian work, a faithful minister, a ready speaker and a 
good man. He died in Cincinnati. 

Rev. Thomas Hancock Rood, the seventh settled pastor of the 
church, was born in London, Eng., March 5, 1823, and commenced 
preaching at the early age of twenty with great promise of usefulness. 
Soon after, he came to this country, and resided for a short time at 
Albany, N. Y. There he lost by a fire a fine library which he brought 
from England. About the year 1848 he preached two years at 
Jamaica, Vt., as his first stated ministry in this country. Having 

TliOMAi 11 KO- 

I ■ 




married a second wife* in that place, he removed to Sheboygan, Wis., 
where he preached about the same length of time. Hjs health fail- 
in^:, he came east for a more favorable climate, and settled in Goshen, 
Mass., May, 1853, but was not; installed until Jan. 31, 1855. Rev. J. 
H. Bisbee, of VVorthington, preached the installation sermon ; the 
right hand of fellowship was given by Rev. VV. H. Gilbert of Ashfield ; 
charge to the people by Rev. George Adams of Conway; charge to 
the pastor by Rev. Jaied O. Knapp of Hatfield. He was dismissed 
in 186 1, having had a longer pastorate than any of his predecessors 
■except Rev. Mr. Whitman. He removed to Southwick, Mass., where 
he was pastor of the Congregational church three years and a half, 
and was there married to Mrs. M. C. F. Vining. 

Closing his labors there he removed to Westfield, in 1865, for the 
purpose of educating his children. For the last five years of his life 
he was engaged most of the time in supplying in various places 
vacant churches, which uniformly highly esteemed his labors. He 
was an accurate scholar, a rapid writer, social, correct in doctrine, 
upright in life, firm and courteous. 

His death occurred at Westfield, September 29, 1870, from typhoid 
fever, after an ilhiess of only a few days. His wife an4 two daugh- 
ters survive him. His remains were brought to Goshen and interred 
by the side ©f his second wife, and among a people whom he remem- 
bCTcd with affection, and who loved him tenderly while living, and 
revere his memory being dead. 

Rev. J. C. Thompson again supplied for a year, and was chosen 
by a unanimous vote to represent the district in the Legislature of 
1862. He removed to Belvidere, Illinois, where he now resides. 

Rev. Sidney Hoi man succeeded Mr. Thompson, and preached 
here for about four years, then four in Windsor, and nearly four in 
Welhersfield, Vt., when, his health failing, he preached his last ser- 
mon May 31, 1874. He returned to his daughter's home in Goshen, 
and there closed his life December 31, 1874. He was born in Roy- 
alston, Mass., January 5, 1800 ; graduated at Williams College, 
1^30 ; studied theology at Auburn Seminary; settled first in Saugus, 
afterward in Killingly, Conn., Webster and Millbury, Mass., preach- 
ing and teaching in the latter town for st^veral years. His first wife, 

* Miss Jennie E. Kellogg. 


Myra Fisher of Templeton, the mother of his five children, died here^ 
and he married, second, L. Emeline Griswold, who survives him. He 
afterwards removed to Holyoke and taught school for seven years, 
preaching also as he had opportunity. Mr. Holman was a faithful 
servant of his Master, and won the respect and good will of his peo- 
ple and pupils wherever he labored. He was a strong advocate of 
temperance, and started a total abstinence pledge in college. Dr. 
Griffin, the president, said, *• Holman, you are too fast, for I drink a 
little wine ;" but afterwards he said, " Holman, you was right* and I 
was wrong." 

While in college he was classmate and room mate with Hon. J. M. 
Howard, U. S. Senator from Michigan. Howard was not a profes- 
sor of religion, but he much respected the quality of that which Hol- 
man possessed, and would turn the key of their room before retiring, 
and say, '*Chum, read the good book and say llie good word before 
we turn in." 

Rev. H. M. Rogers came in February, 1867, and supplied till the 
summer of 1868. A man of good talents, and much energy and 
decision of character. He has been pastor of the church in Holden 
since 1877. 

Rev. Townsend Walker commenced his labors here September, 
1868 ; a native of Great Barrington, a graduate of Williams College ; 
settled first at Baldwinsville, N. Y., remaining nine years. His 
health was delicate for several years, and in March, 1873, ^^^' P^*®" 
posed to close his labors here, but such was the affection of his peo- 
ple that they continued his salary till his decease, July 31, 1873. In 
reply to a brother who asked how he felt in view of his approaching 
change, he replied, ** Why, just as I expected, and I want to disabuse 
your mind, and that of the biethren whom I often hear praying to be 
prepared for death, of the idea that you have anvthing to do with it. 
Your business is to be prepared for life and its obligations, and you 
need have no fear of death." He was buried in Goshen. 

Rev. Mr. Juchau succeeded Mr. Walker, and remained two years. 
He was an Englishman by birth. 

Rev. D. B. Lord commenced his labors in December, 1876, and 
continued here about three years, when he removed to Blandford. 



The earnest and faithful labors of Mr. Lord resulted in a large acces- 
sion to the church and th'i quickening of its christian graces. 

Rev. Edward Clarke and others supplied till October, 1880, when 
J. E. M. Wright, of Needham, accepted a call lo the pastorate, and 
comnienced his labors. He was installed December 8, 1880. 


*01iver 'J'aylor served 1787 to 1826 

*Artemas Stone '* 1 787 1790 

*Thomas Brown " 1 790 i8oj 

Justin Parsons "' 1801 1810 

Cyril Carpenter '* 1809 1819 

Jonathan Lyman " iSio 1834 

Stephen Parsons " 1822 1837 

Eben'r W. Town " 1833 1838 

Asahel Billings '* 1837 1846 

Marcus Linslcy . '* 1839 1841 

*Bei^.jamin While " 1845 '^73 

*Francis Lyman " 1 845 1 85 i 

Theron L. Barrus " 1^58 now in office. 

Henry H. Tilton " 1861 1865 

*Elijah Billings " 1872 1879 

George Dresser " 1 880 now in office. 

Artemas Stone died September 16, 1-790, aged 43 yenrs. The epi- 
taph upon his gravestone states that about seven months before his 
death, he with great fortitude of mind, endured the amputation of 
both his legs. Justin Parsons became a minister of the gospel and 
removed to Whiling, Vr. Asahel Billings, dismissed in 1S46 to 
South Hadley Falls, returned in 1850, was re elected, but did not 
formally 'accept, though he continued to officiate till his death, 
December 4, 1866, at the age of 80 years. One of his pastors 
recorded against his name, "As good a deacon as ever lived." Car- 
penter and Town removed to Enfield, Stephen Parsons to Buckland, 
Marcus Linsley to Southwick. Jonathan Lyman was " dismissed " 
18 18, re-chosen 1822, removed to Northampton 1834. H. H. Tilt on 
removed to WDliamsburgh. T. L. Barrus resided in Cummington, 
1864 to 1867. 

* Died in office. 



lieriral Seasons. 

The church was early favored with reviv.ils of religion, and seems 
lo have been orgai.ized soon after such a season. The summer of 
1779 is said to have been "remarkable for the display of the power 
and mercv of Gcd, in brincfiiis lost men trotn li:e bondajre of sin into 
the liberty of the gospel/' Jeremiah Hal!v.'ck. ('afterwards Rev.) was 
one of li.e first fruits of this revival. In his Au:obio;jraphy and Life, 
published in 1S30, it appears that the first re!ij; meeting of young 
people ever held in the town, was in June or July of that year. Not 
many weeks after this, he wrote, "I was called to do military duly; on 
the release of the company for a little re^^reshment — without any plan 
or intention of n»ine, — I found myself in a barn, near the place of pa- 
rade, surrounded by my fellow-youih and others, and exhorting them 
on the things of religion. One of my friends was then awakened, 
who afterwards obtained hope. About this time the awakening, 
which had been secretly advancing, began lo break forth, and by the 
first of January, 1780, it was spread considerably over the town. 
And thouj^h the season was cold and the snow very deep, (for this 
has since been distinguished by the name of "The Hard Winter") 
yet the meetings were frequent, full and solemn. As we had no min- 
ister, and I was the first of the apparent converts, the lead of the 
meetings often devolved upon me; and my dear males looked to me 
for instruction, showed me great respect, and put confidence in what 
I said. I lived this winter with Mr. — [Ebenezer Putney]. As we 
were dressing flax, P'ebruary 9th, in a back room, the flax took fire, 
anxl burnt so quickly and furiously — the wind being high — that in a 
few minutes the flames pervaded the whole house, which was consum- 
ed, with nearly all its contents. * * * it gave me ai? impressive 
sense of the end of the world, and the inexpressible consternation of 
poor thoughtless sinners, who think as little of that dreadful hour as 
the old world thought of the flood, or as we thought of this fire till 
it came. During March and April I attended meetings most of the 
evenings. *. * * i trust the Lord was gracious with us and bless- 
ed my poor exhortations to his children and to some" thoughtless sin- 



Mr. Ilallock united with this church on the eighth of March, 
1 78 1. About 20 others were probably received at this time or soon 
after. In 1798 more than forty were added; in 1808, forty-seven; in 

HISTORY OF G08llt:N. 53 

1819, twelve; in 1831, a season of remarkable revivals throughout the 
country, this church became more active. The Confession of Faith 
and Covenant were printed; it was voted to lay aside ihe requirement 
of a written relation of experience from candidates for membership; 
the church met "to consult for ihe prosperity of Zion, and after many 
confessions on the part of the members, they resolved to be in their 
closets every morning at 6 o'clock to pray for a revival of religion." 
The revival came, and during tlie year thirty-two persons were re- 
ceived into the church. 

One of the subjects of this revival — J. Milton Smith — gives the fol- 
lowing account of it: — 

**Before there was any apparent interest, Mr. Holmes preached a 
very afTecting discourse from Jeremiah, i3:»7 — '*But if ye will not 
hear it, my soul shall weep in secret places for your pride, &:c.," and 
from the text you may infer his subject. Th the spring, a four days 
meeting was apj)oinled, which was attended by neighboring ministers. 
Mr. Kimball of Plainfield, preached from the words, "Treasuring up 
wrath against the day of wrath;" and Mr. Holmes preached a very 
impressive sermon upon the long suffering patience of God. Rev. 
Mr. Boardman, then of Connecticut, (a man who saw deep into the 
human heart) was very successful in driving sinners from their refuge 
of lies. There were also inquiry meetings while the church was en- 
gaged in prayer in another apartment, x^nother means of promoting 
the revival that was perhaps as efficient as any, was the work of a 
visiting committee through the different districts for personal conver- 
sation with each individual." 

In 1843 ^ series of meetings, held for many days in succession 
during the months of February and March, resulted in adding thirty- 
two more to the membership of the church. In 1848 there were 22 , 
additions; in 1877, twelve; in 1879 twenty-six. 

p During the first ten years of the history of the church, from 1780 
to 1790, seventy-one were added to its membership; from 1790 to 
1800, fifty-Jiine; 1800 to 1810, sevei^ty; 1810 to 1820, twelve; 1820 to 
1830, forty two; 1830 to 1840, eighty-four; 1840 to 1850, seventy-nine; 
185010 i860, forty-one; i860 to 1870, fifteen; 1870 to 1880 inclusive, 

The question is sometimes started, "what good comes of the 
church.'*'' The influence of the church upon the people of this tow^ 
may help to answer the question. 


The number of young men, natives and residents of the town, who 
.have fitted for the ministry has been large as compared with the pop- 

Jeremiah Hal'.ock came herewith his father, Wm.Hallock, in 1776, 
at the age of eight years, was ordained as a preacher and dismissed 
from the church in Goshen and recommended to the church at West 
Simsbury, in 1785, preached forty years at Canton, Conn., with great 
success, died 1826. His memoir is too well known to need further 
remark in this sketch. 

Moses Hallock, brother of Jeremiah, united with this church in 
1784, graduated at Yale, 1788, was installed at Piainfield, 1792. He 
fitted more young men for college, it is said, than any man of his 
time. He died in 1837, at the age of 77. 

Rev. Justin Parsons, a native of Northampton, son of Lieut. Benja- 
min, who died in Goshen in 1777, was not a graduate of any college. 
He united with the church in Goshen at its organization or soon after. 
He was a man of strong intellect, of good business capacity, and re- 
ceived from his townsmen frequent proofs of their confidence, by 
electing him to positions of trust and honor. When nearly fifty years 
of age he commenced the study of theology with his pastor. Rev. Mr. 
Whitman, and the Rev. Dr. West of Stockbridge. He was ordained 
pastor of the church in Whiting, Vt., January 24, 18 10. He was dis- 
missed in 18 1 2, and in the next year was installed pastor over the 
united churches in Pittsfield and Stockbridge, Vt. He remained here 
till 1831, and after his dismission preached in Jamaica, Vt.,for about 
ten years. He then removed to Oberlin, Ohio, and was a benefactor 
of the college founded there in 1833. He married ist, Lucretia Par- 
sons of Stockbridge, 1786; 2d, Electa P>ary of Hatfield, 1788. He 
died at Ridgeville, Ohio, April 1847, aged 88 years. 

Levi Parsons, son of Rev. Justin and Mrs. Electa (Frary) Parsons, 
was born in Goshen, July 18, 1792. He possessed from childhood a 
most amiable disposition, and his parents never had occasion sharply 
to rebuke or correct him. He united with the church in the revival 
of 1808, but soon after removed with his parents to Whiting, Vr. He 
graduated at Middlebury college 1814, Andover 1817, embarked at 
Boston under the direction of the American Board as a missionary to 
Palestine, Nov. 3, 1819, and arrived at Jerusalem, Feb 17, 1821. He 
remained there for a short time busily engaged in distributing Bibles 
and tracts and visiting the principal places of historical interest, but 


I . *• 1 

• I 

• % ' i 

1 ' 


.t I 

Rev. Levi Parsons, 


the unsettled state of the affairs of the country caused him to leave 
for Smyrna. At Syra he was detained with serious sickness. At 
Smyrna his health again failed, and he went with his associate, Mr. 
Fisk, to Alexandria, hoping a change of climate would restore it. 
But he lived only a short time after his arrival. He died at Alexan- 
•dria, Feb. lo, 1822. 'J'he annual report of the Board said of him, 
""Few men in any employment, even among those who have been dis- 
tinguished for their piety, leave so spotless a name as was left by Mr. 
Parsons.*' His native! town possesses a pleasant memento of him in 
the beautiful maple shade trees that line the avenue leading to the 
residence of F. Willis Sears, about a mile north of the meeting house. 
TJie setting of the trees was the work of Levi in his boyhood, while 
this was the homestead of his parents. An interesting biography of 
him was written by his brother-in-law. Rev. DAnicl O. Morton. 

Benjamin Parsons, brother of Rev. Justin, became a lawyer, resided 
for some years in Chesterfield, which town he represented in the 
Legislature 1805-8, and soon after removed to Boston. He subse- 
quently became a preacher of the Unitarian faith in the West and 
author of several theological works. 

Silas Parsons, another brother of Rev. Justin, united with the 
church in Goshen by letter from Shelburne, in 1790; removed from 
Goshen to Charlemont about 1802; studied theology, and became 
pastor of the church in Sudbury, Vt. 

Erastus Parsons, son of Rev. Silas, entered Middlebury College 
X 810, and was active in Christian labor. In the winter of i^ii he taught 
School in Pittsford. His labors for the good of his pupils were inde- 
fatigable; a revival of religion in his school resulted in adding thirty 
outh to the church. His health failing, he took a dismission from 
ollege, but was licensed to preach in May, 1812. He declined a 
astorate, but continued to preach as his health permitted, till his de- 
ease in May, 1813. 

R,ev. Horatio Bardwell, D. D., born in Belchertown, November 3, 
788, removed to Goshen with his father's family in 1803; united 
ith the church in May, 1808; entered Andover Seminary, 181 1; 
■^ * censed to preach, 18 14; ordained, June 21, 18 15, as missionary; 
^ eiiled October 23, 1815; arrived at Bombay, November 1, i8i6. 

Mr. Bardwell continued there till January, 1822, when his health 


havi»g failed, the physicians decided he could not live and labor in 
that climate. He reached Boston in November following, and was 
eventually released from the service. His improving health allowed 
him to resume his labors in the ministry, and he was installed pastor 
of the church in Holden, in 1823. He was appointed agent of the 
American Board in 1832; installed pastor of the church in Oxford, 
June 8, 1836, from which, at his own request, he was dismissed June 
5, 1864. Amherst College conferred upon him, in 1857, the deg^ree 
of Doctor of Divinity. 

His biographer says: *'The key to the entire life and character of 
Dr. Bardwell, is found in his consecration to the work of missions. 
He pursued his studies just at the period when the churches began 
to be stirred with a new zeal for extending the kingdom of God 
among the heathen. It was an untried experiment and demanded 
sin<;]eness of purpose, firmness of faith and heroic self-denial. * * 
He was a man singularly unselfish, never shrinking from service, 
never obtruding himself, always courteous, affable, and genial, always 
a man, a christian always.'* Says another, *'his ministry was success- 
ful and he kept his church united." 

Preston Taylor, a native of Ashfield, united with the church in 
Goshen in 182 1. He gave up agricultural pursuits for the ministry, 
and preached for several years in Putney and Bridgewater, Vt. He 
afterwards removed to Scho:)lcraft, Mich., where he preached for 
many years, serving also as postmaster and Justice of the Peace. He 
died some years since. 

Rev. E. Putney Salmon, born in (Joshen, April 5, 1804, studied 
medicine in New York, and theology at Andover and Princeton. In 
1833 he moved to Ohio and practiced medicine successfully for ten 
years. Having secured a competence, he gave up the practice of 
medicine and devoted all his time to the ministry. In i860 he re- 
moved to Allen's Grove, Wisconsin, took charge of the Congregation- 
al church, and became President of the Academy, the preparatory 
school of Beloit College. He removed to Beloit in 1865, and retired 
from active life. He died December 11, 1880. He had been an in- 
valid for five years. 

Rev. Jason Olds was long engaged in the ministry at the West. He 
was settled in Ohio. 


Ezekiel Cheever, son of Rev. Samuel Whitman, graduated at 
Williams, preached some, was the author of several pamphlets, died 
in 1862. 

Rev. William Williams, son of Jonah, a graduate of Amherst, and 
classmate of Henry Ward Beecher, was a professor in Lagrange Col- 
lege, Alabama, till the breaking out of the rebellion, when he was 
obliged to flee to the north. He returned to his home at the close of 

the war, and died several years since. 


' Benj. F. Brown, son of Thomas, graduate of Amherst, became a 
preacher, went to Virginia, where he died in 18 12. 

Alvan Stone, son of Maj. Ambrose, studied at Amherst, but his de- 
voted piety demanding a more active field of labor, he took a dismis- 
sion from the college in 1831, went to Illinois, and was there zealously 
engaged in establishing Sabbath schools and in other missionary ef- 
forts, till his early death, which occurred at Alton, Illinois, in C833, at 
the age of 25. His short life was full of good works. An interesting 
memoir of him was published by Rev. David Wright. 

Frederick W^ Burgess, son of Silas, studied at Williams, but grad- 
uated at Union College. He preached, for some time in Michigan 
and other places, was a very devoted and faithful chrisiian, but was 
soon called to his reward. He died 1838, at the age of 27. 

Rev. Joseph S. Burgess, another son of Silas, studied theology at 
Whitestown, N, Y. He is now settled at Lewiston, Maine. 

Rev. D. Grosvenor Wright, D. D., son of Rev. Joel, the former 
pastor of the church, is pastor of a church in Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

B. Franklin Parsons, son of Willard, a gradual e of Williams, won 
a good reputation as teacher. He was for some lime principal of 
Baron Academy, at Colchester, Conn., and afterwards at New Marl- 
boro', Mass. He is also licensed as a preacher. 

J. Fisher Crossett, son of Rev. Robert, entered the nnnistry and 
went to China as a missionary. 

Rev. Rufus Cushman, son of Caleb, born in Goshen, 1778, gradu- 
ated at Williams College, 1805 ; united with this church in 1798 ; 


married Theodocia, daughter of Dea. Artemas Stone, June 9, 1806 ; 
became pastor of the church in Fair Haven, Vt., 1807 ; died Febru- 
ary 3, 1829, having been pastor of the same church 22 years. The 
Cushman Genealogy says, — " He was a good, plain, Puritan man, 
distinguished for solid, rather than brilliant qualities ; sedate, firm, 
and persevering; in his labors; willing to * work on — work ever ' in 
the cause of his Master, whose service he loved, and whose life he 
aimed to imitate. He did what he could to bring sinners to repen- 
tance, and to promote and diffuse love to God and love to man 
among his people." 

It is told of him that he had a rich parishioner, who was fond of 
jokes that were not always free from sharp points. He rode up to 
Mr. Cushman's door one day, and the pastor stepped out with his 
sermon in his hand to see what he wanted. "Good morning, Mr. 
Cushman," said he, ** what have you got there? " " My sermon for 
next Sabbath. I am sewing it together." "Ah, yes; but if it is no 
better than the rest of your sermons you had better sew it up all 
round." The pastor dropped his head and turned away, for he never 
joked his parishioners. The man's fun was spoiled. He went home 
in the deepest sorrow. Now, thought he, I have done wrong. I am 
not a gentleman, and though I am not a christian, and I am not a 
member, and have never done enough for him, I will henceforward 
be his friend. He unharnessed his horse, went in, and made out a 
deed of a farm giving the minister the products of it during his natu- 
ral life. He continued to reap its fields, and to enjoy the sweetest 
friendship of the generous parishioner through life. His son, Rev. 
Rufus S. Cushman, D.D.. thirty-four years in the ministry, died three 
and a half years ago in Manchester, Vt. 

Rev. Ralph Cushman, born in Goshen in 1792, brother of Rev. 
Rufus; united with this church 1808 ; graduated at Williams College ; 
married Sophia Moseley of Westfield, 1820 ; licensed to preach in the 
same year, and went to Hopkinsville, Ken., as a Lome missionary; 
was installed pastor of Presbyterian church in Manlius, N. Y., 1825 ; 
appointed General Secretary of American Home Missionary Society, 
1830, for the Western States, and removed to ('incinnati ; died at 
Wooster, Ohio, August 27, 1831. He is said to have been a devoted 
servant of Christ, and many friends bore testimony to the faithfulness 
and success of his labors in the ministry. 


Calvin Cushman, brother of the above, born June 13, 1784; mar- 
ried Laura Bardwell of this lown, November, 1809 ; taught school 
when a young man, but had not a college education. In the early 
efforts of the American Board for the civilization of the Cherokees 
and Choctaws, Mr. Cushman, Mr. John Smith and Mr. Elijah Bard- 
well, all members of tiie church, were sent out with their families as 
assistant missionaries and teachers to the Choctaws in Mississippi. 

Tiiey left Goshen, September 13, 1820, for their field of labor, 
going by way of the Oiiio, Mississippi and Yazoo rivers. The 
account of their journey shows a wide contr«nst between the modes of 
travel of that day and the present. They embarked in a craft in 
common use in those waters, called an ark. It was 56 feet long, 14 
wide and 6 high, bottom flat, roof convex, the walls at the sides and 
ends straight and perpendicular. Two long oars at the side served 
for rowing and one at the stern for a rudder. It had three apart- 
ments. In one was a cow, one served for a kitchen and sitting room, 
and the other for a school room, where, during the three months of 
their passage down the river, was taught a school of ten childrea. 
Such arks cost about $100, and being unmanageable against the 
current were sold at New Orleans for a mere trifle. In floating 
down the river the missionary company were not idle. They sent 
copies of the **Swearer's Prayer" on board another ark, which induced 
the crew to quit profane swearing by agreement, and procured for 
Rev. Mr. Byington from Stockbridge, who went as missionary with 
the others named, an opportunity to preach to the crews of seven or 
eight other arks on successive evenings. A man at a village on the 
Avestern bank of the river, hearing of these meetings, besought the 
missionaries, with tears, to land and have a meeting at his house, as 
some of his neighbors had never heard a sermon. They complied 
and had a very interesting meeting, and the people promised that 
ihey would thenceforth meet every Sabbath and read the scriptures. 

They arrived at the mouth of the Yazoo, January 27, where it be- 
came necessary to leave their ark. Mr. Cushman and family passed 
thro'.igh the wilderness with a wagon, and arrived at his destination 
early in March. Mr. Bardwell also went by land and arrived in May, 
Mr. Smith and others ascended the river in a batteau. His oldest son, 
after toiling three weeks at the oar, sickened and died in a week. A 
hundred miles from any human habitation the remains were buried 
and the bark peeled from a tree to mark the grave. For three weeks 


longer they were obl'ged to toil in rowMig against the current, the 
females assistin*;^ at the helm, before reaching the end of their 

It has been sometimes intimated that these missionaries enorao^ed 
in their work from motives of a mercenarv character. A historical 
sketch of the mission referring to the removal of the Indians beyond 
the Mississippi in 1^33, sets tliis matter probably in its true light. 
It savs. *• As fewer laborers would be needed among: the Choctaws, 
Messrs. Cushman, Smith, Bardwell and others, with their wives, 
were, at their own request, released from the service of the B^ard. 
Most of them had expended ten or twelve of the best years of their 
lives in missionary labors and sufterin«js, with no compensation but 
a bare subsistence for the lime ; ai:d such of them as had property 
had given it to the board. Now, when they were about to be left 
without employment, in the decline of life, and with impaired health, 
the board was not authorized to give, nor were they willing to receive 
such compensation for past services as their labors might have com- 
manded in some worldly pursuit ; but from the household and oiher 
movable property least salable, which no longer could be used for 
missionary purposes, they were allowed to take such articles as would 
enable them to commence frugal arrangements for future support.*' 

They were released from service January 15, 1833. Mr. Cushman 
and wife and Mr. Smith and wife spent the remainder of their davs 
in Mississippi. Mr. Bardwell removed to Michigan and became a 
preacher. Mr. Cushman became a prominent citizen, was Judge of 
Probate, and an elder in the Presbyterian cliurch. He died Au^^ust 

Miss Klecta May, daughter of Neherniah, born in Goshen, 1783, 
went as missionary to the Choctaws in 1823, and was married the 
next year to Rev. Cyrus Kingsbury, one of the earliest missionaries 
to the Choctaws, and accompanied them to their new home beyond 
the Mississippi. Mr. Zechariah Howes of Ashfield, and Mr. Anson 
Dyer of Plainfield, also were sent out to this mission field in 1820. 

Minerva Cushman, born August 20, 1788, married first, Amos 
Dresser, 1808, and removed to Peru. They were parents of Rev. 
Amos Dresser. The father died 1813, and the mother married, 
second, Henry Pierce, and of their children was Rev, Charles Henry- 
Pierce, a successful pastor. 


It may not be out of place to say a word respecting Rev. Amos 
Dresser, so nearly connected with this church and people. Born in 
1812, an orphan before he was four months old, he entered Oneida 
Institute, 1830, which, in company with Horace Bushnell, he left to 
enter Lane Seminary, but they found on arrival it only existed in 
prospect, and would not be opened for some months. They hired 
and furnished a room, and commenced their studies, and so Lane 
Soninary was commenced. Other young men came and followed 
their example, prosecuting their studies regularly, as if the institution 
had been fully equipped with officers and teachers. 

The discussion of the slavery question by the students in the win- 
ter of 1833-4, in the absence of Dr. Keecher, the president, created 
much excitement, and the facuhy dissolved the anti-slavery society 
which the students had formed. Young Dresser and about 70 others, 
feeling aggrieved, left the institution. Soon after, his health failing, 
he purposed visiting his uncle Calvin, the missionary in Mississippi. 
He purchased a horse and carriage, took a quantity of bibles and 
other books to pay his expenses, and set out on his journey. Stop- 
ping at Nashville he was seized and brought to trial. A bible had 
been found wrapped in a copy of \\{^ Eviancipator^ which had thrown 
the people into intense excitement. His trunk was searched, and 
his journal examined to find some evidence against him. The 
mayor, after scanning its pages, said, *'It cannot be read, but it is 
evidently very hostile to slavery." He was sentenced to receive 20 
lashes, after which he found it necessary to leave at once, and in 
disguise, in order to avoid a worse fate. He is now, and has been 
for many years, a pastor in the west. 

Vesta Cushman, another daughter, married Moses Dresser. They 
had a family of eight children, one of whom, George Dresser, is now 
an officer of the church, chosen in 1880 — its centennial deacon. 

Wealthy, the eldest daugher of Caleb Cushman, born in this town 
October, 1779, ^^arried Jonathan Wright, of Northampton, Novem- 
ber 19, 1799, and subsequently removed to Jackson, Me,, where she 
died in 1846. One of her sons became a minister of the gospel, 
served faithfully as a chaplain in the army of the Union, and is now 
the beloved pastor of the church of his maternal ancestors,' a 
worthy son. of worthy parentage — the Rev. J. E. M. Wright. 



A goodly number of the rjniighteis of Goshen have married minis- 
ters and missionaricrs. Their names are entitled to remembrance, 
and as far as can be ascertained, are given. The family of Elijah 
Bardweli seems to have borne off the pahn in this respect. Rhoda, the 
oldest dau<;hter, married in 1807, Rev. Wni. Fisher; Laura, married 
iSii, Calvin Cushman, the missionary to the Choctaws; Sarah, mar- 
ried 1813, Rev. James Richards, missionary to Ceylon. Two of the 
brothers, Rev. Hoiatio l>ard\vell and Rev. Elijah Bardweli, were the 
niibsionaries alreaily referred to. Lucretia, daughter of Rev. Justin 
Pats(-»ns, joined the chuich in 1808, married Rev. Daniel Morton. 
They were the })ardnts of Hon. Levi Parsons Moiton, member of 
Conj^ress frcjni New York city, who is now prominently before the 
public as V orihy of, and likely to receive, a position in President 
Garfield's cabinet. 

The family of William Hallock have also a worthy record. Of 
Revs. Jeremiah and Moses, nothing needs to be added. Abigail, 
married Rev. Joel Chapin; Esther married Rev. Josiah Hayden. 
They were the parents of Lieut. Gov. Joel Hayden. 

Hannah, dau;L;hter of Reuben Dresser, married Rev. Abel Farley; 
P^lecia, daughter of Col. Xehemiah May, married Rev. Mr. Kings- 
bury, missionary to ihe Chociaws; Hannah, daughter of Ebenezer 
Putney, (isf,) married John Smith of the Choctaw mission; Prudence 
May married Rev. Isaac Habbitt; Electa, daughter of Jared Hawks, 
niece of Kit eta May, mairied Kev. \Vm. H. Boardman; Theodocia 
Stone married Rev. Rufus Cushman; Ruby Kellogg, daughter of 
Stephen, married Rcv. Preston Taylor; Sophia B., daughter of Capt. 
Reuben Dresser, married Rev. Samuel Whalley; Ellen E., daughter 
of J. M. Smith, married Kev. Robert C. Alison; Mary Leora, daughter 
of J. M. Smith, married Rev. J. C. Houghton; Clarinda B., daughter 
of Hinckley Williams, married Rev. Lucius ^F. Boltwood; Martha 
Baker, adopted daughter of Daniel Williams, married Rev. William 

Another daughter of the church, Mrs. Deborah (Smith) Williams, 
is worthy of remembrance. In P^ebruary, 1856, the Congregational ist 
published a communication containing the following extracts: 

Messrs. Editors: — "In your paper of Nov. 3c, is n communication from Rev. J. 
II. Rood of Goslien, Mass., ^o'untcering from one of his lady parishioners an offer- 


ing of $500, as the nucleus of a fund to be applied to the building of churches in 
Kansas, and if deemed expedient, Orthodox churches throughout the West, paya- 
ble whenever a plan should be adopted for carrying the designs of the donor into 
effect. * * * The Congregational Union of New York, acting under a pro- 
vision of its constitution authorizing to aid in church building, have taken the mat- 
ter under consideration and have decided to carry out the suggestion of Rev. Mr- 
Rood's communication by rendering immediate and i)ernjanent aid towards building 
churches in Kansas, An agent has been sought to carry their measures into effect, 
and we trust an appeal will soon be made to the churches for further means to sus- 
tain the work." 

The work was immediately commenced, the churches responded 
nobly to the appeal, and the result has been most ^raiifyinfj:. More 
than one-ihird of the Congregational church edirtces in our country 
have been aided in their erection by tiiis society. 

[Note. The records of the church in former years were kept by the pastors ; more re- 
cently by one of the deacons. Benjamin White was clerk 1853 to 1855; T. L. Barrus 18()l-65 
and from 1867 to the present time.] 

The Congregational Society. 

In 1828, the Congregational society severed its connection with 
the town and became a separate organization. Benjamin White, Esq.» 
was its first clerk. Benjamin White, Asahel Billings and William 
Abell were its first bo.ird of assessors; Reuben Dresser was collector 
and treasurer. Benjamin White served many years as clerk. Hiram 
Barrus was clerk from 1850 to i860. Daniel Williams was collector 
and treasurer from 1850 for several years. Col. Luiher Stone, Capt. 
Horace Packard, P^lijah Billings, Freeman Sears, George Abell, Ezra 
Carpenter often did service as assessors. Alvan Barrus, Hiram 
Packard and T. L. Barrus were assessors in the years 1874-5-6-7, 
and Maj. Joseph Hawks, collector and treasurer; Charles Barrus, 
clerk, 1874-5-6. Officers for 1878: — T. L. Barrus, John H. Godfrey, 
E. C. Packard, assessors; J. Hawks, collector and treasurer; E. C. 
Packard, cleric. 1879 — '^' L. Barrus, J. H. Godfrey, A. B. Dresser, 
assessors; T. L. Barrus, collector and treasurer; E. C. Packard, 
cleric. 1880— George Dresser, A. B. Dresser, T. L. Barrus, assessors; 
Lorin Barrus, collector and treasurer; E. C. Packard, cleric. 

The society has the annual income from a fund of five thousand 
dollars, which is to be appropriated to the support of "a minister of 
the Congregational Trinitarian Order." This fund was the donation 
also of Mrs. Deborah (Smith) Williams, a native of ihe town. The 


fund has been for many years in the hands of a trustee, Harvey Kirk- 
land, Esq., of Northampton, who was appointed by Mrs. Williams. 
The society in 1S51, purchased the former homestead of Dea. Jona- 
than Lyman near the church and built the present house for a par- 
sonao;e. The income of the fund and the productions of the parson- 
age land are important aids to the small but earnest society in the 
support of the ministry. 

"The service of song'* was formerly sustained by the town, which 
often raised money to hire a singing master. In 1786, Ebenezer 
White, and in 1789, Josiah White, were chosen to lead the choir. In 
1793, Joshua Abell, Jr., Alpheus Naramore and James Orcutt, were 
invited by the church to act as quiristrrs. Calvin CushmaB,of a fam- 
ily noted for musical talent, Asahel Billings^ Frederick P. Stone, Maj« 
Joseph Hawks and Elijah Billings successively served as choristers. 
Maj. Hawks is still at his post, having been connected with the choir 
for 56 years. C. C. Dresser rendered valuable aid to the choir as 
Violinist and organist for nearly thirty years. J. Milton Smith was 
long an efficient member of the choir and also chorister. Among the 
teachers from abroad were, first, James Richards of Plainfield; then 
Capt. Anderson of Chesterfield, about 1800; Capt. Frary of Whately, 
1809-10; Asahel Birge of Southampton, Nchemiah White — **Master 
White" — of Williamsburghj Geo. W. Lucas, 1832, 1842, 1852; Col. 
Asa Barr, 1837-8; Jacob Jenkins, 1855-6, 1861-2. The singing 
schools terminated with a concert and address, a gala day for the 
young people for miles away. In 1842 the choirs of Chesterfield and 
Norwich united with Goshen in giving the concert, and Lowell Ma- 
son gave the address. In 1852, Wendell Phillips was present with 
the same choirs and gave an eloquent lecture on music. 

No belter conclusion can be given to this chapter than is found in 
the eloquent thoughts of the Rev. Dr. Horace Bushnell. In one of 
his sermons he speaks of the church below, as Society Organizing; 
of Heaven, as the Upper World Church, or Society Organized, 
both one, as regards their final end or object, and the properties and 
principles in which they are consummated. The church below, is call- 
ed a family — **of whom the whole family in heaven and earth is 
named," just as we sing in our sublimest of all hymns: 

One family, we dwell in Him; 

One church above, beneath, 
Though now divided by the stream, 

The narrow stream of death. 

■■■''fj-;i. B*^'*' 

1 1 . 


; t . ' 

.1 i : • 

I ; 

I ^ • 

.'..' . ■ I 

' ''"'*i>n !!>'*■ 


One army of the living God, 

To his command we bow; 
Part of the host have crossed the flood 

And part are crossing now. 

The church below, in its best sense, is what is called "the Commu- 
Tiion of Saints,*' — not Calvanislic,not Wesleyan, not Presbyterian — 
It includes all who are here in training for the society **of just men 
made perfect," church brotherhood is a continual drill in and for so- 
'ciety. In this we are schooled, in fact, into the very law of God, for 
the whole of our fraternity is tinged with badness, troubled by disor- 
der, damaged by sore faults, hurt by offences. Envy looks up with 
iDitlerness, pride looks down with contempt, jealousy looks every way, 
snuffing the scent of wrongs that are only to be. Some are covetous, 
some are mean, some are passionate, some are sensual, some are 
strong only in hate, some are weak only in principle. But we come 
back shortly to the love of God, and take a new lesson; where it is 
•opened to us that tve ourselves are in this divine society just because 
it is God's hospital, where he is nursing and watching his poor, 
morally broken children, loving them, never at all for what they are, 
but only for what he can make them. And so vi^e learn to love with 
patience, and to bear even as God does, loving what we do not like, 
and cannot approve, and can only hope to bei^efit. 

There is no other cause, or institution, now on foot in this world, 
at all comparable for benefit and dignity with the church of God. It 
has outlived the great empires. It has leavened all human society 
with elements of progress, by which education, laws, liberties, 
sciences, inventions, constitutions, have been coming all this while 
into flower. It vi^ould take whole hours just to give the shining roll 
of names that, in worth, and genius, and true sainthood, have been 
marching out into their great history for these almost 1900 years. 
In some sense it has been an awful history. The woes are sharp, 
the fires are hot, the prisons burst with wail ; women martyrs, child 
martyrs, the general bleeding host of persecuted merit, move on as 
it were in procession to die. But from age to age it has been a rock, 
as the Saviour promised, to the wrath surging heavily against it. It 
stands firm as no political stale or kingdom could have stood, even 
for a generation. The church is everlasting, the only structure, 
society, or state that is. Against all else runs the statute of limita- 
tions. Getting wealth, we get no charter for breathing. Getting 



The earliest schools in the "Gore" and in '^Quabbin" were kept in 
private houses. Capt. Thomas Weeks taught school in the house of 
John Williams, but names of other teachers at that date are unknown. 
The first school house in town was erected just west of the bridge, 
in the North West district, near the former residence of Col. L. Stone. 
The first teacher in it was James Richards of Plainfield. Another 
school house was built near the meeting house, and a third near the 
house of Ebenezer Putney. 

The division of the town into four school districts, as made by the 
committee named on page i8, is indicated below by numbering each 
person named by the committee, and printing his name in italics. In 
order to identify their places of residence, the successors of each of 
the persons, as far as known, are also given. The names of the 
earlier residents are given as recollected by Maj. Ambrose Stone. 

District No. 1 . 

1. Nathaniel Jewell. — His house stood on the high land south of 
No. 2, near Chesterfield line. 

2. Samuel Olds. — Abner Damon, Jared Damon, Marlon Damon, 
Lorenzo Willcutt. 

3. John Hatch. — Joseph Naramore, Calvin Loomis, Almon B. 
Loomis, Alcander Hawks. 

4. Behorah Naramore. — House stood east of last, on Stone's 
*'Hill lote" 

5. James Pacliard. — House stood in Maj. Stone's "Old Mov*^ing." 

6. Isaac Kingman. — House stood on the site of Stone's barn. 

7. Ezekiel Thomas. — House stood east of No. 8. 

8. Wait Burk. — Joseph Jepson, Alonzo Shaw. 

9. Samuel Snell. — Jona. Shaw, Joseph Brown, Isaac Kingman, 
Reuben Kingman, J. Bush. 

10. Joshua Packard. — Joshua Packard, Jr., Levi Barrus, 1838; 
Hiram Barrus, 1845; L. Barrus estate. 

11. James Orr. — First house stood west of Mt. Rood. Eli Part- 


1 1 



ridge, Thos. W. Stearns, Albro, Isaae Alvord, ^. Bissell, Daniel 

Burt, L. Barrus estate. 

[Note: — The farm between numbers eleven and twelve was prob: 
ably first occupied in 1784 or 5 by Elijah Weeks, who began here. 
His father, Capt. Thomas Weeks, probably came soon after. Elijah 
sold in 1789 to his brother-in-law, Cyrus Slearns. The large elms 
near the house were set out about that time by Capt. Weeks and C. 
Stearns. Stearns in 1823, deeded the farm to Levi Barrus and Tho^.. 
W. Stearns; Thos. W. to L. Barrus in 1827. Cyrus and Thomas 
Stearns sold in 1832 to Cyrel Jepson; Jepson 1833 to D. Hall; Hall 
1841.10 A. & S. Kingman, who sold to Levi Barrus in 1843. ^^ ^^' 
mained in his possession till his decease in 1877. ^^ ^^*^^ been the 
residence of his son Alvan since his return from the army in 1864. 
The present house was built in 18 12.] 

12. Jolin Jepson. — Cyrel Jepson, Jepson, Dryden Dawes,. 
Lorin Barrus, William Bartfbtt. 

13. Moses Ehvell. — Samuel Thomas made here the first opening 
in this neighborhood. Daniel Kellogg, Daniel Hubbard, Leonard. 
Jenkins, Levi Barrus, B. Morton, Bennett Allen, L. Barrus estate. 

14. Ambrose Stone. — Capt Bigelow began here and sold to 

Thwing, of whom Maj. Stone bought. House built 1796. Frederick 
P. Stone resided here till his decease, 1840. Ambrose Jr. from 1844 
to 1847; Col. Luther Stone 1847 ^^ 1875; now the residence of Amos 
H. and Edward G., son and grandson of Col. Luther, having been in 
the possession of the Stone family 101 years. , 

[Note. Col. Stone's Red House was built in 1816; sold to Hiram Barrus 1854; to Chas 
BaiTUS 1863; subsequently owned by Dea. T. L. Barrus; Jas. L. Barrus; Willie Barrus.] 

15. Justin Parsons. — Silas Parsons, Capt. Lewis Jones, Sol. Par- 
sons, Col. Stone, "Jones Place" of H. and A. Barrus. 

16. Caleb Cusliman. — David Carpenter, David Williams, Dexter 
Beals, Capt. F. Rice, Wm. Packard, T. L. Barrus. 

17. Bar 2illai Banister. — Joseph Maynard, Willard Packard, Wil- 
lard Jr., Hiram Packard, Joseph Beals. 

18. SilventisLyon. — Solomon Parsons, Theodore and Willard 
Parsons, Levi and B. F. Parsons, T. li. Barrus. 

19. Nathan Bigelow. — Lived with No. 18. 

20. Thos. Hamilton. r Halbert, Nathan Fuller, Nathan Jr., ^ 

John Fuller, Joshua Simmons, D. Carpenter, F. Naramore. D. Car. 
penter built new house 1843, now lesidefjce of his son-in-law, H.. 


Hiram Packard built the house next above this about ten years 
later; sold it to his brother William S.; now owned by Edward C, 
son of Hiram. 

District J\^o, 2. 

2 1 . JoJnf Jantrs. — Bought of Benjamin Truesdale, Malachi James, 
George Mayor. 

22. Oliver Taylor. — Joseph Putney, W. H. Webster, Charles 
Mary, Philip Keen. 

23. Lemuel Banister, — Lived a little westerly of No. 22. 

24. Ebenezcr Amadoivn. — Lived a little southerly of No. 22. 

25. Joel Gnstin. — Capt. Robert Webster, Robert Jr., Hiram Bates. 

26. Barnabas Potter. — Lived westerly ot Webster's. 

27. David Stearns. — John Stearns, Daniel Beals, David Beals. 

28. Cf/rel Leach.— Enoch Willcutt, Phgip Willcutt, John K. Ful- 
ler. Gershom Bates' farm was part of No. 28. 

29. Jesse Woolcott. — House stood west of the Eleazer Hawks 

30. William Banister.-^E^st of Gloyd farm. 

31. I^enjamin Bourn. Gloyd, Jacob and Zenas Gloyd, Rod- 
ney Hawks. 

32. Christopher Ba)iister. — Moses James, Eleazer Hawks, Amos 


33. Samuel Crrimes. — Silvenus Stone, Washburn, Jones, 

Webster, "Jim Place." 

34. Isa(te Tower. — In lot near north end of "Lily Pond." 

35. Cyrus Lyon. — Ezra Carpenter, Gurdon Williams, Capt. N. 
Tower, Warren Ball. 

36. Thomas Weeks. — House east of Lyon, on the hill. Thaddeus 
Naramore. Weeks began there. 

School JJistricf No. 3. 

37. Johu Smith. — John Smith, Jr., Am. Board Com. F©r. Miss., 
John Williams, 2d, Willard Packard, Maj. Joseph Hawks, Hiram 
Packard, William S. Packard, Edward C Packard. 

38. Fjbenezer P((rsons. — Jared Hawks, Joseph Hawks, T. W. 
Pomeroy, J. R. MoUison. 

39. John Williams. — Hinckley Williams. Has been in posses- 
sion of father and son since 1778. 


40. Lemuel Lyon, — Silvenus Stone, Geo. Salmon, Elias White, 
Joseph Hawks. (House removed). 

41. Nehemiah May, — Ezra May began there. Jared Hawks, 
Marcus Lindsley, Forrace Jepson, Josiah Miller, S. J. Gould, Marlon 

42. Benjamin Burgess. — John C. Lyman, Z. Richmond, Ezra 
Brackett, H. T. Godfrey, George Kellogg. 

43. Timothy Lyman. — Francis Lyman, Lieut. Timothy P. Lyman, 
farm divided; new house built by Thomas Lyman; F. W. Lyman, N. 
Hayden, Hiram Barrus, Ralph E. Smith. 

44. I)ca. Arfcmas Stone. — Elisha Putney began here. House 
stood west of present one. Justin P^irsons, Reuben Smiih, A. G. Si- 
•dell, F. Willis Sears. 

45. Widow Hulbert. — Capt. Wm. Lyon began here. Enoch Beals, 
Col. Timothy Lyman, V. Pierce. Various residents — new house built 
■by N. Russ — Oren Russ. 

46. Rcuhen Lummls. — East of No. 4.5, toward More's Hill. House 
igone — street closed. 

47. Jecledlah Buckingham. — Same as last. 

48. Stephen (irovcr. — Same as last. 

49. Thomas Brouii. — Thomas Brown, 2d, Leonard Smith, West 
Tillton, Henry H. Tillton, Henry T. Godfrey. 

50. Daniel Brown. — Gershom Cathcait, Zimri Newell, E. A. Car- 
penter, Champion Brown. House gone. 

51. Dexter May. — House stood south of No. 50. 

52. Edward Orcutt. — House stood east of Reservoir. Dr. Isaac 
tRobinson preceded Orcutt, and perhaps began there. 

33. Farnum White. — William Tillton, Spencer Tillton. 

54. Christopher Grant. — Easterly about 100 rods, (off the road.) 

55. Asa (rrant. — Capt. John Grant, Elijah Bardwell, S. Porter. 

56. Adam Beat, Jr. — Freeman Mayhew, Asa Partridge, Rolon 
IRogers, Robert Rogers, Joseph Rogers. 

57. William Hallock. — Stephen Hosford, Wilds. House 

long since gone. 

58. Adnm Beal — Sol. Butler, Capt. Elijah Bardwell, Selah Bard- 
well, Frcbun W. Packard. 

59. Wm. Meader. — Samuel Luce, Sears Luce. House gone. 

60. Benjamin AhelL — Silas Burgess. House burnt about 40 
^years ago. 


School District, Xo. 4. 

6i. Joshua AbelL Pool, Capt. Wm. Abell, S, Braymaiv 

Elijah Billings, Chauncy Guilford. 

62. William White. — Joseph and Benjan)in White, Henry White,. 

Green, Marshall Dadmun. This was the home of the White 

family for about 115 years. 

63. Ebcnrzcr Putney. — Joseph Putney, C. C. Dresser, who built 
present house in 1842, J. C. Richardson, C. D.imon. 

64. Ileuhcn Dresser. — Moses Dresser, Levi Dresser, George- 
Dresser, who built present house, 1846. 

65. Jiichard Tower. — Below the Dr. Pierce farm near the brook.. 

66. Thomas Tower. — Owned no real estate h^re. 

67. Moses Dresser. Ely, Owen, Simeon Cowls, Amasa. 

Cowles, Henry Hayden, William and Ralph Packard. 

68 John King. — Nathaniel Phelps, Abner Phelps. House gone. 

69. Daniel Wyman. — Lived on road from 63 towards Williams- 
burgh. House gone. 

70. Xathaniel Vinton. — House gone. 

71. James IjuU. — House gone. 

72. Joseph Blake. — House gone — stood near Williamsburgh. 

73. Eben'r Fain. — Same vicinity. 

74. Ezekiel White. — Josiah White, Asa White. 

75. Widow White. — About 70 rods south of last. 

76. Noah White. — Owned no real estate here. 

The schoolroom of former years but very faintly foreshadowed that 
of the present. In dimensions seldom exceeding sixteen or eighteen 
feet square, it was often packed with children of all ages from four 
to twenty-one years, to its utmost capacity. Eighty or a hundred 
scholars were not an unusual number in some districts. When the 
seats were insufficient to accommodate all, other seats were extem- 
porized of logs of wood or whatever else was most convenient, till 
the floor and every available spot in the room was occupied. In the 
cold season a roaring wood fire in one corner of the room swelterecl 
the pupils located near, with more than tropical heat, while those 
remote suffered .with cold. The teacher, unable to pass around the 
school room among the dense mass of pupils, says one who knew, 
"used to keep a birch switch, ten or twelve feet long, standingwithin 


reach, which often came down upon the heads of distant transgres- 
sors in a style more effective than merciful." The ferule, a piece of 
heavy wood about the size and shape of the hand, was the chief in- 
strument of punishment. Some teachers, with an eye to convenience 
kept a pointed thumb nail always sharp and in good order, for pinch- 
ing the ears of the smaller offenders, who soon came to regard the 
instrument of torture as the martyrs did -the rack. 

Arithmetic, reading and writing were taught to the exclusion of 
almost everything else. A few of the more advanced young men 
studied surveying. Grammar was so rare a study that some of 
the best teachers, not considering it of sufficient consequence, never 
learned it themselves. So recent as 1815, a young man qualifying 
himself for teaching, in order to be a little in advance of the usual 
standard for the profession, studied grammar with Rev. Mr. Whit- 
man for two weeks, which was considered quite sufficient for his pur- 
pose. Female education was still more limited. Reading was the 
highest accomplishment bestowed upon the girls. Some of the more 
gifted were allowed to look into the mysteries of arithmetic. When 
they had passed over the fundamental rules — addition to division — 
they had reached the limit of their literary ambition. Sewing was 
for many years taught in the schools, both as an art and as an accom- 
plishment. Many a mother and grandmother keeps to this day, and 
.shows with pride to their little namesakes, the neat "saiiipler" of 
canvas diversified with alphabets of red green and blue silk, a few 
mottoes, a text of scripture, a few lines of poelry, the date, and their 
own name, wrought out with a needle, under the instruction of a long 
time ago teacher of the district school. 

The school books of the old time fell far short of the present, in 
number, and possibly in merit. We are told uf the "Psalter" and a 
Dillingworth's spelling-book, that served several generations of our 
ancestors and came down to the memory of our grandfathers. Fol- 
lowing at a long distance after came *'Scoit*s Lessons," and "Web- 
ster's Third Part.'* These were followed in turn by the "Columbian 
Orator,'* "The Common Reader," and "English Reader." "Pier- 
pont's Reader" and the "Rhetorical Reader" begin the new era, 
when of the making of school books there is no end. Webster's 
spelling books were of ancient date, as well as modern. 

Arithmetics by various authors were used. There were Hill's, 
Root's, Pike's, Daboll's and Adams, the latter having run parallel 


with Webster's spelling book, for nearly sixty years. Hill's arithme- 
tic contained some rare things. It defined arithmetic "as an art or 
science that teacheth us the dextrous handling of numbers." Among 
its questions for solution was this, "How many feet and tails have 30 
thrave of dogs, when 24 dogs make cne thrave .^ " It also gave a 
table of Latin words, "showing any person, though he knows not a 
word of Latin, how to make thousands of Hexameter and Pentame- 
ter verses in good latin and in two hours' lime; all in perfect sense." 
Had the author done as much for English poetry, ensuring "perfect 
sense," he would have won lasting gratitude, if not fame. 

Slates were unknown in the schoolroom of former days. Paper 
was used instead, and was frequently preserved in book form, the 
arithmetical examples being written out in the full, round style of the 
times, which is not often equalled in the present. "Maynard and 
Noyes" had not then begun to send out their ink-bottles to the ends 
of the earth, and the school-boy made his own ink by extracting the 
color from the bark of the maple and "setting" it with copperas. 
His pens, till the advent of steel pens, about 1840, were plucked 
from the geese that in former days pertained to every farm-yard. His 
inkstand was generally of "pewter" cast in the proper form by him- 
self or older brother, or sometimes wrought by patient labor out of 

Private schools, generally termed^ "Select Schools," have been 
occasionally taught by college students or graduates from abroad, 
and by others. One was taught by a Mr. Bradford in 1824; E. W. 
B. Canning, the poet, and for several years Deputy-Collector of Bos- 
ton Custom House, in ,1830; Alfred Longley (since Rev.), 1832 ; 
Frederick Vinton, 1836 ; J. H. Partridge, 1837 ; L. F. Clark (since 
Rev. of Whitinsville) 1839-41; W. H. Sheldon, 1840 ; R. C. Alison, 
(now Rev.), 1848 ; Hiram Barrus, 1852 and 1858 ; Miss ^lyra Hol- 
man, 1862. 

Among the more noted teachers of the district schools in the olden 
time were John Grant, Thankful Orcutt, Mercy Burgess, Hannah 
Williams, Rufus and Calvin Cushman, Ambrose Stone, Jr., Lucinda 
Parsons ; and later, F. W. Lyman, L. L. Pieice, Geo. M. Burgess^ 
Joseph S. Burgess, Geo. Dresser, Hiram Barrus, Theron L. Barrus, 
Misses Eliza Webster, Augusta Stone, Hannah and Lucy Smith, 
Julia M. White, Naomi and Maria Putney, Mary Parsons, Martha 
Pierce, Sarah W, Naramore, Rhoda Parsons, Ellen E. and Mary L. 


Smith, ClarindaB. Williams, Emma and Vashti Tilton, Carrie Abell, 
Helen Parsons, Helen Lyman, Fannie E. Hawks, Susie P. Hunt. 

The law requiring the election of school committees for examining 
teachers was passed in 1826, but the town had previously chosen 
committees for this purpose. In 1823, Rev. Joel Wright, Joseph 
White, and Capt. John Grant were chosen, and in 1825 Joseph White, 
Emmons Putney and Enoch James. Under the new law committees 
were chosen, as follows : 

1826. Rev. Joel Wright, Joseph White, Capt. John Grant, Doct. 
Geo. Wright, David Carpenter, Jared Hawks, Jr., Emmons Putney. 

1827. Rev. J. Wright, Benj. White, Doct. G. Wright, E. Putney, 

D. Carpenter. 

1828. Rev. J. Wright, Doct. G. Wright, Capt. Grant, B. White, 

E. Putney. 

1829. Doct. Geo. Wright, Capt. John Grant, Rev. Wm. J. Board- 

1830. • Doct. Geo. Wright, Capt. John Grant, E. Putney. 

183 1. Rev. H. B. Holmes, Doct. Geo- Wright, Benj. White. 

1832. Rev. H. B. Holmes, Benj. White, John Grant. 
J 833. Rev. Wm. Hubbard, Benj. White, E. Putney. 

183.;. Rev. Wm. J. Boardman, Doct. J. W. Rockwell, E. Putney. 

1835. I^oct. Rockwell, E. Putney, Barney Prentice. 

1836. Eben'r W. Town, E. Putney, B. Prentice. 

1837. R^v. Stephen Mason, B. While, E. Putney. 

1838. Rev. J. C. Thompson, B. White, L. L. Pierce. 

1839. ^^^- J' C. Thompson, F. W. Lyman, L. L. Pierce. 

1840. Rev. J. C. Thompson, Doct. Dan'l Pierce, F. W. Lyman. 

1841. Rev. J. C. Thompson, B. White, Alfred Jones. 

1842. F. W. Lyman, Geo. Dresser, Rev. J. C. Thompson. 

1843. Rev. Royal Reed, Geo. Dresser, F. W. Lyman. 

1844. Rev. Royal Reed, Geo. Dresser, Hiram Barrus. 

1845. Rev. Royal Reed, F. W. Lyman, Geo. Dresser. 

1846. Doct. D. Pierce, Hiram Barrus, Geo. Dresser. 

1847. Rev. R. Reed, E. Putney, Doct. Pierce. ' 

1848. Rev. Wm. J. Boardman, H. Barrus, Geo. Dresser. 

1849. Rev. Wm. J. Boafdman, Amasa Putney, B. While. 

1850. Rer. R. Crossett, San ford Gage, Geo. Dresser. 

1851. Rev. R, Crossett, Hiram Barrus, Geo. Dresser. 


1852. Rev. R. Crossett, Hiram Barrus, George Dresser. 

1853. Rev. R. Crossett, Hiram Barrus, E. Putney. 

1854. Rev. T. H. Rood, Hiram Barrus, E. Putney. 

1855. Rev. T. H. Rood, Hiram Barrus, E. Putney. 

1856. Rev. T. H. Rood, Hiram Barrus, E. Putney. 

1857. Rev. T. H. Rood, Tiieron L. Barrus, E. Putney. 

1858. Bennett Allen for i year, Theron L. Barrus for 2 years, H. 
Barrus for 3 years. 

1859. Rev. T. H. Rood for 3 years. 
i860. Miss Pannie Hawks for three years. 

1861. George Dresser for 3 years. Rev. J. C. Thompson, vice H. 
Barrus resigned. 

1862. Rev. J. C. Thompson for 3 yrs. 

1863. T. L. Barrus for 3 years, Rev. Sidney Hoi man for 2 years 

1864. E. Putney, George Dresser for 2 years. 

1865. Rev. S. Holman for 3 years. 

1866. George Dresser for 3 years. 

1867. Rev. H. M. Rogers for 3 years, T. L. Barrus i year. 

1868. T. L. Barrus for 3 years, Alvan Barrus for 2 years. 

1869. George Dresser for 3 years. 

1870. Alvan Barrus for 3 years. 

187 1. T. L. Barrus for 3 years. 

1872. Fannie E. Hawks for 3 years. 

1873. George C. Dresser for 3 years. 

1874. T. L. Barrus for 3 years. 

1875. Fannie E. Hawks for 3 years. 

1876. Edward C. Packard for 3 years. 

1877. George H. Sears for 3 years. 

1878. T. L. Barrus for 3 years. 

1879. Edw. C. Packard for 3 years. 

1880. George C. Dresser for 3 years. 

School Statistics. 

1845-6. 4 schools ; number of children, 134; length of schools^ 
33 months ; amount raised for schools, $300 ; value of contributions, 
$73 ') wages of male teachers, $16.67 > female teachers, $10.24 ; pop- 
ulation, 556 ; valuation of the town, $131,867. 


i860. 5 schools ; number of children, loi ; length of schools, 32 
mon'hs ; amount raised for schools, $350; contributions, $200;' 
wages of teachers, males, $23 ; females, $16 ; population, 439 ; val- 
uation, $157,942. 

1870. 4 schools ; number of children 84; lengtli of school, 27 
months; amount raised for schools, $500; contributions, $188; 
wages of teachers, males, $28; females, $22.50; population, 368 ; 
vahiation, $152,796. 


1878 4 schools; number of children, 92 ; length of school, 26; 
months; raised for schools, $350; contributions, $211; wages of 
teachers, males, $24; females, $22; share of school fund, $210.14. 




In 1755, the soldiers serving in the French and Indian war, when 
sent from Boston to Albany, were transported around via Long Is- 
land Sound, New York and Hudson River. In 1758, a more direct 
route by land was followed. This route led westward from North- 
ampton through Williamsburgh, Goshen, Cummington, etc., and over 
it passed successive companies of troops, so that it may properly be 
considered as the first great highway across this portion of the coun- 
try from Boston to Albany. The soldiers had frequent camp grounds, 
where, in providing themselves with fuel, they made considerable 
openings in the forest. In Williamsburgh one of their camps was on 
land afterwards occupied by I.udo Thayer. A little eminence of land 
near by vvas long known as the "Coffee Lot," where the soldiers 
made and drank their coffee. In Goshen, the}- passed «^ver the south 
part of the farm of the late Capt. Grant, and left a log biidge, which 
remained to his day. Their wext camping ground vvas on the spot 
where Col. L. Stone's *'Red House'' was built. The remains of their 
bark huts were found here by Maj. Stone, later than 1780. Joshua 
Packard once passed over the route with the troops, and on this camp- 
ground he lost his pocket knife. After he became a resident of the 
place, he searched for the knife, and happily found it. 

This **trail" seems to have been followed and preserved by the set- 
tlers in after years, till it finally became, and was perhaps dedicated 
as one of the public highways of the town. It had one element that 
recommended it to public favor in those days — it passed over the 
highest hills that could be found on the route. The highest available 
lands were then preferred for farms and dwellings, but were deemed 
especially important for the location of the principal meeting-house 
of the town. 

Marked trees indicated the most approved course from one point 


o another through the wilderness, till a path was worn into distinct- 
ness by repeated travel. Walking and hors.-back were the chief 
iieans of locomotion for many years, — and cvtrn after the year iSoo, 
saddle-bags for small, and panniers for larger packages, laid across 
ihe horse's back, served for the common "express" purposes oC fam- 
ilies and communities. The boy on horse-hack canic-d tlic grist to 
ill; the man on horse-back carried upon the pillion behmd him his 
ife and daughter to church; the females Uj)on horse-back performed 
L ong equestrian journeys, that would surprise their posterity. So- 
I^Dhia Banister, who married a Foster, and lemoved to Ohio, perform- 
^id the journey of 600 miles on horseback. John Williams had a 
'vvagon in 1786, — probably the first in town. 

Soon after 1800, the old style chaise, with its ample wheels, was 
introduced by some of the more enterprising citizens. In 1807, Oli- 
ver Taylor, Nehemiah May, Ebenezer and Solomon Parsons, were 
severally taxed on pleasure carriages, the only vehicles of the kind 
then in town. Wagons were not much used till after 1810. They 
were made without springs, or wilh rude springs of wood. The first 
great improvement in these was about 1830, when the "ihorough- 
brace" was introduced, by which the body of the carriage was attach- 
ed by strong pieces of leather to the ^'running gear." Wagons with 
elliptic springs, introduced a new word, or a new application of an old 
word, into our vocabulary, »--/>?</7(7?/, — followed in five or six years 

The people themselves were the first raail-carriers here. A few of 
the more interested arrangfed between them for one of their number 
and then another, in succession, to go to Northampton every week, 
to bring the mail and the Hampshire Gazette. When one had ful- 
filled his task, he wrote upon the Gazette belonging to the coming 
man, "your turn next," and so each succeeding week was provided 
for. At length a post-rider, (said to be a Mr. Richardson,) com- 
menced doing this business. In a short time he was succeeded by 
that veteran of post-riders, Ebenezer Hunt, late of Cummington. He 
was succeeded by an elderly man named Kingman, of Worthington, 
who carried the papers about one year. The next was Josiah Shaw, 
late of Haydcnvjlle, who was succeeded by Theron A. Hamlin, I. A. 

Hamlin, Jacob Lovell, Frederick W. Belden, Jason C. Thayer, 

Loud, and O. P. Clark. 


John Williams, Esq., was first postmaster. He was 'appointed 
probably in 1817, and retained the office about 23 years. His son 
Hinckley Williams,succeeded him, and was postmaster till 1853, when 
the office was removed. John L. Godfrey held the office for about 
two years, when Maj. Joseph Hawks received the appointment, and 
still retains it. 

Between the years 1^10-35, quiie an extensive business was done 
in carrying farmers* produce, pork, butter, cheese, etc., and other 
g;oocls. leather being quite an item, from the hill towns to Boston, and 
bringing in return goods for the merchants and others. The teams 
usually stopped the first night at Gilbert's, in Belchertown, and 
reached Boston early on the fifth day. in season to exchange loads 
and get out of the city on their way back to spend their first night. 
An old teamster, many years on the route, relates that the tedious- 
ness of the journey was quite often forgotten by reason of the number 
that were able to join company. At one time he counted thirty-four 
teams moving on together, each having from two to six horses. 

In 1S13, the town had a pauper who left his keepers and went to 
Boston. A man was sent to bring him back, who charged the follow- 
ing, as his expenses on the way. It is interesting as showing the rate 
of travel, and the cost and kind of items deemed a reasonable charge 
for such a journey. The bill of particulars reads: "Spencer, March 
17, 1S13, Half a mug sling, 10 cents; 1-2 peck of oats, 13 cents. 
Worcester, hay two baiting, 12 cents, sling 10 cents, dinner 30 cents, 
supper 25 cents, lodging S cents, gate 6 1-4 cents, hay 8 cents, gate 6 
1-4 cents. Framingham — sling 12 1-2 cents, gate 6 1-4 cents. New- 
ton — sling 12 1-2 cents, oats 13, gate 6 1-4. Boston — supp'jr3o cents. 
Boston, March 19 — Oats 1-2 peck, 20 cents, horsekeeping 56 cents, 
lodging; 13 cents, sling 12 1-2 cents, hay S cents. (He sttcured his 
fugitive, and set out on his return the same d.iy.) Dinner for Sam 
and I, 62 cents, gate 6 1-4 cents. Xeedham — sling 12 1-2 cents, 
('*San)," the pauper, probably didn't have sling,^ gate 614 cents. 
Supper (or two at Fiamingham, 62 cents, gate and oats. Wcstboro, 
March 20, horsekeeping 30 cents, lodging for two 16 cents, cider 8 
cents, ^probably for Sam\ Worcester — sling 12 1-2 cents, hay 8 
cents, breakfast for two 50 cents. Leicester — sling 12 1-2 cents, (no 
oats\ Spencer — Oats 12 1-2 cents, sling 10 cents, supper for two. 
Sam staid over Sunday, 21st, at Brookfield, lodging 8 cents, cider 6, 
vitualling34. Next day at Ware — one glass of sling 6 cents. (Prices 


are tending downward.) Belcheitown — lodging 8, sling 6, breakfast 
25, lunch 12. (Probably took supper in Goshen that night.) 

The late Hattil Washburn, Sen., a native of New Bedford, came 
here in 1790,- at the age of nine years, and lived with Dr. Burgess till 
he was of age. When he first became acquainted with the road to 
Northampton, there were quite a number of houses between that tpwn 

and this. The first house this side of Northampton was the old 

Warner house, aud the next, the Clark tavern, standing near Wil- 
liamsburgh line. The old Fairfield tavern, where Haydenville now 
is, was next, then Thayer's house^ in Skinnerville, then a house stand- 
ing under the great ehu, where W. S. Pierce lived, next was Samuel 
Bodman*s, near where the town house in Williamsburgh now stands. 
The Dr. Gary house, Hubbard's tavern, was then standing, and op- 
posite was Abner Williams'. At Thayer's factory, Taylor had a 

mill. On the hill, at the brick house, where Squire Clapp formerly 
resided, lived a man named Wilds. Next was Rev. Mr. Strong's, 
and opposite, Joshua Thayer's tavern; at the top of the hill beyond, 
was Bartlett's tavern; and at the Dea. Rogers' place was Dwight's 
store, and then a little off the road was Dr. Paine's — recently Spen- 
cer Bartlett's. Next was a house owned by Lull, then Ludo 

Thayer's, then James Hunt's — Theron Warner's; then followed the 
houses of Joshua Abell, Richard Tower,(Dr.Daniel Pierce's,)Rev. Mr. 
'Whitman, Col. May, Lieut. Lyon, John Williams, Eben Parsons. The 
last named lived on the Jared Hawks farm, northwest of the center 
of Goshen. 


The first trader in town was John James. He had a store in 1782, 
and did a successful business. Nehemiah May and Ebenezer Parsons 

were also in trade for some time. May died in 18 13, and 

Adams, of Conway, took the business. Dr. Hutchins bought him out 
and finally closed the store. 

John Williams was connected in trade for a short time probably 
with Mr. James, but about 1786, he commenced the sale of dry goods 
and groceries on his own account, and eventually secured an exten- 
sive trade. His son Hinckley continued the business for many years, 
completing more than half a century in vvhich a store was kept at this 
place. A store was kept by George Salmon, 1810-15, in the Lemuel 
Lyon house. E. W. Town, in 1832-8, occupied the store which 


D.W. Criives previously kept for some years. W. A. Godfrey commenc- 
ing; aj:;iiii in 1S53, sold to Joseph Hawks, and in 1858 the building 
was removed and atiached to the hotel. A. \V. Crafis and Alvan 
Barrus opened a store in iSGo^ Joshua Knowllon bought tjie house 
of Alvan Barrus in 1S63, and after about three years sold to J. H. 
Godfrey, who still continues the business in the sauje place. The 
store is in thel)ouse built for Rev. Joel \Vrij;ht as a parsonage in 1821, 
and substciuentlv became the residence of Widow Timotliv Lvman. 

2 V; I cms — 7/0 tcls. 

Public houses for the ^'entertainment of man and beast," — particu- 
larlv the ?nan, — foinierlv abounded. Col. Nchemiah May was one of 
the earliest enija":injr in the business, which he carried on while he 
lived. Jared Hawks, his son-in-law, coniinued it for several years 
after May's decease, and the house was closed about 18 19. 

Lemuel Lvon was amonij the first to open his house as a tavern, 
but he dici noc long continue the business. An incident is related 
that Ciiused considerable merriment at his expense. He had a hogs- 
head of liquor so large that it could not be rolled into his cellar, and 
he was obliged to draw it o(T and carry it in, a pail full at a time. 
While waiting for his pail to fill, he unwittingly fell asleep. The 
liquor ran till the pail was full and then lan away till the cask was 
em;)t\'. It was probably quite as well for the public, but rather de» 
jDleting to his pocket. Lyon afterward lived where Lowell Hunt now 
lives, and kept tavern there. A tavern was again kept from 1S21 to 
1824, at Lyon's former residence. Ebenezer Parsons, in 1785; Solo- 
mon Parsons, in 1791; Jonah Williams,* in 18 16, severally opened 
their houses as public inns for brief periods. 

John Williams kept liquors in connection with his store, as early as 
1786. The amount of his sales in '87 and '88 appear to have been 
more than a thousand dollars per year. He soon after opened a 

* Note. It is told that Mr. M'illiams in reply to the question why ho opened a tavern, 
said: ••IJccMUse I h:ivo a noi^hbor who goes every day to K^t Ms <lram of brother John, 
and will eventually drink up all his proi)erty. 1 may as well save him the travel and get the 
property myself, as to let another have it." The neighbor heard of it, and taking the hint, 
wisely concluded to keep his property in his own hands. He immediately reformed and 
lived to a good ohl age, a temi)eratc man, with a comfortable estate. There may be room 
for criticism in rv^lati >n to many t'll.i^s d )ne in fanner tiinis, but wa need to remember 
what the dear old friend of somebody used to say with the truest Christian charity, when 
he heard anyone being loudly condemned for some fault : "Ah! well, yes, it seenis very 
bad to me, because that's not my way of sinning." 

' ; . . I • ■ 

' 1 1 ■ I « 

■■ ; .".I.". 1 •' I '•■ ■ ■ ' • , 
I • • ■ ■ » ' i : I ■ ' ■ ■ ' . .' 

■ ■.■ :i.-.; ■ •■ ; r-i,\ ■.••.! 
. ■ : j: . :' Ml >■.:', : 
;!■■ ■ «.f.- Ill ■ ■ i ■■ • :.. 
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. . I 

; : > ■ 

HISTORY or' G08HBN. 83 

tavern, which he uhimafely relinquished to his son, H. Williams, who 
leased it in 1837-8, to Edwin A. Carpenter. It was closed as a hotel 
in 1841. 

A hotel was built by Capt. Reuben Dresser, in 1818. He sold to 
Downing W. Graves about 1824, who kept it about eight years, and 
was succeeded by Israel li. Thompson. Alfred Jones was his suc- 
cessor in 1838, and remained till 1841. Then followed W. H. Guil- 
ford, L. Gurney, and Edward Bridgman, the last warned remaining 
from 1842 to 1851. L. Gurney then returned and and staid till 1855, 
^vhen Maj. Hawks became proprietor. 

It was burnt October 31, 1867, and was succeedtid by the prew- 
■ent large and well arranged house, which, under the management of 
the Major and his efficient daughter. Miss Fannie E. Hawks, has 
l)tcome a very pnj)nlar resort for persons seeking for he.illh or pleas- 
ine. 'Ihc location is clevaud, ihe view one of the finest in the state, 
^he air pure, the sccnt-ry diversified and channinij, the village quiet; 
4ind all combine to make the place attractive. The "History of the 
Connecticut Valley," says, 

*'Once located here iinrler the care of the Major, upon the highest land in 

Hampshire County, enjoying the purest air of tlie Green Mountain chain, it is no 

^vonder that guests are loath to leave and quick to come again. No where does 

^ay dawn over the eastern hills with lovelier tints, nor paint the western sky witTi 

TTiiore resplendent colors. From the wide and pleasant piazzas of the Highland 

JHouse charming views greet the eye in every direction — landscapes of unequalled 

beauty, comprising mountains and valleys, forests ai d fields, rural homes and village 

lanansions. Beautiful drives are everywhere open to the tourist. Moore's Hill is 

l)ut a short distance away — a fine rounded elevation of open fields and unobstructed 

^iews, — rising six hundred feet above Mount. Holyoke, with a far wider range of 

vision. The whole town is so elevated that to climb the highest summit is an easy 

-saffair, neither fatiguing the traveler, nor requiring a jierpendlcular railway. The 

Cascade, the Devil's Den, the Lily Pond, are worth many a visit, while numerous 

"unnamed localities oflfer abundant attractions. The geologist may gather the choic- 

"^cst specimens known to science and the botanist cull flowers of rich and rare 



Dr. Isaac Robinson has been referred to as the first physician 

liere. His son, Dr. Joseph Robinson, was here in 1794-5. Dr. Job 

Ranger from Brookfield lived here in 1789-90; he boarded with 

John Wdliams, whose wife was his cousin ; his mother and the wife 



of Capt. Thomas Weeks were sisters. William White, Jr., studied 
medicine with him. Dr. Ranger*s heahh failing he returned to his 
native town, awd soon after died. In answer to the inquiry where he 
went when he left Goshen, of one who kn^ him well, the reply was, 
"^To heaven," — referring to his devoted piety and early death. 

Dr. Benjamin Burgess studied medicine with Dr. Perry of New 
Bedford. He went into practice on Martha*s Vineyard, first, it is 
said, in Chilmark and then in Tisbury. He came to Goshen about 
the time of its incorporation, and had an extensive and lucrative 
practice. Further notice of him and his family will be found in a 
subsequent chapter. 

Dr. Ellis Coney, a physician of good abilities, came from Worces- 
ter county, served as Selectman and Treasurer, died in 1807, after a 
residence of only a few years. 

Dr. George Rogers was in practice here about 1810-12. He 
removed to Conway. 

Drs. Childs and R. C. Robinson were here about 1812-13. Dr. 
Robinson removed to North Adams. Dr. Erastus Hawks practiced 
here 18 17 to 24. At the latter date Dr. Wm. C. Dwight of North- 
ampton came and spent a year or two. A Dr. Fuller was here in 
1820, and A. W. Rockwell in 1822. Dr. Geo. Wright from North- 
ampton, 1826 to 1831, was much esteemed as a physician and as a 
man. He removed to Montague. J. W. Rockwell, his successor, 
1833-4, staid only two years. . Dr. Daniel Pierce from Worthington, 
came in 1836 and remained till his death in 1857. During the later 
yearsof his life he relinquished the active duties of his profession for 
other pursuits. He was a native of Peru. Of a rigorous mind he 
distinguished himself as a medical student under the care of Dr. 
Peter Bryant of Cummington, father of the poet, became a practi- 
tioner of good abilit3% residing in the towns of Brookfield, Peru and 
at Worthington, and, at the lattjer place was for some lime a deacon 
of the Congregational church. Since his death, the town has not 
had a resident physician. Its proverbial healthfulness does not 
offer to the profession an inviting field. 

In former times, physicians were ** called," by act of the people lo 


settle with them, though in a less formal manner than the calling of 
the minister. 

Dr. Charles Knovvlton, of Ashfield, who died in February, 1850, 
was the leading physician in this vicinity for nearly twenty years, 
and was often emploj^ed in this town. His son, Dr. C. L. Knowl- 
ton, suceeeded his father and had an extensive field of service for 
many years. He removed to Northampton 1867 or '68. 

The following too truthful lines are borrowed of him : 

God and the Doctor we alike adore, 
Just on the brink of danger, not before ; 
The danger passed, both are alike requited, 
God is forgotten and the Doctor slighted. 

Industrial Pursuits, 

Agriculture has always been the chief employment of the citizens 
of Goshen. Hay, lumber and firewood have always been sold out of 
town to some extent. 

The State Census for 1875, gives a list of agricultural products for 
the year from all the towns in the state. 

The following table gives a list of each product whose value 
exceeds fifty dollars: 

Apples, 1,604 bushels, $695 

Beef, 29,275 lbs 2,475 

Beets, 84 bushels 67 

Blueberries, 1,304 quarts 145 

Buckwheat, 85 bushels 85 

Chickens, 1,285 lbs 232 

Corn, 578 bushels 578 

Eggs, 3,885 doz 1,083 

Hay, English, 1,227 ^^"s 17,818 

Hay, meadow, 105 tons - - . - 1,240 

Manure, 990 cords 5>778 

Milk, 8,175 gallons ^55^ 

Oats, 260 bushels 196 

Pork, 15,876 lbs i>572 

Potatoes, 7,377 bushels 3,689 




Straw, 9 tons $107 

Turkey, 949 lbs 201 

Turnips, 1,061 bush 431 

Veal, 3,215 lbs 306 


Wool, 264 lbs 116 


Butter, 14,578 lbs 4,724 

Cider, 2,197 gallons 259 

Firewood, 473 cords 2,243 

Maple Sugar, 6,400 lbs 911 


Butter, 8,667 lbs -. 2,805 

Cider, 1 ,793 gallons 224 

Dried fruit 59 

Maple Sugar, 13,600 lbs 1,629 

Maple Molasses, 140 gallons 147 


Domestic products for sale • 8,185 

" *' " use 4,947 

Hay crop 19,088 

Other agricultural products 19,664 



Farms 93 value $195,105 

Houses S^ 

Barns 97 

Sheds 23 

Corn crib i 

Sugar houses 2 

206 76,600 



Land in crops 1,896 acres $ 45,552 

Orchard land, 39 *' 1,180 

Unimproved land, 5,529 " 37>328 

Unimprovable land, 350 " no 

Woodland, 1,837 " 34,335 

9,651 118,505 

Bees, swarms, 8 $ 45 

Bulls, 18 557 

Calves, 98 903 

Colts, 14 1,175 

Dogs, 28 199 

Greese, 2 2 

Guinea fowls; 6 8 

Heifers, 75 1,536 

Hens and chickens, 1,000 •. 790 

H©gs, 45 600 

Horses, 87, 8,596 

Lambs, 24 92 

Milch Cows, 190 8,648 

Oxen, 32 , 2,750 

Pigs, 14 124 

Sheep, 64 2.70 

Steers, 40 1,241 

Turkeys, 50 84 



Land $118,505 

Buildings 76,600 

Fruit trees 3,870 

Domestic animals 27,620 

Agricultural tools in use 7,366 



Jlilis ami JIa II u factories. 


Reuben Dresser built a saw mill, one of the first in town, more than 
a luindred years since, below the Dresser Pond. A broom-handle 
factory was added about forty years ago; and later, button moulds 
have been manufactured there. It new belongs to the heirs of C. C. 
Dresser. About two miles above , Emmons Putney built a saw mill 
not far from 1835, which ran for twenty years or more, and was owned 
finally by Win. H. Webster. 

Ezekicl Corbin had a grist mill on Swift Rivera little below Shaw's 
bridge near Cummington line, as early as 1796. James Patrick had 
a saw and grist mill two miles or so above, on Swift River, near Ash- 
fieUr line, built about 1788. Daniel Williams, many years later built 
a new mill and and stone dam a few rods above the old mill, which 
has since been owned by Samuel Ranney and others, and later, for 
many years, by J. D. Shipman, who sold in 1880 to Ansel Cole. 
Stone's saw mill and broom handle factor}^ on Stone's brook, a 
branch of Swift River, were erected in 1828. It was the first factory 
for turning broom handles by machinery in this vicinity. Planes 
were made here from 1854 to 1859 by Hiram Barrus and brothers. 
At the present time, the works comprise a saw mill and brush handle 
factory, owned by Amos H. Stone and Son. The second grist miH 
in town stood about forty rods higher up the stream, built by Capt. 
Bigelow. Maj. Ambrose Stone in 1780 changed liie works to a ful- 
ling mill and clothier establishment, the first by nearly forty years for 
many miles around. Nearly a mile above, Willard and Hiram Pack- 
ard had a saw mill which was abandoned more than 20 years ago. 
Still further up, on a branch of Stone's brook at the outlet of Beaver 
Meadow, is Sears' saw mill, formerly owned by Dea. Stephen Par- 
sons. Beaver Meadow is connected by a small stream with the upper 
Reservoir, which in time of high water, discharged its waters in two 
directions — one, through Stone's brook into the Westfield River, the 
other through Mill River into the Connecticut. Near the south end 
of the upper Reservoir, built in 1873, ^^'^ another saw mill erected 
by Francis and Thomas Lyman about 60 years ago. At the lower 
Reservoir, on the street east of the meeting-house, there was an an- 
cient saw mill, owned by John Williams — called "Carpenter John," 
to distinguish him from **Squire John,' the Postmaster. It was after- 
ward owned by Abner Moore, who added a small, grist mill witU 


brooin handle and button mould factory. A little below is the saw 
mill of Rodney Hawks, on the site of another built some forty years 

Farther down Mill River is the remains of an old dam that marks 
the place where Nehemiah May and Ebenezer Putney about 1788 
erected a mill for grinding sumac to be sent to Europe for tanning 
morocco. But it did not pay and was given up. Just below, Emmons 
Putney erected a saw mill in 1839. He has made button moulds here 
for many years. He states that one girl turned off for him in one 
day 150 gross of moulds, equal to 21,600 pieces. Below Putney's 
mill, was another, built about 1815 by Ebenezer White and Elias 
Lyon, and afterwards owned by ('apt. Horace Packard and sons. 
About a mile below, Nehemiah May built a grist mill more than a 
century since, said to have been the first in town, which stood for 50 
years. Not a vestige of the old timbers remain, but Maj. Hawks rer 
members going there to mill in his boyhood. On Harding's brook, a 
tributary of Mill River, coming down from the vicinity of Moore's 
Hill, Asa White built a saw mill nearly fifty years since, which run 
for only a few years. 

Cider mills, run by horse power, belonged to Dresser, White, James, 
Gloyd, Lyman, Packard and Naramore. The Packard mill, owned 
by Joseph Beals, still exists; and E. C. Packard has recently set up 
another. v 

In 18 12 Major Stone and Sons furnished considerable quantities of 
cloth for our army. It was narrow in width, but sold for a high 
price. In 1780 he bought wool at an aver:^.ge price of 25 cents per 
lb., which in 1812 was worth $2. Other mills of the kind bt-com- 
ing inconveniently numerous. Stone finally gave up the business, 
having pursued it for nearly fifty years. 

Levi Kingman, of Cummington, did a successful i)usine^s here 
about 1812-14, in the manufacture of patent overshoes, called " Tus- 
carora socks." They had an extensive sale, and were long a popular 

Solomon Parsons and John James engaged quite largely in the 
manufacture of potash, and continued in the business for many 


There was formerly a tannery owned by Oliver Taylor where Wm. 
H. Webster lived. It was in operation before the Revolutionary 
War. Taylor enlisted and went into the army, but it becoming 
known that he was a tanner, he was sent home to work at his trade, 
as he could be more useful in that department, laboring for the sol- 
diers, than by serving in the field with them. Another tannery near 
where William Tilton lived was owned for many years by his brother, 
Benjamin Tilton, 

Thomas Weeks, Jason Olds, Silas Olds, and Levi Stearns were the 
principal cabinet-makers that have carried on the business here ; and 
they belonged to a former age. Capt. Weeks did all his wood-turn- 
ing by means of a spring-pole and treadle-lathe, the foot being the 
motive power. Spinning-wheels were made by him, and at a later 
day by Reuben Kingman. 

The blacksmiths doing business here have been few. John Wil- 
liams, Jonah Williams, Thomas Brown, Cyrus Stearns, Thomas W. 
Stearns, Asahel Billings a«d Elijah Billings comprise all, or nearly 
all, of that trade. Cyrus Stearns claimed to be the inventor of the 
circular " claw," forming a part of the modern nail hammer. The 
" claw " was formerly a right angle, and none others were in use till 
Stearns made several with a circular claw, which soon became the 
universal pattern. 

Professional shoe-makers were never a numerous class in this 
community. Joshua Packard, Sr., was one of the principal of his 
day. Later, there have been Hattil Washburn, Sr., John V. Hunt, 
Lysander and Spencer Gurney and Lowell Hunt. iThe public in 
former times were served in this line by a class of shoe-maPers who, 
in the common parlance, went round ** whipping the cat,*' or in other 
words, went to the house of the person employing them and worked 
by the day till the family were supplied for the winter, the employer 
furnishing the leather and "findings." Then the shoemaker took his 
** kit" of tools and went to work for another customer in the same 
way. Moccasins instead of boots and shoes were worn by the early 

A tailor by profession was unknown in the early history of the 
town. The mother generally understood the art of fitting the gar- 
ments to her family, and if she needed assistance there were a class 


of maiden aunts known as tailoresses that were always obtainable, 
and wherever and whenever wanted, in their peculiar vocation. 

The most prominent carpenters and mill-wrights of the past were 
Samuel Mott» Ebenezer White, Joshua Packard, Jr., John Williams, 
2d, (known as " Carpenter Williams,") Wm. Abell, George Abell, 
Horace Packard and Asa While, Frebun W. Packard and C. C- 
Dresser. Previous to 1812, buildings were framed by the old system, 
known as the " try rule." It necessitated putting together every 
joint in a frame, and marking it by a number or character, so that 
when the building was raised each tenon should have its appropriate 
mortise, otherwise the work of raising the frame would be impossible. 
In 1812, Levi Bates of Cummington framed the house now owned by 
H. and A. Barrus, by the new system, called **square rule." A 
prominent house-builder from New York city, who worked only by 
**try rule," was present one day, and said in the hearing of Bates, 
that the house framed by his new-fangled notion of square rule could 
never be raised. But Bates went on with his square rule work, and 
the New Yorker left with an arrangement to have a letter sent to him 
detailing the result. As Bates anticipated, the raising was a perfect 
demonstration of the superiority of the modern system. Never was 
frame more easily raised or more perfect in the fitting of its joints. 
" There," said the correspondent of the New Yorker, when he saw 
the work completed, '* the next mail shall carry word to my friend of 
the satisfactory performance of such a remarkable feat." 

The first wooden clocks made in this vicinity were the work, it is 
said, of Zelotus Reed, about 1796. Portions of his work still remain- 
ing, show that the art of clock-making had not then reached perfec- 
tion. The weights of the clocks were of stone, and the bells were 
of Reed's own casting. His prices were from $25 to $30 each. 
While living here, he became interested in the expansive power of 
steam, and actually constructed a small steam engine of considerable 

Maj. Ambrose Stone stated that this engine turned a small shaft 
with so much power that he was not able to hold it with both hands, 
although the boiler held only about a pint. It is not known on what 
principle his engine was constructed. Simeon Reed, the father of 
Zelotus, belonged in Cummington, and was also a man of much in- 


genuity and a maker of clocks. It is said tliat he constructed the 
first machine in the country for making cut nails; that when he had 
brought it nearly to perfection, two of his neighbors, with a friend of 
theirs from Abington, stealthily ascended a ladder they had set up to 
a window of the room of his house, where he worked on his machine 
in secret. After comprehending the idea of ihe inventor, they de- 
parted and soon afterward brought out a new machine of their own at 
Abington. which was the starling point of the present extensive busi- 
ness in nail making in that portion of the state. 

In 1851, a joint stock company, comprising about 40 members, 
was formed for making planes and other tools, under the name of the 
"Union Tool Co." They purchased the shop and stock of Abner 
Moore, who had been for a short lime engaged in the business, em- 
ployed about 20 hands and carried on the manufacture about two and 
a half years. The results were not such as to render **joint stock 
companies," in this section, very popular. The expenses not only ab- 
sorbed the capital invested, but involved the private property of the 
stockholders. Litigation followed and several questions were carried 
to the Supreme Court for decision. The last question decided by the 
Court was one of much interest to the stockholders and of some sur- 
prise to the public, considering the long time ihe business of manu- 
facturing tools has been carried on. The decision was substantially 
this: — That inasmuch as the organization of the concern was in- 
complete, the company had no legal existence; and as a necessary re- 
sult, no one could be held as a stockholder, liable to pay any of the 
company's debts. 

Military Companies. 

The *'Gore" had what was called a Lieutenant's company, com- 
manded by Lieut. Lemuel Lyon, which afterwards became the Goshen 
Company of Infantry. Its first Captain was William White. His 
successors were Barzillai Banister, Lemuel Banister, Ambrose Stone, 
Joseph Naramore, Cheney Taft, Malachi James, John Grant, Timo- 
thy Lyman, Reuben Dresser, John Smith, Francis Lyman, Joseph 
White, William Abell, George Abell, Fordyce Rice, Zimri Newell 
Cyrel Jepson. Ambrose Stone became Major of the company and 
Timothy Lyman, Colonel of the regiment. 

A company of artillery was early formed here, with Freeborn May- 
hew for captain. He removed to Charlemont and was succeeded by 


Nehemiah May, who became colonel of the regiment, and Alpheus 
Naramore as captain, who died in office in i8o6i It was a popular 
company and its membership was extended into other towns. The 
Plainfield members soon outnumbered the others, chose officers be- 
longing to that town and removed the field pieces thither from Go- 
shen. The name was finally changed to **Plainfield Artillery." The 
Company in its early days was noted for its stalwart men. It boasted 
at one time of having half a ton of sergeants. Thaddeus Naramore, 
Stephen Kelloo:g, Josiah White and Bates. 

The first field pieces used by the company were iron, mounted on 
"slug" wheels — wooden wheels without spokes. The inspecting offi- 
cer caused these pieces, on account of their great weight, to be ex- 
changed for brass. The new pieces when received were taken to the 
common near the old church for "iiial." They were heavily loaded, 
and the first discharge produced sUch a concussion as to break out a 
large quantity of glass from the windows of the church, and satisfied 
the company of the efficiency of their guns. The gun-house stood 
upon the east side of the street, just south of the common. 

A flourishing company of cavalry, belonging to this section, had a 
large number of its members from this town. The first Captain is 
said to have belonged in Hatfield. The persons succeeding to the 
office were as follows, and as nearlv as can be ascertained in the or- 
der given: Edmund Lazell and Stephen French, Sen., of Cummington; 
Trowbridge Ward, of Worthington, afterward Colonel; Eli Bryant, 

Consider Ewell, Kingsley, of Chesterfield; Joseph Warner, of 

Cummington, Luther Stone of Goshen, afterward Colonel; Chester 
Mitchell of Cummington; Lewis Gibbs of Chesterfield; Horace Pack- 
ard of Goshen; Oren Stone of Worthington; Joseph Hawks of Goshen, 
Major; Hudson Bates of Chesterfield. 

In its palmy days, this company had the reputation of being one 
of the best in the state. Efficient men only were allowed to enlist in 
it and it long maintained its pre-eminence. It was remarked by. one 
who knew, that wherever the company made its appearance, all other 
parties were careful to give them elbow-room. 

'J'he following is the company as officered in 1820. 




Moll of CapL Joseph Warner's Company of Cavalry, April 5, 1820, 

Captain^ Joseph Warner, 
Lieutenant, William Hubbard, 
** Luther Stone, 

Chester Mitchell, 

Thomas Darling, , 

Asa Cottrell, Jr., 

Levi Clapp, 

Nathan Fuller, Jr., 
Trumpeter, John Moore, 
Corporal, Amasa Putney, 

Simeon Streeter, 

Daniel Goodwin, 

Rufus Meach. 







William Meach, 
William Parish, 
Thomas Lyman, 
Joseph Jepson, Jr., 
Abraham Edwards, 
Amos Moore, 
Theodore Parsons, 
Jacob Gioyd, 
Ralph Utley, 
Gershom House, 
Consider Pynchon, 
Horace Packard, 
William Jones, 
Elisha Baker, Jr., 
Hiel Dunham, 

Moses Jewell, 

James Snow, Jr., 

Chester Anable, 

W'illiam Davis, Jr., 

Quartus Warner, 

Ephraim Finney, 

Solomon P. Fitch, 

Bela Mitchell, 

John W. Brown, 

William Knapp, 

Rolin Foote, 

Rufus Cottrell, 

Timothy Hall, 

George Kingsley, 

Nathan A. Wilder, saddler. 


The War of the Bevolution. 

The records of the town, incorporated as it was so near the 
close of the war, show, of necessity, but little of the real amount of 
burden borne by the inhabitants during the great contest for liberty. 
But the account of the votes of the town given in a former chapter 
show that the town was not remiss in doing its whole duty. 

Some of the men who were drafted for the army, had the choice of 
going in person, or providing substitutes, or paying a fine, which 
varied in amount as the war progressed and the paper money depre- 
ciated. Benjamin Abell was notified May 19, 1777, by Lieut. Wil- 
liam White, that he was drafted, and on the next day paid ten 
pounds as his fine for a discharge till January 10, 1778. June 25, 
1779, Nathaniel Abell paid a fine of forty five pounds to William 
White, Captain, for a release for nine months. June 25, 1780, 
Joshua Abell paid one hundred and fifty pounds to Paul King, 
Lieut., having been drafted for six months. 

There is no authentic record of the names of «//who went from 
this town into the army, but the list of minute men who marched on 
the Lexington alarm has been given, and the original papers are in 
possession of Wm. H. Webster, grandson of the captain. 

A Ijrief account of the services of several of the veterans, gathered 
from their own statements and from other sources must supply the 
lack of records. 

Joshua Abell was at the battle of Bennington, and after the 
fighting was over came near losing his life. A stray bullet struck 
his gun barrel with which he was marching, just over his heart, and 
glanced off leaving him unhurt. The gun is an heir-loom in the 
family of the late Capt. George Abell, and the indentation made by 
British' lead, is still to be seen. The same gun was also in service in 
the war of 1812. Abell was at Burgoyne's surrender. 


Christopher Banister became a captain, and had comnnand of a 
company thai were sent to watch the British, while at New York and 
Long Island. He afterwards, before the close of the war, attained 
tlie rank of Major, Ezra May, as Major,was with Banister, and was 
afterward at the taking of Burgoyne, being then Colonel. He 
returned home in consequence of ill health, and died in January, 
1778, at the age of 46. 

Wait Burk and Ezekiel Thomas went into the army from the 
** Gore " in 1780. A pay roll of " six months men '* is on file at the 
State House in Boston, showing ihey were in service from July to 

Asa Grant, father of the late Capt. John Grant, was out one sea- 
son at Fairfield, Conn. He was an expert at sharp-shooting. 
While on the Long Island coast, several sentries had been shot on 
one of our vessels by the enemy from the opposite shore. Grant, 
with this knowledge as a caution, was directed to take the place of 
the last sentry shot. He took his position partly behind the mast of 
the vessel. Soon came a bullet and struck the mast. Another, and 
at length another followed. Grant had discovered the covert whence 
they came. Taking good aim at that, he fired. Whether he killed 
any one, he never knew, but he had the satisfaction of knowing that 
no more men were shot off our sentry post from that source. 

William Hallock and his son Moses went for a term into New 
Jersey. Jeremiah Hallock had two terms of service, one of which 
was at Ticonderoga. 

Isaac Kingman, John and Joseph Jepson, Caleb Bryant, David 
Stearns, Jr., with his brothers Lemuel and John, served in places 
unknown to the writer. 

Major Josiah Lyman, who lived in this town, probably from about 
1800 till his decease in 1822, was an officer of the Revolution. He 
was then of Belchertown, and commanded a company in Col. Elisha 
Porter's Regiment that went to Quebec. The town of Belchertown 
voted " that in consideration of the great hardships Capt. Josiah 
Lyman went through in last year's campaign at Quebec, and also that 
he has been in the war ever since, voted that his poll and estate be 
freed from being taxed in this levy for raising men to go into the 
continental service." 


Timothy Lyman was at the taking of Ticonderoga, the battle of 
Bennington and at the surrender of Burgoyne. At the close of his 
services, he brought home a musket taken from the British at Sara- 
toga, called a "Queen's arm," which is now in the possession of his 
grandson, Lieut. Tiuiothy P. Lyman. 

Phineas Manning, who came from Stafford, Conn., served through 
the whole war, was acquainted with Gen. Washington, and had seen 
him during a battle ride between the contending armies, regardless 
of danger. At the battle of Monmouth, Manning was one of the 
participants, and suffered intensely from the heat, during that terrible 
day. He went to a spring of water to slake his thirst, and there 
found several of his companions dead from drinking too much cold 
water, heated and thirsty as they had been. He was at the battle 
of White Plains, wintered in Virginia, was at the taking of Cornwal- 
lis, and was on the vanguard that covered the artillery at the battle 
of Trenton. He received from Gen. Washington a "badge of merit.'' 

The *' badge of merit," was an honorary badge of distinction 
established by Gen. Washington in August, 1781, and was conferred 
upon non-commissioned officers and soldiers who had served " three 
years with bravery, fidelity and good conduct,** and also upon every 
one who should perform any singularly meritorious action. The 
badge entitled the recipient "to pass and repass all guards and mil- 
itary posts, as fully and amply as any commissioned officer what- 
ever." His widow received apension in consideration of his services, 
and, it is believed, was the last of the Revolutionary pensioners in 
this town. , 

James Orcutt was stationed for a time at West Point. He was in 
command of the guard at the great chain across the Hudson on the 
night when the troops of Washington came to take possession of the 
place, on the treachery of Arnold. Orcutt had learned nothing of 
the Arnold defection, and challenged the approaching column. But 
they were too intent on securing Arnold, to notice challenges, and 
rushed by without note or comment, 

Caleb Packard, son of Joshua, at the age of 17 was at the taking 
of Burgoyne. He drew a pension in the latter years of his life. 


Maj. Ambrose Stone served under Gen. Ward at Boston, and under 
Arnold at Lake Champlain. When the British vessels on the lake 
attacked our vessels and drove them ashore, most of the men escaped 
in boats. Maj. Stone and several others, when the British gave up 
the chase, vvctre in a boat some two miles distant. A round from a 
cannon ricocheted over them, which the enemy sent as a parting sa- 
lute. Before they left the larger vessels, several of our men were 
killed in the action. Maj. Stone was in the battle of Saratoga when 
Burgoyne surrendered. At one time during the battle the smoke 
suddenly cleared away and he found himself standing face to face 
with the enemy — alone — his own men having retreated under cover 
of the adjoining wood. The Major discharged his musket, leaped a 
rail fence and escaped. He spent the winter at Valley Forge under 
Gen. Washington, whom he often saw while there. When asked if 
the likeness of Washington '^^vc a correct idea of his appearance, he 
said he never saw a likeness that did full justice to him. The statue 
of Washington in the State House at Boston, he regarded as the 
closest n semblance to him of anything he ever saw. 

Abiathar Vinton was in the army for a short time, but disliking that 
kind of life, Levi Vinton took his place and subsequently drew a pen- 

Zebulon Willcut was in service niweteen months. He was engaged 
in several skirmishes with the enemy in Rhode Island and at Ticon- 
deroga. During the latter years of his life he received a pension. 

Isaac Walker was with our army in Canada. He was there taken 
with small pox, and be/ore recovering, our troops were compelled to 
retreat and leave him to the tender mercies of the enemy and of his 
terrible disease. He was never heard of again. Polly Walker, his 
daughter, was long a town pauper. His residence was on the road 
toward Chesterfield, beyond the Capt. Webster place. 

Thomas Weeks, a Lieutenant in 1775, marched from Greenwich,, 
where he then resided, April 20, on the Lexington alarm, in command 
of part of a company, '*in defense of the liberties of America" — as it 
was expressed on the pay roll of his men. He was at camp Roxbury 
later in the yt^ar. He served as paymaster and in other positions of 
importance. He left many papers relating to the affairs of his lime 
and several journals. One of these, relating to events occurring in 
1776, in Boston harbor, is worthy of preservation. 


'-Lieut. Thomas Week's Journal for the present eampatgn, after ar- 

riling at Boston, June 4, 1776. 

Took barracks on Winter's wharf, where we tarried till the f3th, when we were 
ordered to embark on board of slooj»s and flat bottomed boats for Hull, or Nanlas- 
kct, Point Alderton, &c., opposite George's Island and the lighthouse. It being 
about sunset when we left Boston, the wind and the tide did not serve us till we got 
to our journey's end, which caused us to toil all night on the mighty waters. A 
little after sunrise of the 14th we sailed by the fleet, within gun shot of the Commo- 
dore's ship, and landed under cover of a hill on Nantasket Point, with about 200 of 
Col. Whitney's regiment. The same evening there went a detachment on to the 
head of Long Island opposite to us. Soon after landing they commenced firing on 
the ships, and soon bored the Commodore's through the stern. The ships, being 
14 sail, weighed anchor and put about in order to depart, but kept up meanwhile an 
incessant fire upon us. 

"Although the cannon balls came among us in great plenty and very near many of 
us, vet a rinrhteous Gocl suffered none of them to harm us. About 12 o'clock the 
fleet had towed alonv; out ab'»ut a mile and a half and lay alongside the lighthouse, 
out of reach of our b.iiterv on L'>n;^ Island. \ly this time we had our cannon 
mounted on an eminence near Point Alderton, and afier firing several shots at the 
enemy set fire to the lighthouse and blew it up. They hoisted sail, gave us one shot 
from the Commodore, and nude their departure. l*y this time we were reinforced 
by a large body of militia and other troops, and being in sight of the departing ene- 
my, with one voice we gave three cheers. Truly, where is there an American son of 
liberty who will not join in acclamations at the thought that .\merica has, by force 
and arms, under God, repealed the Boston Port Bill, ihe fourteenth of June, 1776, 
which, by an act of British Parliament, took place June 14, 1774. May God grant 
the Colony of Massachusetts may ever have occasion to commemorate this 14th of 
June, 1776. 

*'June 16, Sunday morning. A ship and a brig of the enemy were discovered off 
the Sound, engaged with our privateers. About sunset the ship and brig came in 
and lay alongside of our battery, the privateers behind them. We fired upon the 
brig, as she was nearest, which soon struck to us, and sent on shore a captain of a 
Highland company which was on board. We called to her to send her master on 
shore, but it being now dark, she got off and made after the ship, wjiich then had got 
to George's Island, and being ignorant of the departure of the fleet before, and now 
being jealous they were in a trap, were making round George's Island in order to 
flee out. By this time our privateers came up with them, and were reinforced by 
the Connecticut, a brig of 16 guns, which came up within musket shot ©f the ship. 
It being about 10 o'clock, and very dark, a very warm engagtment followed with 
cannon and small arms, which lasted an hour anil a quarter, when the ship and brig 
struck; the firing ceased, and three cheers were given by the privateers. The cap- 
tured vessels had about 180 Highlanders on board. The ship had one Major, and 
several killed ; the privateers, four w«unded. 

"June 18. Another ship hove in sight afid fired a signal gun. Our privateers be. 
ing then in the road answered her. The ship came up, a privateer fired a gun at her 


bow, another ut her stern, when she surrendered without firir.g a gun. She had on 
board looo Highlanders. 

"Sunday, |une 23, still at Hull. Discovered in the Bay about 10 sail heading to- 
wards us. 24th. The fleet lay in sight and cruising in the bay. 25th. The lleet 
made up almost to Nantasket Road near the lighthouse. They sent a bdat on 
shore at the light, which was out of our reach, but immediately put on board again. 
The fleet then made about, luffed their sails and lay to. The next day they bore 
away toward Marblehead. June 27th> One of the ships returned to the light, 
(where our people had. erected a mast in place of the lighthouse, and put a lamp 
and flag on the top.) and sent a number of their barges and took the lamp and flag 
and proceeded to Great Brewster, an eminence opposite Nantasket, where were a 
number of people making hay, on which the people ran to us and had shelter. The 
barge crew then returned to the ship, when they all made off and returned no more. 

"July I. Went to Boston, and on the way went on board the Connecticut brig^ 
where we were courteously treated. The next day returned on a sloop. A storm 
came up on our passage, with thunder, wind and rain. We were in some danger, 
but by Divine goodness we arrived safe the same evening, 

"July 3. Azof Smith, a soldier in our company, in the bloom of youth,^ departed 
this life, I hope for a better. God grant it may be sanctified to his surviving friends 
and to this company. 

"Sunday, July 8. This day came in a brig taken by the privateers, her loading 
about 300 hogsheads of rum. .We hear also that a ship of about 600 tons burthen 
was carried into Salem with 570 hogsheads of sugar." 

In March, 1777, he was at Ticonderoga, and remained till its 
evacuation by our own troops, on the ni<2;ht of July 5. He left an 
account of his losses of property in that disastrous retreat, which 
were considerable in araount, expecting that the government would 
eventually make his losses good. But his expectations were not 

March 28, 1777, he writes a letter from Ticonderoga, to his wife at 
Greenwich, which contains some items of interest concerning the 
affairs of that day. He says : 

" There is a post that comes by Capt. Dwight's in Belchertown every week, so 
that they may send to us any time. We had a sleigh come up with us all the way, 
but very expensive. We are to be paid for it, however. The paymaster has not 
arrived, and I have not received a farthing yet. Elijah (his son) is well, well con- 
tented, and lives as well as at home. We live with the Major in a good barrack, 
have g©od pork and beef, good bread and peas, and sometimes beans that grew in 
Greenwich. We have but few troops here yet, but expect more daily. The 
Indians are about us. They have killed four men and taken 20 more prisoners. I 
am much exposed, being constantly in camp." 

William White, who went in Capt. Webster's company to Dorches- 
ter, does not appear to have had at this time a long service in the 


army. When he returned home from Dorchester, he brought several 
large folio volumes of " FlaveFs Works,'' in his knapsack, taken 
from the Light House captured by our troops from the British, which 
are still retained by his descendants. In June, 1780, he went as 
delegate to the Provincial Congress from the town of Chesterfield, 
and his bill, rendered to the town for services and expenses in that 
capacity, serve to j-how the state of the currency at that time. The 
charges are: — 

15 days' attendance $36 per day. 

Expenses 8 days 25 

Horse-keeping 9 days 10 

Horse i j 2 miles 2 per mile. 

Expenses on road 97 

But the depreciation soon became much greater, so that a certain 
soldier in returning home paid fSo of it for his breakfast. This 
currency, known as "Continental money," was made of thick, strong 
paper, 2 lo 3 inches square, containing on one side ihe following 
(varying for different amounts) : 

"This Bill entitles the Bearer to receive One Spanish milled Dol- 
lar, or the value thereof, in Gold or Silver, according to a Resolu- 
tion of Congress, passed at Philadelphia^ Noveniber 2, 1776." On 
the other side was printed, "One Dollar — Philadelphia. Printed 
by Hall and Sellers, 1776.'' A few specimens of this currency are 
occasionally found among the older families residing in the town. 

'J'he value af twenty shillings in paper money, January 1, 1777, was 
19 shillings; in January, 1778, 6 shillings ; in January, 1779, 3 shil- 
lings; in January, 1780, 8 pence; in January, 1781, 3 pence. This 
town and others in this vicinity, at a little later date, appear to have 
been almost unanimously in favor of paper currency ; on the contrary 
Lexington instructed its representative to oppose the emission of any 
paper money. Experience shows that when a dollar in paper will 
purchase a dollar in gold, the paper is generally preferred. When a 
dollar in paper will not purchase a dollar in gold, it quickly goes 
into the category with **rags." 

It has been mentioned that a portion of the prisoners taken upon 
the surrender of Burgoyne, passed through the town under guard, on 
their way to Boston. The late Capt. John Grant, then a lad of six 


or seven years, remembered seeing ihem pass his father's house. 
There were not far (ronrt two hundrerl of them. There were several 
women with them, riding on horses. Another portion of the pris- 
oners passed through Chesterfield. Quite a number of them 
deserted and remained in these towns. One, by the name of Hughes, 
built a log house, married, and lived for many years on land belong- 
ing lo the heirs of Levi Barrus, which still retains the appellation of 
**Hughes' Lot." Daniel Brown, who had served in our army, was 
once relating to Hughes the circumstance of his practising as a sharp- 
shooter, upon the British troops at a certain place. Hughes recol- 
lected the event, and told Brown iliat one of his shots took effect 
and seriously wounded a companion of his. 

The father of James and Daniel Prince, known for some years as 
tho oldest twins in the United States was another deserter. He 
married a daughter of James Packard of this town. 

An aged citizen of the town a few years ago repeated the following 

old song learned in his boyhood, which belongs to the literature of 

the Revolution. Some wag of those times made the British troops 


'Tvvas on the fourteenth clay of May 
When we set sail for America. 
'Twas in the dark and dismal times 
When we set sail for the northern climes. 

Our drums did b»?at and trumpets sound 
As unto Boston we were bound, 
And wheu to Boston we were come 
W^e thought to beat a British drum — 
To drive those rebels from their place, 
And fill their hearts with sore disgrace. 
But to our sorrow and surprise 
We saw them like grasshoppers rise ; 
We saw those brave Columbian sons 
Spread death and slaughter from their guns. 
They fought like heroes much in rage, 
W^hich did affright old General Gage. 

In 1782, the King of Great Britain, dissatisfied probably with the 
conduct of the war in America, changed his ministry. A witty critic 
put the fact into rhyme and pointed it with a suggestion that our 
people would be likely to appreciate. The following verse contains 
the chief point : 


The King in a pet, his affairs all deranged, 
Has at last his unmerciful ministers changed ; 
Brave news, quoth the Congress ; but better would be 
Had the King, when he changed them, omitted the c. 

The War of 1812. 

The details oi the. action of the town and its military record during 

this war has already been given on pages 26-7-8. The name of 

another soldier may be added to the list. John Manning, son of 

Phinehas, enlisted and served through the war. He received a 

wound which so far disabled him that he was pensioned for life. 

It is doubtful whether any family in the country can show a better 
•war record than this family of" Mannings. Phinehas, the pioneer, 
served through the entire war of the Revolution. This son John 
served through the w:ir of 1812. Geo. W. Manning, brother of John, 
sent five sons and a son-in-law, the husband of his only daughter, to 
the defence of the country in the war of the rebellion, of whom an 
account is given under the next caption. Mr. Manning lived to 
about four score years of age, and for many years was very appro- 
priately brevetted by his neighbors with the title of ^'General." The 
.family have always been among the most peaceable citizens of the 
town, and would from that fact seem unlikely to be ainong the "first 

in war." 

The (rveat llchelUon. 

The town fulfilled its share in the work of crushing the Great 
Rebellion, with commendable promptness and fidelity. The whole 
amount of money paid out for bounties and substitutes was 
'^5,440. The whole number of soldiers assigned to the town, as its 
share of the quota raised, was 41. Of these, 30 were citizens of the 
town. Charles Barrus, Gershom Damon, Warren Ball, Frederick S. 
Billings and Spencer Tiiton furnished substitutes ; six other persons 
were procured from abroad, through agents, one representative 
recruit was obtained, and two of the soldiers re-enlisted, making a 
total furnished by the town of 47 — 6 more than was required to fill 
its quota. 

One of the first persons to enlist from the town, and that without 
bounty^was Timothy P. Lyman, son of Capt. Francis, who enlisted in the 


ist Massachusetts Cavalry, Co. E, in August, 1861. He left camp 
at Readville in December, with a portion of the regiment that went 
to Hillon Head, S. C. Thence he went to Virginia in August, 1862. 
At the battle of Aldie, June 17, 1863, with some eighty others, he 
was taken prisoner and sent to Richmond. After a residence of 
about a month in Libby Prison and at Belle Isle, he was paroled and 
returned within the northern lines. Being with others declared 
exchanged by the President's order, by reason of Gen. Pemberton's 
(rebel) army violating their parole, he again returned to the service, 
and was in most of the bailies in which the regiment was engaged in 
the army of the Potomac, nev*;r receiving a wound, though his cloth- 
ing was badly cut by bullets or. several occasions. He re-enlisted in 
February, 1864, receiving from the town, for the first time, a bounty 
of $125. He attained the rank of 1st Lieutenant and was Quarter- 
master of his regiment. 

George F. Tilton, son of West, enlisted in Co. F, ist Mass. Caval- 
ry, Aug. 4, 1862. He had entered Amherst college, but believing he 
owed a duty to his country which could only be discharged by serving 
in the army, he cheerfully acquiesced. He proved a good soldier,, 
served as orderly for Gen. Stoneman in his grand raid toward Rich- 
mond, at the time the battle of Fredericksburg was raging, and v^as 
afterwards wounded in the hip by a pistol ball, while attempting to 
rescue a comrade from capture in one of the skirmishes under Gen. 
Meade which proved fatal. He died at Alexandria, Va., Dec. 21, 
1863, at the age of 23. He was a graduate of Westficld, Normal 

Lorin Barrus and Alvan Barrus, sons of Levi, enlisted in the same 
regiment, Co. B, at the same time with young Tilton, They were but 
little with the regiment, the former being on detached duty at the di- 
vision headquarters, at Warrenlon, City Point, and other places. 
The latter, finding his health not equal to his patriotism, was reluct* 
antly compelled to abandon field for hospital service. He was at 
Patterson Park and the Marine Hospitals in Baltimore for nearly twa 
years, serving at the latter place as hospital steward. He was with 
his regiment for two months before their discharge, and was in ser. 
eral skirmishes. While on picket duty on the Weldon railroad, a ball 
passed through a portion of his clothing, but he escaped without a 



At another time, while stopping for a few moinents to put the lock 
of his musket in working order, a ball from the rifle of some unseen 
rebel sharp-shooter, struck the stump on which his musket rested. 

Joseph Beals, son of Dexter, a descendant of the "Mountain Mil- 
ler," enlisted with those last named, Co. F., and was chiefly on 
detached service, away from his regiment. 

Geo. Austin Abel), son of Capt. George, a native of this town, 
' enlisted from Conway into the ist Massachusetts Cavalry. He was 
taken prisoner with several others, and marched for several days 
toward Richmond. He and a comrade managed to escape from their 
captors under cover of night, and after an absence of about ten days 
reached our lines in safety. 

Henry Parsons, son of Theodore, residing in Ashfield, belonged 
to. Co. H., regiment, one of the first to enlist, was wounded in 
the arm at Fair Oaks. He states that many of his comrades in that 
battle fired ab«ut thirty rounds at the enemy, though himself, not 
choosing to fire unless, as at an old-fashioned squirrel hunt, he could 
bring down his game, discharged his musket only about a dozen 
times. He was in nearly all the battles in which the army of the 
Potomac were engaged, including Malvern Hill, the seven days' fight, 
York town. South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville, Gettysburg, Mine Run, and the Wilderness. 

Augustus A. Manning (better known in the regiment as " Old 
Goshen," a complimentary title,) son of George W., and grandson of 
the veteran Phineas, of revolutionary memory, belonged to Co. C, 
loth regiment, was another of the few who enlisted without bounty, 
and was with the regiment for three years and in twenty-nine battles 
and skirmishes. He was wounded once only, at Fair Oaks, but did 
not leave the field. He served as Sergeant of his company. 

George P. Manning, son of George W., of Co. C, 21st regiment, 
was wounded with a rifle ball while gallantly defending a masked 
battery, in the Cypress Swamp, on Roanoke Island, in the battle of 
February 8, 1862, under Burnside. He died February 16, aged 22. 

John H. Manning and Joel D. Manning, sons of George W., 
enlisted in the 31st regiment, Co. C, and went to Ship Island, where 


both sickened and the former died at the age of 20. The latter was 

discharged for disability, but recovering his health, he re-enlisted 

September 2, 1864, in Co. A, ist Heavy Artillery, and w^^s in the 

battle of Hatcher's Run, October 27. 

William Manning, son of George W., enlisted in the 20th regiment, 
was in two battles, wounded in each, the last time at one of the bat- 
tles of the Wilderness, losing a leg by an explosive rifle ball. 

James B. Taylor, son-in-law of George W. Manning, enlisted in 
Co. A, I St Heavy Artillery, was taken prisoner at Hatcher's Run 
and paroled. 

Lyman F. Rice, son of Fordyce, same company with Taylor and 
was with him taken prisoner, and returned home under parole. 

Anson W. Godfrey, sen of Henry T., belonged to the same com- 
pany, and was killed by a solid shot in the battle of Boydton Plank 
Road, October 27. He, with the last named three, had enlisted 
early in September, and had been only a few days in the army at the 
time he was killed. 

Levant and Leroy Phelps, Co, D, 1st Heavy Artillery, enlisted in 
December, 1863, and were in several battles. Leroy was wounded 
April I and died ApriLii. 

Abner Phelps, father of the above, was in Co. I, 52d regiment, 
and went to New Orleans December, 1862. The regiment was mus- 
tered out of service August 14, 1863, having returned August 3d. 
Mr. Phelps died September ist, of disease contracted in the service. 

Horace H. Packard, Co. H, 29th regiment, was detailed for some 
time as a carpenter at Fortress Monroe, but was afterwards with his 
regiment and took part in many of the stirring scenes through which 
it passed. 

Joseph H. Dawes, son of Dryden, enlisted in the 105th regiment, 
N. Y. Vols., and had an honorable record, serving for some time as 
Orderly for his Colonel. 

Charles H. Dawes, son of Dryden, Co. B, 32d regiment, re-enlisted 
after his first term, and was four years in the service. He was in 


nearly all the fighting for the possession of Richmond, twice slightly 
wounded, and for four days a prisoner. 

Henry L. Naramore, son of Franklin, Co. B, 32d regiment, was 
with his regiment till, in consequence of a wound, he was detailed 
for other duty. He was for some time leader of a hospital band at 
Annapolis, Md. 

Wm. Lyman Parsons, son of Willard, enlisted and went out with 
the 37th regimentj September, 1862. He was detailed as teamster, 
first carrying the regiment supplies, then for the brigade, and finally 
had charge of the personal supplies of Gen. Wright, commander of 
the 9th corps. 

John H. Bissell, son of Benoni B., enlisted July 23 in Co. D, 37th 
regiment. He was in all the severe battles in which his regiment 
participated (15 at least) was twice wounded, and during his three 
years' service was in hospital only one week. 

John Henry Godfrey, son of Henry T., belonged to Co. C, 52d 
regiment, was with the regiment in all its southern campaign, during 
the full term of its service. 

Joel Wing, son of Isaac, ('o. H, 27ih regiment, was killed by the 
explosion of shell in the battle at Newbern, N. C., March 14, 1862. 

Timothy D. Pierce enlisted in one of six companies composing 
the ist Batallion Mass. Vol.*?., organized for garrison duty at Fort 
Warren, in the fall of 1861. Failing health obliged him to leave the 
service before the close of the winter. 

Henry Putney, son of John, enlisted in the navy. 

Ansel A. Roberts of Co. C, 31st regiment, lived in town only for 
a short time previous to enlistment as one of the quota. 

Thomas S. Holman, son of Rev. Sidney Holman, enlisted in 1862, 
and was in service as assistant-surgeon for several months at Camp 
Day, North Cambridge. Exposure to the vicissitudes of camp-life 
produced an affection of the lungs, of which he died at Goshen, 
December 7, 1862, at the age of 28. 


Frederick A. Hubbard, Co. F, 52d regiment ; Alexis R. Hubbard, 
Co. E, 34th regiment; Calvin A. Hubbard, Co. E, 5th Conn. ; sons 
of Hollon Hubbard, although not accredited to the quota of Goshen, 
may properly be considered, with a single exception perhaps, as 
among the soldiers of the town. The last named was at the slaugh- 
ter of BalTs Bluff, and was with Gen. Sherman in his great march 
through the southern states. 



The town belongs the Hoosac Mountain System of Hitchcock's 
Geology. The principal rocks are granite and. mica slate. The 
granite is easily wrought, and is of superior quality for building pur- 
poses. The mica slate is remarkable for the regularity of its stratifi- 
cation. Large quantities have been quarried for flagging, and sold in 
the neighboring towns. Layers of almost any size and thickness are 
easily obtained, with an eveness of surface that renders it valuable 
for many purposes. The best localities are in the northwest part of 
the town, on lands of Hiram Packard, Almcn B. Loomis, and T. L. 
Barrus. The layers of the rock in this part of the town descend 
northerly at an angle of 25 degrees; but at the central part of the 
town the inclination is easterly, at an angle of about 45 degrees. At 
the south part of the town the dip of the rock turns southerly, while 
in the extreme western portion of the town above Swift River, the 
slope of the rock is westerly towards the river, extending north and 
south. These varying positions of the over-lying rock suggest to the stu- 
dent of nature that much of the territory of Goshen, including perhaps a 
portion of the town of Chesterfield has been, in some immensely remote 
age, pushed up with rocks, from the depths below through the mica slate 
formation to the surface-position it now occupies. The slope of the 


mica slate recks rests upon the granite in such a mariner that seems to 
admit of no other satisfactory explanation. This theory, as all theo- 
ries should do, seems to account for all the known facts. 

There is an interesting locality of minerals on the farm of the late 
Levi Barrus, formerly known as the "Weeks Farm." Specimens of 
tin have been found here. The locality furnishes several varieties of 
tourmaline, rose quartz and mica, spodumene, Goshenite, and many 
other minerals of interest to the student in mineralogy. Hitchcock 
says of spodumene, "Goshen is its most abundant locality." It 
abounds on land of Geo. W. Manning, Levi Barrus, L. Stone, and ia 
other places. Hitchcock, in referring to several minerals, including 
Columbite, which he says is found in two localities here, remarks: 
"Thus we find that in this region there exist several of the rarest 
metals on the globe." Crystals of beryl are occasionally found, and 
also specimens of lead ore in the granite rocks on the "James Farm." 
In the narrow valley lying between this farm and Goshen village, are 
found in considerable quantities crystals of quartz attached to 
fragments of rocks that do not appear to have originated in this 
vicinity. They probably drifted here from some foreign locality, and 
an eminent professor suggests they may belong to the tin formation. 
They were first discovered by the writer, about 20 years since, but he 
has been unable to trace them to any satisfactory origin. 

The highest point of land in the town is More's Hill, 17 13 feet 
above the level of the sea, and about 600 feet higher than Mount 
Holyoke, and 1800 less than Saddle Mountain. From the summit of 
More's Hill can be seen the mountains already named, and also Mt. 
Monadnoc in New Hampshire, and Wachusett in Worcester county. 
More than 30 church-spires can be seen here in a clear day. Am- 
herst college is in full view. In every direction a panorama of con- 
siderable extent and beauty meets the eye, and if there was a good 
highway leading to the hill, it would become a popular resort for 
summer recreation. 

The "Great Meadow," in the northerly part of the town, referred 
to as formerly being a beaver pond, was abandoned by the beavers 
long before the territory was occupied by white settlers. It is said 
that people from Hatfield were accustomed to come here and cut and 
stack grass, which grew in considerable quantities, and in winter 
drive out their cattle to be fed by some person left in charge of them 
while the hay lasted. Only a small portion of the meadow is now in 


grass, and it is generally covered by water in the colder portions of 
the year. 

The "Lily Pond" was a natural reservoir of mire and water. Cat- 
tle cannot cross it in safety, and the bridge which passes over it is 
continually sinking, so as to require repeated layers of logs and earth 
to bring it up to a suitable height above the water, to make traveling 
safe. Samuel Olds lowered the outlet to this pond nearly twenty 
feet, hoping to drain out the surplus water and reduce the land to cul- 
tivation, but without success. It is said that he invested the first 
hundred dollars of the "James Fund" in this enterprise. 

The Reservoir Pond, owned by the Hayden Manufacturing Co., 
coveis many acres of what was formerly a fine meadow. The dam 
was first built about 1840, but proving insufficient it was enlarged and 
re-built in 1854, in a substantial manner, and at an expense of $5,000. 
The pond is a beautiful sheet of water, nearly a mile in length. 

Dresser's Pond is of similar extent to the above, requiring a dam 
of much smaller dimensions, and furnishes a valuable water power. 

"The Devil's Den" is a wild rocky gorge in the southeast part of 
the town, through which Mill River flows after leaving the "Cascade," 
which in some seasons of the year is a waterfall of considerable 
beauty. To reach the "Den," it is desirable to have the company of 
some person acquainted with the place. "To enjoy it," says the 
History of Conn. Valley, "travelers should descend the bank with a 
guide; travel down the bed of the stream between and under the 
overhanginjj walls of granite; tread cautiously along the rocks car- 
peted with the beautiful but treacherous moss, avoiding if possible, 
an unexpected bath in some deep, dark pool." 

The waters ui the eastern part of the town pass through Mill river 
to the Connecticut, while Swift river, Stone's brook, and others of the 
western part, flow into the VVestfield. None of these streams are as 
valuable for mill purposes as they formerly were. When the country 
was covered with forests, and the swamps and meadows wereundrain- 
ed, evaporation was much less rapid than now, the rains were retained 
as if by an immense sponge, to flow off gradually. Now, the heavy 
rains flow off rapidly, the springs consequently receive a more scant 
supply, and the brooks being more exposed to the direct rays of the 
sun, their rocky beds become heated, and the evaporation of the pass- 
ing water is greatly accelerated. The result is that many of the mill 
brooks are not usually more than about half their former size. 


The population of the town was formerly much greater than at 
present. Some of the old people gave it as being at one time about 
900, but the decennial census does not indicate that it ever reached 
those figures. In 1790 it was 673; in 1800, 724; in 1810, 662; in 
1820, 682; in 1830, 606; in 1840, 463; in 1850, 515; and in i860, 
439. On the street that formerly led from ihc Col. Lyman house 
eastward to More's Hill, and from thence souihward lo Tillon sueet, 
there was a considerable number of inhabitants, and many good 
farms. But there is not at present a house stanclin;: on the entire 
route, and the road has been closed for many \ears. In the 
southeastern part of the town, on the old road from Dressei's to VVii- 
liamsburgh, the old orchards and cellars indicate a formerly popu- 
lous neighborhood, but now there is not a family left. The reason 
given for the depopulation of this portion of the town, is that Reuben 
Dresser, the first settler, being a man of considerable means, bought 
out "everybody that joined him," till he had scarcely any neighbors 
within a mile. The cheap and fertile lands of the West and other 
promising fields of enterprise, have been the chief motive power in 
transferring so many of the population to other portions of the coun- 
try. Much of the soil of the town is naturally of superior quality, 
and is capable of supporting a larger population than the town ever 
possessed. But it is doubtful whether the New England towns will 
be developed to their full power, till the West ceases to tempt her 
enterprising sons with the offer of richer soils and cheaper acres. If, 
in the long future, there should come a time — and come it will — 
when all the now uncultivated lands of the country shall become di- 
vided into farnjs, and each farm shall find its owner, the cry of 
''Westward, ho!" will cease. The cheap lands then will be the al- 
most abandoned lands of the East. Then will be the day when New 
England will begin to find its real capabilities. Cultivated as Old 
England is, it may become capable of sustaining a population like 
that of Old England. This "good time coming" may not be so near 
as to encourage speculators to in-vest largely at present in this kind of 
property, nevertheless, even "the wilderness will yet blossom as the 

The prices of lands paid by the early settlers here, appear to have 
been very moderate. A hundred acres of some of the best farms cost 
less than $75. The late Capt. Grant states that after the lands had 
become cleared, their price was much higher than at present. 



Wages were quite as low as the prices of land. Four dollars 3l 
month and board are j^iven as the price of ordinary labor. Deacon 
Taylor hired a female teacher, after he came here in 177 1, for fifty 
cents per week, and she boarded herself. In 1804, Maj Stone hired 
John Hayden, Jr., of Chesterfield, to teach the school in the north- 
west district, for three months, (probably) and paid $26 as wages for 
the whole term. In 1794, the wa^es of an able bodied man per day 
were about fifty cents, and of a boy in his teens, per month, about $3. 
The price of an ox at that time is given at $20; a live hog weighing 
150 pounds, $4.50; beef, 3 to 5 cents per pound; wheat, per bushel, 
$1.17 to $1.50; corn, 60 cents; flax, 6 cents per pound; shingles, $1.50 
per M; hay, $6 per ton; pasturage for cow, 20 cents per week; for 
horse, 42 cents. In the way of barter, a bushel of rye or corn was 
deemed equivalent to a day's work for a man in harvest time. 

Inordinary business transactions' between neighbors, a frequent 
settlement of "book accounts" was customary, in accordance with 
the oft-repeated adage, *'Short accounts make long friends.'* Their 
accounts were generally closed in this form: — "Reckoned and settled 
all book accounts, from the beginning of the world up to this date,'* 
both parties signing their names. 

Stone arrowheads are occasionally found here, indicating the 
former presence of Indians. In 1840 a stone gouge was found on 
the farm of Col. Stone, that evidently had been used by them in 
tapping the sugar-maple, which formerly grew upon the land. Two 
miles north, the fragments of one of their stone kettles, surrounded 
by decayed firebrands, was found several years since, another proof 
that Indians formerly procured their supplies of sugar from this 
vicinity. Fragments of flint and arrow-heads are found in such 
quantities as show that considerable time and labor must have been 
given to making their huntinjg-instruments in this vicinity. 

In 1788, August 19, a tornado or hurrioane swept over the central 
and northern portions of the town. Its course was easterly, not 
circling like a whirlwind, but " rijrht onward," leaving the trees, 
large and small, prostrate in one direction. A person who saw it 
said the trees bowed before it as if they had been but grass. The 
frame of the Whitman house (now Emmons Putney's), just raised, 
was demolished by it, and required new timber in part for its re-erec- 
tion. Thomas Brown, 2d, then a boy of eight years, with several 


companions, took refuge in the house where he lived, to avoid ike 
flying rails and missiles with which the air was filled. The house 
began to give signs of yielding, and Justin Parsons, who was present, 
disposed of the boys upon that side of the house next the wind, that 
their weight might keep it from overturning. *' The wind passed by," 
said Mr. Brown, " and all out-doors seemed to be in chaos.*' The 
fences were prostrate, the cattle from the pasture running at will 
through the crops, and the first business of the men was to build 
temporary yards and gather their cattle into them. The Indian corn 
was entirely broken down, and would have been ruined had not the 
corn been so far ripened that the crop was almost entirely saved. In 
after years the coKn was judged to be early or late as compared to 
the crop at the dale of the tornado. 

Another tornado following in the track of the other occurred early 
in the evening of August 14, 1834. Its path was narrow but was 
filled with ruins. It came with a violent thunder shower which had 
been gathering for several hours. 'J'he barns of Capt. Joseph Nara- 
more, Hinckley Williams and several others were unroofed. A barn 
belonging to Willard Packard was leveled to the ground, the old 
meeting-house was uprooted, the Baptist church was moved several 
inches upon its foundation, apple and sugar orchards were ruined, and 
much other damage was done. Mr. Cyrus Stearns of this town, with 
a little grandson, on his way home from Cummington, was overtaken 
by the tempest in the woods above Swift River Village, at a point in 
the highway where it passes almost directly above the river at a 
height of nearly seventy feet. The wind lifted a portion of the wagon, 
carrying the man and boy over the fearful precipice. The boy fell 
to the water, but was taken out living, only to die the next day. Mr. 
Stearns fell only a portion of the distance and was saved, though 
severely injured by failing among the trees that lined the precipice. 
Many remarkable escapes occurred. A man passing near Hinckley 
Williams' house vvas thrown frcvm his w^gon, and his horse was found 
in a neighboring field which he must have reached by being carried 
over two intervening fences. The man himself, a little mystified by 
the shock, perhaps, said in relating the affair, that the first thing he 
Jinew^ he lay there beside the wall senseless I 

Reference is often made by old people to the death of young T'rues- 
dale, who perished in a snow storm in the early settlement of the ter- 
4-ilory. His father, Ebenezer Trucsdaje, lived on the James farm. 


He had finished sugaring and went to Northampton to return a ha:^^^"^' 
rowed kettle, and carried a small quantity of sugar. On his retu '" 
the snow fell in such quaniiiies, although so late in the season, ih ^^ 
he lost his way and wandered in the woods till he sank exhaust* 
and died. His bones were found several years after, on or near lai 
now owned by Spencer Til ion, by Thomas Brown while searchii 
for his cows. His foot struck the box in which Truesdale carri< 
his su;;ar and led lo ihe discovery of his remains. In the sai 
vicinity a man named Bryant (grandfather of Capt. Eli Bryant 
Chesterfield) perished on his way through the forest from Ashfield 
Chesterfield. His body also was found by Dea. Brown, some monl] 
afterward, and was so decayed that it was buried on the spot. 

The winters o[ 1797, 1807-17-27-37-47-57, were singularly alii 
and remarkable for their mildness. In January, 1837, there was s^ ^ 
little snow and frost that some farmers ploughed their fields. 

Wild animals at the first settlement of the town were abundant— ^ 
The depredations of wolves among sheep were frequent and severe- -* 
David Scearns lost nineteen lambs by them in a single night : Thomn5 
Weeks fifteen at another time; John Smith as many more, and others 
are named as suffering from the same cause. In 1785 three pounds 
were paid by vote of the town to Wm. Meader for killing a wolf. 

Deer were found in considerable numbers, and were much valued 
for their ilesh and skins. Deer Reeves, annually chosen with other 
town officers, were required to prosecute those who killed deer con- 
trary to law in those seasons of the year when they were not in good 
condition to be eaten. 

Catamounts were seldom found. A trapper fiom Northampton 
killed one near Dresser's Pond, which is the only one known to tra- 
dition as being taken here. Wild cats were frequent. 

Wild turkies were last seen here about the year 1800; the last bear 
was killed about 1785, just below the house of Col. Stone. The last 
deer, evidently a straggler from some northern forest, was shot in the 
winter of 1S28. within thirty rods of the last named place, by Mr, 
John White of Williamsburgh. It had been followed for a day or two 
by the hunters and came into the North West district, passing between 
Col. Stone's house and the bridge into the "nigger pasture," so- 
called. He soon turned back and went up the sharp hillock over- 
looking the bridge. Mr. White, standing near the bridge, caught 
sight of him at the instant, and discharged his rifle, mortally wound- 


ing him. The deer turned and ran up the river, plunging into the 
water through an opening in the ice near the line between the Stone 
and Packard places. He was taken out dead, thrown upon a passing 
load of wood, and carried off in triumph. In passing the school- 
house, the pupils, of whom the writer was one, were given an oppor- 
tunity to see it — the first they had ever seen, the last ever killed in 

A lynx of formidable proportions was caught in a trap and killed 
sixteen years ago by Mr. Moses Dresser. 

In the early years of the settlement here, a gang of counterfeiters 
carried on their operations in this vicinity. It is said that they had 
a secret place of resort among the rocks of the forest, that still 
stretches along the highway between the house of Hiram Packard 
and the top of the hill eastward. 

Suspicion fastened upon a person supposed to belong to this gang, 
and upon his learning that his arrest was contemplated, he fled to 
the woods. A liglit snow in a ft^w days after suggested pursuit, and 
several men starring out for the purpose soon came upon his track, 
and soon after upon him. He evidently considered himself in a 
desperate cause that warranted desperate measures, and drawing a 
circle in the snow around him, he said, ** I will be the death of the 
first man that steps inside line." One of the party, Mr. Ebene- 
zer Putney, in a twinkling, stepped within the line, put his hand upon 
the rogue, saying, "you w^on't hurt me^ will you.'*" Suffice it to say. 
Putney died a natural death, several years afterwards. 

The olden time has many illustrations of conceits, whijns and 
superstitions that were of the parentage of \.\\z dark ages. One pop- 
ular fallacy was, that hernia might be effectually cured by putting the 
patient through a living ash tree, cleft and parted so widely as to 
allow the person ** put through." The trees so devoted, were 
not allowed to be afterward cut down, lest the felling of the tree 
should be the killing of the patient. An Irishman named King had 
taken a negro boy to bring up that had trouble of the kind named. 
The cleft tree remedy was recommended and tried, but unfortunately 
at the moment the boy was fairly within the cleft, the wedges that 
kept it open suddenly came out, and the collapse of the tree instantly 
killed him. King left the boy and ran for help, saying to the first 
man he met : "Mr. Dresser, I've brought death to Cato, but I niver 
more thought to bring death to Cato than I would to yersilf, sir." 


The honest simplicity of the Irishman saved him from legal trouble, 
but his remedy for hernia never became popular among his 

The first apple tree was set out by the wife of Capt. Webster. He 
brought it from Northampton, using it as a riding stick, and with 
much effort succeeded in making it grow. It stood just north of the 
Webster house. In her old age, Mrs. W. becoming deranged, 
often labored under the delusion that she was awav from home, and 
like most people in that condition sadly bemoaned her imaginary ab- 
sence. Her attention called to that tree would immediately reassure 
and quiet her. 

The first and only slaves ever owned here belonged to James Pack- 
ard. He inherited them upon the death of a relative, and look 
measures for their disposal, preferring personal property of a differ- 
ent character. Before completing his negotiations, however, Massa- 
chusetts became a free state and her slaves free men. There were 
nine of them, and Packard realized the truth of the old proverb, 
'^There's many a slip 'twixt the cup and the lip,** and long mourned 
the mysterious Providence that prevented his becoming a rich man 
at the poor negroes* expense. Philip Allen, one of the number, was 
several years a citizen of the town, and lived near Maj. Stone's. The 
lot of land he owned and occupied, still retains the name of "Nigger 

The Shays' rebellion found syiTipathy here, and one man to join 
the insurgents. Major Josiah Lyman, afterward a citizen of this 
town, was under Gen. Shepherd when they met the insurgent troops 
at Sprins:fiel(l. His two sons, Aaron and Giles Lyman, had charge 
of and filed the cannon used on the occasion. Maj. Lyman related 
that the order, on oieeling the insurgetits, by Gen. Shepherd, was 
first given to fire at their right, in the hope of intimidating them. But 
this haying no effect, the order was then given to fire at their left. 
This also failing, the order followed, *'Aim at their center, and the 
Lord have mercy on them.'* The result is too well known to need 
repetition. The person from this town who participated with the re- 
bellious party, it is said, met with a narrow escape, the men who were 
shot standing each side of him. 

The statement was made a few years since, that two young men 
lost in the woods travelled all night without finding their way out. In 
the morning it was discovered that they had travelled circles each a 


few rods within the last, which is the usual experience of persons in 
similar circumstances. This is a singular fact that has not been sat- 
isfactorily explained. The writer, in his boyhood, with a younger 
brother, once undertook while blindfolded, to cross in a straight line 
a large field smoothly covered with snow. Every attempt was a fail- 
ure, the path made bein^ an arc of a circle. The divergence from a 
straight line was to the left. The conclusion drawn from this fact 
was that the right foot in an unrestrained movement makes a little 
longer step than the left foot makes. If this theory be correct, per- 
sons lost, "turned around," as it is usually expressed, would be likely 
to make their circuit in the same direction, to the left from a right 

A writer in one of the Boston papers, referring to the above fact 
and its explanation, stated that the turning to the left and travelling 
in a circle was confirmed by his observation, but he knew of a single 
exception, — that of a man lame in his right leg, who, being lost in 
the woods, travelled in a circle, but turned lo the right. The lame 
leg seems to have taken the shorter step and reversed the process by 
which the circle was produced. 

It is a popular belief that lightning will not strike a beech tree. 
In a thunder shower in this town a few years ago a beech and maple 
standing near together, with branches interlocking each other, 
received the electric bolt, which shattered the maple and passed into 
the earth through a prostrate hemlock tree lying near, which was 
stripped of i!s bark nearly the whole length. No trace of the light- 
ning was left upon the beech. 

Friction matches, invented in 1829, made their appearance in this 
vicinity sometime after 1830, but were not generally introduced for 
several years afterwards. They were called, for some unknown rea- 
son, **locofoco " matches, and sometimes "lucifer" matches. 

In 1835 the former expression became the nick-name of a political 
party. At a meeting of the New York Whigs, the Democrats, in 
order to obtain possession of the hall where it was held, blew out the 
candles, and after the Whigs had left the building, relighted them 
with these matches. Thence the name Locofoc9 was given to the 
Democrats, and borne by them for about thirty years. 

Before the introduction of matches it was customary to keep the 
fire over night, by burying it carefully in its place in the heated ashes. 
A solid piece of wood, or better still an old dry hemlock knot which 


then abounded in the fields and woods, were considered best for 
preserving the fire. Sometimes the fire would go out during the 
night, and none be found in the morning for kindling another. 
Various devices were resorted to for obtaining a new supply. The 
tinder box, with its flint and steel and stock of charred linen, called 
" tinder," and the old time musket lock and powder, were the most 
available means for produ(!ing the needed fire. A small boy, if 
neighbors were not over half a mile distant, was the more popular 
medium for obtaining the desired element, though; in justice to the 
boy, it should be said, that this method was never popular with him 
— it came too early in the day. To get up out of a warm bed between 
break of day and sunrise, on a snowy or rainy, or bitter cold morn- 
ing, and go for a few coals of fire to a distant neighbor's, had little 
romance or fun in it. 

The general introduction of stoves in those years, lacking as they 
were in fire-keeping qualities, made some more expeditious means of 
producing fire a necessity, which the invention of matches supplied. 

The town has had its due share of fatal accidents. , 

Nahum Putney, son of Ebenezer ist, went out to Ohio about 1815, 
and was drowned in Lake Erie, while trying to rescue another from 
the same fate. 

James, son of Capt. Edward Wing, was drowned June 7, 1797. 

Two sons of George Stephenson, Fraiik aged eight, and Fred aged 
ten, his only children, and Herbert, son of Henry T. Godfrey, were 
drowned while bathing in Hawks' pond, below the Reservoir, July 
19, 1864. 

H. Wright Williams, a young man of much promise, son of Hinck- 
ley, a member of the Junior class of Amherst College, was killed by 
the kick of a horse, August 25, 1864. 

A Mr. Eddy, in the employ of C. C. Dresser, was killed in a simi- 
lar manner several years before. 

Philip Willcutt was killed June 19, 1845, ^7 ^^^^ falling of a tree. 

Ezra Carpenter died May 10, 1863, in consequence of a fall from 
a hayloft. 

Frederick Parsons, son of Theodore, while temporarily residing in 
Williamsburgh, was found dead in the barn, where, after feeding his 
horse, he had fallen into a deep manger in such a manner that he 
could not extricate himself. 


The "Burying-ground" originally consisled of ^ about two acres of 
land, set off from the northern extremity of Lemuel Lyon's farm; at 
what lime is unknown. The first person that was buried here was 
named Nelson. The earliest death recorded upon any monument, 
is that of the first wife of Joshua Abell, Aug. 29, 1774. In 1776 no 
deaths appear to have occurred. William White lost three children 
by the black canker in 1788, in five days, and another within the 

In 1815, a fever of fatal type prevailed and numbers fell victims 
to it. 

In 1824, another malignant fever desolated many families. The 
victims chiefly resided upon the west side of the street passing 
through the C(;nter of the town, while every family upon the east side 
escaped, without a case of sickness. 

In i8o3-4-'3i-'44-'52, the scarlet fever repeated its visits and its 
work of destruction among the young. 

In 1794 the town was visited, as it previously had been by the 
small-pox, and Abigail, daughter of William Hallock, and wife of 
Rev. Mr. Chapin, was its first victim. It was soon checked, but it 
again appeared in 1797, to such an extent that the schools were 
closed to prevent its spreading. A committee of the town were ap- 
pointed to adopt precautionary measures, and the house of Justin 
Parsons, which had been used for the same purpose in 1777, and 
that of Ebenezer Putney, were devoted to the use of those who were 
inoculated with the disease. About one hundred and thirty persons 
were inoculated and sent to these houses, till the artificial disease 
should run its course,and render them proof against the attack of the 
disease in its "natural way." These persons were kept on a diet of 
bread and molasses, to the entire exclusion of all salt and meats, 
which are said to aggravate the disease to a fatal degree. These per- 
sons appear to have had a pretty good time on' the whole, and re- 
sorted to various amusements to break up the monotony of their re- 
tired life, as they were allowed no communication with the outer 
world, except through the committee who had charge of them. In 
the house of Justin Parsons they *' pitched coppers " so much upon a 
portion of the floor of one of the rooms, as to wear it nearly through, 
which may be seen to this day. 

The first white slab erected in the cemetery was in 1804, over the 
grave of Alvan Stone. Those previous to this dale, and many after, 


were mica slate. 'I'lie most costlv slab of marble is the monument of 
Capt Thos. Weeks, who die'l in 1817. The first monumental shaft 
erected was to Frederick P. Stone, in 1841. Since that time several 
have been added. 

Seven clergymen, Rev. Samuel Whitman, Elder Isaac Child, Abel 
Farley, Frederick W. Burgess, Rev. Wm. Willcut, Rev. T. H. Rood 
and Rev. Townsend Walker, rest here; also four physicians, Benja- 
min Burgess, Ellis Coney, George M. Burgess, Daniel Pierce ; and 
six magistrates, William White, Oliver Taylor, John Williams, Timo- 
thy Lyman, Benj. White, Luther Stone. 

Near the center of the cemetery, with no monument to mark the 
spot, are the remains of Sarah, a daughter of the renowned President 
Edwards of Northampton, and wife of Elihu Parsons of Stockbridge. 
Her son, Elihu Parsons, at w-hose side she is buried, removed here 
and brought her to reside with him, which she did till her death, 
whjch occurred May 5, 1805, at the age of 76. Dea. Stephen Par- 
sons, son of Elihu, Jr., was her grandson. His daughter, Eunice, 
was the first wife of Freeman Sears of this town. 

The wife of Elihu Parsons, Jr., Rhoda Hinsdale, who is buried at 
his side, was the first English child born in Lenox, Berkshire Co. 

The names of those serving as sextons, still recollected, are Thomas 
Lyman, Richard Beebe, Hollan Hubbard, Henry T. Godfrey, and 
Augustus Manning, now acting in that capacity. Mr. Hubbard 
officiated in that capacity for a period of more than thirty years, 
assisting at the burial of more than two-thirds as many persons as 
were living in the town at the close of his term. 

Near the extreme eastern part of the town, on the old road to Wil- 
lianisburgh, is another burying ground, used in the early history of 
the town, where a considerable number of persons was buried. 

The town has been quite free from fires — an encouraging feature 
to interested insurance companies. One of the first buildings burned 
was the house of Ebenezer Putney, said to have taken from a candle 
coming in contact with newly dressed flax. 

Oliver Taylor lost, March 6, 1796, a barn and shop by fire, sup- 
posed to be the work of an incendiary. 

A barn of Capt. James was burnt — cause unknown. 

A barn belonging to Dr. Burgess was burned January 30, 1802. 
A boy living with him, named Gideon Clary, was the incendiary, and 
was sentenced to jail for five years. He conducted himself so we)), 



that by advice, the jailor left ojoen his cell door that he might escape. 
He went off, but voluntarily returned to his prison quarters. 

Phinehas Manning's house was burnt about i8p4. 

Cyrus Lyon's house was burnt about 1812. 

The mill of John Williams, 2d, below the Reservoir, was destroyed 
bv fire. 

The barn of Arvin Nash was struck by lightning, and consumed^ 
July 25, 1841. 


"I'he house and barn of Dea. Town were destroyed in the same 
manner in July, 1848. 

The buildings on the Greenwood Brown farm, were burnt May 16, 
1840, set fire by children, in the absence of their parents. 

The Silas Burgess house, about 1841; L. Stone's mills, March, 
1846; Peregrine Wiiite's house and barn, on the Benjamin Tilton 
Dlace, March 4, 1850; Ralph Utley's* barn, March j6, 1851; C. C. 
I>resser's mill, March 12, 1861 ; J. Hawks' hotel, Oct. 31, 1867. 

In 1854, there were fourteen persons in town above the age of 80 
^»ars, and three of this number were above 90. Their names and 
^^s were as follows : — 

Mr. Jared Hawks, 
Mrs. Deborah Williams, 
Mr. Gershom Bates, 
Mrs. Malachi James, 
Mr. Reuben Smith, 
Mrs. Anna Williams, 
Capt. John Grant, 
Mrs. Abner Damon, 
Mr. George Pierce, 
Mrs. Geo. Pierce, 
Mrs. Shepherd Moore, 
Mrs. Phineas Manning, 
Mr. Cyrus Stearns, 
Mrs. John Williams, 

^ ^^iriela, daughter of Elihu Hubbard, wife of Dryden Dawes, 
'*^ ^itlyx)f this town, was born the first day of the week, month and 
*^^« She was the first child of her parents, the fiist grandchild of 
^ grandparents, and the first great-giandchild of her great-grand- 


80 years. 


80 ' 







































The first Atlantic Telegraph Cable was laid in the summer of 
of 1858. The attempt of the year previous failed by the breaking of 
the cable when onlv 700 miles had been laid. The announcement, 
August 16, of the messages between the Queen of England and 
President of the United States, was an occasion of universal rejoic- 
ing throughout the country. The ladies of the Congregational Soci- 
ety in Goshen had arranged for a festival on the i8th of August, for 
the purpose of raising funds for the repair of their church. Dr. Lewis 
S. Hopkins and family, with several other Northampton people, 
mostly ladies, were spending the summer season at Major Hawks's 
hotel, who entered heartily into the work, and did much towards 
making it a success. Rev. T. H. Rood delivered an address in the 
church, entitled ** An Englishman's Opinion of the People of Amer- 
ica." It was of genial humor and wit, and greatly delighted the 
audience. Original pieces were sung by the choir, one verse of 
which will give the general sentiment : 

O let our banners wave, 
For Albion's nation brave 

And country dear, 
Wave o*er Columbia's shield 
With Freedom's signet sealed. 
For Franklin, Morse and Field, 

With long, loud cheer. 

The town hall, decorated in e\ergreens and garlands, contained a 
large variety of articles usually found in ladies' fairs, together with 
tea, cotlee, cake and icecrtjams. 

The dinner tables were set under a large tree on the Common, 
where an excellent collation was served to the people of the town 
and to a large number of guests from abroad. After tl»e repast, 
came toasts and speeches. 

The fust toast, — ** Tiie ladies of Goshen," was responded to by S. 
E. Bridgman, Esq,, ot' North.unpton, who read the following humor- 
ous *'Appeal for the Church," written by one of the lady visitants: 

** See tho piaster lallinp:. tailing, 

Ury and scatiored to the ground, 
To the st»ns ol'lioshon calling 

\Vilh a sad and si>lcnni sound, 
Ihing the nuMiarl bring it ijuick I 
lijing the trowel I lav it thick I 


Sec the shingles, shrinking, shrinking, 

Till the rain-drops trickle through; 
Setting every one to thinking 

What a heavy shower mi<(ht do. 
Bring new shingles ! bring them quick ! 
Bring the hammer ! nail them thick ! 

See the paint, a-going, agoing, 

Like the fading light of daj', 
Unto all beholders showing 

How earth's pleasures pass away. 
Bring the paint-pot ! bring it quick! 
Lay it on and lay it thick ! 

Israel's sons, so Moses taught us. 

Took the jewels, rich and rare, 
From o/d Goshen's daughters, 

For the tabernacle fair ; ' 
But free gifts we ask of you; 
Show what willing hearts can do. 

The second toast — Our expected guests, the Pastors ; like good 
shepherds Ihey have sent their flocks out upon the hills. May the 
flocks be abundantly fed that they may return to their folds with 

Samuel Wells, Esq., of Northampton, responded by readino: a letter 
from his pastor, Rev. Gordon Hall, filled with pertinent thoughts 
and expressing regrets for his absence. 

The following were some of the other toasts given : 

The Atlantic Telegraph : a line of enterprise presenting an unparal- 
lelled Field oi exertion. 

The Atlantic Cable: a modern railway for the transmission of 

The Magnetic Telegraph : The Press and Express united. It does 
its own. printing and carries its own mail. 

The Atlantic Cable : A happy conceit got up by somebody to illus- 
trate the case of the Siamese Twins. Merry England and Young 
America will doubtless enjoy the conceit immensely. 

Landlord yoseph Hawks : As in the land of ancient Goshen there 
was a Joseph who fed the hungry strangers from distant lands, and 
who supplied the needy nearer home, so this modern Goshen boasts 
a Joseph who feeds the weary traveller and refreshes all who calL 



May a long line of caniaoes hereafter invade the modern Goshen, 
and continue, for many years to come, to seek his home, attracted by 
his fame, his forethought and his hospitable name ; may posterity 
revere that name, 'and continue to treasure his bones to the latest 

Editor Gere of Northampton was expected, but it was said that 
owing to his necessary absence his eloquent reply to the following 
toast was lost : 

A ])aradox, it now may seem, 
But in the best devised scheme, 
Complete success cannot apprtir, 
Till ^t ^'tX. something out of Gere, 

This brief sketch of tiie festival-celebration may serve to show the 
interest felt in that great work of modern times, — the Atlantic Cable. 
The electric conditions of this cable were faulty, and, after trans- 


mitling a few hundred messages, entirely ceased to operate. Every 
failure is said to be a step towards success, and so it proved in regard 
to the cable. Experimenls continued and finally were crowned with 
complete success in 1866. 

List of Town Officers — Supplementary. 

May 23, 1781, 

March 4, 17H2, 

♦* 10, 1783, 

Moderator. Treasurer. 

J. Sherwin, Esq., Joshua Abell, 

John James, Thos. Brown, 

Oliver Taylor, Thos. Brown, 






0. Taylor, 

Benj. Burgess, 




0. Taylor, 

Bcnj. Burgess, 

< )llver Taylor, 




B. BurgesH, 

Benj. Burgess, 

Eben Parsons, 




0. Taylor, 

Benj. Burgess, 




0. Taylor, 

Benj. Burgess, 




0. Taylor, 

Benj. Burgess, 

Adam Beats, 




<). Taylor, 

Benj. Burgess, 

Justin Parsons, 




Barzin Banister, 

, Wni. White, 

Adam Beals, 




Ben). Burgess, 

Wm. White, 

Eben'r Parsons, 




Oliver Taylor, 

Wm. Wliite, 

Solomon Parsons 




Reuben Dresser, 

Thos. Brown, 

Solcmion Parsons 




Oliver Taylor, 

Oliver Taylor, 

Lt. John Rogers, 




Oliver Taylor, 

Oliver Taylor, 

S. Parsons, 




Justin Parsons, 

Oliver Taylor, 

Eben. Parsons, 




Justin Parsons, 

Oliver Taylor, 

]Malachi James, 
S. Parsons, 

^ Thos. Brown, 
( Eben'r Parsons. 
^ B. Banister. 
\ Neheniiah May, 
\ Edward Orcutt. 
( Artemas Stone, 
S Cyrus Lyon. 
( Wm. Damon.' 
\ Sam'l Grimes, 
il Farn. White. 

Reuben Looniis. 

Oliver Taylor. 

Oliver Taylor. 

Leni'l Banister. 
FIbeu'r Parsons. 

Adam Beals, 

Justin Parsons. 

Adam Bcals. 

Eben. Parsons. 
,S. Parsons. 
,S. Parsons. 

Lieut. J. Bogers. 

S. Parsons. 

Eben. Parsons. 

M. James. 

S. Parsons. 









. 11, 1799, 

Oliver Taylor, 

M. James, 

M. James. 


10, 1800, 

Justin Parsons, 

Oliver Taylor, 

M. James, 

M. James. 


9, 1801, 

S. Parsons, 

Oliver Taylor, 

Eben Parsons, 

M. James, 


15, 1802, 

S. Parsons, 

Oliver Taylor, 

Thos, Brown, 

M. James. 


7, 1803, 

Justin Parsons, 

Wni. White, 

S. Parsons, 

M. James, 


19, 1804, 

O. Taylor, 

Oliver Taylor, 

8. Parsons, 

M. James. 


4, 1805, 

O. Taylor, 

Oliver Taylor, 

S. Parsons, 

M. James. 


3, 1806, 

S. Parsons, 

Dr. Ellis Coney, 

Capt. M.. James, 

M. James. 


2, 1807, 

S. Parsons. 

Dr. Ellis Coney, 

S. Parsons, 

M. James. 


7, 1808, 

S. Parsons, 

John C. Lyman, 

M. James, 

M. James. 


6, 1809, 

Dea. J. Parsons, 

John C. Lyman, 

Eben. Parsons, 

Eben Parsons. 


12, 1810, 

Nehemiah May, 

John C. Lyman, 

M. James, 

M. James. 


4, 1811, 

Oliver Taylor, 

John C. Lyman, 

M. James, ' ' 

M. James. 


9, 1812, 

Oliver Taylor, 

John C. Lyman, 

S. Parsons, 

S. Parsons. 


15, 1813, 

Major A. Stone, 

John C. Lyman, 

M. James, 

M. James. 


I 4, 1814. 

Major A. Stone, 

John C. Lyman, 

M. James, 

M. James. 


3, 1815, 

Oliver Taylor, 

John C. Lyman, 

Ellas White, 

E. White. 


11, 1816, 

Ambrose Stone, 

John C. Lyman, 

Elias White, 

E. White. 
A. Billings. 


3, 1817, 

Ambrose Stone, 

John Williams, 

Asahel Billings, 

A. Billings. 


7, 1818, 

Ambrose Stone, 

John Williams, 

M. James, 

M. James. 


8, 1819, 

John Grant, 

J. Williams, 2d., 

Theo. Parsons, 

Theo. Parsons. 


6, 1820, 

Major A. Stone, 

Reuben Dresser, 

Theo. Parsons, 

Theo. Parsons. 


5, 1821, 

Major A. Stone, 

Reuben Dresser, 

Ellas White, 

Elias White. 


4, 1S22, 

Major A. Stone, 

Reuben Dresser, 

Ellas White, 

Elias White. 


3, 1823, 

Col. T. Lyman, 

Reuben Dresser, 

Ellas White, 

Ellas White. 


8, 1824, 

Col. T. Lyman, 

Reuben Dresser, 

Reuben Dresser, 

Wlllard Parsons. 


7, 1825, 

Col. T. Lyman, 

Reuben Dresser, 

Reuben Dresser, 

Willard Parsons. 


6, 1826, 

Benj. White, 

Reuben Dresser, 

Reuben Dresser, 

Willard Parsons. 


12, 1827, 

Col. Lyman, 

M. James, 

M. James, 

Theo. Parsons. 


10, 1828, 

Col. Lyman, 

R. Dresser, 

Reuben Dresser, 

Luther James. 


2, 1829, 

Col. Lyman, 

Thos. Brown, 

Thos. Brown, 

Thos. Brown. 


1, 1830, 

Col. Lyman, 

Stephen V. Tilton, S. W. Tilton, 

Luther James. 


7, 1831, 

Col. Lyman, 

H. Williams, 

H. Williams, 

Emmons Putney. 


5, 1832, 

John Grant, 

H. Williams, 

H. Williams, 

E. Putney. 


11, 18:i3, 

H. Williams, 

H. Williams, 

H. Williams, 

E. Putney. 


3, 1834, 

Col. L. Stone, 

Daniel Williams, 

H. WilUams, 

F. P. Stone. 


2, 1835, 

E. Putney, 

E. Putney, 

E. Putney, 

F. P. Stone. 


7, 1836, 

Asahel Billings, 

J. E.-Cathcart, 

J. E. Cathcart, 

F. P. Stone. 


6, 1837, 

Frank Naramore, 

Daniel Hall, 

D. Hall, 

E. W. Town. 


5, 1838, 

Col. L. Stone, 

Joseph Hawks, 

J. Hawks, 

F. P. Stone. 


4, 1839, 

Frank Naramore, 

, F. P. Stone, 

F. P. Stone, 

F. P. Stone. 


23, 1840, 

Frank Naramore 

, Ezra Brackett, 

E. Brackett, 

E. Brackett. 


1, 1841, 

Frank Naramore, 

, M. James, 

M: James, 

Theo. Parsons. 


7, 1842, 

Frank Naramore, 

, E. Brackett, 

E. Brackett, 

Theo. Parsons. 


13, 1843, 

Frank Naramore, 

, E. Brackett, 

E. Brackett, 

Theo. Parsons. 


11, 1844, 

Frank Naramore, 

, Geo. Dresser, 

Geo. Dresser, 

E. Bridgman. 


3, 1845, 

Fred W. Lyman, 

E. A. Carpenter, 

E. A. Carpenter, 

E. A. Carpenter. 


2, 1846, 

' A . Stone, Jr., 

E. Brldgraan, 

E. Bridgraan, 

E. A. Carpenter. 


1, 1847, 

Frank Naramore, 

» Elijah Billings, 

E. Billings, 

Daniel Williams, 


6, 1848, 

Frank Naramore, 

, Hiram Barrus, 

H. Barrus, 

H. Ban*us . 


5, 1849, 

Frank Naramore, 

, H. Barrus, 

H. Barrus, 

E. Billings. 


4, la'K), 

Frank Naramore, 

Forace Jepson, 

F. Jepson, 

E. Billings. 


3, 1851, 

Frank Naramore, 

, E. Billings, ' 

E. Billings, 

E. Billings. 


1, iav2, 

H. Barrus, 

E. Brackett, 

E. Brackett, 

H. Barrus . 







M'chT, ia53, 

Frank Naramore, 

, Abner Pynchon, 

A. Pynchon, 

Sanford Gage. 

6, 1854, 

Frank Xaramore, 

, S. Gage, 

S. Gage, 

S. Gage. 

6, 1855, 

H. Barrus, 

E. Billings, 

E. Billings, 

E. Billings. 

3, 1856, 

H. Barrus, 

E. Brackett, 

E. Billings, 

E. Billings. 

2, 1857, 

E. Putney, 

E. Carpent3r, 

E. Carpenter, 

C. C. Dresser. 

1, 1858, 

Hii*am Barrus, 

Henry Tillton, 

H«nry Tillton, X 

John M. Smith. 

7, 1859, 

Hiram Barrus, 

Henry Tillton, 

Henry TiQton, 

Alvan Barrus. 

5, 1860, 

Hiram Barrus, 

Henry Tillton, 

Henry Tillton, 

Francis Jepson. 

4, 1861, 

Hiram Barrus, 

T. P. Lyman, 

T. P. Lyman, 

H. L. Naramore. 

3, 1862, 

Hiram Barrus, 

Henry Tillton, 

Francis Jepson. 

2, 1863, 

Hiram Barrus, 

Henry Tillton, 

Henry Tillton, 

Josiah Miller. 

7. 1864, 

Elija!) Billings, 

Joshua Knowlton 

, ♦ 

E. Billings. 

6, 1865, 

£. Billings, 

Joshua Knowlton 


E. Billings. 

5, 1866, 

E. Billings, 

Joshua Knowlton 


Daniel Williams. 

4, 1867, 

("Jeorge Dresser, 

Daniel Williams, 

Daniel Williams. 

2, 1868, 

Freeman Sears, 

C. A. Packard, 

C. A. Packard. 

1, 1861), 

George Dresser, 

John H. Godfrey 


John H. Godfrey, 

7, 1870, 

A Ivan Barrus, 

C. A. Packard, 

Daniel Williams. 

6, 1871, 

Alvau Barrus, 

Hiram Packard, 

Lorin Barrus. 

4, 1872, 

Alvan Barrus, 

Hiram Packard, 

Lorin Barrus. 

3, 1873, 

T. P. Lyman, 

Hiram Packard, 


Ralph E. Smith. 

2, 1874, 

Caleb C. Dresser, 

, Hiram Packard, 

R. E. Smith. 

1, 1875, 

C. C Dresser, 

Hiram Packard, 

R. E. Smith. 

6, 1876, 

Freeman Sears, 

Hiram Packard, 

Hiram Packard, 

R. E. Smith. 

5, 1877, 

Alvan BaiTus, 

J. H. Godfrey, 

J. H. Godfrey, 

B. E. Smith. 

4, 1878, 

Alvan Barrus, 

J. H. Godfrey, 

J. H. Godfrey, 

R. E. Smith. 

3, 1870, 

George Dresser, 

J. H. Godfrey, 

J. H. Godfrey, 

R. E. Smith. 

1, 1880, 

(ieorge Dresser, 

Marlon Damon, 

Marlon Damon, 

R. E. Smith. 

* No Collector chosen for 12 years. 




The leading character of American history is generally known as 
"Old Times,'* and it may not be out of place to give a condensed 
sketch of him. He seems to have been a sort of ubiquitous person- 
age, not fixed to one locality, universally known, said to be old-fash- 
ioned, somewhat whimsical, a believer in signs and wonders, a maker 
of "Blue Laws,'* an executioner of witches ; yet he is remembered as 
a lov(T of good order, a founder of schools and colleges, a benefac- 
tor of his country and his race. He had great faith in himself, and 
many was the proverb he coined and used to inspire himself with 
power to act as occasion required. Was he inclined to carelessness, 
he remembered that "willfuf waste makes woful want;'' did he meet 
.with obstacles, "where there's a will there's away" helped him over 
them ; discouraged, he fell back upon the lines: — 

"Never despair ; the darkest day, 

Live till to-naorrow, will have passed away." 

If selfishness became clamorous, he offered the couplet : 

"With frugal care save what you can 
To hless your needy fellow man." 

Old Times was a hard working old fellow. He spent more hours 
in his field than the sun shone upon them. He had a heavy forest to 
fell, and clear off the grounds before he could plant his first hill of 
corn. The log-house must be built, and it was far from being a pal- 
ace. The stars could be counted through the openings between the 
joints. His infant boy was cradled in a hollow half-log — the conca- 
vity holding the infant, the convexity serving for "rockers." As 
families increased, wooden stools and blocks of wood served for 
chairs. The table was unacquainted with the "spread," or a substi- 
tute. The plate, the tray, the bowls, the spoons, were all of wood. 
A "boiled dinner" of beef, pork, cabbage, potatoes and beans, was 


the staff of life for every clay. What was left of the dinner was con- 
verted into bean porridge for supper, and care was taken to have am- 
ple allowance of the same, that there might be enough for breakfast. 
The first one rising in the morning hung the old iron pot containing 
the food upon the stout crane, swung over the roaring log fire, and 
in a short lime the porridge was heated, and the breakfast was ready 
for the family. The luxury was so universal that its merits were im- 
mortalized in the old couplet:-7 

**Bean porridge hot, bean porridge cold, 
Bean porridge best, nine days old." 
Hasty-pudding was twin-brother to this popular dish, and the two 
walked hand in hand, doin<; good service for many a long year. As 
Old Times increased his means, he exhibited some of the traits of 
his more favored descendant, Young America, and increased his 
luxuries. The wooden furniture of his table was exchanged for dishes 
of pewter. Then were those old fashioned cupboards invented, that 
without doors or screens were permanent fixtures in the corner of the 
"best room,'* where the pewter dishes, scoured up to their brightest 
polish, exhibited the good fortune and the labored neatness of the 
proud housewife. Some of those old-fashioned pewter platters* 
which did service for several generations of grandparents and parents, 
are handed down to the present, as heir-looms in many a family. 
After the pewter came the earthern ware, the substantial giving way 
to the ornamental. The old log-house is disappearing, too- Old 
Times thinks he can afford something belter than he has. been ac- 
customed to. He builds a one-story house, like his neighbor's, 28 by 
40, a front entry, an **east room" on one side of it, a **west room" on 
the other, a kitchen on the back side, connected with the pantry and 
entry on one end, and two bed rooms on the other. In the center 
of the whole is an immense chimney — wood is a nuisance, to be got 
rid of as fast as possible — a fireplace, ten or twelve feet long, with a 
deep oven at the back side, follows as a necessity. If such a length 
of fire-place is not needed for consuming wood, a poition of it will 
be a convenient asylum, where the children can retreat in the long 
winter evenings, and amuse themselves by watching the ever-varying 
flames of the cheerful fire, or raise their eyes and gaze upon the stars, 
that meet their vision through the ample chimney above them. The 
more studious, with book in hand, may, by improving the abundant 
light and the passing hour^, become the sage of a future day. The 





viTorld hardlj^ knows how much it is indebted to those old-fashioned 
Tire- pi aces for **thoughts that breathe and words that burn *' 

Old Times had the good sense to get him a wife that was a help 
fit for him. Her girlhood was spent in usefulness. She helped her 
mother in her labors for the family, or even her father in the lighter 
work of the fields. When she was married and had a house, she 
knew how to keep it. She could spin and weave, as well as sew and 
knit. While she performed her part in the labors of life, she knew 
how to enjoy its pleasures. She was social. Many was the time of 
a pleasant afternoon when she met the maidens and matrons of her 
neighborhood, and with cards and wool, they passed the flying hours 
in preparation for their autumnal spinning. This was her work 
— "two run a day of filling, or a run and a half of warp," was the 
limit of the day's labor. When the yarn was scoured and submitted 
for a proper time to the coloring process then it must be woven ; when 
woven it must be sent to the clothiers to be "fulled and dressed and 
pressed 3" and then comes the cuttingand makingof winter garments, 
and all hands are fully engaged. But the occasions for a "good 
time" for both sexes, occur even among all this pressure of labor. 
There are husking parties, and weddings and trainings and musters 
and raisings, and once or twice during an age, there is an ordination, 
at which all the younger population, for many miles around, do not 
fail to be present. There was another social occasion that 
eclipsed all others. It was "old-fashioned election day" — the last 
Wednesday in May. The women and the men had equal interest in 
it. After th« clothing for the winter had all been made, the women 
then entered upon the labor of preparing linen cloth for the summer 

The early winter labor of Old Times himself was to break his flax, 
swir>gle and iiatchel, and twist it. up in neat bunches of a pound or so 
ir^-w^ght, which the good wives and daughters transferred to the dis- 
taff, and transmuted to thread, marvelous for its strength and fine- 
ness,, and for its even attenuation. This was then to be woven into 
cloth for the summer wear of the family, for cotton was almost un- 
known at that time. The coarser part of the flax, known as tow, 
made strong cloth for the out-door service of the men. When the 
linen cloth of the nicer qualities was woven, it was submitted to the 
process or bleaching by exposure to the sun and storms. Every 
thrifty housewife was expected to have all this work done before the 


aforesaid election day. This was to be a day of rest from the great 
labor of the previous season. No new labor was to be entered upon 
on this dav. It was a dav that stood between two eras, the women's 
great holiday of the year. 

Old Times never forgot that he had an interest in this day. It 
was the day for the meeting of the "Great and General Court" and 
for the inauguration of the new Governor, a day that was universaWy 
appropriated to militia trainings, and social gatherings, and in short, 
it was the great holiday of the year, for all classes. Old Times was 
careful to have his corn and his potatoes planted, his fields of rye, 
wheat and oats all sown, that he too might be duly entitled to his 
share of the pleasures of the day. One thing in the way of planting 
only remained to be done. It was deemed appropriate that the morn- 
ing hour of the day should be spent by every farmer's boy, in plant- 
ing his two quarts of white beans — the finishing touch to the work of 
planting for that season. The boys expected it and did it, but to 
many a boy it seemed as if those two quarts of beans held out like 
the widow's oil, and to many a farmer, \\hen the beans can»e up, it 
seemed as if every bean sent up a marvelous number of plants. But 
the two quarts of beans disposed of, the boys* holiday commenced. 
There were gatherings of boys at the corners of the streets, and upon 
the common ; there were parties for fishing excursions, and rambling 
excursions, and there was a training where every boy in town was 
sure at last to be found, and was equally sure to invest his "four pence 
ha' penny" or nine pence in baker's gingerbread from some peddler's 
cart, to be eaten to satisfy his own hunger, and the remainder to be 
carried home to regale the appetites of those who went not to the 
training. Such gingerbread as that is not made now, — it is numbered 
among the "lost arts." 

Old Times, it is said, never engaged very heartily in the temper- 
ance cause. He has been accused of being, on the contrary, 
somewhat given to his cups. It has been said that he drank when 
thirsty, when fatigued, when cold, when hot, when wet, when in com- 
pany, when alone, when abroad, when at home, when sick, when welL 
This seems rather frequent, and perhaps the statement is a little too 
strong. But it is well known that at every raising, and husking and 
all other similar occasions, it was "plenty of liquor, or no men." The 
farmer who had reduced his haying to the last acre, would send miles 
away, to replenish his decanter, if it was empty, rather than to finish, 


his haying without his regular drams. If the minister visited his 
people at their homes, a failure to offer him a glass of spirits, would 
have been considered a want of proper respect. When the ministers 
met in council, liquors were deemed as indispensable as food. 

Old Times was a practical, matter-of-fact man. He abhorred the 
assembling of the young for balls, dances and similar amusements, 
and often was the time when such occasions had been planned by the 
young men, that he would circumvent them by preventing the atten- 
dance of the young ladies, if he could not otherwise effect his pur- 
pose. The lively times that the- young enjoyed, and the violin that 
helped lend enchantnient to such occasions, were alike discarded as 
unhallowed inventions of the devil for the ruin of young souls, and 
the use of such tunes with words of a religious character, or a violin 
in the sanctuary to assist the choir, he would have esteemed a hea- 
ven-daring sin. Yet he had an appreciative ear, and was once heard 
tu remark that "the devil has all the best tunes." 

The "fashions" were a source of vexation to him, and he attempt- 
ed to regulate them by law. His idea of their origin is illustrated by 
an anecdote. His son asked him, "Where do the fashions come 
from?'' "From Boston." "Wheie does Boston get them?" "From 
London.*' "Where does London get them ?" "From Paris." Where 
does Paris get them?" "From the d — 1," was the conclusive reply. 
Yet he himself was not above criticism in such matters. His red 
coat, yellow pants, broad knee and shoe buckles, cocked hat, long 
cue of hair hanging down his back, powdered head, and immensely 
ruffled shirt, would make quite a sensation at the present day, not- 
withstanding he had adopted it as a pattern suit, for a pattern man. 

Lest it should be inferred that Old Times was always rigid, it should 
in justice be said that he did at times so far relax his sternness as to 
allow the youth to play blind man's buff and similar games that he 
considered innocent. At husking parties when one found a red ear 
of corn, it was deemed proper for him, especially if the older people 
were presefit, to kiss the prettiest girl in the crowd. How much this 
had to do with giving husking parties their popularity, it is not nec- 
essary to decide. Inferences are in order. 

Old Times had much of the religious element in his character. He 
was a non-conformist in England, served with Cromwell, suffered 
persecutions beyond measure, and at last sought these shores, where 
he might have liberty of conscience and freedom to worship God ac- 

132 HISTOllY OF G08HEX. 

cording to his own interpretation of the Bible. Here he founded a 
church, on the true democratic idea, that all its members were equal 
before God, and had equal right to enjoy private opinions ; that each 
church should be independent of all dictation from others, except by 
way of mere advice, and owed no allegiance to priest, bishop, pope 
or king. The congregation regulated its own affairs, and the church 
took the name '^Congregational." Old Times was satisfied. His ef- 
fort was successful. For centuries the bible had not found such 
freedom, and bible men had not found such rest. Schools flourished, 
education and religion walked hand in hand, prosperity reigned. 

Old T.mes was, in short, a man clear through ; "e'en his failings 
leaned to virtue's side." Deducting all these, there was still enough 
left for a man of large pattern. He was just in his dealings, charit- 
able to the needy, a firm believer in the capacity of man for unlimit- 
ed progress, true to the great principles of human liberty, first to de- 
clare that all men are created free and equal, first to gird on the 
sword in defense of a government whose highest officer should be the 
servant of the humblest individual. To found such a government, he 
fought the battles of Bunker Hill, Monmouth and Yorktown, pouring 
out his blood like water; enduring trials, practising the most rigid 
self-denials, resigning all the endearments of home, hazarding all in 
the present that the future might be glorious. 

' His sufferings, his labors, his example were not in vain. His pos- 
terity have seen the enemy assault the government he bequeathed to 
them ; inspired by his teachings, they too, have shed their blood in 
its defense ; and this day I hey rejoice under that govenjment as the 
noblest ever founded and the strongest the world ever saw. 



Family Slcetches. 

Josliua Abell, Sen,^ came from Rehoboth about 1767. His first 
wife, Elizabeth, died Aug. 29, 1774; his second wife, Ruih,died Aug. 
29» ^777- Ihe town records gives the following as the children of 
Joshua and Molly, the third wife: Betty, born Aug. 5, J78i,died 
1782 ; Sarah, born July 14, 1783 ; Joseph, born Nov. 24, 1785 ; Ezrai 
born Nov. 23, 1788, died 1802 ; Mrs. Molly died Oct. 26, 1802. 

Joshua, Sen., had other sons, Benjamin, Joshua, ancj Nathaniel, 
probably by one or both of the former wives. Benjamin married 
Persis Banister. Their children were: Benjamin, born Jan. 16, 1781; 
Elizabeth, born May 8, 1782 ; Banister, born Oct. 14, 1783; Cynthia, 
born June 8, 1785 ; Asa, born June 19, 1787, removed to Swanton, 

Children of Joshua, Jr. and Doroihy Abell : William, born Sept. 
15, 1788, married Jerusha Arms ; Anne, Dec. 19, 1790; Prudence, 

•born Oct. 6, 1792, married Whitney ; George, born March 2, 

1796, married Tryphena Cathcart ; Nancy, born April 13, 1797, mar- 
ried Oliver T. Catjicart ; Calvin, born April 5, 1799 y Susannah, born 
Feb. 7, 1802, died single ; Mrs. Dorothy died Sept. 3, 1803. William, 
known as "Captain," removed to Plainfield, New Jersey; George, 
also "Captain," removed to Conway, where Lewis S , his son, still re- 
sides. His second son, George A. resides in Greenfield. His eldest 
daughter, Caroline P., married Joseph Blake, now of Amherst. 

Children of Nathaniel Abell and Eunice, his wife : Versal, born 
Sept. 23, 1789; Clarissa, born June 3, 1791 ; Polly, born Oct. 15, 
1792; Sally, born April 26, 1794; Mittie, born March i, 1796; Asa- 
hel S., born Sept. 7, 1797 ; Laisdell, born April 16, iSoi ; Esther, 
born May 27, 1803 ; Ansel, born April 15, 1^05 ; Austin, born Feb. 


27, 1807 ; Nathaniel, born July 16, 1809. Versal removed to Wil- 
liamsburgh; Asahel S. and Ansel to Northampton. 

The Amadon family lived in the West district toward Chesterfield. 
Ansel, probably a son of Ebenezer, (No. 24, page 70,) is said to have 
had **a family of seventeen children, all boys but one; all grew up, 
all went to school to Mr. Emmons Putney, as the latter still delights 
to relate." 

The Banister family, from Brookfield, was numerous and influen- 
tial. Joseph, one of the first members of the church here, may have 
been father of the family. John removed to Conway ; Christopher 
and his wife Abial, members of the church, perhaps died here; Lem- 
uel removed to Plielps, N. Y. — a son, Caleb, became a prominent 
physician there. Mary and Elizabeth Banister, members of the 
church, removed to Conway. Elizabeth united with the church 1784, 
dismissed 1796. Barzillai Banister removed to Framingham. Wil- 
liam, a brother, early removed from town. His wife was Mehitable 

. They had a son Jotham, born Oct. 26, 1781. Rachel, sister 

of Lemuel, married Asa Partridge. They were the parents of Kath- 
erine, who married Major Ambrose Stone, and Calista, who married 
Ebenezer White. Persis, another sister, married Benjamin Abell; 

a third sister, married Warner of Chesterfield ; a fourth sister, 

married John Burnell of Chesterfield, parents of Rufus and Joseph 
Burnell ; (grandparents of K. A. Burnell, the evangelist and J. S. 
Burnell, the missionary to Ceylon.) The children of Barzillai and 
Deborah Banister are given in the records of the town as follows: 
Irena, born April 17, 1775 ; Allerton, born and died 1778; DoUey, 
born April 30, 1780; Tryphena, born Feb. 23, 1782 ; Sophia, born 
June II, 1784; Deborah, born June 13, 1786 ; Abigail, born Aug. 7, 
1788 , Lucy, born July 13, 1791. 

Capt. Elijah Bard well and family removed to this town from Bel- 
chertown in 1803. Several members of the faraily*have already been 
noticed — pages 55-6-9-60-1. Araunah Bardwell united with the 
church in 1806, became a physiciaii, was dismissed by letter to North 
Carolina in 1824. He died in Mississippi in October, 183S. Selah 
reinoved to Minnesota with several of his family about 1856. His 
son, Jeremiah H., resides in Easlhampton and has been postmaster 
there for many years. The following is a record of the children of 


^Capt. Bardwell and Sarah, his wife; Rhoda, born 1778, married 
Rev. W. Fisher; Sophia, born 1780, married Reuben Dresser ; Laura, 
born 1782, married Calvin Cushman ; Araunah, M. D., born 1784; 
Elijah, born 1786, married Lavina Howes; Horatio, born 1788, mar- 
ried Rachel Furbush ; Selah, born 1791, iparried Clarissa Hosford ; 
5arah, born 1793, married Rev. J. Richards ; Aurelia, born 1796, 
-mafrried ist, Samuel Naramore, 2d, Benj. White, Esq. 

Thomas Brown (No. 49, page 71,) probably bad no children. His 
nephew and namesake, Thomas Brown 2d, son .of Daniel and Dor- 
-cas Brown, born Feb. i, 1780, lived with him and succeeded to the 
farm. Thomas 2d, married Zervia, daughter of Dr. Benjamin Bur- 
_^ess. His children were Benjamin F., Calphurna, Levi, Cleora, Car- 
los. The father removed to Cununington, and the surviving children 
x-eside in the West. Mr. Brown, with the assistance of Elias White, 
learly sixty years ago, set out the elm trees on the west side of Main 
treat, through the village in front of the residences of Mrs. Mary P. 
'V^ebster and Oscar F. Washburn. 

Greenwood Brown, probably not related to Tiiomas, lived adjoin- 
g (No. 9, page 68,) on the North. The farm was afterwards owned 
uccessively by Daniel Hersey, Rufus K., Jabez H. and John El- 
redge, and J. D. Shipman. The buildings vvere burnt in 1840. 
reenwood Brown, Sen., died 1825; Greenwood, Jr., 1828. The 
liildren of Greenwood, Scfi., and Susannah his wife, are recorded as 
Hows: Susannah, born Mar. 25, 1786, in Goshen ; Greenwood, born 
pril 20, 1787, died 1788 ; Harvey, born April 29, 1789 ; Greenwood, 
orn Feb. 28, 1791, died 1828; Cynthia, born May 6, 1793, married 
sa Pettengill of Cummington ; Minerva, born April 9, 1795, ^^^^ 

Joseph Blake (No. 72, page 72,) probably born in Boston in 1738, 
'as published to Comfort Thayer in Braintree, in 1761, whom he 
larried. They probably removed to Goshen about 1766, and set- 
ed in the south-east part of the town, on the original lot, No. 2, 
here they lived for about fifty years. He removed after the death 
f his wife, in 181 1, to Ashfield, and lived, till his decease in 1818, 
'ith his son Silas. His children were : Polly, or Mary, born in 
Iraintree, Aug. 16, 1765, married Elijah Wolcott of Williamsburgh ; 
.achel, born in Goshen, July 18, 1767, married Joseph Smith of Hat- 


settlers of Hatfield. Benjamin's son Joseph had a Joseph Jr., who 
was the father of Asahel. Asahel had five brothers and two sisters; 
all younger than himself. Elijah, his brother, came here in i8i6 
and served as apprentice to Asahel, who was a blacksmith, remain- 
ing till 1822. The wife of Asahel was Violet Bardwell — not of 
Elijah BardwelTs family. They had one son who died young. - 
Asahel was a model man, in whom every one had confidence, and 
was often called to serve in positions of responsibility. Elijah, his - 
brother, removed here again about 1839, and remained till his decease 
in 1880. He was often called to serve his townsmen in various 
official positions. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Reuben Smith. 
Their children were : Frederick. S., who married Sophia Stone ; 
Edwin ; Sophia, who married Frederick P. Hunt ; and Charles, who 
died a young man. 

Levi Barrus was a resident of Goshen for nearly sixty years, He 
was born in Charlemont, near the Deerfield river, March 10, 1795. 
His family resided for nine years on the farm of his grandfather, Jo- 
seph Cressey, afterwards owned by Joab Willis. They removed in 
18 1 2 to Windsor, and thence to Goshen, where they spent the winter 
of 1812-13, removing in the spring of 18 13 to **Cape street," Ashfield. 
In 1814 they again removed lo the southwest part of Ashfield and 
bought a small farm of Ebenezer Putney and other land where 
the father resided till his decease, October 10, 1826. Up to the date 
of the purchase of this place and for some time later, he and his fam- 
ily spelt their name Barrows. It is said that he was informed by a 
distant branch of the family, who spelt his name Barrus, that the lat- 
ter was the true spelling. Having been left an orphan at an early age, 
with no near relative except a sister, he accepted the statement and 
adopted the incorrect spelling, which is followed by his descendants 
to this day, subjecting them to an occasional hint that they **don*t 
know how to spell." 

The Pilgrim ancestor of the Barrows families in this country was 
John Barrowe from Yarmouth in England, who came to Salem in 
1637, at the age of 28 years, with his wife Anne. He received two 
grants of land in Salem in 1637. 

In 1665 his name appears in the Plymouth records, in which town 
he resided from that time, and perhaps earlier till his death in 1692. 
His will shows that he left a second wife much younger than himself, 


and four sons ; Bobert, who married Ruth, daughter of Geo^ Bonum, 
Nov. 28, 1666; Joshua^ Ehenezer, Benajah; and two daughters, 
Mary and Deborah. Bohert remiained in Plymouth and had by Ruth, 
his first wife : John, born 1667, died in Plympton 1720 ; George, 
born 1670, died in Plympton 1758 ; Samuel, born 1672, died in Mid- 
dleboro 1755 ; Mehitable, who married Adam Wright. 

Robert married 2d, Lydia Dunham, and had Robert, born 1689, 
died in Mansfield, Conn., 1779 ; Thankful, born 1692, married Isaac 
King; Elisha, born 1695, ^'^^ ^" Rochester, Mass., 1767; Thomas, 
born 1697, died in Mansfield ; Lydia, born 1699, married Thomas 

George, born 1670, called "Captain George" for his success in 
treating with the Indians, had a large family and was an extensive 
land holder. His son Peleg received the homestead now in Carver, 
which is still in possession of his descendants. Joseph, son of Peleg, 
removed to Maine, and was the ancestor of Judge Wm. G. Barrows, 
and Hon. George B. Barrows, formerly President of the Maine Sen- 
ate ; and also of Rev. Charles D. Barrows of Lowell. Peleg Jr., was 
ancestor of Arad Barrows, Esq., of Philadelphia, a prominent business 

Samuel, born 1700, son of Capt. George, removed to Middleboro, 
where he was called Samuel Junior^ 10 distinguish him from his 
uncle. Deacon Samuel. He married Susannah Tobey* of Sandwich, 
Nov. 21, 1723 ; removed to Killingly, Conn., and had eight children, 
of whom Noah, born August 20, 1727, was grandfather of Rev. Wil 
liam Barrows, D. D., late Secretary of the Mass. Home Missionary 
Society ; and George, born March 21, 1733, was grandfather of Levi 
Barrus. This George resided in Tcjlland, Conn., where he and all 
his children, except one son, Lazarus, and one daughter, Keziah, died 
of malignant fever in 1777. 

Samuel, known as "Deacon Samuel," born 1672, son of Robert, 
removed to Middleboro, 1699, and built a house soon after, which is 
still occupied by his descendants. It was built with reference to de- 
fense against the Indians, and has a port hole through which to fire 
muskets at the enemy. Robert, Jr., of Mansfield, Conn., born 1689, 

* The author has a sugar howl that belonged to this- lady, probably at the time of her 
marriage. It was preserved in the family of her son, George, and came to her grandson 
Lazarus, and thence to his daughter Ann, by whom it was given to its present owner. 


died 1720, was the ancestor of Rev. E. P. Barrows, Professor in Ober- 
lin Seminary. 

Thomas, brother of Robert, Jr., also of Mansfield, was the ancestor 
of Rev. John O. Barrows, now missionary to Turkey. 

Three of the sons of John, the emigrant, early reraoved from Ply- 
mouth — Joshua and Benajah to Attleboro; Ebenezer^ to Cumber- 
land, R. I. Their decendanls are numerous, like the posterity of the 
elder brother, Bobert, and are scattered from the Atlantic to the Pa- 
cific. John, eldest son of Benajah, born 1708, was father of John, the 
graduate of Harvard College in 1766, who was a teacher in Dighton 
for fifty years. He had a son Thomas who was a physician ; and an- 
other son, John, who was a teacher. Prof. John Manning Barrows of 
Olivet College, Mi'chigan, was a son of this teacher, and has two sons 
in the ministry : Rev. John H. Barrows, pastor of the Maverick 
church in Boston, and Rev. Walter M. Barrows, missionary in Salt 
Lake City, Utah. There are many other* ministers of the gospel, 
teachers and physicians, in the different branches of the family, 
whose names are reserved for a more extended genealogy now in 
preparation by the author. The name of the family is supposed to 
be from Barrow, a mound, or Borof^gh, or Burgh, a town, which 
seems to ally it with the name of Burgess. 

Lazarus Barrows (or Barrus), born 1763, married Ruth, daughter of 
of Joseph Cressey. They removed from Tolland, Conn., to Rowe, 
Mass., soon after the birth of their first child. The following dates of 
births of their children are from the records in Charlemont : Julia 
Ann, born Nov. 11, 1785, married Elijah Warren ; Susannah, born 
Jan. 26, 1788, married Bani Parker about r8i2 ; Patience, born July 

22, 1790, married first, Elisha Phillips, second, Jona. Lilly, third, 

Clark j George, born April 2, 1793, married first, Rhoda Keyes, se- 
cond, Rhoda T. Graves ; Levi, born March 10, 1795, married first, 
Almeda Stearns, second, Elvira W. Allis ; Freelove, born April 21, 
1798; Perus, born April i, 1801, M. Huldah Rogers ;Ruth, born Dec. 
18, 1803, married Elijah Howes Nov. 24, 1831 ; Anna, born March 
29, 1808, married Madison Knowlton Nov. 11, 1830. 

The family claim that this record of births should date two or three 
years later. George Barrus died , 1869. 

Children of Levi and Almeda Barrus: Hiram, born July 5, 1822 
married Augusta Stone; Lorin, born May 31, 1825, married Lucinda, 
Naramore ; Laura Ann, born July 26, 1827, married Jacob Lovell ; 



i . 


Theron Levi, born Sept. i, 1829, married Czarina Robinson ; Alvan 
Stone, born Oct. 14, 1841, married Emeline P. Wakefield; Charles, 
"born May 25, 1834, married Clarissa Hill ; Louisa Jane, born July 
20, 1838, died Sept. 4, 1850. 

Hiram Barrus removed to Boston in 1861, where he received an 
appointment in the Custom House under Collector J. Z. Goodrich. 
-After serving in several minor positions he became assistant cashier 
in 1864, a position he has retained under six different collectors, with 
the same cashier, E. L. Frothingham, Jr. 

Hiram Barrus married Augusta, daughter of Col. Luther Stone, 
April 24, 1845. Removed to Reading, May 19, 1863. Children : 
!Edna Stone, born Ocr. 25, 1846, married Galen A. Parker; Frederick 
P. Stone, born May 7, 1848, died Oct. 12, 1851 ; George Winthrop, 
born Sept. 26, 1850, died March 26, 1851 ; Mary Almeda, born Feb. 
19, 1852, died Aug. 21, 1867 ; George Hale, born July 11, 1854, mar- 
riedSadie L. Dewey ; Jennie Rood, born July i», 1856. • 

Edna S. married Galen A. Parker Nov. 7, 1867. Children : Liz- 
zie Augusta, born Jan. 18, 1870 ; Winthrop Dana, born Oct. 28, 
1871 ; Marion Edna, born Oct. 28, 1873 ; Jennie Barrus, born Oct. 
27, 1879. 

George H. Barrus married Sadie L., daughter of P\ O. Dewey, June 

23, 1877. Bella Dewey, daughter of George and Sadie Barrus, born 
March 24, 1878. 

Lorin Barrus married Lucinda, daughter of Franklin Naramore, 
f line 5, 1848. Children : Walter Frank, born March 24, 1850, died 
fan. 23, 185 1 ; Helen Lucinda, born Oct. 19, 185 1, married William 
Bartlett ; Charlos Franklin, born Dec. 21, 1854; Frederick Walter, 
Dorn 1857; Ann Lurane, born Aug. 5, 1859, died Oct. 17, 1877; 
Eva Elvira, born Nov. 186 1 ; Sheridan Ezra, born Sept. 29, 1867 ; 
fosephine Ruth, born Oct. 11, 1869. 

Laura Ann Barrus married Jacob Lovell, Nov. 28, 1850; resides 

n Cummington. Children : Ellen A., born Oct. 5, 1851, married Ed- 

fcvard Warner; Lizzie J., born Sept. 17, 1853 ; Julia Ann, born Sept. 

24, 1855 ; Hattie L., born Jan. 14, 1858; Alvan E., July ro, 1863, 
died April, 1869. 

Theron L. Barrus married Czarina A. Robinson of Cummington, 
May 17, 1854. Children: James Levi, born Oct. 13, 1855, married 
Nellie Lesure ; Willie Arthur, born Oct. 2, 1857 ; Edward T., born 
Oct. 14, 186 1 ; Mary Almeda, born Jan. 11, 1868 : Lida Emily, born 
Aug. 13, 1872. 


Alvati Barrus married Emeline P. Wakefield of Reading, June 29, 
1869. Children : Lena Wakefield, born Nov. 2, 1875 ; George Levi, 
born Dec. 15, 1880. 

Charles Barrus married Clara Hill of Ashfield, Jan. i, 1859. 

Children: Charles Stanley, born Jan. 9, i860, died in- infancy ; 
Clifton Levi, born Jan. 15, 186 1 ; Laura Almeda, born March 13, 
1862; Flora A., born June 15, 1863 ; Hiram Austin, boin Aug. 13, 
1867 ; Alvan G., born Dec. 3, 1868; Calvin, bom Dec. 3, 1868, died 
Aug. 15, 1869 ; Augusta L., born May 30, 1871 ; Carl Birdsie, born 
Dec. 29, 1874; Walter Leander, born July, 1877. 

Mr. Levi Barrus was an industrious, frugal, and thoroughly honest 
man, who minded his own affairs, shunned official positions of every 
sort, and lived to a good old age. The Hampshire Gazette of March 
27, 1877, gave the following obituary notice of him : "The death of 
Mr. Levi Barrus, which occurred March i8lh, was not unexpected 
by his family and friends. For some months he has been gradually 
failing,, yet he will be none the less missed. Interested in every 
good word and work, whether of town or church affairs, he held a 
place in the hearts of the whole community. As far back as we can 
remember, we see him silting at the head of his usually well-filled 
pew in the church, and so leniently had time dealt with him, that he 
looked Ifltle older to us as we last saw him in that* same place, not 
very long ago. Especially will he be missed in the social gatherings, 
where he was a constant and welcome guest as long as his health 
permitted. His last days have been in marked contrast with many 
others, made peaceful and happy by the kind and respectful atten- 
tion of his children. His funeral was attended on Wednesday last 
by a large circle of children, grand-children, great-grandchildren and 
friends. Mr. Barrus leaves a wife, a most estimable woman, some 
years younger than himself." 

Children of Adam and Lydia Beal : Ezra, born Jan. 17, 1778, in 
Chesterfield ; Lydia, born July 17, 1780; Ruth, born July 24, 1782 ; 
Wheat, June 30, 1784. 

AdaiVi Beal removed to Vermont, probably Fairfield. It is said 
that he was one of the party that threw the tea into Boston harbor. 

Cal'eb Cushman was born in Woodstock, Conn., Oct. 21, 1749; 
married Bathsheba, daughter of Asa and Mary Spaulding. Children : 
Wealthy, born and died, 1775 > Ru^us, born Sept. 18, 1777 ; Wealthy, 


born Oct. i, 1779 ; Ralph, born April 8, 1782 ; Calvin, June 13, 1784; 
Theodama, born Aug., 1786, married Erastus Knight in 1828, died 
1833; Minerva, born Aug. 20, 1788; Vesta, born Oct. 27, 1790; 
Mary, born Nov. 26, 1796, married David Worthington of Peru. 

Caleb Cushman was a descendant of Robert Cushman, the Pilgrim, 
born about 1580, who preached the first sermon ever printed in 
America. The largest monument on Burial Hill, in Plymouth, was 
erected to his memory some years since by his descendants. The 
name on the records in Leyden is spelt Coetsman. 

Caleb Cushman died in Goshen, Jan. 3, 1809 ; his wife died Jan. 
17, 1805. (See history of the church for fuller account of the 

The Carpenter families originated from Attleboro*. Ezra, who 

lived on the Capt. Tower farm, may have been the father of Deacon 

<I!yril, Joab and David. Esther, wife of Ezra, was received to the 

^:hurch by letter from Plainfield in 1808. David married Rachel. 

daughter of Maj. Ambrose Stone, May 30, i8ir, and lived for some 

'ears in Chesterfield. His children were: Edwin A., born 1815, 

arried Charlotte A., daughter of Thomas Lyman, Nov. 30, 1837, 

amoved to Pleasant Prairie, Wis., 1849 ; Ezra, born 1817, married 

I St, Martha Dresser, 2d, Calista Packard, Nov. 27, 185 1 ; Lurane A., 

►orn 1820, married Hiram Packard ; Maria, died 1831 ; Ambrose S., 

removed to Wisconsin ; Alvan S., engaged in mining in Colorado. 

David Carpenter was a teacher in his younger days, an accurate 
-nusician — the bass viol being his favorite instrument, and under- 
stood land surveying. 

Richard Carpenter was of another famil}', came from Amherst, was 
Tather-in-law of Reuben Smith. 

Simeon Cowles was also from Amherst. His children were : 

.ufus, who married Emma Stedman Oct. 26, 1840, arid removed 

^VVest ; Amasa S. ; Esther, married Franklin Naramore, Feb. 14, 

^^ 833 ; Charlotte, married Samuel Luce, 2d, Oct. 26, 1840; Mary, 

'^^xiarried Quarters Tower, Nov. 28, 1844 ; Harriet, married J. J. Wag- 

^::ier, Dec. 17, 1845. 

Solomon Cushman and Barney Prentiss came from Worthington 

^.bout 1831, and purchased the mills on Swift River, which had been 

occupied for several years by Asa Partridge. They displaced the 

grist mill by shingle and peg-making machines, and sold to Samuel 


and Edward Ranney about 1837, who manufactured faucets, &c. 
Levi and Reuben Gardner, subsequently with S. Ranney, as the firm 
of Ranney and Gardner, manufactured broom and biush handles, 
and cljildren*s carriages here. Samuel Ranney married Flora Sel- 
den, and had Lyman; Mary, died Jan. 1846; Edward Willis, born 
Aug. 9, 1843 ) Mary L., born March 3, 1849 > Josephine, born Nov. 
9, 1851. 

The Damon family came from Scituate, or perhaps Cohasset, about 
1770. Ichabod was the pioneer, and had Ichabod, Jonathan, Wil- 
liam, and Abner. Abner married Louisa , and lived on the Olds 

place. His sons were Jared, father of Marlon ; Ichabod ; Chester ; 

Abner; Naomi, married Jacob Lovell ; Louisa married Bart- 

lett ; Mary died unmarried. Marlon Damon married Adeline Camp- 
bell, and had Isabel, who married George Kellogg; and Elizabeth 
who married Edward Baker. 

Gershom C. Damon was grandson of Gershom Collier of Chester- 
field, one of the parly who threw the tea overboard in Boston harbor. 

Reuben Dresser and his brother Moses came from ('harlton. 
Moses lived here several years and built a house on the Simeon 
Cowles place, but sold out and went back to Charlton, where he kept 
a hotel for a long time on "Dresser Hill." Reuben and Moses were 
sons of Richard Dresser, Jr., who was born Sept. 22, 1714; married 
Dorothy Marcy, Nov. 12,1741, died 1799. His father, Richard, mar- 
ried Marcy Peabody, June 29, 1708; died July 31, 1728, aged 50, 
leaving a widow and ten children. Richard Dresser, Jr., was prob- 
ably first town clerk of Charlton. In 1771, Jan. 9, "in consideration 
of the Paternal love and affection and for the service done for him 
by his son Reuben of Chesterfield, and for the more convenient ac- 
commodation and settlement in the world, and as h's full portion or 
share" of the father's estate, he gave Reuben a deed of original lot 
No. 16 ; and also lot No. 73, second division, in what is now Goshen, 
and is still in possession of the Dresser family. 

Reuben Dresner married Mary, daughter of Joseph Burnell, Sen., 
of Chesterfield. Their children were Reuben, who married Sophia 
Bardwell for his first wife and Sybil W. Smith of Hadley for his 
second. Amos, born April 20, 1784, died April 11, 1813; wha 
mcrried Minerva Cushnian, parents of Amos, born Dec. 17, 1812 ; 
one of the leaders in the anti -slavery movement ; Moses, who married 


Vesta Cushman Feb. 3, 1813 ; Aaron, twin brother of Moses ; Han- 
nah, who married Rev. Abel Farley ; Chloe, who married Dr. Erastus 
Hawks ; Polly, who married Eleazer Hawks. 

The children of Reuben Dresser and Sophia, his wife, were: Hen- 
ry, who died a young man of much promise ; Francis, who married 
Corinth Higgins of Worthington, and removed West ; Mary, married 
Samuel Loveland of Middlefield ; Sophia, married Rev. Samuel 
Whalley ; Laura, died unmarried. 

The children of Reuben Dresser and Sybil W., his second wife, 
Are re : Elizabeth, who died at the age of 19 years ; Henry, who re- 
noved to the West ; and Martha, who married Ezra Carpenter, and 
lied soon after, aged 18. 

The children of Moses and Vesta (Cushman) Dresser were : Ca- 
eb C, born Dec. 19, 1813, married Julia M., daughter of Benja- 
nin White, Esq., Nov. 24, 1842; Levi, born Feb. 28, 1816, married 
ind resides in northern New York ; George, born July 20, 1820, mar- 
ied Alvey, daughter of Col. Luther Stone, Jan. 14, 1847 i ^- Chloe, 
Dorn June i, iS2^, married Frederick W. Belding, May 28, 1846; 
iVealthy, born June 24, 1826, married Calvin A. Packard, Jan. 15, 
^852 : Rufus, born Dec. 4, 1828, married and resides in Easthamp- 
on ; Martha, born Oct. i8, 1832, married Miles Farr, and resides in 
St. Lavvrence Co., N. Y. 

Sophia B., daughter of Caleb C. Dresser, married Joseph C. Bridg- 
nan, and removed West ; Helen M., second daughter, married Ed- 
ward Smith of Sunderland, and died soon after; Albert B., only son, 
"asides on the Dresser farm with the younger daughter. 

Henry, eldest son of George Dresser, married Alice, adopted 
daughter of F. M. Pierce, and resides in Wisconsin ; George C, 
-eacher, resides with his father; Vesta C, only daughter, married 
3dward C. Packard, died 1879, leaving two children. 

Nathan Fuller had Nathan Jr. and John. John married C!)ynthia 
Sash, grand-daughter of Capt. Robert Webster, Dec. 2, 1819, and 
:iad Chester M., who married Laura, daughter of David Beals ; Eck- 

ord, who removed to eastern New York ; Elvira, who married 

Liurt; Aurelia, married Horatio Bassett ; Susan, married Frank 
^lapp of Williamsburgh. 

Capt. John Grant, a man of solid worth, was born, lived and died 
on the same farm. His great-grandfather came from Scotland, had 



four sons : Henjamin, Joseph, Moses, Ebenezer. Moses went to Bos- 
ton, and was perhaps ancestor of the late Dea. Moses Grant. John's 
father was Asa Grant, and came here from Wrentham, 1769. Capt. 
(Jrant was long a teacher of schools in this and adjoining towns, 
often served as a town ofRcer, and was a land surveyor. He died 
March 11, i!^6i, at the age of 90. He wasborii April 25, 1771. He 
outlived all liis near relatives, but died among friends. His sister 
Ruth, born in Ijraintree, Jan. 27, 1769, married John Abell and re- 
moved to Fairfield, Vermont, to which place the father aTid mother 
of Capt. John removed. They were living there in 1807. 

Christopher Grant. j)robably a brother of Asa, married Elizabeth 
. Their children were: Daniel, b«3rn June 12, 1772, in Chester- 
field ; Susannah, born July 22, 1777 ; Mary, born June 28, 1782. 
Christopher died Oct. 12, 1782 ; Mrs. Elizabeth died Aug. 6, 1796. 

Samuel Grimes of l^rookfield, came in 1769 or 70. He married 
Mary Hinckley. Their children were : James, born Feb. 7, 1769, in 
Brookfield ; Samuel, born Sept. 21, 1770, in Goshen; Mary, born 
March 8, 1772 ; Charles, born Jan. 17, 1774, removed to Genessee, 
N. V. ; Submitt, born Aug. 3, 1775 ; Abigail, born April 2, 1777, re- 
ceived a letter of dismission from church to Canawdagua, N. Y., 
1802; William, born Jan. iS, 1779; Sarah, born Sept. 4, 1780, re- 
ceived a letter (o Poultney, 1812. 

The Grover family lived in the northeast part of the town on what 
is still known as the "Grover Lot."' The parents were Stephen and 
Zipporah. The children were : l^^arnard, born Aug. 2, i77i,in West- 
ern; Robert, born Aug. 15, 1773; Sarah, born Aug. 5, 1775; 
Stephen, born Aug. 24, 1777 ; Rebecca, born Sept. 29, 1778 ; 
Stephen, born Nov. 2, 1780 ; Allen, born Aug. 21, 1782 ; Asaph, born 
Aug. 6, 1790. 

Wm. Hallock, of Hrookhaven, L. L, came here about 1766. He 
\yas by trade a blacksmith, but investing his money in a small vessel, 
which was lost by collision with a British ship, he came into the 
country and engaged in farming. In this pursuit he obtained a com- 
fortable livelihood, brought up a large family, and lived to the age of 
86. On the Sabbath before his death he walked to church, a mile 
and a half distant. He had raised quite a large crop of corn durino^ 
that year, and while engaged in husking it was taken unwell. He 


sent for Esq. White and made his will, and soon after fell into a leth- 
argy, in which he remained till his death on the following Saturday, 
Oct. 2r, 1815. One of his cotemporaries says of him, **he was a 
good man and had two good sons." The church record contains this 
remark of him, "supposed to have been converted at four years of 
age." His children, Jeremiah, Moses, Polly, Alice, and Bethiah were 
born on Long Island. - Abigail, Martha, Esther and Mercy were born 
here. Bethiah married b-'tephen Hosford. They were the parents of 
Mrs. Rufus Moore and Mrs Sclah Bardwell. The application of 
the name "Halleck Weed," by which it. is -generally known here, to 
the plant ^'Ox-eye Daisy," is said to have been suggested by the fact, 
tliat Mrs. Hallock, on their removal to this town, brought with her 
the seeds of the plant for the beauty of its star-like flower, and partly, 
perhaps, as a memento of her former home. (See Chapter V. for 
further details of Hallock family.) 

The three Hawks brothers, Jared, Eleazer and Dr. Erastus, came 
from (Jharlemont. They were sons of Jared Hawks, whose residence 
was near the bridj^e over the Deerfield river at the foot of the Haw- 
ley hill. He was probably a descendent of John Hawks, one of the 
original settlers of Hadley, coming from Windsor, Conn., with other 
pioneers. John may have been brother of Adam Hawks of Saugus, 
who was ancestor of Rev. W. S. Hawks of South Hadley. 

Jared Hawks, Jr., married Hannah, daughter of Nehemiah May, 
Sept. 24, 1799, and had one son who was deaf and dumb. His 
daughter, Electa M., married Rev. Wm. Boardman, Oct. 4, 1820; 
another daughter, Julia, was for many years a prominent teacher in 
Philadelphia, married Henry Gardelle. Maj. Joseph Hawks, 
adopted son of Jared, married Emeline, daughter of Willard Packard, 
Oct. I, 1834. Children : Julia May, married Henry B. Smith ; Fan- 
nie E., teacher and school committee ; Martha A., mariicd Arthur 
H. Walkley, and resides in New York. 

Eleazer HawRs married Polly Dresser, March 23, i''^09, and had 
Harvey, Sylvia, Elvira, Rodney, Alcander and Amos. 

Dr. Erastus Hawks married Chloe Dresser. Their children were : 
Harriet N., Sophia A., Milo and Newton. 

Rev. Roswell Hawks was another son of Jared, Sen. 

John V. Hunt of Plainfield, married Lydia Gloyd of Goshen, 
March 6, 1800. His oldest son, Jonathan, was probably born in 



Plainfield. The records of Goshen, where the family soon removed, 
name the following children : Clarissa, born Feb. 7, 1804 ; Charles, 
born Qct. 31, 1807 ; Lowell, born July 2, 18 ro. 

Jonathan Hunt married Lilly Putney, and had Frederick P., who 
married Sophia, daughter of Elijah Billings, and removed to the 
West ; and Arthur P., who married Josephine Plimpton, and soon 
after died. 

Charles Hunt married Afary A. MacFarland of Ashfield. 

Lowell Hunt married Electa Putney, and had George, who resides 
in Northampton ; and Susie P., the teacher, who married Ward D. 

John James, the pioneer from Cohasset, was a man of good busi- 
ness capacity and had, for his day, a large property. He died in 
1805, and his son Malachi succeeded to his estate. Malachi, known 
in his maturer years as Captain James, was public spirited, gener- 
ous and social, and was often in public business. He was born July 
9, 1767 ; married Pllizabetb, daughter of Elias Lyman of Northamp- 
ton, Feb. iS, 1790 ; died Auj,^ 24, 1849. ^'^ children were : Sophia, 
born Nov. 18, 1791, manied Dr. Thomas Sears, 1815 ; Enoch, born 
Dec. 8, 1793 ; married A. R. Dwight, died at Ann Arbor, Mich., 
Feb. 28, 1867. Children : Henry L., Lyman D., Martha, Mary, 
Enoch Dwight. Lyman Jami s, born March 23, 1796, graduate of 
Williams College in 18 18, manied Maria C. Goodrich, studied law, 
died at Bellefontaine, Ala. ; Maria, born July 2, 1799, married 
Samuel Howes ; Clarissa, born May 18, 1801, married J. D. Whit- 
ney of Northampton, Oct. 13, 1834, and had James L., graduate 
of Yale, 1856, Professor in Harvard College ; Harvey M., graduate 
of Yale, 1864, Prof, in Beloit College ; Luther James, born July 13, 
1803, a wealthy and retired business man of Ann Arbor ; Lewis L. 
James, born May 8, 1805, a New York merchant, married Cerinlha 
Wells; Elizabeth, married A. L. Babcock ; Rachel L., born 1812, 
married David Storrs. 

The early records of the town give the following list as the chil- 
dren of Moses and Rebekah James: John, born Aug. 6, 1786; 
Moses and Aaron, twins, born April 10, 1788; Hannah, born July 
24, 1790 ; Lois, born Oct. 29, 1792 ; Rebekah, born Aug. 17, 1794; 
Francis, born May 24, 1796; Lurany R., born April 15, 1800. 

It is said there were three pairs of twins in town of nearly the 


same age, each named Moses and Aaron — children of Reuben 
Dresser, Joseph Jepson and Moses James. 

The children of John and Betsey Jipson are on record, as follows : 
Sally, born Feb. 2, 1779; Lucretia, born Jan. 15, 1781 ; Forrist, 
born March 4, 1783 ; twins, born and died Oct. 1784; Bstsey, born 
Sept. 19, 1785 ; John, born Aug. 5, 1787 ; Cyrel, born June 12, 
1789 ; Tirza, born May 29, 1791 ; Marcia, born May 22, 1793. 

Joseph Jipson, brother of John, married Hannah, daughter of 
Capt. Robert Webster. They had Joseph, who married Mary Hast- 
ings, and resided in Goshen ; William ; Moses and Aaron, twins ; 

Hannah married Newell ; Theodocia. Aaron married Fanny 

Hibbard, and resided in Springfield. Joseph's children were : 
Anson, who removed to the West ; Alzadee, who married Elijah 
Jordan ; Mary Ann, who married Gilson Judd of Northampton ; 
Francis, who married and removed West. 

The records give the following list of children of [Robert and 
Eunice King, nearly all born in Half Moon, N. Y. : Eunice, born 
INov. 22, 1794; John, born Nov. t6, 1795; Lucy, born'' July 29, 
1798 ; Polly, born March 9, 1801 ; Andrew, born June 9, 1803 ; 
Robert, born Jan. 1, 1807 ; Dolly E., born Oct. 24, 1809 ; James H., 
"born March 23, 1813 ; William H., born Dec. 15, 1815 ; Elisha, born 
T)ec. 13, 1818. The last named two born in Goshen. 

The Kingnians came from Bridgewater to Goshen, and were prob- 
ably descendants of Henry of Weymouth, who came from Wales in 
1632. Isaac Kingman married Content, daughter of James Packard, 
1768, and removed to this town some years previous to 1780, when 
he sold his homestead to Maj. Ambrose Stone. The sons of Isaac 
were Isaac and Levi of Cummington, and Reuben of Goshen ; the 
daughters were Content, married Lewis Thayer and removed to 
Conneaught, Ohio ; Jemima, married Asa Bates ; and Parthena, 
married Seth Ford. 

Levi iCingman married Theodocia, daughter of Joshua Packard, 
1817. They were the parents of Hon. Richmond P. Kingman, now 
of Battle Creek, Mich., and also of Augustus F. and Roldan P. 

Reuben Kingman married Betsey Clark of Plainfield, 1808, and 

had Henry ; Harriet, married first, Hannum, second, Cyrus 

Miller; Fidelia; Alvan, who married Louisa Sherman; Samuel, 



married Eliza A. Rannev ; Levi C, married Sarah A. Rannev, 
David, married Harriet Richards; Sarah, married James Kinney. 

The Lyon families came from Woodstock, Conn., and were descen 
danls of William Lyon, who came from London in 1635 ^® Roxbiir- 
in the ship ^'Hopewell,'* at the a<i;e of fonrteen. 

Caleb and Margaret of Woodstock had tiiirteen children : Deb( 
rah, born 1729, married Allerton Cushman, 174S ; Benjamin, bor^r 
1730, marritd Sarah May ; Margaret, born 1732, married Col. Ezr. 
May ; Caleb, born 1734; Lieut. Wm., born 1736, married Mar 
Tufts, 1772, and was killed in the battle of Bunker Hill; Lieu» 
Lemuel, born 173S, removed to Goshen; John and Luther, twinj^ 
born 1740, John married Mary Evans, 1767, Luther married Mar^ 
Eriskclt, 1771; Levi, born 1742, married Ruth Fitch; Molly, bor ^ 
^745 y Sylvanus, born 174S, probably removed to Goshen; Cyru^ 
born 1750, removed to Goshen ; Susannah, born in 1752. 

Lieut. Lemuel Lyon married first, FLmnah Dresser of Southbridg< 
cousin of Reuben Dresser, Sen., and had Joel, born Aug. 17, 176^ 
Ccna, born Feb. 26, 1766, married Sylvenas Stone, perhaps broth( 
of Dea. Artemus, and removed to Williamstown. Mrs. Hannah di( 

Nov. 10, 1766, and Lieut. Lyon married second, Mary . The 

children were : Hannah, born August 16, 1773, and Silas, born M 
22, 17S0. Silas was a graduate of Williams College, became a la 
yer, and in a dtmd given in 1^09, describes himself of Bosto 
Lieut. Lemuel removed to Williamstown, and the church records 
Goshen state that he died in New York City — perhaps his son Silf^ 
removed there. Silvanus Stone removed to Williamstown. and ke 
a hotel there for nianv years. His sons were Silas, who continu 
the hotel business, Chester and Pomeroy. 

Cyrus Lyon, brother of Lieut. Lemuel, married Mary , an 


had Abell, born May 15, 1778 ; Luther, born Aug. 26, 1780; Eliz 
beth, born Aug. 22, 1782, died 1819 ; Elias, born Sept. i, 1784. 

Abell Lyon, then of Swanton, Vt., married Lucinda Olds, Feb. 2c:^ 
1804; Elias Lyon married Relief Thayer of Hawley, in 1813, an^ 
had Mary and B«lsey and perhaps others. 

Cyrus Lyon died Feb. 12, l^<3I ; Hannah, his second wife, died 
March 20, 18 13, aged 59. 

The Lymans on their way to this town had three resting places — 
Roxbury, Hartford, Northampton. Richard, the pioneer, came to 





New England and settled first in Roxbury with several children : 
Phiilis, Richard, Sarah, John, and probably another. He joined the 
churcii there, but we learn from the Apostle Eliot's record of church 
members, that "when the great removal was made to Connecticut, he 
also went, undergoing much affliction, for, going toward winter, his 
cattle were lost in driving, and some never found again." Resettled 
at Hartford, but died in 1640. His son John had John, Jr., who was 
the father of Gad Lyman of Northampton, who was born Feb. 13, 
17 13. He married Thankful Pomero}-, daughter of the famous gun- 
smith, June 22, 1738. He became a large owner of land in Goshen 
while it was yet a forest, and late in life removed here and resided 
with his son Timothy. He died Oct. 24, 1791. 
. Timothy, born in Northampton, July 26, 1746, married in 1770 
Hannah Colson, who was brought up in the family of Major Joseph 
Hawley, and removed to this town the same year. Mrs. Lyman, a 
relative of Adam Colson, one of the persons engaged in throwing 
British tea overboard in 1773, came to Northampton, riding the whole 
distance on horseback behind Major Hawley, on his return from Bos- 
ton when he represented the town in the Legislature. The old Ly- 
man mansion here was built in 1797, it is said, by Mrs. Lyman's 
great uncle, Colson of Boston. The children of Lieut. Timo- 
thy and Hannah Lyman, were : Jerusha, born , j John 

C, born Jan. 20, 1775 ; William, born Feb. 21, 1778 ; Timothy, born 

, 1780 ; Francis, born Feb. 3, 1781 ; Thomas, born Feb. 12, 

1783; Abigail, who married Dr. Daniel Pierce. 

Jerusha, married George Salmon, Nov. 10, 1796. They united 
with the church here, Nov. 179S, and were dismissed to Wolcott, 
N. Y., Feb. 1 8 14. Their children born in this town were : Augusta, 
May 17, 1 79^5 ; Jerusha, Aug. 6, 1801 ; Mary, May 31, 1803 ; others 
died young. 

John C. Lyman married Susannah, daughter of Dr. Burgess, Nov. 
7, 1799 : had Adam Colson, born 1800, died a young man of bril- 
liant promise, Oct. 9, 1823; Benjamin B. ; Christiana. This family 
removed to Cummington. 

William Lyman, born Feb. 21, 1778, removed to Schenectady, 
N. Y., where he became a prominent and successful business man. 

Timothy Lyman, Jr., better known as "Colonel" Lyman, married 
Hannah, daughter of William White, Esq., Feb. 16, 1804. They had 


no children. Col. Lyman was Justice of th'e Peace and was often 
called to serve in important affairs at home and abroad. He died 
greatly lamented, Dec. 26, 1831. His widow died Nov. 21, 1862. 

Capt. Francis Lyman, married first, Helen, daughter of Hugh 
Mitchell, Esq., of Schenectady, N. Y., and had William, born 1810. 
who became a physician of extended practice and was suro^eon \r 
Gen. Grant's army. He died in 1866. Hugh M., the second soi 

was born Oct. 21, 18 14, married Kingman, and resided i- 

Worthington ; died 1869. The mother died Aug. 26, 1831, and Cap 
Francis, married second, Lucinda, daughter of Solomon Parsonr 
April 10, 1833. Their children were : Timothy P., born Aug. 
1834, who married Mrs. Jennie Rice ; Helen ; Mary and Fran 
died 1844. 

Thomas Lyman, married Dorcas Smith, Oct. 5, 1813. Their cl 
dren were : Thankful P., born Dec. 12, 1815 ; Frederick W., b 
March 31, 1817 ; Charlotte Augusta, born Sept. 30, i8j8; Timotl 
born 1820, died 1829 ; Thomas, born 1822, died 1830. 

F. VV. Lyman, married Sarah W., daughter of Samuel Naramor^;, 
March 6, 1844. Their oldest son, Henry Frank, was born June 26, 
1845. They removed soon after to Southport, now Kenosha, Wis., 
their present residence. Their children born there are : Agnes, Liz- 
zie, Frederick and Richard. Mr. Lyman, since his residence in the 
West, has been largely engaged in the sale and manufacture of shoes. 
He has an orange grove in Florida, where of late years he spends his 
winters. He is a man of extensive and varied information, and has 
done much for the improvement of the public schools and for other 
important interests of his adopted state. 


Calvin Loomis, born in Springfield, son of Jonathan, was a' resi- 
dent here for about forty years, and died Dec. 13, 1878, at the age of 
ninety-nine years — one of the oldest persons that ever died in this 
town — perhaps the oldest. Anna, his wife, died Jan. 9, 1877, aged 
ninety-four. Children : Lyman A., married Susannah Beals, 1836 • 
Alanson, married Butts ; Almon B. ; Maria, married S. Hatha- 
way, 1836 ; Amanda, married Jackson Willcutt, 1840. 

Almon B., married Hester, daughter of Rev. Wm. Willcutt, 1840 

and had : Lucy, married ; Eliza, married Joseph Rogers • 

Eunice, married Alcander Hawks ; Almond, died Oct. 4, 1864, a'>-ed 
7 years. 


Samuel Luce, married first, Polly, probably daughter of Reuben 
Howes, Sept. 9, 1802. Children: Lorin, born 1803, died July 4, 
1834 ; Samuel, married Lydia, daughter of Jacob Dyer, f^ov. 29, 1836 ; 
Sears, married Vashti C. Merrill, 1839. 

Samuel Luce, Sen., married second, Cynthia Tilton, Jan. 22, 1840. 

Phinehas Manning, from Stafford, Conn., married Abigail Allen 
of Ashfield, 1790. He died Oct. 22, 1832, aged 77. She died Sept. 
22, 1856, aged 94. Children : John, married Betsey Tower, 1817 ; 
Hannah, married Daniel Williams of Florida, 1820 ; Lydia, married 
Samuel Lamman of Florida, 182 1 ; Abigail, married Leonard Thacher 
of Florida, 1828 ; George W., married Asenath Beaman, Dec. 3, 
1833; Sally died unmarried. 

Children of Geo. W. and Asenath Manning : Augustus, Geo. W., 
Joel, John, William and Abigail. 

William Meader came from Nantucket, where his first child, Debo- 
rah Jr., was born Nov. 14, 1778 ; William Jr. was born in Goshen, 
Sept. 29, 1781 ; Jonathan, born Dec. 21, 1783. 

Col. Ezra May was an important man in the early settlement here 
in municipal and ecclesiasticaJ matters. He was one of the first dea- 
cons of the church in Chesterfield, and almost constantly employed 
in public service. He was commissioned Colonel of the 2d Hamp- 
shire Regiment, Feb. 8, 1776. Pay rolls at the State House show 
that he was sent on an expedition to Stillwater and Saratoga in 1777. 
Dexter May, his son, was with him. One company in his regiment 
was commanded by Capt. Christopher Banister. Nehemiah May, 
son of Ezra, was in Banister's company which marched to Benning- 
ton on alarm, by request, Aug. 17, 1777, to re-inforce the army near 
that place. The oldest brother of Ezra, Nehemiah of Brimfield,'was 
a captain in the 14th Hampshire Regiment under Col. Pyncheon. 
This Nehemiah had four sons in the service : Rev. William served as 
chaplain, Chester, Ezra and Rufus. Col. Ezra had nine other near 
relatives in the army, of whom two were Colonels, one Major, one 
Captain and two Corporals. 

The Goshen Mays were probably descendants of^John'"of Roxbury, 
where the Mays and Lyons were early residents and land-owners 
There were many of the name in Woodstock, whence several of the 
early settlers of Goshen came. Lieut. Nehemiah May, born in Rox- 


bury, June, 1701, died in Woodstock, May 1, 1753, married Mehitable 
Holbrook, Nov. 30, 1726. 

Children : Mary, born Oct. 23, 1727 ; Capt. Nehemiah, born Jan. 
31, 1729, died Dec. 27, 1793, married Annah, daughter of Wm. Lyon ; 
Col. Ezra, born Dec. 16, 1731, died Jan. 11, 1778, married Margaret 
Lyon ; Sarah, born Oct. 22, 1733, died March, i8j8, married Benja- 
min Lyon ; Hannah, born 1736, died 1744 ; Prudence, born May 25, 
1740, died Dec. 19, 1810, married Daniel Lyon; Eliakim, born 1742, 
died March 27, 1816, married Martha Lyon. ' 

Capt. Nehemiah removed from Woodstock to Brimfield in 1752, 
and bought of his faiher-in-law, Wm. Lyon, the farm now owned by 
Henry A. ^^ay of Boston, to whom we are indebted for much infor- 
mation in regard to the May and Lyon families. 

The ciiildren of Col. Ezra and Margaret May, were : Col. Nehe- 
miah, born 1754, died Sept. 20, 1813; Dexter; Prudence; Mary; 
Sarah, born Dec. 27, 1763, died 1804; Calvin, born April 15, 1765, 
died Jan. 2^, 1842 ; Caleb, born Sept. 18, 1770 ; Eleanor, born Sept. 
15,1773, died 1777; Hannah, born 1776, died 1777. 

Col. Nehemiah married Susannah, sister of Justin Parsons, Nov. 
27, 1777, a woman of rare piety, who died Sept. 10, 1817. The chil- 
dren of Col. Nehemiah and Susainnah May, were : Hannah, born 
Oct. 25, 1778, married Jared Hawks; and Electa, born March 12, 
1781, married Rev. Cyrus Kingsbury, missionary to the Indians, who 
graduated at Brown University 1812, x\ndover 18 15, died 1870. 

Dexter May married Mary Paine of Williamsburgh. and had Dea. 
Ezra, born Oct. 22, 1780, died near Belvidere, III. ; Clarissa, born 
July 2, 1782, married Dea. Oliver Nash of Williamsburgh; Mary, 
born Nov. 13, 1784. 

Prudence May married Rev. Isaac Babbitt, of Charlemont ; Mary 
May married Dr. Nathaniel Naramore ; Sarah, the first person born 
in Goshen, married Elisha Morton of Williamsburgh, died May 19, 
1804. He died 1839. 

Children of Sarah and Elisha Morton: Sarah, born Dec. 6, 1793, 
died 1801 ; Mary, born 1795, died 1802 ; Elisha, born Jan. 18, 1797, 
died 1872 ; Nehemiah May, born April 4, 1799, died July 8, 1878 • 
Consider, bom Nov. 18, 1801, died Dec. 29, 1872. 

Dr. Calvin May, graduate of Yale College, 1786, married Mary 
Hyatt in the year 1800, in Highgate, Vt. Children : Dr. Horatio N., 
born in St. Armand, Canada, died 1848, having successfully practiced 


medicine in his native town during his life; Joseph Edwin, born 1802, 
resides in Belvidere, 111. ; Lucia M., married Rev. J. A. Fitch of Shel- 
don, Vt. ; Ezra, born 1812, a man of position and wealth, resides in 
Belvidere ; Samuel H., of the firm of S. H. May & Co. of Montreal ; 
Miriam C, born 1817 ; Prudence, married Rev. VVm. Jones of 
Broome, P. Q. ; Walter, born 1820, died 1857. 

Caleb May removed to South Carolina, but nothing further is 

Shepard Mojre, married first, Mary Carpenter, second, Widow 
Susannah Ames of Buckland, Aug. 22, 1822. Children : Rufus, Ab- 
iicr C; Betsey, married Enoch Shaw of Buckland, Oct. 25, 181 2 ; Polly, 
married Martin Brackett, same date ; Fanny, married Zeph:iniah 
-Richmond, March 27, 18 19. 

Rufus Moore, married Hannah Hosford, Feb. 21, 1813, and had 
"William ; Emery, married Finette Jewett ; Sarah ; Mary, married 
<^apt. Fordyce Rice ; and Stephen, who died young. Rufus Moore 
5ind his son Emery removed to Willianistown. 

Abner C, Moore, married Luena P. Slack, Sept. 25, 1S29, and had 
JFanny, Ann, Julia P., Edna S., Saiah, Chauncey, David. He 
K-emoved with his family in 1852, to Benton, Illinois, and died a few 
years later. Chauncey, enlisted in the 42 d Illinois Vols., served 
miearly three years and was killed at Chattanooga. 

Freeborn Mayhew, (not Freeman as incorrectly given on page 71, 
INo. 56) from Martha's Vineyard, was probably a descendant of 
"the missionary family of that name, the early settlers of the island. 
IHis son, William, born in this town, became a wealthy merchant of 
^Baltimore, who was greatly respected for his public spirit and i:rivate 
virtues. The family early removed to Charlemont, having sold the 
Parm to Rolon Roe^ers also from the Vineyard. Robert Rogers^ 
tiephew of Rolon, visited his uncle in later years, remained with him 
till his decease, and inherited the property. 

Joseph Bassett, a neighbor of the Rogers family, who had been 
mate of a vessel, removed here, bringing wiih him his log-book, 
which is in possession of Joseph Rogers, one of his descendants. The 
family have a tradition that bears were quite numerous, and trouble- 
some to the pioneers. It is said that they infested the woods to such 
Jin extent that hunting parties often turned out to destroy them. The 


children in one of these families, on the lookout one evening for the 
return of the absent father, thought they saw him approach. As they 
were about to open the door to admit him the mother prevented it. 
The apparition passed by, and soon after, on the coming of the father, 
the tracks in the snow indicated that a bear of the largest size had 
been the visitor. 

Robert Rogers married Ruth Bassett, 1830. Children : Joseph, 
married Eliza, daughter of A. B. Loomis ; Martha, married Joseph 
Beals ; Maria Rogers, married \Vm. S. Allen ; Emeline ; Otis. 

Joseph Bassett had Silas, Mayhew, Jane, Mary, Ruth, Cynthia. 

Samuel Naramore, from Woodstock, Conn., married Deborah Col- 
ton, came early to this town, owned No. 4, page 68, died Dec. 9, 1777, 
at the age of 47. Children : Dr. Nathaniel, married Mary, daughter 
of Col. Ezra May, Jan. 22, 1789 ; Thaddeus, married Rebecca, 
sister of Rev. Justin Parsons, Nov. 5, 1788, and removed to 
Vermont; Elizabeth, married Dr. John Kittredge, May 12 1791 ; Al- 
pheus ; Sally, married Thomas Whitcomb, P'eb. 7, 1793; Capt. 
Joseph, married Olive, daughter of Abel Packard, 1786. He died 
Oct. 3, 1834, aged 75 ; she died J^ej t 10, 1835, aged 69. Children: 
Clarissa, born Feb. 3, 1789, married Adam G. Porter, 1809 ; Olive P.. 
born June 11, 1791, married Solomon Hawks of Shelburne, Dec. 2, 
1819; Sansuel, born Aug. 30, 1793, died Oct. 4, 1829, married Aure- 
lia, daughter of Elijah Bard we 11, and had Sarah Worthington, who 
married F. \V. Lyman ; and Josepii, who removed to the West ; De- 
borah, born Oct. 24, 1795, manic d Robert Dawes, Jr., Dec. 4, 1821 ; 
Abigail, married Dea. I. W. Biiggs, Aug. 8, 1826; Esther, married 
1829, John \V. Norton ; Electa, married Eben Parsons, Dec. 7, 1823. 

Alpheus Naramore married Marcy, daughter of William White, 
Esq., Nov. 17, 1 79 1. Children : William W., born Jan. 24, 1793, 
removed to Bridgeport, Conn. ; Ezra, born April 15, 1795 ; Tryphosa, 
born July 8, 1797, married Willard Parsons; Franklin, born Feb. 16, 
1800, died in Goshen, Aug. 16, 1854; Amos, born April 3, 1802, 
removed to Conn. ; Alpheus, born Feb. 23, 1805, died, 1808 ; 
Alpheus, Sen., died May, 1806, aged 40 years. Mrs. May died Feb. 
23, 1813, aged 48 years. ' 

Franklin Naramore married first. Wealthy, daughter of Solomon 
Parsons, Feb. 27, 1823, and had Lucinda, who married Lorin Barrus ; 
and Charles L., who died Aug. i, 1854, aged 23. Mr. Naramore 
married second, Esther Cowles, daughter of Simeon, and had Henry 



L. ; Wealthy, who married Erastus Brown, March, 1858. Mrs. Esther 
died May 21, 1840, aged 30 years. Mr. Naramore married third, 
Caroline J., daughter of Robert Webster, Oct. 3, 1847, ^"^ ^^^^ Mar- 
tha C, boni July 20, 1848, died Aug. 4,1854; Frank, born March 
26, 1851, died July 31, 1854; Willie, born June 26, 1852, died 
July 25, 1854. Several other children died young. 

Henry L. Naramore, son of Franklin, married first, Mary, daughter 
of Richmond Jenkins, and had Martha A., born Feb. 22, i860 ; Elmer 

E., born July 7, 1861. He married second, , and now 

resides in Sharon, Mass. He was connected for some lime with 
Ryder of Boston, in the manufacture of organs. 

Arvin Nash of Plainfield, married first, Lucinda Vinton, and had 
Eunice, who married Capt. F. Rice ; Martha, who married Charles 
Lamb of New York ; Maria ; Jacob S. The mother died Sept. 28, 

1835, ^gc<^ 42, and Mr. Nash married, second, Mrs. Dorothy Covell, 

1836. Their children were : James and Mary. The second mother 
died Sept. 22, 1841, aged 42. Mr. Nash married, third. Miss Lucre- 
tia Pixley of Plainfield, and a few years later removed to that town. 

Mrs. Lamb was born in Plainfield, came here when about five 
years old, and was a pupil of the school in the north-west district for 
ten or twelve years. She then taught school here, and afterwards in 
N-w Jersey, and wrote occasionally for the press. The following 
interesting account of her subsequent literary labor is condensed 
from the New York correspondence of a leading Boston paper. She 
furnishes another brilliant example of what can be accomplished by 
faithful effort and study. 

New York, Dec. 2S, 1879. 

"I am always at work before eight in the morning." This was said to me by 
Mrs. Martha J. Lafwb, the authoress. This means unusually early rising, particu- 
larly in the winter, and more particularly in New York, where nine o'clock is si 
fairlv earlv breakfast hour. Mrs. Lamb is known as the wjiter of- "The History of 
New York." It is being brought out in elegant style by Barnes & Co., one volume 
having be«n issued about a year ago. The second and last is nearing completion. 
These volumes are heavy quartos, and the work, when completed, will form the 
most extended one ever written by a woman. For thirteen years Mrs. Lamb has 
been engaged upon this history. The writing was long ago completed, but the 
labor of revision, elaboration and condensation, far exceeds that of reading, com- 
piling and putting into manuscript form. 

She does not spare herself any labor in this work. If, by re-writing sentences or 
paragraphs for the tenth time, a subject can be more clearly or concisely presented, 


she conscientiously attacks the work. It is by methods like these that Mrs. Lamb 
has accomplished so much, for she has done much writing outside of her history. 
She has published children's stories, countless short stories, a novel called **Spicy," 
many magazine articles, and still contributes editorials to weekly journals. She 
was the first person to write a popular descriptive article on the state department 
at Washington. This was published in Harper's. To the same publication she 
contributed an article on the "Coast Survey," which has since been made into a 
text-book for use in collegiate courses. • Mrs. Lamb's first books were not pub- 
lished under her own name. She shielded her identity behind the modest ivoni de 
plume of **Auiit Mattie," the little series of play-school stories, published in 1869, 
became known as "Aunt Mattie's Library." Her latest publication is that beauti- 
ful holiday work, "The Picturesque Homes of America." Mrs. Lamb's literary in- 
clination is probably a bent of the mind traceable to inheritance, as one of her an- 
cestors was Treadway Russel Nash, D.D., the author of a great folio work, entitled 
"Collections for the History of Worcestershire." She showed this inclination 
very early in life, writing verses when only ten years of age. Her first printed 
article appeared when she was thirteen years old. It was called forth. by a visit to 
her mother's birthplace. It was printed in the Hampshire Gazette, Northampton. 
Despite the facts that Mrs. Lamb has been for a long time a resident of New 
York, and that her name is connected with the history of that State, she is of New 
England birth and education. She was born in Plainfield, Mass.. not far from the 
birthplace of William Culleii Bryant, of whom her father was an old friend. Mrs. 
Lamb's love of historical reading showed itself from the time when she began to 
read, and she has pursued it with enthusiasm all her life. She never thought, how- 
ever, of putting her knowledge to practical use until the editor of a New York 
paper made the suggestion to her. Of cours^t, the magnitude of her work in its 
present form she had no conception of. It has grown steadily with her own knowl- 
edge, and by reason of the high standard which just such workers must always 
have before them. When the history is fairly out of her hands Mrs. Lamb's plans 
are by no means exhausted. She then contemplates a work on art, or rather she 
intends to complete and perfect one that is already begun. It is to be a concise 
history of the rise and progress of art. It is the aim to make it general and accu- 
rate without tiresome detail. 

In social life Mrs. Lamb takes not a little pleasure. Her enjoyment of friendly- 
gatherings is confined largely to 5 o'clock teas and evening receptions. She 
receives New Year's day, this year, at Washington, with Mrs. Chief Justice Waite. 
Mrs. Lamb is said to brighten many festivals with her little poems, which often 
partake of a humorous character, and represent her mental recreations. The fol- 
lowing is a pretty sentiment, and was written on the occasion of a golden wedding 
of a friend : 

There's no such thing as growing old, 
Though years on years roll by ; 
Though silvery white becomes the hair. 
And dimmed the earnest eye : 
Though furrows on the brow are cast. 
As gathering up the thr<eads at hist 


Of all the busy, well-spenl past, 
A brief review is anchored fast 
Of half a century. 

Life is in deeds, not days or years, 
In thoughts not breaths, iir smiles not tear.», 
In loves not hates, in hoprs not fears, 
In labor, which makes pastures sweet. 
And strew rare flowers beneath the feet ; 
In generous charities, not dates; 
In what this eve commemorates — 
Works, traced in gold«n lines above. 
Of half a century. 

Edward Orcutt from Hingham or Cohasset, had Origen, James, 
Thomas and Thankful. Origen, married Eunice Ripley of Windsor, 
1796 ; James, married Clarissa Arms of Deerfield, 1791 ; Thankful, 
a popular teacher for many years, married Dr. Bildad Curtis of 
Plainfield, in 1804, and removed to Marietta, Ohio. She died 1861. 
**A woman of abijity and greatly respected,'* was the testimony of 
her pastor. Rev. Wm. Wakefield. Thomas removed to Buckland. 

Children of Origen and P^unice Orcutt : Origen, Edward, Luther, 
Alvan, Sophia, Hudson, Zerviah, Laura. The children of James 
and Clarissa Orcutt were : Sophronia, Josiah, Wealthy. 

Edward was a well-to-do sort of a man, but had some ways of doing 
things that were different from the ways of the majority of people. 
While living at Cohasset his wife desired him to bring in a handful 
of wood. He went out without hat or coat, or word of dissent or ex- 
planation, came to Goshen, bought his land, returned home, and car- 
ried in his wood on his arrival. While clearing his land here he 
boarded with David Stearns. He went back to Cohasset at one time 
leaving his coat at his boarding place here. Noticing it quite heavy 
it was found to contain a pocket full of silver money. He once 
spent nearly a day in the river towns trying to buy a pig of some one 
who would trust. At last he found a man ready to accept his terms. 
He look the pig, paid down, and returned home, satisfied that his 
credit was good, at least with one man. 

James Orr was of Scotch origin, honest clear through, quaint and 
bluff in manner. At the marriage of one of his daughters, the 
parson waited for the assent of the disconcerted groom. The old 
gentleman saw the dilemma, and at once broke the spell in his direct 
way, saying: "Nod your head, Hall." 


Friend Orr, married Polly Barney of Savoy, 1812 ; Jerusha, mar- 
ried Aaron Hall of Cheshire, Nov. 28, 1S05 ; Lydia, married Nathan 
Morgan of Pownal, Vt.^ July 4, 1793 ; Lucy, married Seth Ford of 
Plainfield, Jan. i, 18 12 ; John, married Polly, daughter of Stephen 
Warren. She died in 1814, aged 21. 

Samuel Olds married Persis and was one of the pioneer set- 
tlers of the town. Children: Elias, born Feb. 23, 1778; Abigail, 
married Daniel Ford, died Feb. 8, 1859 ; Lucinda and Cynthia, twins, 
born March 17, 1784; Moses and Aaron, twins, born and died 1788 ; 
Rev. Jason, married Matilda Ford, 18 17. 

Daniel Ford had a daughter Lucretia, who removed to Plainfield 
and married. 

The Packard families of this town and vicinity, are descended 
from Samuel, who sailed from Ipswich, England, and was in Hing- 
ham in 1638. He removed to West Bridgewater and had thirteen 
children. His son Zaccheus, had ist, Israel, father of Seth, who was 
father of Joshua, Sen., born April 20, 1741, who came to Goshen, and 
was the father of Caleb, Joshua and Willard. Seth had also Abner, 
who removed to Conway. 

Zaccheus had 2d, James, who married Jemima Keith, and had 
James, Jr., born 1724, who married Mary Thayer. James and Mary 
were the parents of Content, born 1747, who married Isaac King- 
man, 1768 — the parents of Levi and Reuben Kingman. 

Zaccheus had 3d, John, the father of John and Barnabas of Plain- 
field ; and of Abel, who married Esther Porter. Abel and Esther 
were the parents of Abel, born 1754; Adam, born 1758, father of 
William and Philo ; Theophilus, born 1769, married Mary Tirrell ; 
and Olive, born 1767, married Joseph Naramore of Goshen. 

Joshua Pachard, Sen., the pioneer, a soldier of the French and 
Indian, and Revolutionary wars, came from Bridgewater. His eldest 

daughter, Chloe, married Thwing ; Caleb, his son, removed to 

Plainfield ; Joshua, Jr., married Philena Richmond, Dec. 5, 1793, for 
first wife; Betsey Ingram, May 14, 1807, for his second; Willard, 
married Bathsheba Smith ; Lucinda, married Solomon Parsons ; 
Lavinia, manied Ebenezer (Jolson ; Hannah, married Versal Ban- 
ister, Feb. 19, 1793. Children of Joshua 'and Philena Packard : 
Horace, born Sept. 24, 1794; Philena, born April 10, 1796, married 


Allen Basset t ; Theodocia, born Jan. 9, 1798, married Levi Kingman; 
Leonard, born Feb. 21, i8or, married Martha Jenkins, and removed 
from town; Wealthy, born Nov. 18, 1802, married Augustine Streeter 
of Cummington ; Russell, born Jan. 9, 1806, removed to Troy. 

Children of Joshua and Betsey Packard : Geo. Austin, born 1809, 
died May i, 1832 ; Marinet, married William Dawes ; Almond, 

removed from town ; Lucinda, married Pelton of Plainfield ; 

Miranda, married William White of Plainfield ; Rodolphus, removed 
to New Ipswich, N. H. 

Capt. Horace Packard, married Sarah, daughter of Ebenezer 
White. Children : Edwin, born 1818, died Nov. 28, 1837 y F^ebun 
W. ; Calvin A., born July 8, 1822 ; Calista, married first, Ezra Car- 
penter, second, Joseph T. Thayer ; Horace H. ; and two children 
who died 1830. 

Frebun W. Packard, married Hannah, daughter of Rev. Sidney 
Holman, May 29, 1864. Children: Myra H., born July 9, 1865 ; 
Frebun Sidney, born Aug. 24, 1867. 

Calvin A. Packard, married Wealthy, daughter of Moses Dresser, 
Jan. 15, 1852. Children: Howard, born Jan. 30, 1853; Martha, 
born July 14, . 

Horace H. Packard, married Julia F., daughter of Nelson M. 
Hayden, Nov. 28, 1850. Children : Edwin B., born Dec. 2, 1851 ; 
Festus, born Feb. 24, 1857 ; Willie H., born Jan. i, 1859 i ^^^^ T., 
born Feb. 5, i86t. 

Willard Packard, son of Joshua, Sen., married Bathsheba, daugh- 
:er of John Smith, May 30, 1805. Children : Cordelia, married 
Noah Hosford, April 9, 1828 ; William S. ; Edmund ; Julia, married 
Dexter Beals, Nov. 2, 1830 ; Malesta. married Randall Graves, Nov. 
?> 1839 ; Willard, Jr., married Lucy Field of Bucklahd, died Aug. 20, 
■ 852 ; Emeline, married Joseph Hawks ; Hiram ; Freeman, married 
Ellen Parsons of Ohio, and removed to Kansas. 

Willi.nn S. Packard, married Lucy R., daughter of Reuben Smith, 
May 21, 1840. Children: William S. ; Cordelia E., born March 2, 
C845, ^'^^ ^^4^ • Maria A., born March 10, 1847, i^iarried T. Ashton 
IDrcuti; Ralph A. Packard, born June 16, 1850; Jennie S., born 
■^ug. 7, 1854, married Charles E. Brooks, Nov. 4, 1875. 

Edmund Packard married Mary P., daughter of Levi Eldredge, 
: 836, removtfd to Ashfield, afterwards to Easthampton and Boston. 
I^hildren : Edmund T., born April 3, 1837 ; Henry, born Sept. 8, 


1843, died July 20, 1869, a young man of much promise ; Mary Lil- 
lian, born May 6, 1852, married L. F. Burrage, Jan. 14, 1875. ^^'■• 
Edmund Packard died March 8, 1868. His widow resides with her 
son, Edmund T., in Boston. 

Hiram Packard married Lurane A., daughter of David Carpenter, 
March 20, 1845. Children : Henry Wright, born July 31, 1846, went 
to Colorado ; Edward C, born Oct. 13, 1847 > Charles F., born April 

9, 1850. 

Edward C. married Vesta C' daughter of George Dresser, Oct. 9, 
1875, and had Edward Wallace, born July 23, 1876, and Lawrence 
A., born Aug. 26, 1878. 

When Joshua, Sen., returned from the army, he brought a Urge 
powder horn, the gift of a comrade, on which was drawn, in good 
style, a map of one of the towns connected with Boston, showing the 
bridges, churches and many of the houses as they proJbably existed 
at that lime. The horn is still possessed by his great-grandson, Cal- 
vin A. Packard. 

The following is copied from a newspaper of several years ago : 

The Packarvls arc a thrit'ty, well-stocked race. Abel Packard, who settled at 
Cummington ico years ago, has now posterity of over 350, scattered in 15 states of 
the Union. This Abel was a great grandson of Samuel Packard, who settled in 
Plymouth, iS years at^er the landing of the Pilgrims in 1620 ; and he is supiK>sed to 
be ancestor of all the Packards in the country. Ills posterity is estimated to have 
multiplieti in 230 years beyond 50,000. He had 12 children, all of whom had fami- 
lies. Several of his sons were soidiers in King Philip s war and aided in the pur- 
suit auvi conquest of that celebrated Indian Chief at Mt. Hope in 1676, 200 
years ago. 

The Parsons family descend from Joseph, supposed to have been, 
born near Fairinglon, Eng., in 1617, who was io Springfield in 1636, 
and in Norlhampton in 1655, where he served several years as 
Selectman. His son, Joseph, born 1647, died 1729, had Ebenczer, 
bom 1675. who married Mercy Siebbins, 1703. and had, among other 
chJdren, Elihu. born 17 19. who mariied Sarah, daughter of Prcsi 
deiu Edwards ; and Benjarnin, born 1723. who married Rcbekah 
Sheldon, and rtt^une.i to Goshen, 1776. He died 1777. 

The children ot Bei jam^n and Rebrkah A. Farsor.s, were : Jt rusha, 
K-^rn Sept. .Ji* 1750. married, drs:, Artemus Stone, second, Daniel 
Brown, th:rd, Ma\ Josiah Lynun ; Ebenerer. bom Dec. 26, 175I1 
marned Eunice Clark; Mercy, born Nov. 29, 1753, married Jed. 




Buckingham; Hannah, born July i, 1755, married Cyrus Lyon; 
Susannah, born Dec. i, 1757, married Col. Nehemiah May; Justin, 
born July 19, 1759, married first, Lucretia Parsons, daughter of 
Elihu, second, Electa Frary ; Silas, born Sept. 26, 1761, married 
Sarah Fisk ; Solomon, born Aug. 28, 1763, married Lucinda Pack- 
ard, daughter of Joshua ; Rebekah, Aug. 4, 1766, married Thad. 

Naramore; Benjamin, born Feb. 20, 1769, married Stebbins of 


Ebenezer Parsons removed to Hadley. Rev. Justin, besides Levi 
and Lucretia before named, had a son Ira who removed to Ohio, 
and a son Calvin, and daughter Electa, who died young, and were 
buried in this town. In 1817 the family undertook the education of 
a youth at Bombay, who received the name Calvin, in memory of 
their departed child. 

Silas Parsons married Sarah Fisk of Shelburne, aunt to Pliny 
Fisk, who went as missionary to Palestine with Rev. Levi Parsons. 
His children were: Seth ; Clarissa; David; Erastus, who became a 
preacher; Austin ; Lina and Theodocia. 

Children of Solomon and Lucinda Parsons : Theodore, born 
Sept. 14, 1791, died Jan. 19, 1865, married Pamela Partridge daugh- 
ter of Asa; Jerusha, born June 23, 1793, died Feb. 15, 1823, married 
Cyrus Joy; Willard, born July 20, 1795, married Tryphosa Naramore, 
June 6, 1820, daughter of Alpheus ; Eben'r, born Jan. 24, 1798, mar- 
ried Electa Naramore, daughter of Joseph ; Wealthy, born Feb. 25, 
1800, died Sept. 18, 1832, married Franklin Naramore; Lucinda, 
born April 12, 1802, married Francis Lyman; Lyman, born May i, 
1804, died Aug. 28, 183 1. 

Benjamin Parsons, before entering the ministry, appears to have 
been a lawyer in Boston from 1809 to 1834. 

Children of Theodore and Pamela Parsons : Marv P., born March 
14, 18 19, married R. F. Webster, Nov. 28, 1844; Lewis S., born Jan. 
2 1, 182 1, married Harriet N. Fuller, April, 1843 ; Levi, born April 
8, 1823, married Harriet Luce, Jan., 1850; Henry, born May 2, 
1825 ; Frederick E., born June 17, 1827, died Dec. 14, 1851. 

Levi Parsons, son of Theodore, removed to Haydenville about 
1840, and became connected with Hon. Joel Hayden in the manu- 
facture of buttons. When the business was removed to Easthampton 
a few years later, he went with it, ^ind held an important position in 




the company, under Hon. Samuel Williston. His health declining, Le 
went South for its recovery in the winter of 1866, but, rapidly failing, 
he died on the passage homeward, March 28, 1866. 

He was a man of unimpeachable integrity, kind hearted, unassum- 
ing, full of good works and universalJy respected and beloved. His 
eldest daughter, Alice Carey, born June 22, 185 1, graduate of Mt 
Holyoke Female Seminary, 1873, married Dr. W. O. Ballantine, 
missionary to India, Jan. 6, 1875. They sailed from New York, Jan. 
2;^ ; arrived at Bombay, April 18. She died at Rahuri, Western 
India, Sept. 9, 1878, and was buried in the English cemetery at 
Ahmednuggar. She was an estimable young lady, and secured the 
love and higfii respect of all the mission circle. Hattie, the only sur- 
viving daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Parsons, resides with her mother at 

Dr. Ballantine was born in India, came to the United States when 
fifteen years of age to be educated, and graduated at Amherst 

Jerusha married Cyrus Joy, K^q., a lawyer of Northampton, and 
afterwards for a long period a teacher and resident of Philadelphia, 
where several of his family now reside. He died Dec. 14, 1870, in 
Goshen, where he spent the \,\\vv yeais of his life. 

The children of Cyrus and Jerusha Joy were : Julia Ann of Phila- 
delphia who has a summer reside nee in Goshen — the parsonage built 
for Rev. J. C. Thompson ; Emily, married Charles C. Grugan, a 
merchant of Philadelphia, died Feb. 3, 1849, leaving several chil- 
dren j Henry, married Haniet Brown, resides near Rochester, N. Y. ; 
Charles ; Cyrus,Jr., died 1850. After the death of Mrs. Jerusha, Mr. 
Joy married again, and had several children who reside in Philad'a. 

Children of Willard and Tryphosa Parsons ; Sophia N., born 
April 15, 1821, married Amos. H. Stone; Alpheus N., born 
July 2, 1823, died April 29, 1851 ; Franklin, born Nov. 7, 1827, mar- 
ried Leonora Bartlett ; Julia, born Dec. 8, 183 1, died March 29, 
1863, married M. N. Hubbard ; Helen, born May 19, 1834, married 
Wm. Wells j Lyman, born March i, 1839, married Octavia Fiench ; 
Edward, born Sept. 5, 1842, died Sept. 17, 1845. 

Ebenezer Parsons, son of Solomon, removed to Pittsfield, Ohio. He 
had Electa, born Sept. 21, 1824, who married S. D. Whitney. Eben- 
ezer married, second, Louisa Kingsbur}'', and had George, Charles, 
Frank, Ellen (born 1837, married Freeman Packard), Annette, Julia, 
Emma, Helen. * 


EHhu Parsons, Jr., was son of Elihu, who was born in Northamp- 
ton, married Sarali, the eldest daughter of President Edwards, and 
removed to Stockbridge. Elihu, Jr., married Rhoda Hinsdale, said 
to have been the first person born in Lenox, and removed to Goshen 
probably about 1796. His mother, Sarah Edwards, resided with him 
here till her denth. May 15, 1805. 

Children of Elihu Parsons, Jr. : Esther, born Nov. 19, 1783, mar- 
ried Ebenezer Healey, Jr., May 5, 1813; (Clarissa, born March 26, 
1786, died, unmarried, Dec. 16, 1852 ; Dea. Stephen, born July 12, 
1788, died May 27, 1838.; Eunice, born June 24, 1791 ; Sarah, born 
Oct. 9, 1799. 

Dea. Stephen Parsons married Mary Eldredge of Ashfield. Chil- 
dren : Eunice, born March 18, 1813 ; Alvan, born July 18, 1817, 
resides in Buckland ; Rhoda, born Dec. 5, 1819, married Jonathan 
Sears, Jr., March 20, 1845, died July 17, 1850. 

Eunice married Freeman Sear.s, Nov. 27, 1834. Children: Ellen, 
born Oct. 2r, 1835, died Feb. 26, 1854; Mary, born Sept. 6, 1837, 
died May 27, 1861 ; Olive, born Jan 20, 1840, married Henry C. 
Howland, Jan. 14, i860, and removed to Oiiio ; F. Willis, born Aug:. 
21, 1842, married Katie Sideil ; Milton F., born March 21, 1845 
married Elizabeth H. Shaw, Dec. 31, 1872 ; Chloe Edna, born Nov. 
13, 1847, Mrs. Eunice died Aug. 15, 1^50. 

Mr Sears married, second, Mrs. Angeline Coney, 1851. Children: 
Frank Graham, born May 13, 1852, married Etta F. Wildman ; Geo. 
Herbert, born April 16, 1854; Jessie Fremont, born May 27, 1856; 
Charles F., born June 29, 1859. 

Asa Partridge, from Holland, Mass., brother of Major Stone*s 
wife, was born Oct., 1771, married, first, Mary Bales, second, Electa 
Stearns, widow of Elihu Hubbard, 1825. Asa died Feb., 1847. 

Children : Eli, born Jan. 2, 1794, married Lucy Look; Asa, born 
Oct. 8, 1800, married, first, Mary Benton, second, Julia Norton; 
Pamela, born June 12, 1796, married Theodore Parsons, died March 
9, 1843 ; Elmina, born Feb. 3, 1803, married Enos Taylor ; Sher- 
man, born April 5, 1805. 

**Uncle Asa," as he was usually called, was a man of ready wit. 
He was once at Saratoga Springs for the benefit of his health. One 
early morning while out with a cane in each hand to aid him in walk- 
ing, he met another valetudinarian in similar condition. In com- 

166 Ul^TOKY OF GOt^SX. 

paring notes the other hiqaires of Pirtrii^ : -What ails you ?" 
-Rheuniatisni-'' "Ah, jes — t/rz^iMoS ixmS responded the satisfied 
querisc. -Aad what ^s wmr trouble r" says Partridge- **Gout." 
-Ah^ yes — I see — actual trami^asimj" was Partridge's conclusive 

Dr. Daniel Pierce ot Pern, married Abigail, daughter of Lieut. 
TiaiothT Lvman. 

Children : Levi L^ lived for severil years during his minority with 
his uncle — Col. TrnaothT Lrman. He married a niece of P. T. Bar- 
nam, anvi was his genera! bssiness agent for several years. He 
visited Europe with Gen. Tom Thumb acd w f e, and aided them in 
making a very scccessfcl tccr. rerurnirg in 1S59. While there he 
married his second wife, an amiable and cultivated Scotch lady. 
Thev have since resided in Greendeid- Ffa^C!S M., married Cath- 
erine White, daughter ef Eiias acd Hannah, May 3, 1S49, ^"^ 
removed to Wisconsin : Dinie;, Jr.. diei Oj:. 17, 1S45, aged 26 ; 
Caro:ir*c the eldest daughier. married Leander S. Cooper of Peru, 
Oct., i''^36 ; Rosamond, married Chas> C. Parish of Wcrthington, 
1S41 ; Martha L.. married Xeison Brown ot Cummiogton, May 11, 
1853 : Timothy D wight marrieti and removed to Dcerfield. (See 

Ebenezer Putney, bDrn Oct.. 174c. at Charlton, came here 1762, 
and served in the ar:nv of the Revolution, where he received a Lieu- 
tenant's comrBission. He died Jan. 14, iSc2. His children who 
lived to mature years were : Josrph, Elishx. Xahum, Moses, John, 
Amis;*, Polly ar.d Hanr.ah. Xahum wis drowned in Lake Erie. 
Elisha served in the war of 1S12. and while out with a scouting party 
near Detroit, was killed by the er.emy, while stopping to aid a com- 
panion who was fatally wounded a moment before. Joseph, who 
died in 1841, was father of Emnro^is Putr.ey. 

Ebenezer Patnev married Sns-inn^h French. The records of the 
town jrive the following list of their children: 

Mar}% born Feb. 12, 1774, died Sept. 9, 1777 : Hannah, born July 
16, 1775, died Sept. 3, 1777 ; Joseph, born May 11, 1777, married 
Naomi, daughter of Dea. Oliver Taylor, April 5. 179S; Polly, born 
March 25, 1779, married John Salmo:^ ; Hannah, born Feb. 18, 1781, 
married John Smith, Jr. ; Elisha, born Feb. 27, 17S4,. killed in war ; 
Xahum, born July 17, 17S7, drowned ; Moses, born Nov. 27, 1790, 


niari;ied Sally Hubbard ; John, born March 21, 1792, married Susan 
Taylor of Worthington ; Amasa, born April 11, 1796, married Lucre- 
tia Torrey. 

Children of Joseph and Naomi (Taylor) Putney: Emmons, born 
Sept. 28, 1799, married, first, Orpha, daughter of Dr. Robert Stark- 
\veather of Chesterfield, 1825. She died July 14, 1865, and Mr. 
Putney married, second, in 1867, Mrs. Helen Walkle}'^, who died Jan. 
27, 1868, he married, third, Sophia G. Walkins, June 20, 1875 ; 
-Arthur, born Dec. 7, 1800 j Susan, born Feb. 17, 1803, died May 22, 
1842 ; Lilly, born Au^. 18, 1805, married Jonathan Hunt, July 19, 
1828, died in Ypsilnnti, Mich., Sept. 23, 1875, buried in Goshen ; 
Calvin, born Dec. 13, 1807; Naomi born Dec. 14, 18 10, married 
-Alvin Hall; Joseph, born Nov. 28, 1814; Electa, born March r8, 
18 1 7, married Lowell Hunt, Nov. 5, 1840 ; H. Maria, born Feb. 24, 

Children of John and Susan Putney : Lorenzo, Wealthy, Alonzo, 
Henry and Orpha E. Orpha E., the adopted daughter of Mr. 
Emmons Putney, married Wm. E. Johnson, May 3, 1854. Mrs. 
Susan died Nov. 28, 1869. 

Ebenezer Putney, 2d, son of Elisha and Martha, came from Charl- 
ton, lived for some time with his uncle Ebenezer, married Molly, 
daughter of John Smith, June 23, 179 1, removed to "Paddy Hill" in 
the southwest part of Ashfield, and afterwards into Goshen. 

Children: Zadoc ; Nahum ; Polly, who married Moses Belding ; 
Loiza, who married Hattil Washburn, Jr. ; Alma and Climena, older 
daughters, who married Barnabas Hall ; and Sarah, who married 
Levi Eldredge of Hawley. The children of Moses Belding were : 
Frederick W., who manied D. Chloe Dresser; Franklin, of New 
Jersey; Clarinda and Sarah died young; Hiram, of Bleeker, N.Y., 
and Putney. 

Patty Putney, sister of Ebenezer, 2d, married Hattii Washburn, 

Zadoc Putney married Jerusha Belding, and had Harriet, who 
married Chandler Robbins ; Charles ; Alonzo ; Norman ; Zadoc ; 
Maria, who married Luther Ranney; Jerusha. 

Nahum Putney married Charlotte Bement of Ashfield. Ebenezer, 
2d, died at the West. 

David Stearns, the pioneer settler, married Hannah, born March, 
1732, daughter of John Burnell, who is said to have come from Wales, 



and married Mehitabel Edmonds of Lynn, who died in Feb., 1769, 
aged 74. Joseph Burnell, son of John, brother of Stearns's wife, 
was one of the first setllers of Chesterfield, and married Hanoah 
Tucker (daughter of Ephraim), who was born in Milton, April 18, 
1726. Abijah Tucker, who came to Goshen with David Stearns, was 
brother of Joseph BurnelTs wife. Tucker, after a few viars, removed 
from here to Hardwick. Joseph Burnell had John, who marriecl 

Banister; Mary, who married Reuben Dresser, Sen.; Mrs - 

Richard Sylvester; Capt. Joseph of Chesterfield; Ephraim and. 
Manasseh, of Cummington. 

Ebenezer Stearns, father of David, married Martha Buinap o 
Reading, Oct. 25, 17 17. 

Children : Ebenezer, born Feb. 26, 1720 ; Elizabeth, born Au^ — 
14, 172 1 ; John, of Belchertown, born Feb. 10, 1723 ; Jonathan, bor ml~: 
June 26, 1725 ; Hannah, born Jan. 27, 1727 ; David, born March 2 
1729 ; Mary, born Oct. 27, 17.30; S.irah, born May 11, 1732 ; Bethia 
born June 7, 1734 ; Thomas, born Feb. 16, 1736 ; Reuben, hot— — -ar 
June 21, 1737. 

Ebenezer, jr. died in garrison at Lake George in the French Wa. "■■' -^r 
David was also in the service, and belonged to Capt. John Catlin ^ ^ 'j 

The children of David and Hannah (Burnell) Stearns wer ^z=^ ^ e 
David, born July 26, 1757 ; Lemuel, born March 17, 1759; Jol^ ^r^n 
born in Dudley, Feb. 22, 1761, and the family removed the sar"^^^^ ^^' 
year to this town ; Samuel, was born March 25, 1763, the first wh 
male child in the new settlement; Cyrus was born March 26, 17 
died here March 25, 1855; Joseph, was born June 30, 17 
married Sarah Thatcher of Conway, 1792 ; Hannah, born Nov. 
1770, married Daniel Beals ; Mary, born April 17, 1774. 

David and his three sons, David, Jr., Lemuel and John, were i 
diers in the Revolution. John married Abigail, daughter of Abis 
Williams, and had Abigail, born March 17, 1791 ; John, born Ja 
21, 1793; ^^^^ Abishai W., born March 12, 1796. John, the fath- ^^' ' 
died April 14, 1801.' 

David Stearns, Sen., died Feb. 28, 1788. Hannah Burnell, 
wife, married, second, Capt. Elisha Cranson of Ashfield, Jan. 
1792. He died April 18, 1804, aged 84 years. She afterward liv" 
for some years in New York state, then returned to Goshen ar^ 
resided with her daughter, Mrs. Daniel Bials, her old home, till h 
death, which occurred Dec, 1827, in the 96th year of her age. 




Cyrus Stearns, son of David, married Sarah, daughter of Capt. 
Thomas Weeks, Jan. 4, 1781. 

Children : Electa, born Sept. 20, 1788, married, first, Elihu Hub- 
bard, 1808, second, Asa Partridge, Sept. 14, 1825. She died Feb. 
13, 1858. Ezra, born Feb. 14, 1792, married, 1813, Esther, daughter 
of Rev. David Todd of Chesterfield. They had one son* Ezra, Jr. 
Ezra, Sen., died Oct. 20, 1814, while serving as a soldier. Enos, 
born Feb. 25, 1794, married Lucinda Hubbard, and had Caroline, 
Levi, Hamilton, Lucinda, Cyrus and Sarah, twins. He died at 
Wells, New York, July 17, 1850. Levi, born June 19, 1796, married 
Hannah Phillips, 1820 (pub. July 2), and had Liscom, Thomas, 
Amelia, and other children. They removed to Oak Creek, Wis., 
where Mrs. Stearns died Jan. 14, 1857. Thomas Weeks, born May 
12, 1799, married Mrs. Susan (Reed) Pettengill. Their children 
were : Chester, born 1827, died 1838 ; Edward, married Gard- 
ner, May 24, 1854 ; Sarah, born May 25, 1834, married E. W. Van 
Houlen, Newark, N. J., where she died Dec. 27, 1853. Elizabeth 
married John Van Houten, May 25, 1854, and residedj^in Newark. 
Edward married and removed with his parents from Newark to 
Evansville, Wis. Almeda, born Dec. 14, 1802, married Levi Barrus, 
182 1, died Sept. 4, 1850, on the farm where she was born. Cyrus, 
born June 15, 1808, married Lucy Reed, died Sept. 28, 1872, in 
western New York. Alanson, born Oct. 3?:, 1810, married Eliza A. 
Dumboltbn, 1834, and had James and John, twins, born 1835 J Ezra, 
born 1836 ; Ellen, born 1839 ; Edwin, Carrie, Fred, Ernest. He 
removed to Grass Lake, Mich., where he was a deacon of the Bap- 
tist church. He, with one or his sons, aged 13 years, and hired man, 
were drowned May 28, 1870, in Grass Lake, by the upsetting of a 
boat in which they were fishing, while waiting an opportunity to 
wash their sheep. 

The children of Electa Stearns and Elihu Hubbard, Jr., who died 
March 22, 1824, aged 36, were : Pamela, who married Dryden Dawes, 
Nov. 28, 1827 ; Electa, who married Daniel W. Reed, Aug. 7, 1833, 
died Aug., 1873, aged 61 ; Lucy, died March 13, 1835, aged 25 
jears ; Daniel, died Aug. 22, aged 32 years j Elihu, died unmarried ; 
Joseph, married and lived in Buckland, and had several children. 

The children of Electa and Asa Partridge were : Amanda, born 
Aug. 27, 1826 ; and Sai'ah Melinda, born May 22, 1829, married 
Reed, died May 6, 1868. 



Elihu Hubbard, Sen., died Jan. 26, 1805. 

The children of Pamela and Dryden Dawes were ; Edmund, Mary 
Amelia, Joseph, Elihu, Charles, George, born June 15, 1847 ; Emma. 
Mr. Dawes removed to Manchester, Mich. 

Reuben Smith came from Amherst about 18 12. His wife was 
Margaret, daughter of Richard Carpenter. 

ChiKlren : Elizabeth, who married Elijah Billings ; John Milton ; 
Sophia ; Hannah C, who married Elijah Shaw ; Lucy R., who mar- 
ried Wm. S. Packard ; Ralph Erskine. 

John'M. Smith married Orra Dickinson of Amherst, June 25, 1833. _ 

Children : Ellen Eliza, born March 24, married R. C. Alison, Jan. _ ^ 
12, i86o; Henry Billings, born Oct. 19, 1835, married Julia, daugh- — ^j 
ter of Maj. Joseph Hawks, Feb. 25, 1S66; Sophia E, born Jan. 21, ^ j^ 
183S, died young; Mary Leora, born March 28, 1840, married Rev. _ -.^ 
J. C. Houghton ; Harriet T,, born March 16, 1843, ^^^^ young; Ed- — JJ 
ward M., born Oct. 30, 1847, n^-^rried Helen M., daught;;r of C, C — dH 
Dresser^ Dec. 19, 1S70. Mr. Smith has resided for several years in «zk- Id 

Ralph E. Smith married, first, Jane Gray, 1845, second, Rosa- 
mond Taylor of Buckland, April 26, 1S54, and removed to Goshen 

Children: Alvah : Edwin B., born July 21, 1S59; Willis A., bo 
Dec. iS, 1S61 ; Jane G , bom Oct. 27, 1S63. 

Hannah C. married Elijah Shaw of Buckland, Xov. 28, 1S3S, ans. 
havi Klij^h ; Fannie E.. who married Jonathan Temple of Reading 
T.irric H., who married Mi!io;i F. Sears ; Wiliam R. 

John Smith, fiom Killinj:)y, Conn , removes here about 176s. H 
had two sons and oij^hl daughters, Hinnah, born 1766, marrie 
Ho7okix^h C^'^yswoll of I'hcsurne'd. Apiil 17, 1791 ; Saiah, marrit — 
Nathan Ualhou. l\v. u\ tv^o. d:eJ 1701 : Mar\\ married Elbe^^cr 
Tutnr'W ?d» diod tS^N^ : v\;'«thia. manif^d Bassome Wlinney, Oct. ^ 
^7\>^ ; Doho>a!i \\h.;no\ nuuiod jv^hi-i Wiriams, Dec 24, i79> an 
wa^ tho dxMioj of tlu^ Fond of $v-^-''- to :he Coniire^^aii.-^na] S:»c*?er^" 
h.Mn ^Vs\ ^, X "•' ^. d'.od Sopt. to, iSnO ; l^a:h>heba, bom Dec ;;, iTT*^ 
mauiod \Vi)-.vd r.ukAvds d^od March :r6. 1553 : John Smiih, m 
xi^^n.^^v to ^^^ \ .^vJAxxSs K^*n Feb 14, ^T>-- '^'•ed in Miss^ss^prr^ 
M.^uh >S, hSi^ ; Anna, bo:n Fvb. 10, i*>r ; D:rc?s, br^rr Oc*. 2^ 
x"^'^!* n>uui>d TiiomAx Fxniar, of :':e <:>:crs abrve raroeft^ 
t^njio\|i \»^ A^>(^ f^wn^ ^o to 73 yea:^ met: r.-: *cr :be nrs: rim? for 



long period, attended church in this town, aird occupied the same 
pew during a Sabbath in the sumnner of 1844. It was an interesting 
sight, and rendered still more impressive from the fact that four were 
widows and the fifth was unmarried. 

John Smith, Sen., died May 16, 1822, aged 86; Sarah, his wife, 
Jan. 3, 1827, aged 82. 

Major Ambrose Stone, a resident of the town for seventy years, 
was born in Harvard, April 21, 1757. His pilgrim ancestor, Dea. 
Simon Stone, born 1585, came to New England in 1635, with his 
wife, Joan, daughter of William Clark, and four children : Frances, 
born 1619, married Rev. Thomas Green, first minister in Reading; 

Ann, born 1624, married Orne ; Simon, born 1631, married 

Mary Whipple; Mary, born 1632, married Nathaniel Stearns. Dea. 
Simon settled in Watertown, and had John, born 1635 > ^"^ Eliza- 
beth, born 1639. Simon, Jr., liad eleven children, of whom Rev. 
Nathaniel graduated at Harvard, 1690, settled in Harwich, and mar- 
ried a daughter of Gov. Hinckley. Simon, another son, removed to 
Groton. It was probably of this third Simon of whom Cotton 
Mather, in his Magnalia^ says : "Simon Stone was shot in nine places, 
and as he lay for dead the Indians made two hacks with a hatchet 
to cut his head off." He got well, however, and was a lusty fellow 
in Mather's time. He had nine children, one of whom, Simon 

fourth, a deacon, removed to Harvard, married Sarah , and 

had Simon, fifth, also deacon, born Sept. 10, 17 14, died in Green- 
wich about 1785; Ephraim, born Jan. 2, 1716; Oliver, born Jaa. 
20,1720; Sarah, born Jan. 27, 1722; Isaac, born Feb. 17, 1724; 
Hannah, born April 18, 1726 ; Elias, of Coleraine, born April 2, 
1728 ; Amos, born Sept. 9, 1729, married Edna, daughter of Ambrose 
Hale, Feb. 27, 1753, removed to Rodman, N. Y., where he died in 
Major Ambrose Stone said there were other sons : Micah, who 

ived near Boston; Israel and Aaron of Genesse county, N. Y. ; 
— A.bner, High Sheriff of Monroe Co., N. Y., and Moses. The daugh- 

ers married Ray and Clelland, and lived near Israel. 

olomon, another son, was killed in war. 

Children of Amos and Edna (Hale) Stone: Ambrose of Goshen, 
orn in Harvard, April 21, 1757 ; Amos of Urbanna, Steuben Co., 
. Y., born Sept. 28, 1759 ; Hannah, born Feb. 26, 1762, died 1787, 




in Ware ; Charles, died in Adams, N. Y., age^ 80 years ; Huldah, 

born 1764, married Keene, lived at Mt. Morris, N. Y. ; Cyrus, 

died in Hanover, Ind., about 1833 ; Manasseb, born 1773, died in Cas- 
tleton, N. Y., 1804; Oliver, born 1775, died in Darien, N. Y., had 
Francis, a teacher, and two daughters; Ashbel resided in Freeport, 
Ind.; Arnold, born 1777, was named by his brother Ambrose, who had 
served under Benedict Arnold, who at that time was in high esteem 
for courage and bravery. Arnold Stone resided in Rodman, N. Y., 
and visited his relatives in Goshen for the last lime in 1858, in com- 
pany with his son Joseph of Pawtucket. He had eleven children, of 
whom Cyrus Hale, born 1813, and Orin, born 1821, were lawyers; 
Oliver, born 1861, railroad agent in California; Ashbel, born 1818, 
a physician in London, C. W. 

Major Ambrose and Katherine (Partridge) Stone were married 
July 8, 1783. She was born in Brookfield, Jan. 16, 1762, died 
Dec. 5, 1851. 

Children : Pamela, born May 5, and died July 27, 1784. 
Alvan, born July 21, 1785, died Jan. 24, 1804. 
Luther, born March 17, 1788, died July 2, 1875. 
Rachel, born Sept. 5, 1790, died Nov. 12, 1875. 
Ambrose, born May 17, 1793, died April 2, 1863. 
Hannah, born Dec. 10, 1795, died Aug. 21, 1875. 
Frederick P., born Nov. 2, 1798, died Aug. 14, 1841. 
Pamela, born May 24, 1801, died Aug. 16, 1823. 
Alvey, born March 14, 1804, died Jan. 19, 1824. 
*' Alvan, born Aug. 15, 1807, died Feb. 13, 1833. 

The following obituary notice of Major Stone was published in the 
Hampshire Gazette: 

Died in Goshen, March 18, iS5f», Major Ambrose Stone, aged nearly 93 years. 
Major Stone was a man whose sterling worth deserves more than a passing notice. 
In whatever sphere he acted, the same prompt, energetic, independent course, char- 
acterized him. Consistent, benevolent, and of strict integrity, few have been more 
respected, or more beloved. roMMCsnlnn an ardent love of liberty, he entered the 
Revolutionary army at Boston, in April, i;;6, under command of Gen. Ward. In 
the month of August followin>^. he wrni to Ticonderoga, and from thence down the 
Lake, under conunand of Arnold. During the skirmishing upon the Lake, the 
Americans being overpowcrrtl by MUpoii(»r force, Arnold run his vessels ashore and 
burnt them. One of them however, rontaining seven or eight men, Major S. among 
the number, succeeded in navlnn ihclr vcmcI from the enemy, by rowing out of their 


reach. The British fired one round after them and gave up the chase. He 
remained in the army till January of the following year and then returned to his 
home in Greenwich, now Enfield Center. After the surrender of Ticonderoga, he 
again joined the army and was at the taking of l3urgoyne. He went into winter 
quarters at Valley Forge and remained till February, when he left the army. 

In April, 1780, he came to Goshen and built a fulling mill, which constituted, at 
that day, all the water machinery used in the clothiers* business. Carding, spinning 
weaving and dressing cloth were all done by hand. 

He had filled the most important offices in the gift of his townsmen, with honor 
to himself and satisfactorily to them. In 1803, he was appointed Coroner by Gov. 
Strong, which office he held during life. 

As an evidence of the conscientious discharge of his duty, it may be remarked, 
that he has voted at every election of Governor and President, since the adoption of 
the State and Federal constitutions. He has been a subscriber to the Hampshire 
Gazette ever since the issue of the first number to the time of his decease, a period 
of more than 63 years. He leaves a widow to mourn his loss, with whom he lived 
for sixty-seven years. 

Though not a member of a church, his consistent life and religious habits leave 
the hope to his friends, that he was prepared for a better world. During his last 
illness, which at times was very distressing, not a murmur escaped him. He finally 
expired without a struggle or groan. 

"Night dews fall not more gently to the ground. 

Nor weary worn-out winds expiie so soft." CoM. 

Col. Luther Stone, born 1788, married Mary, daughter of Malachi 
Jenkens, Sen., of Cummington, Oct. 24, 1816. She was born in Abing- 
ton, Jan. 25, 1795, died in consequence of being struck by lightning, 
July 16, 1866. 

Children : Amos Hale, born Sept ai6, 18J7 ; Augusta, born June 2, 
1819; Sophia, born March, 1821, died May 28, 1826; Edna, born 
Jan. 16, 1823, died Dec. 10, 1840; Alvey, born Jan. 17, 1825, mar- 
ried George Dresser; Sophia, born May 15, 1828, married Frederic 
S Billings ; Pamela, born July 27, 1836, died Jan. 22, 1846. 

The following obituary notice, of Col. Stone was published at his 
decease : 

Another aged citizen of Goshen, Col. Luther Stone, passed away July 2, 1875. 
He was the second son of Major Ambrose and Mrs. Katherine (Partridge} Stone, 
and was born in Goshen, March 17, 1788. There is probably no other 
person living who has been so long and so thoroughly identified with tht 
business interests of the town. He was early engaged with his father in carrying on 
the business of wool-carding and cloth-dressing, their works having been among the 
earliest, in this vicinity. In the war of 1812, they supplied a large amount of cloth 
for army purposes. Tke increase in the number of similar factories caused this 

Col. Luther Stone. 

.-. .. : ; «■• ■ 

* 1 ■• 

I •;• 

. . I 

Albutype— Porba i 

Col. Luther Stone. 


Appropriate reference was made to the life and character of the deceased, his firm 
integrity, his love of all that was right and true, and the controlling influence he had 
long exerted in the community where he lived. It was remarked by one that, "un- 
der what might be thought a little roughness of expression, he had the kindest 
heart he ever knew.'* The large number in attendance bore witness to the respect 
in which he was held. 

Amos H. Stone, only son of Col. Luther, born 1817, married first, 
Martha, daughter of Jacob Dyer, Nov. 16, 1843, ^"^ ^^^^ Martha, 
born Sept. 11, 1844, who married Henry Bush. Mr. Stone married 
second, Sophia NT., daup:hter of Willard Parsons, March 23, 1847. 
Children : Edward G., born Oct 12, 1848 ; Ambrose E., born Oct. 17, 
1850; Frank A., born May 20, 1853; Julia A., born Feb. 14, 1856; 
Mary S., born April 23, i860 ; Frederick P., born March 10, 1862. 

Ambrose E., son of Amos H., graduate of Yale College, 1874; was 
teacher several years in New York; married Katie O. Catterlin, Aug. 
25, 1879, ^s ^^"^ ^ lawyer in New York. 

Ambrose Stone, Jr., son of Major Stone, born 1793, married first, 
Nancy, daughter of Oliver Edwards, Sen , of Chesterfield, and had 
several children, most of them died young. Ann Eliza, aged 18, died 
in 1840; Alvan Alexis, grew up to manhood, removed to the West, 
married, and became superintending engineer for one or more rail- 
roads. He was soon after killed by a blow from the recoil of a cable 
rope which parted under severe tension, while replacing cars that 
had been thrown from the track. 

Ambrose, Jr., resided for many years in Williamsburgh and manu- 
factured woolen cloths where H. L. James now has a factory. He 
was an esteemed citizen, and was a member of the Legislature for one 
or two terms. He resided in Easthampton from 1847 ^^^^ ^'^ decease. 
He married second, Ardelia Bardwell, and had Nancy, born 1837, 
who died in the morning of life ; and Frederick P., born in Goshen, 
Sept. 5, 1844, enlisted from Easlhampton as a soldier in the civil 
war, died in the rebel prison at Andersonville. 

Frederick P. Stone, son of the Major, born 1798, married Lucy M. 
Smith of Whateley, Oct. 1833. He was a very public spirited man 
like his brothers, whole souled, genial, above reproach in all things 
and universally respected. He died in the midst of his usefulness, 
leaving many to mourn his early departure. 

Major Stone, the father, and each of his three sons who came to 
full maturity of manhood, Luther, Ambrose, and Frederick P., served 
one or more terms in the Legislature. 


Dea. Artemas Stone was probably a descendant of Dea. Gregory 
Stone, a younger brother of Dea. Simon. Dea. Gregory had a son 
Dea. Samuel, who also had a son Dea. Samuel. Dea. Samuel, Jr., 
had a son Joseph, born 1C89, died 1753, who had Joseph of Brook- 
field, born 17 14, who married Sarah Potter, 1744, and had Elizabeth, 
Silas, Dea. Artemas, Sarah, Joseph, Olive, Jonas, Silvanus. 

Joseph, Jr., 3d, was of Shrewsbury, married Lydia Rice, Nov. 18, 
1772, and had Sarah, Luke, Lewis, Eunice, Relief who married Seth 
White, Lucy who married Silas Burgess, and Joseph. 

Dea. Artemas, son of Joseph, Jr., 2d, married Jerusha Parsons, 
sister of Rev. Justin, and had Sarah, born about 1775, died June 17, 
1790; Wealthy, born 1779, died Nov. 23, 1799; Lydia, born 1782, 
died Nov. 11, 1787 ; Levi, born 1784, died -Dec. 9, 1787 ; Theodo- 
cia, born 1786, married Rev. Rufus Cushman. Dea. Artemas died 
Sept. 16, 1790, aged 43. Jerusha, his widow, married, second, 
Daniel Brown, Septi i, 1796; third. Major Jdsiah Lyman, April 10, 
1803. He died Nov. 18, 1822, aged 87, and she removed to Fair- 
haven, Vt., and probably spent the remainder of her days with her 
daughter, Mrs. Rufus Cushman. 

Silvenus Stone, probably the younger brother of Dea. Artemas, 
married Asenath, the daughter of Lieut. Lemuel Lyon (published 
Oct. 4, 1785), and afterwards removed to Wiiliamstown, where he 
kept a hotel for many years. His children were : Silas, who con- 
tinued the hotel, and died in Wiiliamstown ; Chester, who removed 
'to Bennington, Vt. ; Pomeroy, who removed West, dealt largely in 

grain and became wealthy. A daughter of Silvenus married 


Deacon Oliver Taylor was born in Brookfield, June 12, 1748, came 
to Goshen in 177 1, married Lilley Beals, 1774, and had three chil- 
dren : Polly, Naomi and Oliver. 

Polly married Gershom Cathcart, March 19, 1794, and had Oliver 
T., father of Thomas M. ; John E. ; Wealthy; Tryphena, who mar- 
ried Capt. George Abell, 1830; Polly, who married William Tilton, 
Dec. 25, i860. 

Naomi married Joseph Putney and died here. Oliver Taylor, Jr., 
married, first, Asenath Baker, Jan. 29, 180 1, and second, Eleanor 
King, July 8, 18 13, and removed to the West. His son Charles lives 
in Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Dea. Taylor was long a prominent man here, both in municipal 
and ecclesiastical affairs. As the leading officer in the church his 

HISTORY OF <i08UKX. 177 

course was marked by the conscieniious discharge of his duty under 
all circuinstatjces. He was a man of positive character, and evi- 
dently had much inHuence in keepiiijj; ihe sentiments of iho chtnch 
close up V) the •prevailinji orthodox standard. If then^ was any 
lack of a tolerant spirit in him. it v\i<s evidenily not because h<' Iove<l 
his nei<;hbor less but the truth more, lie served faithfully also in 
town affairs, and was honou-d by frecpient elections to positions of 

S:dathiel Tihon was one of the early settlers here, :nid united with 
the church in 1789. He was son of Josiah, son of Samuel, son of 
William of Lynn, who camt; from I^n^land about i')4o. The? chil- 
dren of Salathiel and Eunice Tilton wcmx* : Kimice, who nia»rird 
Erastus Gleason of Piainfield, Oct. 5, i8cS ; Josiah, who manied 
Mrs. Polly Tilton of Chilmark, 1815 ; Henjamin, who married, lirsl, 
Clemina Warner of Williamsburi^h, 1819, second, Mary (!Iark; 
Electa, who married Kli Judd of Northampton, May 30, 1826 ; Wil- 
liau), who niarried, first, Aurelia Converse, April i;;, 1826, second, 
Polly Caihcart, Dec. 25, i860 ; Stephen West, who marrit-d Naticy 
Ames, 1830. Mr. Salathiel Tilton died March 30, 1842, a^erl 84. 
His wife, Eunice, died 18 18. 

Benjamin and Clemina Tilton had Warner, Eunice, and perhaps 
another. Removed to South Deerfield. 

William and Aurelia Tilton had Sophia, who married Samiel A, 
Meriilt, xApril 12, 1856; Mary S., who married John L. (Godfrey, 
May 24, 1854; Sarah C, who married Israel Graves. ]r., of North- 
ampton, Jan. I, 1861 ; Spencer Tilton, unmarried, resides on ihe 
old homestead. William, the father, diefl C>ct. 15, 1869, aied 76. 

Children of Stephen West and Nancv Tilto?) : J>ea. Henrv H., 
wh'j married Julia V.. Snow, ?,iay 25, 1857, and removed t'> Wil'iams- 
burjjh. One of his children and (h- mo'her of his v/ife were 
drowned May 16, 1874, in (he fearftd IIo'kI oansfrd by tl)e breaking 
awav of tile rescivoir in Willi;i:iisr>ur;:li More ?!»»•) oi^* [>■■.! rlr^-d 
atid fifiv others were drowned at the s;ini'r tiirr-, ,.!.d nun v flwf-Vi.nv- 
ho-.i*»cs and isidls were entirely swep" a \ .1 . 

E-nma W, the eldest daughter of S. W. ,ind N'ii»<'y, niarri^d 
Avcrv W. Adiims. .Mav 2 c, 18-4, an 'I removerl to F'"arib;inlf, Minn. • 
Va^fi removed to Conway, and mi/ri^-d - Mowla-d ; Snc;.]M, rnar 
rird ; George, who left hi<; stodifs -orl ^nlisf^-d in f|-^" F"ir-;t 


Mass. Cavalry, Aug. 1862, died Dec. 21, 1863, ^^ wounds received at 
Fredericksburg. John, the youngest son, resides in Conway. John 
C. died March 3, 1849. Edward died May 28, 1861, aged 16. Mr. 
S. W. Tilton died May 23, 1855, aged 55. Mrs. Nancy Tilton mar- 
ried, second. Gen. Asa Rowland of Conway, March 6, 1861. 


The late Ralph Utley, of this town, was grandson of Col. Thomas 
Knowlton, who took an active part in the battle of Bunker Hill, 
and was killed in the fight at Harlem Heights, Sept. 16, 1776. 
It may be of interest to the reader to know that in Col. Trum- 
bull's picture of the **BattIe of Bunker Hill,*' which is so often 
seen, Col. Knowlton is represented as standing next behind 
the person who is supporting the head of the wounded Gen. Warren, 
Col. Knowlton is represented as being in the act of discharging his 
gun at the British soldiers, who seem to be attempting to thrust a 
bayonet into the breast of the fallen hero. Mr. Utley's mother was 
sister of Col. Knowlton, and was from Ashford, Conn. 

Levi Vinton, youngest son of Nathaniel and Anne of Braintree, born 
June 5, 1760, came to this town probably in 1777. He enlisted Oct. 
I, of that year, from Chesterfield, for three years, in Capt. Hasting's * 
Co. He married Jerusha Fenton of Williamsburgh, May 15, 1787. 

Children: Samuel, born Feb. 22, 1788, married Eliza Cornwell ; 
Martha, born Sept. 20, 1789, married \Vm. Miller, March 3, 1812 ; 
Electa, born Sept. 8, 1791, married James Sheen, Jan., 1812 ; Lucin- 
da born Feb. 12, 1793, married Arvin Nash, Oct. 11, 1814 ; Laura, 
born Sept. 23, 1797, unmarried ; Orpha, born Nov. 14, 1799, married 
Samuel Cole ; Eunice, born April 23, 1802, married first, T. F. Upton, 
second, H. Conant; Jerusha, born Oct. 11, 1804, married Seth Shaw; 

Hannah, born Aug. 5, 1807, married Harrington; Levi- born 

Oct. 2, 1810, removed to California. Mr. Vinton resided Jn Goshen 
till 1817, when he removed to Hartland, N. Y., where he died Sept 
20, 1820. His wife died eight days previously. 

The children of Lucinda and Arvin Nash, according to the Vinton 
genealogy, were born as follows : Eunice, July 8, 181 7, who married 
Capt. F. Rice ; Jacob Spencer, July 22, 1825, died in Goshen, April 
7, 183 1 ; Martha J., Aug. 13, 1827, married Charles C. Lamb of 
Maumee City, Ohio, Sept. 8, 1851 ; Maria, May 8, 1833, born in 



Capt. Robert Webster came here in 1762, bringing his wife Molly, 
and probably one child, an infant. His children were : Hannah, who 
married Joseph Jepson, 1780 ; Anne, who married Watson Robinson 
of Cummington, 1784; Molly, who married Abial Barrows, 1786; 
Achsah, who married Sylvanus Burk, 1785 ; Susannah, who married 
Jacob Nash, Jr., Feb. 23, 1792 ; Robert, who married Rebekah Ham- 
ilton of Conway. Capt. Webster died and his widow married Joel 

Children of Robert, Jr., and Rebekah Webster : Mary, who married 
Bradley Packard of Conway, Dec. 2, 183 1 ; Caroline, who married 
Franklin Nararaore ; Wm. H., who married Martha, daughter of 
Hattil Washburn; Robert F., who married Mary, daughter of Theo- 
dorc Parsons, Nov. 28, 1844; Elizabeth, who married Chas. Childs 
of Conway, Nov. 17, 1847, and removed to Montreal. 

Children of William H. and Martha Webster : Louisa, married 
Edmund L. Dawes ; Ellen L., born Aug. 22, 1847, died Nov. 21, 1850 • 
Ellen M., born Oct. 14, 1850, removed to Easthampton. 

Children of Robert F. and Mary P. Webster : Belle P., born Oct. 
30, 1845, married Myron Avery of Easthampton, and has a daughter 
Maud ; Julia E., born Nov. 12, 1848, married Freebun E. White, 
May 2, 1875 > Frank H., born Jan. 9, 185 1, employed on a western 
railroad ; Fred P., born Sept. 30, 1852, died April 12, 1854. Robert 
F, Webster died Jan 7, 1857, aged 38 years. Mrs. Belle P. Avery 
wields the pen of a ready writer and has shown decided talent in her 
contributions to the newspaper press. 

Mr. Hattil Washburn was born in New Bedford, 1780 or '81, and 
was the eldest of a family of seven boys and six girls ; came here 
when nine years of age, and lived in the family of Dr. Burgess four- 
teen years. He died here upwards of eighty years old. He married 
Martha, sister of Ebenezer Putney, 2d, and had Alanson, married 
Lydia Robinson, 1830.; Hattil; Amos; Oscar; Martha, who married 
Wm. H. Webster; Minerva, who married first, Luther Kellogg, 1835, * 
— parents of George — second, Rodney Hawks, Oct., 1856, and had 

Mary, born Dec. 27, 1858 ; Mary, who married Holmes of 

Northampton, and had Frank and another son. Sidney, son of Hattil, 
Sen., died March 14, 1824, aged 21. Semantha, daughter, died Nov. 
30, 1825, aged 16. Hattil Washburn, Jr., married Loiza, daughter 
«f Ebenezer Putney, 2d, April 15, 1834; she died Feb. 3, 1837, aged 


27. He married second, Betsey Ewell, Oct 8, 1839, she died May 27, 
1852. He married third, Julia Elwell, (published Nov. 27, 15^52,) 
removed to Northampton. 

Tint Weeks family of this town were descendants of George and 
Jane, of the first settlers in Dorchester. Their son, Amiel, married 
Elizabeth, and had Supply Weeks, who was horn Aug. 26, 167 1, and 
removed to Marlboro. He married Susanna, daughter of Thomas 
Barnes, June 4, 1699, she died Jan 15, 17 12, and he married. March 
.10, 1715, Mary Holland of Framin*;ham. He died Sept. 22, 1755. 

Children of Supply and Susanna Weeks : Thomas, born Sept. 5, 

1700, married Hannah ; Jemima, born Feb. 23, 1702, married. 

May 19, 1730, Isaac Tomblin ; Abi»;aii, born Jan. 26, 1704; Amiel, 

born Oct. 13, 1705, married Mary ; John, born March 3, 1707, 

married Dinah Keyes ; Elijah, bom Feb. 4, 1710; Susanm, born 
Jan. ir, 1712, married Jan. 30, 1734, Ephraim Ward. 

'J'homas Weeks, born Sept 5, 1700, married Hannah Holland, 
born Aug. 27, 1704, probably of Marlboro. Their ciiikiren were: 
Hannah, born Feb. 3, 1725 ; Ruth, birn Dec. 2, 1726 ; Sam- 
uel, born March 31, 1729 ; Eunice, born Sept. 19, 1730, died 1731 ; 
Phebe, born Jan. 13, 1733; Thomas, born April 21, 1735 ; Eunice, 
born Aug 15, 1737 ; David, born Jan. i, 1740 ; Holland, born Aug. 
14, 1742; Amiel, born March i, 1745. 

Capt. Tliomas Weeks, born April 21, 1735, removed to Brookfield 
and married Mercy Hinckley, July, 1759. She was (laughter of Job 
and Sarah (Tufts*) Hinckley. Job, born Feb. 16, 1688, was son of 
Samuel, born at Barnstable, Feb. 14, 1652, was son of Gov. Thomas 
Hinckley, born in England, in 1618, came to New England, 1635. 
Mercy Hinckley, who married Capt. Thomas Weeks, was born Sept. 
22, 1737. She had two brothers killed by the Indians, probably in the 
''Bars Fight," 1746. Her brother Samuel, born Oct. 15, 1730, was 
father of Judge Samuel Hinckley of Northampton, born Dec. 22, 1757, 
graduate of Yale College, 1781, Judge of Probate, 1818 to 183^. 
Sarah, sister of Mercy, born Feb. 27, 1734, married John Ranger; 
Mary, another sister, married Samuel Grimes ; David, a brother of 
Judge Hinckley, nephew of Mercy, born Oct. 19, 1764, an eminent 
and wealthy merchant of Boston. He built and owned the granite 

* The writer has a pewWr platler with "S. T." the initials of Sarah Tufts, stamped 
upon it, which was prohal)ly a part of her marriage out (it. 


structure at the corner of Beacon and Somerset streets, now in pos- 
session of ihe Congregationalists and occupied by several of their 
leading societies. It is said to have been the first granite building 
erected in Boston. 

Capt. Thomas Weeks was born in Marlboro, but early removed to 
Brookfield. In 1762 he was appointed a deputy sheriff of Worcester, 
and subsequently of Hampshire County, in which office he served 
acceptably for many years. He lived in Greenwich from 1770 to 
1778, and during that time served two or three years in the army, 
acting as paymaster, and attaining the rank of captain. He was with 
our troops at the surrender of Ticonderoga, where, in common with 
other officers, he suffered the loss of his camp equipage, clothing, etc. 
He removed to Chesterfield Gore, and was instrumental in its incor- 
poration as a town in 1781, of which he was the first town clerk, and 
held the office several years. He was delegate to the State conven- 
tions in 1779-80, which formed the constitution. He was much em- 
ployed in public affairs, and was prominent as a surveyor of land and 
school teacher. His old blaze, a crow*s foot, is occasionally found in 
late years. Alvin. Barrus, his great-grandson, has the- compass that 
he used a hundred years ago. It was probably made by him. He 
died in 1817, aged 82 years. He left many papers relating to the 
affairs of his times and several journals. 

Children of Capt. Thomas and Mercy (Hinckley) Weeks : Mercy, 
born April 18, 1762, married John Williams; Elijah, born Aug. 23, 
1764, married Sarah Balchelder, 1793 ; Sarah, born May 15, 1766, 
married Cyrus Stearns. The above were born in Brookfield. Ezra, 
born in Greenwich, May 10, 1772; Calvin, born July 6, 1774, died 
Feb. 10, 1801 ; Levi, born Oct. 22, 1776 ; Luther, born Dec. 23, 1778, 
died, 1779; Kata, born in Goshen, Jan. 4, 1781, married first, Au- 
gustus Belding 1802, second. Liberty Bowker of Savoy. Capt. Weeks 
died Apr. 20, 1817. His wife died Feb. 5, 1822. Her name on page 
41 is erroneously given as Mary. 

Children of Elijah and Sarah (Batchelder) Weeks : Jared, born 
Apr. 5, 1794; Laura, born June 30, 1795 y Lydia, born Apr. 3, 1796, 
died, 1800; Sophronia, born March 9, 1800; Clara, born Feb. 7, 
1802 ; Hiram, born June 24, 1804 ; Liscom, born July 6, 1806 ; 
,Vashli, born Nov. 6, 1808; Solomon, born April 30, 1811; John 
Waterman, born Aug. 6. 1813 ; Sarah C, born June 16, 1817. Eli- 
jah Weeks removed to Scipio, N. Y. 


Ezra Weeks, who came to ihis town with his father when about s'x 
years old, learned the trade of carpenter and builder, and when a 
young man removed to New York. He was successful in business, 
became quite wealthy, and was president of one of the city banks. 
He married a Miss Hitchcock, and had one son, Alfred Augustus, 
born July lo, 1804, a lawyer, who died unmarried, July 26, 1847. ^^^ 
eldest daughter, Mary Ann, born April 17, 1798, married Dr. Mar- 
tyn Paine, one of the leading physicians of the city. She died Jan. 
10, 1852. Caroline Louisa, the only other child, born Aug. 11, 1802, 
marriedDr. Stephen Brown. 

After retiring from business he resided a few years at Canaan Cen- 
ter, N. Y., but on the death of his son, returned to the city, where he 
died about thirty years since. He was a man of much practical wis- 
dom, and one of his mottoes, worthy to be remembered, was this of 
Addison — "A well bred man will not offend me, and no oiher can." 

In a letter to an aged sister, dated in 1846, he tells the story of his 
later years in the following language : 

Will yoii excuse me if I say a few words respecting myself. Perhaps iherc is no 
man living that h^ns been m«)re highly blessed through a long life than I have been. 
I have never lacked monef to purchase anything that I desired for my comfort or 
pleasure. Everything I touched seemed to turn to gold until I was past fifty years 
of age, and I was proud of being rich. IJut a kind Providence seeing my worldly 
heart, in order to humble me, took four-fifihs of my property from me, but as it did 
not embarrass me. the public were not aware of the extent of my loss. I retired, 
supposed to be rich and not in the least humbled. But soon after the great fire in 
New York (Dec, 1835,) which took off one half I had left, this humbltd me to the 
dust, and with the aid of my heavenly dream, which I think I related lo you, I was 
brought to my senses. That dream caused me to see my dependence upon my 
Saviour, and I rejoiced at my losses and felt grateful that I had enough left to make 
' me comfortable. Now I care no more for money than the dust under my feet, any 
farther than what I want to purchase my comforts. I have enough for my own 
use, if I had more I should give away more. I cannot now do much for the poor 
which was always my delight. I gave each of my children a handsome property be- 
fore I lost any, and they are richer now than I am, and very respectable in the com- 
munity, which is a great consolation to me. My son-in-law, Dr. Paine, is a Profes- 
sor in the medical college of the University in New York. He is considered one of 
the most learned physicians in this country. He has written several books which 
have attracted much attention in Europe. 

I am very happy with ray children. My son takes charge of all my worldly con- 
cerns and I am as free from trouble as a man can be and live in it, and I am still 
blessed with excellent health. How can I find language to express my gratitude to 
my Heavenly Father for his merciful kindness. ****** 


[Note. The loss of property to which Mr. Weeks refers, occurred in this manner : An 
old Quaker, in whom he placed the utmost confidence, desired a loan of sixty thousand 
dollars, to be i*epnid within a short time. The loan was made, but when the time of pay- 
ment approached, the man came for an extension of time, and represented that he could 
not pay it at all, unless he could borrow sixty thousnn<l dollars more. To save the first 
sixty thousand, Mr. Weeks advanced the second sixty thousand, and finally lost the whole 
sum. Among his most profitable early investments probably was the purchase of seven 
acres of land in the north part of New York city at $300 per acn-.] 

David Weeks, born 1740, brother of Capt. Thomas, mairied Eu- 
nice Rockwood. Children : Silas R., mairied Ruth Hewitt; Esther, 
married Samuel Fellows, who removed from Shelhume t » VVaiertown, 
N. Y., 1800; David, born 1776, died, 1851, married PoUy WiNon ; 
Eunice, married Samuel Kellogg, remove d to Ohio ; Justin, born 
1776, married Betsey Warren, removed to Watertown, N. Y., died 
1855 ; Elijah, died 1815 ; Phebe, married Bates ; Persis, mar- 
ried Robbins ; Amiel, married Lucy, daughter of Stephen War- 
ren, removed from Goshen to Geauga Co., Ohio, 1828. 

Children of Amiel and Lucy Weeks : Silas, Luther, Aaron, Miran- 
da, born 1824; Maria; Esther, born 1826; Cynthia, born 1832. 

In the early st-iilcmcnr of this state, two immigrants named Wil- 
liams. appc;ir and perform leading parts in their respective towns. 
Their n nnc^ were Roberi, who settled in Roxbury, and Richard, 
who settled in Taunton, and was called the "father of the town." 
Each of thebe men was at h:ast the father of a numerous posterity, 
and were worthy of remembrance. Whether they were near relatives, 
we are not informed. Both were said to be of Welsh origin, and 
both relatives of Oliver Cromwell, whose original name was Williams, 
and was changed to Cromwell by King James, that he might inherit 
an estate of his aunt's husband. 

In a letter of Roger Williams, the original Jiaptist in this country, 
he alludes to his ^'brother," who had sent a paper of some kind for 
the consideration of the people. Mr. Baylies, the Taunton historian, 
thereupon raises the query whether Richard of Taunton be not this 
very brother, but Mr. Savage, the genealogist, doubts the correctness 
of the suggestion. In a book entitled "The Ministry of Taunton," it 
is said of Richard Williams, "the blood of a Cromwell coursed 
through his veins." 

He was a rigid Puritan. When deaf and blind from age, he was 
accustomed to attend public worship, saying that "although he could 
neither see nor hear, yet it was according to his feelings to know he 
was present while the people of God were at their worship." 

184 HISTOKY OF <;()S1IKN. 

He \v.i-. cnt- of the ori:;in:il i^iirriMsn^ of llif tract of Irmcirroin the 
CoiKin: (.'■ l!.c!..i:is, \\l) ''ii \\\;s Un')un as -nr "Ivi^iit-Mile IScjiMve," and 
was i:: ..■! iK r|)( n :i'c(i .ls I\n:iilon. lie was Dt-puiy for many 
ye rs { m :,, .• tfnvn :-» t':v ••(I'd! :\\\d (icML-iai Conri" in Piynioulh. 

'II." \'. i . I >.s i.imircs >.i' Wr, ':!."! mshii I'' h and Goshen are tlie de- 
scen<{ M Is o: ;ii:s l\.i("l)ai il. il<* born in 1599, an(i married 
Frances l)i.'!i:(>n, sisfcr of ihe wife of Gov. Thomas Dudley ; they had 
eight (Jiilclicn, of whom Benjamin was ihe sixth son. He married 
Rebecca Mac}', or Marcy, March 18, 1690. They had four children. 
John, the youngest, was born March 27, 1699. This John resided 
in Taunton, he died about 1780. His widow, Elizabetii, sur- 
vived him. Their son John, born about 1728, resided for a time ii> 
Middleboro', whence he removed to Williamsbnrgh, where he died 
Dec. I, 1802. The name of his wife was Rhoda Crowell, probibly 
from Chatham, Mass. She died in Williamsburgh, Feb. 22, 1814. 
Children: John; Jonah; Joseph; Abigail, who married John 
Stearns of Goshen ; Mrs. Nathan Starks. Gross Williams, Esq., 
resided in Williamsburgh and reared a large family. One of his 
daughters married Edward Geie, the mother of the wide-awake and 
talented editor of. the Hampshire Gazette — Henry S. Gere, Esq. 
John and Jonah removed to this town, about 1777, or '78, and set- 
tled in that part of it called **Chesterfield Gore." John was the. first 
postmaster of the town, and resided where his son Hinckley now 

John, born April 23, 1755, married Mercy, daughter of Cap!. 
Thomas Weeks. 

Children: Hannah, born Dec. 16, 1780, married, first, Thomas 
Porter, 1804, second, Capt. N. Tower, died Dec. 31, 1861 ; Sally, 
born Aug. 24, 1782, died, unmarried, July 30, 1870; Isaac, born 
Feb. 24, 1784, married Polly, daughter of Dr. Burgess, 1806, died 
Sept. 8, 1807 ; Mercy, born Aug. 17, 1785, married Benj. W. Miller, 
1807, died Dec. 10, 1876 ; John, Jr., born Sept. 16, 1787, died 1788 ; 
John, Jr., of Ashfield, born April 6, 1789, married a daughter of Rev. 
David Todd, died April 4, 1879 ; Seth of Cummington, born May 9, 
179 1, married Sarah, daughter of Dr. Burgess, May 20, 18 13, died 
Dec. 23, i860, in Madison, Iowa : Clarissa, born March 29, 1793, 
died i»o2 ; Eunice, born Feb. 28, 1795, married Freeman Coffin, 
died 1826 ; Levi, born April 4, 1797, married Harriet Arms, died in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, June 28, 1848 ; Thomas, born Jan. 4, 1799, died 



^"&-> ^#99- Eliza K., born Aiij;. lo, 1800, married Geo. Maikham, 
June 2, 1S35 : Claiissa, born An-j;. 29, 1802, died 1803; Geor^^e, 
"born Oct. 23, 1804, died Mirrch i, 1824 ; Hinckley, born Dec. 7, 
1806. Sarah, wife of Seth Williams, died June 26, 1S44. 

Hinckley Williams married Klvira A., (iiiiighler of Judge Wrig^ht 
^Df Pownal, Vt., Jan. 9, 1833. 

Children : Clarinda Bonidman, born Aup:. 31, 1836 ; Hinckley 
"^Vright. born Oct-. 8, 1844, ^^^^^^ Aug. 25, 1864 — a student in Amherst 
!^ollege ; Sarah Russell, born May 3, 1850. 
Clarinda B., daughter of Hinckley Williams, graduate of Charles- 
t own Female Seminary, married, June 6, 1860, Hon. Lucius Manlius 
^IBoltwood, graduate of Andierst College, 1843 ; member of the Mas- 
sachusetts Senate, iSjo-i ; l/d^rarian of Public Library in the cty 
f Hartford for several years, now of New Haven; historian and 
enealogist of hi^ih repute. 

Sarah Russell Williams, vounirest daughter (^f Hinckley and Klvi- 
a Williams, was a young lady of more than usual attainments and 
ibility. She was a graduate of West field Normal School in 1868, 
md for seven years afterwards u.>-^ a prondnent and successful teach- 
*r in Hartford, Conn. In 1873 s!ie formed one of a party of teach- 
ers who visited the Vien».i I'^xhibition. Two vears later an affection 
■ff the throat and lungs <'».:.!*«■ l'*d her to give up teaching, and for 
our years she sjjcnt most of \\r\ tune in California and Colorada, in 
he hope of regaining her health. Tin sirug'.;U* was in vain, and she 
ied in Boulder, Col., Aug. 24, 1S79. aged 29 years. She had a 
^=^tror)jy and ready svmoalhv for those in sullerin;:, and did much to 
'^-Orijjhten the lives of others, like h.erself, f:\r f<oTn home. She was 
-^^^miable, energetic, persevering-, with a controlling will that made her 
^"^ leader wherever she was. Shti l)r.)ni;lu to iu.-r (ro-iiien home in my 
^ iiieresting memenloesof hertrave'.s, wii'cii are highly prized as niemen- 
oes of herself. I'he obtainini^of one of these, a I'me band)oo lod trom 
?iftiama, shows her power to iiUeresi and inlluence even slrangeis. 
Vhfen crossiiig the Isthmus, she requested the conductor to stop the 
rain near a grove they were passing, that she mijiht obtain a .^ptci- 
^ "^leii rod to carry home. 'I'he conductor complied, and sent one of 
'*^>is men, who brought her the desired keepsake. 

Louisa, daughter of Capt. Nathaniel and Hannah (Williams) 
'ower, graduated at the young ladies' seminary in Charlestown, and 
aught in the High Schools in Chicopee, Mass., and in Michigan. 


She married Hon. John C. Dexter of Evart, Mich., and died%in that 
place, Feb. 23, 188 1, aged 60 years. 

Almirn, second daughter of Capt. Nathaniel and Hannah Tower, 
married Warren J. Ball, Oct. 30, 1845, '^"^ ^^^^^ Delia A., who mar- 
ried Allen R. Stanley, Sept. 22, 1869 ; Charles W., born July 3, 1849 ; 

John Williams w^s Justice of the Peace, a good business man,, 
careful and prudent, and an esteemed citizen. He was one of the 
founders and chief supporters of the Baptist church in this town, and 
lived and died a consistent member of that branch of the christian 
church. He died Nov. 15, 1834. 

Squire Williams was a man of much shrewdness as well as solidi- 
ty of character, and amassed a respectable property. He had a 
habit of drawing lessons from circunistances, that was often made 
quite instructive to others. He-sometlmes related for this purpose, 
his al tempt at learning to sing. When he first came to the town he 
said he joined the choir, thinking he might not only learn losing but. 
be able to do a little good in that line. During the singing of the 
first tune, the chorister gave him a friendly nudge, saying : '" Mf.. 
Williams, you haven't quite got the pilch." Again Williams started 
off with redoubled power, and again came the reminder, **Williams, 
you haven't got the pitch.*' "1 sat down upon thai," said VV^illiams, 
**and I have since seen a great many men who be;;in life with as ear- 
nest an effort 10 do something, as I made to sing, but they fail, 
because tlfvy (tou't (fvt thv pitch, '^ A fellow, who was in the habit of 
imbibing too freely when he had 'the opportunity, brought a bottle, 
saying his father was sick and had sent him for a pint of rum. 
*'J<)hn," said W., "I believe you are trying to deceive me; you want 
the lii[ii{>r for yourself." **No," said John, **father is sartinly sick and 
wants me to huiry right back with it, and he told me not to taste of 
il, and 1 won't, sartin." '*Well, John, if you promise that you woq't 
tast«*, I'll liJl iht' bottle." John promised, the bottle was filled, and 
boitle and hoy went olV together. In a few minutes, however, both 
came bai Iv, Jolui in a rage and the bottle empty. "Mr. Williams f 
Mr. Willi. uns : you filled my bottle with water!" "How did you 
find that «>ul ?" eoolly inquired the merchant. "Well — I didn't know 
but il miglil be water, and I thought," said John, "I'd better just try 
it and see." 


Of the sons of Squire Williams, Scth was a prominent business 

man in Cuinmington for many years ; John was a merchant in Ash- 
field ; Levi in Northampton ; Hinckley i.ii Goshen ; and each c-f them 
noted for energy of character and devotion to business. 

Jonah Williams, brother of Squire John, married Anna Graves of 
Katfield in 1791. A large family gf sons and daughters was born 
unto them, and grew up to manhood and womanhood. The sons 
were Arfemas, Amasa, Abishai, George, Jonah, Daniel and William ; 
the daughters, Ann, who married Lyman Randall, May 31, 1827; 
Clarissa, who married Thomas Thayer, June 18, 1828; Wealthy, who 
married Harvey Nichols of Chester, Ohio, April 17, 1834; and 
Phebe married in the West. William was a graduate of Amherst 
College, in the same class with Henry Ward Beecher. He and his 
youngest sister, Phebe, were for many years engaged in the South in 
the work of teachit^g, and he was subsequently professor in Lagrange 
Colle*go, Alabama. Upon the bteaUintj: out of the rebellion he came 
North, and in 1864 made a six weeks' tour of volunteer service 
among the so!difrs of the army of the Polomar. His labors were of 
a deeply interesting character, and in Camp Distribution there was 
almost a continuous revival while he was there. He distributed 
thousands of religious newspapers, tracts, testaments, preached often, 
delivered addresses on temperance, and participated extensively in 
religious meetings. President Lincoln at a later date appointed him 
hospital chaplain at Memphis, Tenn. At the close of the war he 
returned South, where he died several vears since. 

Artemas Williams removed to South Deerfield. He died Feb. 7, 
18S1, aged 88 years, 9 months, 7 days. The following notice of him 
is taken from an obituary published in the Conj;regationalist : 

Mr. Williams was born in Goshen in 1792. His ancestors were of Welsh origin, 
relatives of Oliver Cromwell, whose original name was Williams. The direct ances- 
tor, Richard Williams, was one of the original purchasers of the tract of land from 
the Cohannet Indians, known as the eight-mile square, and was in 1640 incorpora- 
ted as Taunton. lie was called the father of the town. His descendents were the 
earlier settlers of Goshen and Williamsburg, for whom the town of Williamsburg 
was named. 

Mr, Williams received his early training at the district school in his native town, 
with the loved playmate of his boyhood. Rev. Levi Parsons, one of the first mis- 
sionaries of the American Board to Palestine, and later at Pardon Hallock's School 
for boys at Plainfield, an institution widely known in those days for thorough 
iastruction in the common branches and for good moral training. He was married 


in 1817 to .1 (laughter of Capt. Elijah Arms, a lineal descendant of Rev. John Wil- 
liams, the first minister of Ueerfield.who was captured and carried to Canada by 
the Indians. He was one of the founders of the South De«rfield Congregational 
Parish in iSiS; only one member survives him. When the church was built he 
eontributed generously for its erection, and brought from Hartford with his team 
the bell that for many years called the worshipers at the sanctuary he loved, and 
where for more than sixty years he was never known tt» be absent on the Sabbath 
nnless detained by sickness or the infirmities of age. He was elected parish clerk 
in 1822, and held that office over forty years. The old parish book, containing 200 
pages of records in the clear handwriting of Mr. Williams, is treasured by thefam' 
ily as a sacred heir-loom and is of great historic value. At his house the earlier 
niinisiers of the parish were examined for settlement, and his house was always 
the minister's home. For years the weekly church meetings were held there, and 
there many p worker in educational and benevolent causes was entertained by the 
hospitable Christian man. 

In the enterprise of securing funds for the IJloodv Brook Monument he took an 
active part. For nineteen years he was a member of the board of assessors of 
Deerfield. Esteemed as a citizen and magistrate, beloved by all who knew him,* 
there was but one expression in regard to him, that of entire confidence, love and 
esteem. His kindiv traits of character shone out so that there was no doubt of 
what there was within. Such trans])arent honesty and so iiigh a standard of Chris- 
tian principles as were his, that not to make mention of them would seem to be an 
injustice. He was a rigid Puritan. When in eaily life the Holy Spirit revealed to 
him a Saviour mighty co save, he thus narrates in his journal the great change : 

"One Sabbath morning, after long struggles and darkness, on my way to the 
sanctuary, the clouds were scattered, light broke in upon my soul, and the infinite 
love of God in all His beauties and glories was revealed to me. I had nothing to 
do but accept and be snved. Christ had done the work, and in the full assurance 
«f faith made xwt. believe in Jesus, and all was happy." 

Mr. Daniel Williams and Miss Permelia, daujjhter of Mr. Silas 
lilako of Ashfieid were married Nov. 12, 1828. The fiftieth anni- 
vtMsjiiy of ihcir marriage — tbe golden wedding — was observed Nov. 
12, 1H78, at liieir residence in this town. The foUowinoj account of 
ihi* ivcnt is condensed from the Hampshire Gazette, William Ban- 
ned i of Chesici field was master of ceremonies; Miss Fannie Hawks 
and Mis. T. V, Lyman had charge of ihe entertainment. The wood 
thai made the lire for the cooking was in the woodshed fifty years 
aRo. i'wo tai>le cloths made by Mrs. Williams and some of the 
« ii»(k«*iy <m the* tables had been in use by the family for fifty years. 
ron^r.Hiilatoiv temaiks were made by Mr. Hinckley Williams, M. 
Alanson Washburn, Rev. Edward Clarke, Rev. C. B. Ferry and 
Henry S. (Irir, Ks(|., of Northampton. 


Mr. Washburn was present at the original wedding fifty years ago. He was one 
of the famous corps of stage drivers that drove on the route from Northampton to 
Pitfsfield and Albany. He took a four-horse team and a "Concord coach" and 
took the bridegroom from his home on the day of the wedding, and drove to the 
home of the bride, about two miles distant, and brought them back. 

The remarks made were of a pleasant character, and it was noticed as notewor- 
thy that there was so much that could be said. Mr. and Mrs. Williams are among 
the most solid and substantial people of the town. Tiiey have been remarkable for 
their industry and thrift, and tlieir example is a good one for the younger people to 

After the remarks, a poem selected I'or the occasion was sung by Mrs, Vining of 
Williamsburg. During the afternoon, supper was served to 65 guests seated at 
the table in frequent relays. Letters were read by Mr. Bancroft from Frederick W. 
Lyman ot Kenosha, Wisconsin, Rev. J. C. Thompson of IJelvidere, III., and N. H. 
Wood of Portage, Ohio, all former lesidents of CJoshen or us vicinity. A letter 
was read from Mr. Williams' brother, Mr. Artemas Willia'ns of South Deerfield, 
now 86 years of age, and blind. There were present three of the original wedding 
guests — Mr. Ilosea HIake of Ashfield, aged 83, Mr. Hinckley Williams and Mr. 
Washburn. Also, several other aged people, among them Mrs. Hosea Blake, aged 
78, Mr. Kmmons Putney, 79 years old, and as smart as a steel trap, and Mrs. 
Hinckley Williams, 69 years old. Also, Mr. and Mrs. Joshua Knowlton, of Nortl>- 
ainpton, Representative Hiram Packard, Mr. and Mrs. (). G. Spelman and Mrs. 
Lyman D. James of Williamsburgh, and Miss Millie W. Warren of New York, the 
latter, the adapted daughter of Mr. Williams. 

Mr. and Mrs. Williams are now 74 and 71 years of age and still hale and hearty. 
They live on the old road from (}oshen to Ashfield, in the house built by hisfjther^ 
Jonah William.s, in 1816. It was built for a tavern, and was kept as such several 
years, until the division of the county cut off the travel from Ashfield, Charlemont^ 
and other towns in that reg'on to Northampton as the shire town, which spoilt 
their tavern business The house has been famous for its parties, and good cheer 
and hospitality have always abounded. One of the old landmarks in the house is 
a large eight-day clock, bou«;lu by Mr. Williams' father 70 years ago, and has been 
doing faithful service eVer since. 

Mr. Williams relates that he has never called a ])hysician for himself but four 
limes in his life, and then he went for him himself. Once when the Doctor came, 
he was feeling so much better that he dismissed him and called for his bill. The 
Doctor charged him five dollars, saying, '*! could have kept you along a good 
while, if 1 had had a mind to.'' That Doctor was "old Dr. Knowlton," of Ashfield. 
and the iificident occurred forty years ago. 

An address, prepared for the occasion by Hiram Barrus, Esq., of the Boston Cus- 
tom House, was read by Rev. B. C. Ferry, of Northampton, and was listened to 
very attentively by all present. 


It is not the first time that some of u< gather here to pass a pleasant hour and 
evening. For many years Mr. and Mis. Williams annually invited the choir of 


singers belonging to their society and other friends, to meet here and devote an 
evening to social converse and singing. It may not be out of place to remark that 
the choir in its day has done much good singinor, and has included in its member* 
ship many worthy persons of each generation. Among its leaders of long ago were 
Dca. Asahel Billings, Frederick P. Stone, Dea. Elijah Billings, J. M. Smith, and 
Major Joseph Hawkes, who is still doing good service, and has been connected with 
the choir for nearly the entire period which is passing in retrospect before us this 
evening. There were also the Dressers and Hunts, instrumental musicians; the 
Smiths, Stones, Putneys, Dressers, and scores of other well-rcmcmbered vocalists* 
that under this roof have taken part in, and enjoyed these annual gatherings. 

We remember how grandly some of those old anthems rung out, as the choir was 
led by "Uncle Fred," — as we called him, — one of the noblest of men, and a model 
leader. Organs and mclodeons were not so numerous then as now, and the usual 
accompaniments, if any, were stringed instruments. When these were not at hand, 
the steel tuning fork gave **the pitch*' from which the chorister with a **Do, Mi, Soli 
Do,"' took his bearings, and then all plunged into the tune with a heartiness and 
spirit that the moderns do not surpass. We have listened many a time sinc«; to 
paid soloists and quartettes in city churches, but rarely, indeed, have we heard vocal 
raiusic that would stir the soul as did the music of that old choir. 

But we pass to other matters. Though it has not been the happiness of Mr. and 
Mrs. Williams to rear children of their ewn, it has been their privilege to adopt and 
bring up others. One of these was Calvin Gilmore Williams, who passed his early 
years here, and is remembered as a bright and interesting lad, a wide-awake and 
intelligent pupil in our schools, and always a good boy. His early death, in an- 
other stale, recalls one of the shadows that have fallen upon this household. 

We remember another as the adopted daughter of a few years — Martha Baker — 
the sunny face and merrv voice of the child ; her winning ways, her attendance at 
school, where she stood first among the first in all that was good and commendable; 
the development of the bud into the blossom as she passed from girlhood and be- 
came at an early age the wife of one t)f our respected and gifted clergymen, Rev. 
Wm. Carruthers, and then, after a brief |>eriod of happiness and usefulness, took one 
more step upward and was numbered with the angels. 

Our memory cnlls up with pleasant recollections another name that it always 
reckons as one of this household, that of Miss Permelia Warren, the popular teach- 
er, whose field of labor is in the city of New York. 

We remember Mr. and Mrs. Williams as among the first and foremost in reliev, 
ing the sick and suffering, in sympathizing with the afflicted, and in assisting to pay 
the last sad duties of respect to the departed. We do not forget that the services 
of Mr. Williams have been sought, in and out of town, for conducting funerals, not 
the fact that he has assisted in committing to their final resting-place the remains 
of not a few persons belonging to the first, second, and third generations that. lived 
in this town. 

Over the doorway of one of the Roxbury homesteads, still occupied by the 

descendants of Robert, is wrought the family coat of arms. It bears the motto 

'What God willeth, will be." ' 

Fifty vea^s ! That period cirrics us back to the era before the days of railroads 


and ocean steamers; before the days of sending messages by lightning across conti- 
nents and around the world; before the days of daguerreotypes, tin-types, photo- 
graphs, autograph albums, and telephones ; before the days of friction matches, 
kerosene lamps, cook stoves, sewing machines, ready-made clothing, and shoddy 
cloth; before the ditys when postage fell from twenty-five cents a letter to three 
cents ; before the days of daily mails and daily papers in Goshen ; before the days 
when bibles were printed in hundreds of languages by one society, and sold for 25 
cents a copy. 

*'*lVhai God willeih. will ^e." The past, present, the future, is in His hands. 
May His benediction rest upon each of you till the golden bowl be broken, and 
then may it be your happy lot to walk the golden streets, where they neither marry 
nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels forever. 

[Note. Since the above was prepared for the press, Mr. Williams has passed away. 
His death occurred March 15, 1881.] 

John Williams, '^Carpenter," was from Uxbridge, and perhaps not 
connected with the other families. He married Deborah, daughter 
of John Smith, Dec. 24, 1795., but had no children. By patient in- 
dustry, rigid economy, and careful investments at a moderate rate of 
interest, with the help of a wife, like minded, he accumulated a hand- 
some property. Mrs. Williams surviveil her husband some years and 
very considerately made the liberal donations, which have been else- 
where mentioned in these pages. Mr. Williams died May 17, 1843, 
aged 74 years. Mrs. Williams died Sept. 19, 1859, aged 86 years. 

Zebulon Willcutt was born in Cohasset, son of Jesse, and brother of 
Lieut. Jesse. The three probably came at the same time, April 6, 1772, 
and settled at once on the place still owned by Joel Willcutt (every 
body's "Uncle Joel,") and his sons Martin and Alvin. Zebulon prob- 
ably cleared the farm, a portion of which is still owned by his descen- 
dants. Zebulon was a strong, able-bodied man, and once borrowed 
a five pail iron kettle in Northampton for boiling sap, which he car- 
ried on foot to Goshen and returned in the same way. He had Lois, 
who married Hollister Damon, 1831, and two sons. Rev. William and 
Francis. Rev. William married Betsey Daniels, and had Jackson, 
who married Amanda, daughter of Calvin Loomis ; Jason, who 
married Elvira, daughter of Ebenezer Shaw; Hester, who married 
Almon B. Loomis ; Harriet, who married Joseph Bush, Dec. 25, 
1844; Eliza, who married Alonzo Shaw, 1845 ; Elvira, who married 
Andrew Shaw ; William, Jr., who married Rosina, daughter of Joseph 
•Crosby ; Lorenzo, married Partridge. 


Jackson VVillcult had Andiew J., born July 5, 1845 3 ^"^ Edward. 
Jason Willcuti removed 10 Cunimington and had Brackley; Clarinda. 

Children of Harriet and Joseph Bush : Henry, who married Mar- 
tha Sione ; Hatlie and Alice. 

Children of Eliza and Alonzo Shaw : diaries Nelson, married, and 
resides in Adams; Georgian.! ; Mary Ann ; Willie E., who married 
Eva V. Merritt, June 29, 1878 ; Florence. 

Francis Willcuti married Mehitabel Daniels, and had Harvey, who 

died Nov. 9, 185 f, aged 26 : Horace, married Robbins ; Hiram,. 

married Eunice L. Robbins ; Mary, who married, first, Mj^lo Milliken,. 
second, Lafayette Eddy, Dec. 14, 1854; Noah, died April 2^, 1851, 
aged 16 ; Mehitabel, born Jan. 3, 1843, iviarried Stephen Parsons of 
Plainfieid, May 10, 1870 ; Emily, married Horatio Culver, Jan. 15, 

J'inoch Willcuti, ^on of Lieut. Jesse, married, first, Sally Wood,. 
iJ5or, second, Hannah Knight, 1826. Children . Philip, died unmar- 
ried ; Meicy, who married Theodore Damon, June 6, 1831 ; Hannah, 
who married Joseph Cole, Sept. 2^, 1838 ; Candace, who married 
lohn Allis, Jan. 29, 1840; aflothcr son. 

Alpheus Willcuti, brother of Enoch, married Chloe , lived for 

a time in (Ifoshen, had Harrison ; John, who married Mary, daughter 
of PIbenezer Shaw ; and other children. Mrs. Chloe married, sec- 
ond, Pardon Washburn, Dec. 5, 1842. 

Rhoda Willcuit, sister of Enoch, married, first, Ball, father of 

Warren ]. Ball. Mrs. Rhoda, married, second, Eleazer Hawks, and 
had one son — William. 

Capt. Edward Wing probably came from Warren, Mass., where his 
first child, Edward, Jr., was born; his other children were born in 
Goshen. His wife was Elizabeth . 

Children : Edward, Jr., married Polly Blood, Dec. 15, 1802; Nel- 
son, born April 6, 1778, mirried Betsey Tilton, Nov. 25, 1802 ; 
James, born Dec. 30, 178c, drowned June 7, 1797; Elisha, born 
Sept. 7, 1782, married Desire Hall of Ashfieh^, 1807 (published Sept* 
27); Elizabeth, born March 14, 17^4; Isaac, born Jan. 20, 1786, 
married a daughter of Rev. Mr. Keyes of Conway; Rebekah, born 
Feb. iS, 1788, married Nathaniel Clark of Ashfield, June i, 1809; 
Sally, born June 21, 179 1 ; Samuel, born Feb. 25, 1792, married 
Patty Bond of Conway, 18 16, (published Sept. 30.) 


Isatic Wing married Keyes, .and had Samuel, who married 

Catherine Wolf of Deerfield, 1839 > J^saac, Jr., married Nancy Ladd, 
1841 ; Mary A., married Oscar Washburn, Dec. 12, 1848, died May 
2, 1852. 

There was a Benjamin Wing, perhaps son of Edw.ird, who married 
J^anc Bond of Conway, 18 19. 

Rev. Samuel Whitman was born in Weymouth, March i, 1751 ; 
graduated at Harvard College, 1775; settled in Ashby, 1778; dis- 
missed, 1783; settled in Goshen, 1788 ; member of the Legislature, 
1808 ; dismissed from his pastorate here, July 15, 1818. 

He published several sermons, and an 8 vo. volume, entitled "Key 
to the Bible ^Doctrine of Atonement and Justification," and "An Im- 
partial History of the Proceedings of the Church and People of 
Goshen in the dismission of their minister, &c.," 1824. 

Mr. Whitman married Grace, daughter of EzekieJ Cheever of Bos- 
ton. Their children were ; Samuel ; Ezekiel, born 1783 ; and Grace, 
probably born before coming to Goshen; David, born 1788, died 
unmarried; Sally, born 1791, died unmarried; Polly, born 1792; 
Betsey, born 1794, married Hazo Parsons of Belchertown, and 
removed to Middletown, Va. ; Ephraim, born 1796, printer, died 
Sept. 14, 1819 ; Stephen West, born 1797, physician, died Aug. 13, 
1826, on his way from Ohio to visit friends here,- leaving a wife and 
child ; Abby, born 1800, married Oren Carpenter, Boston, died 1842. 

Mr. Whitman passed through many and severe trials, which he bore 
with christian fortitude. It has been said that he was dismissed 
from his pastorate on account of a change in his religious opinions. 
In a letter written in August before his death, he said : "I have been 
attending to Mr. Ware's Theology, reading nine sermons of his in a 
volume sent me. If I do not think in all points just as he does, I 
have no more right to say he is destitute o( religion than he has to 
say I am destitute of it, because I do not hold with him in all points. 
He is a man of good sense, and he writes like a sincere man, a man 
who has a good heart. If hearts agree in uniting to Christ, we shall 
meet in heaven where Christ is, and there our understandings, and 
judgments will be rectified. Not to hold communion and fellowship 
with a man because he believes that there is but one God, even the 
Father of our I-iord Jesus Christ, is unreasonable and borders on 
persecution." In one of the last letters he wrote — perhaps the last 


'—dated Nov. 15, 1826, he speak<« of being under flie care of J>r, 
Starkweather, hut hopes to be better Co* morrow. It » writtem to hi» 
'daughter Abby in Boston, where she was residing wftii' her amnits,. i» 
reference to her approaching marriage. After giving ker som« goofi 
advice, he closes, saying ; "I rejoice tbart! you Fejoice im Zlon's pros- 
iperlty. We hope that the religious revival in Boston mii be- great, 
and also elsewhere. I hope that Unitariiaffis, wherein they err,, will 
be reformed, that they and all others wiU specula»te camectily,. and 
that sinners will be converted from total moral depravity to* the lore 
of the truth, as it is in Jesus. If we love Christ we shall be saved, 
if we do not believe as some others do." These extracts will be suf- 
ficient, perhaps, to show the direction in which his^ departures from 
the orthodox standards of his times were thoujjht to have beent n^ade,, 
as well as his general views relating to the main trwtlvsof the gospel. 

He died Dec. 18, 1826, from an attack of angina pectoris. His 
last words were : **'rhe ways of the Lord are equal.*' 

Mr. Whitman was the eldest son of David and Olive (Webb) Whit- 
man, of Weyniouih. David was son of Ebeneaer, son of John, Jr.^ 
son of John of Dorchester, who came from England. A brief {;.ene- 
alogy of the Whitman family, published in Portland many years since^ 
gives the date of Mr. Whitman's birth as 1744, seven years earlier 
than the date recognized by his family. 

Mr. Emmons Putney says tliat Mr. Whitman, during the winter 
season, was accustomed to preach, wearing his overcoat and striped 
mittens, with a red bandana handkerchief as a covering for his head. 

There were three distinct families •f early settlers of the name of 

White ; Ezekiel, of Weymouth ; Farnum, of ; and William of 


Eztkiel was grandson of Samuel, of Weymouth, who married Anna 
Pratt. Her father and mother were deaf and dumb. 

Children of Samuel and Anna : Ebenezer, Jeremiah, Elisha, Sam- 
uel, Nehemiah, Micah, Matthew, Anna, Hannah, Ezekiel. 

Ezekiel, married Abigail Blanchard, and had Abigail, married Da- 
vid Turner ; Ezekiel, Jr., married Sarah Vinton ; Chloe, married Job 
Trufant ; Mary, married Samuel Peck ; Silence, married John Shaw; 
David, married Martha Cottle ; Nehemiah, married Mary Ripley ; 
Noah, married Tamar Bates, 1783; Sarah, married Asa French; 


Ebcnezer, married Calista Partridge ; Olive, married Jacob French ; 
Josiah, died unmarried. 

Sarah White, sister of Lieut. Ebenezer, married Asa French, Feb. 
14, 1784. Their children were : Elihu, Samuel, Irena, William, So- 
phia, Jabez, (who was father of M. M. French of Northampton,) 
Ambrose, Sally, Nathan. 

Lieut. Ebenezer White, married first, Calista, daughter of Asa 
Partridge, Sen., 1786. She died Feb. 29, ;8o8, aged 45 years. He 
married second, Hannah Ripley, who died June, 1836. 

Children of Lieut. Ebenezer and Calista : Asa, born Dec. 16, 1787, 
died Dec, 25, 1859 ; Fr'ibun, born Oct. 31, 1789, married Betsey, 
daughter of Ezekiel White, Jr ; Sarah, born Oct. 6, 1794, married 
Capt. Horace Packard, Jan. 17, i8i», died April 4, 1876 ; Polly, born 
May 18, 1797, died unmarried, May 12, 1862 ; John, born Oct. 26, 
1799, married Salome Curtis, died Feb. 20, 187 1 ; Calista, born Aug. 
3, 1801, married Hiram Thayer, died Feb. 2, 1838; Ebenezer, born 
Dec. 5, 1807, married Mary Tilden, June, 1837, died Nov. 27, 1870. 

Asa While, born 1787, married first, Livia Ely, Nov. 26, 181 1 ; 
second, Harriet Ely — sister, 1844. 

Children of Asa and Livia White ; Orrel, born Sept. 23, 1815, 
married Joseph T. Thayer, Oct. 28, 1835, Hied Sept. 24, 1868; Homer; 
Peregrine, married Catharine Willcutt; Heman, married Ellen 

Farnum White, probably not connected with the other White fam- 
ilies of this town, was one of the early settlers, and with his wife 
Lois, united with the church here, within three or four years of its 
organization. He died Dec. 6, 1795, aged 45. His wife removed 
to Williarastown to reside, probably with her daughter, and died in 

Children : Chloe, born Aug. 23, 1775, married Cheney Taft, 1793; 
Seth, born Dec. 8, 1778, married Relief Stone, June 4, 1800, removed 
to Williamstown about 1812 ; Nelson, born April 13, 178 1 ; Abigail, 
born Aug. 7, 1783, married Elijah Streeter, April 23, 1801 ; Elias, 
born Dec. 16, 1787, married first, Rhoda Cowles of Williamsburgh^ 
1814. She died Jan. 21, 1817, and he married second, Hannah, 
daughter of Maj. Ambrose Stone, Dec. 25, 1817 ; Clarissa, born 
March 18, 1790, married Lucius Cowles of Williamsburgh, April 
23, 1812. 


The children of Cliloe and Cheney Taft, born in this town, were : 
Newell, born April 4, 1794; Lyman, born Nov. 17, 1795; Willard, 
born Feb. 13, 1798 ; Harrier, born March 15, 1800. The father 
joined the church here in May, 1801, and afterwards the family 
removed to Williamslown, where Mr. Taft was held in high esteem. 
He was a deacon of the church there. 

The Tafts are descended from Robert, of Bralntree, and in 1874, 
had a re-union in XJxbridge, where many of the name were present. 
Judge Taft of Ohio delivered the address. The following extract of 
a poem read on the occasion gives a brief exhibit of the principles of 
the pioneer families: — 

On mountain tops of thought they trod, 

And heard the thunders roar 
Beneath them, while they talked with God 

And worshiped Him the more ; 
They came into the wilderness 

Where tempted day by day, 
They met the Devil face to face 

And drove the fiend away. 
They smote the Quakers hip and thigh. 

They bade the Baptists go, 
Episcopacy, high or low, 

They didn't care to know ; 
They'd seen enough of other creeds 

To make them prize their own ; 
They felt it met their soul's best needs, ^ 

To go it all alone. 

Caroline, the only child of Elias and Rhoda While, removed West 
and married there. Elias White, married second, Hannah Stone, 
and had Catharine, who married Francis M. Pierce,;died Aug. 16, 
1880, at Kenosha, Wis. ; Lois Emily, who married Medad Hill of 
Williamsburgh ; Alfred A., learned the printer's trade, in the office of 
the Northampton Courier; removed to Wisconsin and thence to 
Dubuque, Iowa, where he died after a brief illness, Jan. 30, 1852, 
aged 24 years. He was an excellent scholar, gifted as a writer, and 
had become the editor of a newspaper. He was brought up in the 
family of his grandfather Stone. 

William White, Esq., fiom Charlton, in 1762, was one of the very 
earlitst settlers. He purchased of Gad Lyman, receiving a deed 

Alberljpe— PorbM i 



thereof, dated May 17, 1762, the westerly half of Lots No. 6 and No. 
13, First Division. The deed is witnessed by Mercy Hawley and 
Joseph Hawley of Northampton. Ezra May, in consideration of 
twenty pounds, lawful money, deeded to him, Dec. 29, 1762, "the whole 
twentieth original lot, that is to say, ye twentieth lot in the first Divis- 
ion, in and of that tract of land in the said Chesterfield, which is part 
of the late Propriety called the Narragansett number four. The said 
lot in quantity is about one hundred acres, be the same more or 
less." This deed was also witnessed by Major Hawley. White 
built his house near the east side of lot No. 20, nearly on the spot 
where the present house stands, which was built about 1829, perhaps 
later. Lot No. 20 was bounded on the east by lot No. 13. 

The ancestors of William White, Esq., have not been definitely 
ascertained. Tliey were probably of the early settlers of Woodstock 
from Roxbury. John of Roxbury had John, and probably Joseph and 
Benjamin. John, Jr., and Joseph had each a Joseph. Benjamin 
While, son of one of the Josephs, was admitted to the church in Rox- 
bury in 1703. The heirs of Lieut. John White received certain lands 
in Woodstock. There is little doubt that Joseph and Benjamin were 
family names-in this branch of the White family, and the frequent 
recurrence of the names in these early years suggests the reason of 
their repetition in the family born in this town. 

William, the pioneer in 1762, was son of a Benjamin, who may 
have been the Benjamin above named, son of Joseph, but it is not 
proved. William was probably an only son. He had one sister who 

married Gates. It is very probable that Benjamin, the father, 

died while these two children were quite young. 

The town records of Goshen, in the hand-writing of W^illiam White, 
have the following statement, which is probably the earliest record 
of the family that is reliable : 

William, son of Benjamin White and Abigail, his wife, born at 
Dudley, March 26, 1737, married, April 7, 1763, Marcy, daughter of 
Richard and Dorothy (Marcy) Dresser, born Sept. 18, 1742. 

The children of William and Marcv are recorded, as follows : 

Marcy, born Oct. 3, f.764, married Alpheus Naraniore ; William, 
born Jan. i, 1767, died April 8, 1792 ; Mary, born Nov. 11, 1768, 
married Thomas Adams, May 20, 1794; Prudence, born July 16, 
1771, married John Adams, May 20, 1794; Eunice, born Nov. 8, 
1773, died Jan. 8, 1788 ; John, born Feb. 13, 1776, died Aug. 12, 


1777; Abigail, born April 2, 1778, died Jan. 13, 1788; Hannah, 
born Aug. 20, 1780, married Timothy Lyman ; John, born Dec. 29, 
1782, died Jan. 13, 1788; Ezra, born Dec. 27, 1784, died Jan. 29, 
1788; Joseph, born Aug. 17, 1787; Benjamin, born Aug. 17, 1787. 

William White, Sen., died Nov. 7, 182 1 ; his wife, Jan. i, 1823. 

William, Jr., was a physician. He died and was buried in Dorches- 
ter on his way home from the South, where he had been for his 

Two sons only, of this large family, lived to enter upon active 
business, Joseph and Benjamin, twin brothers. Both resided upon 
the homestead for about thirty years, both men of recognized ability, 
possessing many traits of character in common, and bearing so strong 
a resemblance to each other in form, feature and voice, that their 
neighbors were sometimes in doubt as to which they met. 

Joseph White, born Auj;. 17, 1787, married Oct. 31, 1820, Sophia 
Huntington of Hinsdale, Mass. For seven and a half years after his 
marriage he remained in Goshen, during which time, with the ex- 
ception of six months when he kept the liotel at the center of the 
town, he and his brother Benjamin carried on the home farm in com- 
pany, boih living in the same house as one family. 

In the spring of 1828, he removed to Hinsdale, Mass., having pur- 
chased one of the best farms in that town. Sound judgnxent and 
integrity, with industry and economy, in which his wif*; bore her full 
share, made him a successful farmer. He was a man of scholarly 
tastes, fond of reading, and was especially familiar with the Bible. 
In early life he made a public profession of religion, uniting with the 
Congregational Church, in which he continued to be an earnest and 
consistent member. He was aUvays prominent in the town and in 
the church, and was marked for his modesty, intelligence and piety. 
He took great interest in giving his children "a start in life,'* and 
always cheerfully aided them pecuniarily to the extent of his means. 
He died on his birth day, Aug. 18, i860, at the age of 73 years, leav- 
ing a widow and seven children, all of whom siill survive. Mrs. 
Wliite now resides with her youngest daughter, in Worcester, Mass., 
in the enjoyment of health and in the full possession of all her facul- 
ties, at the age of nearly 85 years. * 

His children are : Sarah Huntington, born in Goshen, Nov. 30, 
1821, married March 28, 1848, Charles T. Huntington, and now 
resides in West Brookfield, Mass. She was educated at the Academy 

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in Worthington and at Mt. Holyoke Seminary, an 1 is justly held in 
high esteem for her intelligence and christian characfer. 

Joseph Huntington, born in Goshen, Jan. 28, 1824. In his boyhooJ, 
while upon the farm, he showed uncommon energy and enterprise. At 
the age of 22 he went to Boston and obtained a sitnaiion as clerk in 
a store. About a year later, he commenced the retail dry good^ 
business on his own account in Manchester, N. H., in company 
with his cousins, William and Benjamin F. White. At the ex- 
piration of two years, he sold out his interest to his partners, and 
engaged in the same business on Hanover street, Boston. Jan. i, 
1854, he organized the dry goods iniporling and jobbing firm of 
White, Browne, Davis & Co. They at once commanded a large 
trade, and giined an enviable reputation for taste in the selec- 
tion of dress goods for ladies* wear. The firm soon began to 
import largely, and in 1864 changed to a strictly importing and pack- 
age business in Boston and New York, under the style of White, 
Browi'.e & Co. This firm did a very large and profitable business for 
ten and a half years, and was dissolved July i, 1874. Since that 
time Mr. White has been the senior partner in the firm of White, Pay- 
son & Co., the selling agents for the production of the Manchester 
Mills, located at Manchester, N. H., a corporation, which in 1874 he 
was chiefly instrumentat in reorganizing, and in which he is a large 
stockholder. By close attention to his business, in which he has 
shown extraordinary ability, he has acquired a large fortune. He is 
a director in the Manchester Mills andin the Elfot National Bank. 
For morci than thirty years he has been a constant attendant at the 
Central Congregational Church, of which the Rev. Joseph T. Duryea, 
D. D., is now the pastor. He took a leading part in the erection of 
its magnificent church edifice, being an active member of the building 
committee and contributing liberally of his means. By his counsel 
and aid, he has been of great service to his younger brothers. He 
married, Jan 13, 1853, Miss Mary E. Stanyan of Chichester, N. H., 
who died Dec. 19, 1853. Was again married, Nov. 13, 1855, to Ellen D. Tewksbury of Manchester, N. H. 

Sophia Marcy, born in Goshen, March 6, 1826, was educated at 
Williston Seminary, Easthampton, Mass., married Dec. 29, 1851, 
Stephen J. Wilcox. She lived for many years in Boston and now 
resides in Worcester, Mass. She is an active member of the Pied- 


mont Congregational Church. Since the death of her father in 1860^ 
she has kindly given her mother a home in her family. 

James, bom in Hinsdale, Mass., July 9, 1828, graduated at Williams 
College in 185 1, taught mathematics two years in Williston Seminary 
at Easthamplon, Mass. Commenced the study of theology at Ando- 
ver, but was compelled to relinquish it on account of a diseaseof the 
eyes. In December, 1854, went to Boston and joined his brother 
Joseph in business ; was a member of the firm of White, Brown & Co., 
and retired from business in July, 1874. In 1875 was elected to the 
Massachusetts Legislature, was two years a member of the House of 
Representatives, and also two years a member of the Senate. He 
served on the Committees on Claims, Education and the Treasury, 
and was Chairman of each of them. He was elected by the alumni 
a Tiustee of Williams College, and for this year is President of the 
"Williams Alumni Association of Boston.** He has taken an active 
interest in benevolent and christian woik, is a deacon in the Central 
Congregational Church, President of "the City Missionary Society,'' 
and for ihis year is President of "the Congregational Club of Boston 
and vicinity.** He was married, Jan. 22, 1856, to Miss Harriet Cor- 
nelia, daughter of Dr. B. F. Kittrtdge of Hinsdale, Mass. 

The Boston Advertiser^ recently, advocating the election of Mr. 
White to an important office urged "the business men generally to see 
to it that their ballots bear the name of the Hon. James White. He 
has been a very prominent merchant, and is one of a family of broth- 
ers who have done much to "build up the dry goods trade of Boston. 
He is also a gentleman of much experience in public affairs, having 
been a member of the house of representatives in 1876 and 1877, and* 
of the senate in 1878 and 1879. He served with much distinction 
on the committees on education, claims, and the treasury, and has 
been chairman of all of them. Especially as a member of the com- 
mittee on claims were his services of great value to the State, and 
large amounts were saved to the treasury by his careful scrutiny of 
demands upon it. He belongs to a class of citizens whom it is ex- 
ceedingly desirable to encourage to enter public life.'* 

Simon Huntington, born in Hinsdale, Mass., May 22, 183 1, mar- 
ried, Nov. II, 1857, Miss Sarah A. Staikey of Westmoreland, N. H. 
He purchased his father's farm in Hinsdale, upon which he continues 
to reside. He has served upon the Board of Selectmen, and has 
been prominent in agricultural circles, having been President of the 

of n* C&iiPTe-^fi-.TM^ji" Oh;:' oh. 

luoe J*. i>-i. Mi>5 A^bv C Hr:nu ^ x>; R^nUMV Ho \> ^x vs^w hH>n^ 

Mass. He wen! lo lx>s:on ,\: thr ,-1;^^^ ol xrvci^irou, .m^h< w,^^ \ U'^>* 
and afierwards partner with Irs broihn u* U\\» Mk S I \\^^^^^v^\^ 
the retail dry goods busine>s» Sjnco NLMoh» ^S^^» \w \\\\ \\^>\\ \\ 
partner in the firm of R, H. While \* To, awA \\\\\\ \t>\uW\ \\\ )\\\\m^ 
France, be«ng ihe foreign buyer for his linn. 

Ralph Huntington, born J:in. ii, iS|i, wtMU lo Hoiion <it \\u^ iii^o 
of eighteen years, and was cl tU in ihc* iliv u«niK »»ii»ii« i»( \\\ik 
brother-in-law, Mr. S. J. Wilrox M.\u'h i, i.Sfi.>, whi'h f\\»:nl\ »miu 
years of age, he purchased a half inti'icit in a ifUtll thv (jMiiil-i 'Unu 
on Hanover street, and oontnuMUi'd l>ii!«ihr^n mi U\i% mvii (U • immiI 
under the firm name of Towrr iV Whilr. .\i tint I'vpliailMi •»( hni 
months of a prosperous husine'is, In* ^t^UI imii Iiii iiiiuii iai hi li)i |hiM 
ner, and joined his brother in law, uii(lr*i ihc linn nuint- i^f WH****^ 
White & Co., on Winter sireel. Tlni (iini aUo dl'l fi pKilHalil'^ ImiO 
ness, which they sold out at tli<* f\\t\ of (wo ^ruii Ai ilh:' Wnk*--, 
March i, 1865, he fonned a ro|).tiin<'tbli)p wmIi hii \nni\iii |i|ii,i(li<in 
and continued business on (h<' haiii<' sMtri, tli'-biyU ««i (Iil- nun hi.i»iK 
R. H.White & Co. JJ«'»e lh<*y od .» l«»;/r itnd |/»ofii il/U bu:ini..'i:» 
till Jan. 1877, when th^'y r«'fiiov<'d lo itutt (/U'^niH ni><f/iiHi« <• ni hi'iiA: 
on Washington street. 

At the age of i wenty on** y.u ■> \\i\ti w;un^ man UH •( * U i i-hln); in .1 
retail dry goods st'->n-, wji'-i*: 1j- v^j^ ^'^ri:i«i/ m/i «I«;II'«*» |m » a«.i.|», 
and was liivinij: uv tn^jut-y ui ihj'. .iii'l ' ''Hiini n< 1 d l/ii..iiic.-,.-. d/i inn. 
self with a feA' i.u;i'Jt<t'l 'ivlU's. ;i \/.f i 'A wiji' ii \k Ji.kI < .i< 1.1 i| l.uii 
self. At lh»; a:;*: of Iviv w*- hf»'i \i nt mi\ '1.* i.i«i«J ^A •• jjii*i ^ ii'/..t 
business, b'j: t "J :-»' ij«-H V f^v i^.t v^', ..i^ .-.■ » .., K/**.<t]Ki. ,. .. u.*, ...» 
by not HiO'e i ■.;-!; 'ji-«:«- v Iv f ^ n- • * * -. v ■ ' «i.. »..,.., . , j 

It uili no' J-^*: *-«'} *.'. ;yv -r* *•, / ^ n, .. * r.s-.. i.«,i ,. • <.. ,■ .. .■-' . '/• 
lie nia'Ti«:c. h--*,. 2^, joC;: .»1.s:. h .*.'■ '^i * •-• *'.» ' o' / ■ '.'/»4 • ./.^. 


in Chicago, died in Kenosha, Wis., Oct. 15, 1876 ; William, born^ 
Aug. 7, 18 19, merchant in Manchester, N. H., married Emeline R. 
Allen, 1843; J"''^ M., born Dec. 28, 1820, married C. C. Dresser, 
died June 26, 1877; Henry, born March 15, 1823, married Merilla,. 
daughter of Isaac King, died March 15, 1872 ; Benjamin F., born 
Oct. 12, 1825, w^s in business in Manchester, N. H., and afterwards 
in Ogdensburgh, N. Y., died Sept. 27, 1873, leaving one daughter. 

William and Emeline (Allen) White had Lizzie, born in Goshen, 
April 21, 1846, and Mary, born in Manchester, July i, 1854. 

Mrs. Sophia, wife of Benjamin White, Sen., died .April 9, 1833, 
aged 41 years, and he married, stcond, Mrs. Aurelia Bardwell, 
widow of Samuel ^aramore. She died Aug. ii, 1869. 

Benjamin White, Esq., was so connected with nearly every phase 
of public business in the town, parish and church, that a history of 
either reflects more or less of his history. He was equal to tht 
duties of any and every position to which he was called. He was 
not ambitious for office. Modest and unassuming, his abilities were 
far in advance of his aspirations. He filled the office of Town Clerk, 
with rare ability, for a long period ; was the prnicipal Justice of the 
Peace for many years ; was a member of the Legislature, and also 
of the Convention for revising the Constitution ; and was for one or 
more terms one of the Special County Commissioners for Hamp- 
shire County. He was pre eminently a man of peace. He depre- 
cated personal jealousies and neighborhood and town quarrels, and* 
chose to incur the displeasure of the contending parties, rather than- 
to aid either in keeping up strife. Yet he was sensitive to criticism,, 
but no amount of contumely or opposition could turn him frqm what 
he believed to be the right course. He was a true gentleman, pure- 
minded as a woman, thoroughly Jionest, .and a sincere christian.. 
He died Jan. 25, 1873, aged 85 years. 

William White, son of Benjamin, was for many years a prominent 
dry goods n^erchant in Manchester, N. H., where he is highl3r 
esteemed for his integrity and for his generous devotion to the inter- 
ests of his custotiiers. Goshen has not produced a more obliging^ 
friend or genial companion than he. 

Rev. Joel Wiight was born in Milford, N. H., Jan. 26, 1784. 
Educated at Dartmouth College, he iook high rank as a scholar^ 

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and also for a deep aivl ardent devotion to the cause of Christ. His 
theological studies were under the; direction of the Rev. Dr. Payson, 
of Rindge, N. H. After his ordination, he was first settled in the work 
of the ministry, at Levereit, Mass. From that place he was called 
to the pastorate of the church and society in Goshen, where, for about 
eight years, the work' of the Lord prospered in his hands ; many 
being brought to a love and acknowledgment of the truth, as well 
by the private, godly walk and conversation of the man, as by the 
public ministrations of the pastor. 

Subsequently Mr. Wright was called to a parish in Vermont ; but, 
after a few years of labors there, the climate of the Green Mountains 
being too sevrrf for his health, never very robust, he removed to New 
Hampshire. lUit, after some si;c years residence in that State, fail- 
ing health and other circumstances induced him to return to Massa- 
chusetts, where he continued to res'*de until the 8th of June, 1859 ; 
when, with ardenc longings for the 1 st which remaineth for the peo- 
ple of God, he went home to the Father's house on high. 

Mr. Wright was eininenily a man of God. Whether in the retire- 
ment of his study or ministering to and among his people, the chief 
consideration aas, how he could best promote the spiritual welfare of 
those over whom the Holv Ghost had made him overseer. To the 
VKsitation of his^Deoplc in their homes, or to the sanctuary, where he 
met them to dispense the words of Life, he always went from his 
closet, where he had sought for wisdom and grace for the work 
before him. In his preaching, as well as in the preparation of ser- 
mons, he sought not so much to please the fancy of his hearers, as 
to piace before them the sublime truths of the Gospel in such plain 
and simple, yet eloquent forms, as to win their hearts to the lo^e and 
obedience of Christ. 

And his daily life was consistent with his preaching. Always fore- 
most in every good cause, he not only pointed souls to Heaven, but 
himself led the way. Duiing a ministry of almost one-third of a cen- 
tury, that portion of it passed at Goshen was, to Mr. Wright, the 
most satisfactory in the retrospect, both in his relations with the peo- 
ple and the fruits of his labors. The lies of friendship and christian 
fellowship there formed, were kept fresh, either by correspondence 
or personal intercourse with members of that parish down to the 
closing up of earthly relations by the hand of death. The families of 
the Lymans, Billings, Packards, Stones, and others which might be 


named-, were among the cherished ones in memory. But these con- 
temporaries of his work have, like him, passed within the veil ; and, 
as it is humbly hoped, are now reunited in the presence of Him whom 
they so faithfully served together, in time ; even Jesus, their Re- 
deemer and Saviour. "* 

Of the children of Rev. Mr. Wright who survived him, the eldest 
son, Rev. D. Grosvenor Wright, D. D., is a clergyman of the Pro- 
testant Episcopal church, and resides in the state of New York. An- 
other son, 'i\ Spencer Wright, M. D., is a prominent physician and 
surgeDn, at Fond-du-Lac, Wisconsin. The eldest daughter, who was 
boin in Goshen, is the accomplished wife of Dr. A. L. Hoyt, also 
residing in Fond du-Lac. One of the grandsons of Rev. Mr. Wright, 
J. W. Wright, M. D., is Professor of Surgery in the medical depart- 
ment of the "University of New York City." 

Rev. J. E. M. Wiight, present pastor of the church, is a. lineal de- 
scendant, in the seventh generation, of Thomas Cushman, the succes- 
sor of Brewster in the eldership at Plymouth. He was the only son 
of Robert Cushman, whom Gov. Bradford was wont to call the "Right 
hand of the Pilgrims," and of Mary Allerton, the daughter of Isaac 
Allerton, the youngest passenger in the Mayflower. She died at the 
age of 90 years, the last survivor of the Pilgrim band. 

His mother was Wealthy, daughter of Caleb Cushman of Goshen. 
She married Jonathan Wright of Northampton, in 1799. He is the 
youngest of their nine children, and was born in Jackson, Maine, June 
23, 1822. 

From his earliest years he had a great desire for a collegiate edu- 
cation \ and ever after he became personally interested in religion 
felt that no other profession or occupation but the ministry would 
satisfy him. Circumstances prevented the fulfilment of his cherished 
wish for a liberal education ; the lack of which, he tried to supply as 
far as possible by spending all the time he could command in study- 
ing, both alone and with private tutors, such branches as would es- 
pecially fit him for the work of the ministry. After some ten years* 
expel ience in teaching and preparatory study, he entered the Bangor 
Theological Seminary in 1849, ^"^ graduated in 1852. 

That same autumn he entered upon missionary work in Penobscot 
Co., Maine, having been previously married to Miss Evelina Gilbert 
of Gorham, Maine. He was ordained as an Evangelist, at Burling- 


ton, Maine, Oct. 25, 1852. Here he labored with much pleasure and 
a reasonable degree of success, for about four years and a half, when 
he accepted a call to become the pastor of a newly organized church 
in Rockport, Maine. This was a rapidly growing village, with many 
young, enterprising, public-spirited men. Having had much experi- 
ence in dealing with all classes of men, he applied himself very 
closely to study, and now entered upon his work as a settled pastor 
full of hope and enthusiasm. Here he hoped to spend his days and 
see a large church grow up under his care and God's blessing. But 
"after several years of prosperity, the war clouds began to gather, and 
at length the Rebellion burst forth. From the first he felt called 
upon to do something for the union cause. With this feeling grow- 
ing deeper and stronger he enlisted as a private, in Dec, 1863. As 
a consequence of this, in part at least, about thirty others enlisted in 
h is village that same week ; many of whom distinguished themselves 
by effective work in putting down the Rebellion. But he was 
rejtfcted for physical disability, having just then some temporary 
inflamm/ition of the lungs. All these facts soon found their way into 
the local papers, and through them to the state regiments at the 
front, and without any agency of his, resulted in his appointment as 
Chaplain of the 8ih Regiment, Maine Volunteers. He was commis- 
sioned by the Governor, and mustered into the United States service, 
March i, 1864, at Beaufort, S. C. He served in that capacity till the 
close of the war, being soon transferred to Virginia and sent to the 
front, participating in every skirmish, fight and battle, in which the 
Tegiment was engaged, except one, including the battle of (Jold Har- 
"fcor, the siege of Petersburg and the surrender of Gen. Lee at 

After several months spetU in Richmond, Va , he received a call 
to become the acting pastor of the Congregational Church in Orleans, 
IBarnstable Co., Mass. Here he began his work in Nov., 1865, not 
giving himself an}- lime to rest after thii constant excitement and 
taxation of army life. He had had several attacks of intermittent 
:fevei»in the army without leaving his regiment. Soon after resum- 
ing his pastoral duties, he found his strength giving way. Sickness 
^nd death repeatedly visited his family he also met with a severe 
injury. All these causes combining, at length he was prostrated by 
disease and brought close to death's door. A merciful Provi. 
^ience raised him up in a measure, but finding his labors too great 


for his strength, he resigned his charge and gave himself up to rest, 
for four years and a lialf with a peo'^Ie whose Christian kindness 
could not be excelled. He was next installed pastor of the Congre- 
gational Church in Upton, Worcester Co., where he labored about 
four years and a half, and then removed to Necdham, where h« re- 
mained a little more than five years, laboring with great joy, and a 
good degree of encouragement and success. But in all these places, 
smce his return from the war, he has worked in much weakness and 
several limes has been brought to the brink of the grave. In all his 
fields of labor. God has blessed his efforts with frequent conversions 
and additions to the churches, and in all, except Orleans, with special 
revivals of religion, including the army. At Oi leans, it was his priv- 
ilege to garner and care for the ripened sheaves reaped by another. 
Last December he was installed pastor of the old church in 
Goshen with which his godly niolher connected herself in the fresh- 
ness and hope of early life. " To her, under God," he says, ** I owe 
more than I have power to express. She consecrated me to the work 
of the ministry from my infancy ; trained me in the nurture and 
admonition of the Lord, and instructed me in the great truths and 
corresponding duties of our holy religion in my youth ; dying sud- 
denly, with all the members of the family present except myself, she 
left me this message, * Study to know what duty is and then do it.' 
This I have ever tried to make the rule of my life.** 




It should be said by wuy of oxplanutiou in regard to the family sketches that the original 

plan of the writer was to give sketches rather than yenealoffies, but as the worlc and printing 

progressed, the plan was somewhat changed, and the details were more extended. The 

lists of births, deaths and marriages that follow the slcetches, will supply to some extent 

Xho lack of these particulars in the sketches. 

Joshua Abell, Jr., married, second, Polly , who died Nov. 14, 

1846, aged 84. 

Children oE Abner and Lois Baker : Waters, born July 27, 1796; 
Art^imas, born Sept. 5, 1798 ; Theodore, born April 26, 1801 ; 
Nahum, born Feb. 28, 1803. This family removed to the West. 

Daniel Beals married Hannah, daughter of David Stearns, and 
had : Elias, who married Polly Bates, 1832 ; John, married Rosina 
Bates; David, married Climena Bates, Jan. 11, 1827. David had 
J^aura, who married Ciiester M. Fuller, 1847. Mr. and Mrs. Fuller 
had Elleon Adella, born June 28, 1852. 

Gershom Bates was' son of Nehemiah. Gershom had several 
brothers, Nehemiah, Asa and Levi of Cummington; Solomon of Ches- 
terfield, father of Hudson ; Ephraim, of Plainfield ; Jacob, of Ver- 
mont ; Eliab, of New York. 

Luther Bates, son of Gershom, married Lucinda Hersey in 1835, 
and about twenty years later removed to Heath. 

Dexter Beals, grandson of the ** Mountain Miller," married Julia, 
daughter of Willard Packard, and had Pamelia, born April 3, 1831, 


married John Kinney, Jan. 29, 1852 ; Joseph, born Sept. 2, 1832 ; 
Malesta P, born March 10, 1834, Hied Oct. 22, 1843 '> Elizabeth A., 
born Sept. 3, 1835 ; Luther H. ; Julia B. ; Emsline F., born July 29, 
1842; Malesta G., born Feb. 22, 1844; Mary Arabella, born July 
15, 1846 ; Harriet C, born April 3, 1S48 ; Dexter J., Aug, 28, i8|o ; 
Abbie A., born July 6, 1852; Homan, born Dej. 18, 1854. Mr. 
Beals removed to Wisconsin, Dec, 1856, and after a residence of a 
few years returned to this State, and now lives in Easthampton. 
During his residence in Goshen, Mr. Beals was engaged for several 
years in the business of selling and setting out shade trees. He was 
a pioneer "Village Improvement Society,*' and probably set out more 
maple and other shade trees in the Connei:ticut valley than any man 
of his time. 

Joseph Beals married Martha Rogers, Oct. 28, 1853. Children : 
Julia E., born May 17, 1870; Eleanor L., born Aug. 16, 1871 ; 
Joseph D., born June 13, 1875. 

Luther H., is a manufacturer in Westfield. Homan is in business 
in New York. 

George Barrus (page 140), died May 15, 1868, not 1869. Levi 
Barrus married second, Elvira (Warner) Allis, Feb. 22, 1854, and had 
a son, born Jan. 3, died Jan. 23, 1856. 

Alvan Barrus (page 141), was born in 1831, not 1841. He received 
his first commission as Justice of the Peace in 1867. 

Patience Barrows married, 3d, Salah Clark, Esq. (page 140). 

M. Huldah should read married Huldah. 

David Carpenter came to Goshen, in 1806, with Ezra his father, 
from Savoy, where they had lived about twelve years. David was 
born in Altleboro, his father in Rehobolh. 

Ezra Brackett came to this town in 1839, from Hawley, and after 
a residence of about twenty years removed to Worthington with his 
son Ezra. His wife died there, and he has since returned to this 
town and resides with Henry T. Godfrey, who married his daughter 
Susannah. Another daughter, Hannah C, married Anson W. God- 
frey, May 16, 1840; Ruth married Newman Bartlett, June 29, 1848 • 
Olive married Wm. Porter, June 22, 1858; Ellen married Heman 
White, Jan. 17, i860. 


Rev. Ralph Cushman, after leaving college, taught the Academy ii> 
Belfast, Me. One of his pupils was the late Hon. George W. Crosby,. 
Member of Congress and Governor of Maine. He always remem- 
bered his early teacher, and often spoke of the loveliness of his char- 
acter and his remarkable talept as a singer. In a iiiusical history of 
Andover Theological Seminary, Mr. Cushman was ranked as one of 
the be^Jt three singers that ever graduated from that institution. His 
nephew. Rev. J. E. M. Wright, gives the date of his death Atiguit 
II, which differs from the record quoted on page 58. 

It was said of him, " His sickness and death were, like his life, a 
bright example of Christian meekness, patience and holy confidence 
in his Divine Master." Another said, " In the trying situation he 
was called to occupy, he never was thrown off his balance." An- 
other, ** I do believe that he had more of the mind of Christ than 
any man with whom I have been acquainted." 

The musical talent of the Cushman family was of rare excellence^ 
and is a prominent trait in many of their descendants. C. C. Dresser, 
son of Vesta Cushman, owned a church organ, and was a skillful 
performer on that and other instruments. He used his organ in the 
church for many years as an aid and accompaniment to the choir. 
Wealthy Cushman, the mother of the present pastor, was a fine singer 
and read music very readily. She obtained her musical education 
in the singing schools of this town. Her means of conveyance was 
on horseback, seated upon a pillion behind her brother Rufus. 

Note.— While wri ting the above lines, a member of the writer's family read the fol- 
lowing startling announcement from the Boston Evening Traveller of April 11 : 

"Joseph Hawkes, the well-known keeper of the Goshen (Mass.) Highland House, known 
throughout Hampshire Count} , dropped dead while walking up the aisle of the church of 
that town on Sunday." 

A later account states that he was in his accustomed place at the head of the choir Sunday 
morning, April 10. He walked over from his house in the afternoon in company with his 
brother>, Mr. Hiram Packard. They parted in the vestibule, Mr. Packard entering 
the audience room, Mr. Hawks ascending the north stjurway leading to the choir. Proba- 
bly feeling unwell, after passing up one or two t^teps, he seemed to have turned to go down, 
when he fell to the floor, and immediately ceased to breathe. The cause of death was 
doubtless disease of the heart. 

Major Hawks was a man of many excellent traits of character, whole-soule<l, sympathetic 
and generous. He filled for a long period a lar^e place in the community. He had been 
postmaster of the town for about twenty-live years, and keeper of the hotel for about the 
same length of time. His connection with the choir was almost without parallil. For about 
flfty-seven years his connection with it has been continuous, and for nearly the whole time 
he has served as one of its leaders. He possessed a voice of remarkable powor and sweet 


Albert B. Dresser furnishes the following items : "When my 
grandfather, Moses Dresser, was a boy, he helped drive a drove of 
•cattle to Boston. During his journey he saw a bass-viol, the first he 
had ever seen. He examined it closely, and after his return home 
•set about making one for himself. Fearing that his father might 
think it a waste of time and material, he worked out of sight of the 
liouse, and on a large flat rock completed the instrument. It proved 
to be a good one, and is now in possession of his son Levi, of Russell, 

"One of Burgoyne's men, a Hessian, settled near the Simeon Cowles 
place. His shanty finally burned down and he left the place. 

"I have a bear trap that was made by Seth Pomeroy before the 
Revolutionary war. His initials, * S. P.,' are still visible upon it. 
I have also the stone that Dea. Oliver Taylor used in his tannery in 
sharpening his currier's knife. It slill bears the marks of the knife, 
though it has been cut down to a size that permits its use in the 
hay field." 

Children of Caleb C. and Julia M. Dresser : Sophia B., born 
March 30, 1846; Albert B., born March 5, 1848; Helen M., born 
June 19, 1850; Edward, born Sept. 14, 1852, died Aug. 7, 1854; 
Charles, born June 2, 1856, died Jan. 24, 1859 ; Martha, born Feb. 
16, 1859; Laura M., born July 8, 1862 ; Hattie, born July 23, 1864. 
{Correction, — Albert B. and his three younger sisters reside on the 
Capt. Reuben Dresser homestead.) 

Sophia B., daughter of Caleb C. Dresser, married E. P. Bridgman 
(not Joseph C, page 145,) member of the 37th Regiment of Massa- 
chusetts Volunteers, the well-known army correspondent — "E. P. B." 
— of the Hampshire Gazette. Miss Dresser, previous to her marriage, 
was engaged for some time in teaching a government school at the 
Indian agency under Maj. Joseph Bridgman, cousin of **E. P. B." 
Miss Dresser, inheriting the Cushman musical talent, was a leading 
member of one of the church choirs in Westfield for quite a period 
before going west. 

Children of George and Alvey Dresser: Henry B., born Dec. 17, 
1849 ; George C, born Feb. 18, 1852 ; Vesta C, born Sept. 8, 1854. 

ness, that, so far as the writer knows, was never heard in a song that was not proper to be 
sung in the house of worship. He died at the post of duty, and will be missed and remem- 
bered for many years. 


Abner Damon (page 144), married Lovisa, not Louisa. His daugh- 
ter Lovisa married Oman Bartlett. Abner, Jr., married Miranda, 
daughter of Solomon Bates. 

Incidents Belated hy Copt John Grant in 1854. 

Ebenezer Parsons, father of Justin, died of small pox in 1777, in 
the house where J. Milton Smith lives. Mrs. Chapin, daughter of 
William Hallock, died of the same disease. 

Col. Ezra May was at the taking of Burgoyne. He took a violent 
cold, did not immediately return home, but never recovered from it. 
He, as Major, and Christopher Banister as Captain, Asa Grant and 

Harris of this town as private soldiers, went down towards 

New York with others, to watch the movements of Howe's army. 

Rev. Dr. Lyman of Hatfield, an earnest Whig, was preaching in 
Williamsburgh on the Sabbath morning when word came that men 
were wanted at Bennington. He went home after the service, prom- 
ising to join such as would go to Bennington the next morning. He 
was as good as his word, and was promptly on hand, armed and 
equipped for active service. 

Rev. Dr. Parsons of Amherst was considered a Tory. He told 
Dr. Lyman that he dreamed of seeing a large bull fighting a small 
one at Hockanum — near Mt. Hclyoke — and the small one conquered 
the other. "Very good,'* replied Dr. Lyman, "Very good, sir. I 
can interpret that dream : John Bull and the Yankees ; and John 
Bull is going to get whipped. But I do not understand why the 
Lord should reveal anything to a tory." 

Asa Grant, father of Capt. John, was a soldier in the French and 
Indian war. He was under Col. Williams, the founder of Williams 
College. The Colonel made his will in Albany as they were going 
up to Fort Edward. While Grant and his comrades were building a 
breastwork. Colonel Williams went forward to meet the French and 
Indians and was killed. 

Old Mr. James Packard had nine slaves fall to him by way of his 
wife. He had them sent here, and made arrangements for disposing 
of them to different parties. Squire Snell of Cummington was to 
have two, but before they were distributed, slavery in Massachusetts 
came to an end, and the negroes became their own masters. 

Julia Hawks, the teacher, married M. Bertrand Gardel, not Henry, 


as given on page 147. She died while in the East, Feb. 28, ^859, 
in a tent about a half day's journey from Damascus. 

George S. Hunt, of Northampton, son of Lowell, married Fannie 
Stickney of Greenfield, June 14, 1866. Children: Alfred S. ; Willie 
A. ; Charles L. ; Frank H. 

The following interesting account of the early James families, 
which will correct some errors in the previous pages, was received 
from Luther James, Esq., of Ann Arbor, Mich., too late for insertion 
in jts proper place. Mr. James has heretofore shown in practical 
ways his interest in his native town. The substantial iron gate at 
the enliance of the cemetery was a donation from him. 

John, Philip and Thomas came from England. Lands were 
granted to Philip and Francis James in Cohasset — -then included in 
Hingham — in 1638. 

John James, 4th generation, married Deborah Bates of Penabroke, 

Children : John, Jr., born 1744; Deborah, born March 23, 1746 ; 
Francis of Boston, born May 13, 1749 ; Enoch of Boston, born Aug. 
24> 1751 ; Sarah, born Sept. 13, 1755, married Job Turner of Boston ; 
Thomas, born July 11, 1758, removed from Cohasset to Chesterfield> 
1770, and married Susannah Collier. She was born in Scituate, 
April 19, 1756, and died Nov. 4, 1820. Thomas James died m 
Westhampton, March i, 1834. 

John James, Jr., born 1744, married Lois Beals of Cohasset, April 
4, 1765. She was born July 20, 1746. 

Children : Moses, born Oct. 23, 1766, married Rebecca Riptey^ 
Jan. 13, 1785 ; Malachi, born July 9, 1767, married Elizabeth 
Lyman, Feb. 18, 1790; Lois, born May 29, 1769, married Josiah 
Beals, Oct. i, 1789 ; Betsey, born March 17, 17 71, married Amherst 
Harwood, June 20, 1793 ; Sallie born July 25, 1773, married Caleb 
Damon, Nov. 21, 1795; Deborah, born Jan. 6, 1777, married Benj, 
Pierce, June 26, 1799 ; Ruth, born Nov. 27, 1778, died May 24, 1781. 

John James, Jr., removed to Goshen in 1769 ; died July n, 1804. 
His wife, Lois, died Oct. 5, 1810. 

Elizabeth, wife of Capt. Malachi James, died July 9, 1856 • 
Lyman, son of Capt. James, bor.i March 25, 1825, died Dec. 16. 
1830 ; Sophia, died at Chelsea, Mich., Jan. 16, 1879, ^tged 87 ; Clar- 


issa, died Aug. 15, 1876 ; Maria, ^married May 3,1, i9S5» died in 
Ashfield, Oct. 15, 1876; Lewis L., married Jan. 25, 1832, died in 
Dexter, Mich., Aug. 17, 1880. Enocli James married A. R. Dwight 
of Belchertown, Jan. 18, 1825. 

John James, Jr., and John Williams were partners in trade from 
1779 to 1793. Their accounts were kept in pounds, shillings and 
pence. Their store was the only one in the vicinity for several 
years. The goods were brought from Boston with ox teams. The 
old store was taken down in 1876. 

On the night of Sept. 7, 182 1, two large barns with sheds attached^ 
full of hay, grain, flax, &c., belonging to Capt. James, were destroyed 
by fire. 

John James, Sen., built the first church in Cohasset, probably 
about 1747. It was reported at a parish meeting in 1750 that the 
meeting house had been completed at a cost of four thousand 
pounds. This church is still standing. The old family homestead 
in Cohasset, built over 200 years ago, is still in good condition. 
The timbers are cedar, and additions have been made to the original 


F. W. Lyman, writing from his Florida residence, in Spring Gar- 
den Centre, Volusia Co., under date of March 5, 1881, expresses his 
" appreciation of the labor of rescuing from oblivion the *short and 
simple annals of the poor.* Good blood,'* he writes, " went up to 
the hill towns. No doubt some * rude inglorious Miltons* there may 
rest j' *some Cromwells guiltless of their country's blood.* Religion 
and patriotism struck their roots deep in the rugged soil, and if corn 
and cattle were 1p?s luxuriant, men and women, in (he best English 
sense, grew there.** 

"My great grandmother, on the Lyman side, was Thankful Pome- 
roy, sister of Gen. Seth ; and on the Smith side, my grandmother was 
a friend and neighbor of Gen. Putnam. My grandfather Lyman was 
a lieutenant on the side of the government in the fight at Springfield, 

[Note by thb Compiler,— Mr. Enoch James, with his brother, Lewis L., was largely en- 
gtk$ed in WiUiamsburgh, for many years in mercantile and manufacturing pursuits. The 
store and manufacturing are still continued by Henry L. and L. D. Jamc3, sons of Enoch, 
who seem to retain the business taci; and enterprise that have been for so long a period, 
conspicuous in the James family.] 


during the Shay's insurrection. He took, in a two horse sleigh, a 
squad of his men, of whom one Walker was shot in the sleigh." * * 

From sources entitled to confidence, it appears that Rev. Justin 
Parsons had a larger family of children than have been named in the 
previous pages. The following list probably includes them all : 

Lucretia, baptised 1789, who married Rev. Daniel O. Morton, and 
resided in Shoreham, Vt. ; Asahel, baptised Sept. 5, 1790; Levi, 
born 1792, missionary to Palestine; Luther, baptised Feb. 21, 1795; 
Calvin, baptised May 6, 1798; Electa, baptised July 20, 1800; 
Electa, baptised Aug. 5, 1804. Mrs. Mary P. Webster writes : "Ira 
Parsons married a Miss Bardwell, sister of the wife of Dea. Asahel 

Benjamin Parsons, Jr., resided and practiced law for some years, 
in Chesterfield. He was secretary of the Hampshire Musical Society 
in 1801, and in 1805-8 represented the town in the Legislature. 

Dea. Oliver Taylor kept a daily record of the weather from 1796 
till 1827. His grandson, Mr. Emmons Putney, continued it from 
that time onward, and has the whole now (1881) in his possession. 
The house of Mi*. Putnev was the residence of Rev. Mr. Whitman 
and family, for nearly forty years. The chimney was built of brick 
made by Deacon Brown, of clay, taken from the bed of the reservoir. 
Mr. Putney has an old-fashioned eight day clock, made by Isaac Gere. 
It is claimed it has been known to run for a year witliopt varying 
from true time. Mr. Putney and others are authority for the state- 
ment, that Capt. Reuben Dresser procured sufficient pine lumber 
from a single tree on his farm, for building his hotel in the 
village. The lumber from another pine tree from the same lands, is 
said to have sold for eighty dollars in the days when lumber was 
cheap. The lumber from the original forest trees was excellent 
in quality and durability. The shingles on the north roof of Major 
Stone's house lasted nearly seventy years. 

The following extracts from a letter written by Rev. J. C. Thomp- 
son in 186 1, in reference to renewing his labors among the people of 
Goshen, are worth preserving, showing as they do, the christian spirit 
of the man and his attachment to the people of his early minis- 
trations : 

"I ought to have said before that I have no wish to settle in any parish at present, 


and this on account of my health. Should I continue to be able to labor for a year 
or two to conie, as I have for the past two or three years, I might perhaps consent 
to take a permanent charge. ■ But for the present, I am quite sure it will be better, 
both for myself and for the people, to whom I may minister, that my relations to 
them be that of "stated supply.'* 

**It is certainly very gratifying to receive from the people in Goshen, such expres- 
sions of interest in me, and of favorable appreciation of my poor services. They 
awaken a response in my own bosom, which tempts me to leap over other consid- 
erations and give at once an affiimaciv^ decision to the quesMon bsfo^e me. 

"But I have been a dull disciple in the school of Christ, to have lived thus long 
and yet not learn that the will of the Master, and not our own inclination, must be 
our guide, * * * i would not run before being sent by the Great 
Head of the church. If He shall say go, most cheerfully will I once more pitch my 
tent among the friends and their descendants, and among the sepulchres of friends 
of more youthful • days, and in the place which to me is so full of interesting and 
grateful memories. * * * Yours very coidially, 

J. C. Thompson. 

Mr. Thompson was ordained first pastor of the second church in 
Rowe, Mass., Oct. 28, 1835, dismissed June ^9> 1^37* ^.nd settled over 
the Congregational church in Goshen the same year. He married 
Xucy Ann, daughter of Dr. Chenery of Holden. 

Children : John Chener}', born June 14, 1838 ; Edward Payson, born 
March 9, 1840 ; Lizzie, married C. J. Humiston, and resides in 
Holyoke, Mas§. 

Mr. Thompson preached in Cummington for a year, and in other 
places, but his health proving unequal to pastoral duties, he re- 
tired from the profession, and for many years has been in business 
in Belvidere, Illinois. 

Children of Daniel and Betty Wyman : Daniel, born Feb. 3, 1765 
William, born Jan. 12, 177 1 ; Artemas, born Dec. 19, 177 1 ; Joseph, 
born Dec. 26, 1774; Nahum, born Jan. 27, 1777; John, born Oct. 
21, 1780; David, born Nov. 25, 1782. The eldest two were born in 
Brookfield, the others in Goshen. 

Rev. T. H. Rood, foot of page 62, not J. H. 

John Stearns, page 178, married Abigail, daughter of John Wil- 

Vashti Tilton, page 177, not Vasti. 

Ellen E. Smith, page 170, was born 1834. 

Cranson, page 168, is usually written Cranston. 


After Reuben Smith, page 71, No. 44, insert J. Milton Smith. 

The date of birth of Phebe, daughter of Thomas Weeks, page i8o> 
is given in another record as August 31, 1733. 

Col. Nehemiah M ay, page 154, died Sept. 10. Susannah May^ 
died June 14. 

F. C. Richardson, page 72, not J. C. 

Marriages not Previously Inserted.. 

James Halbert and Mary Selden, Aug, 15, 1781. 

David Childs and Clarissa Dickenson, June 17, 1784. 

William Damon and Ruth Whitcomb, May 27, 1784. 

Hugh Thompson and Sarah White, Feb. 7, 1787. 

Joseph Thayer and Anna Putney, Feb. i 1787. 

Joshua Abell and Dolly Parsons, Dec. 12, 1787. 

Nathaniel Abell and Eunice French, Dec. 7, 1788. 

James Whitcomb and Nancy Hunt, Dec. 18, 1790. 

Stephen Grover and Margaret Beman, Feb. 24, 1793. 

Ebenezer Bird and Widow Molly White, Jan. 23, 1794. 

Benjamin Wait and Polly Mott, June 2, 1794. 

Silas Blake and Parnal Beswick, March 20, 1794. 

Joseph Mott and Naomi Lyons, April 12, 1792. 

Origen Orcutt and Eunice Ripley, March 3, 1796. 

Oliver Thayer and Hannah Vining, Jan. 19, 1797. 

John Snow and Anna Forbes, Oct. 12, 1797. 

Justin Parsons and Electa Frary, Oct. 30, 1788. 

Josiah Beals of Windsor and Lois James, Oct. i, 1789. 

Adonijah Taylor of Williamsburgh andZeruiah Snow, Nov. 5, J 789. 

Wm. Murray and Polly Palmer, April 13, 1790. 

Jacob Kilburn and Hannah Alden, Sept 9, 1790. 

J. Osgood and Sarah Standish, Sept. 9, 1790. 

Solomon Parsons and Lucinda Packard, Nov. 25, 1790. 


Chas. Beswick, Jr., of Chesterfield and Mary Vinton, Nov. 25, 1790. 

Jonas Rich and Jennie Selden, Nov. 28, 1790. 

Alpheus Pearse and Mary Hallock, Feb. 23, 1792. 

Philip Smith of Whateley and Rebekah Tower, March 7, 1792. 

John Alden, 2d, and Tabitha McNight, March 8, 1792. 

Asa Strong of Greenfield and Sarah Putney, April 26, 1792. 

Versal Banister of Windsor and Hannah Packard, Feb. 19, 1793. 

Josiah Hayden, Jr., and Esther Hallock, March 21, 1793. 

Amherst Harwood of Windsor and Betsey James, June 20, 1793. 

Joshua Porter and Jenna Luce, June 27, 1793. 

Nathan Morgan of Pownal and Lydia Orr, July 4, 1793. 

Joel Chapin of Worthington and Abigail Hallock, Sept. 26, 1793. 

Daniel Perkins of Plainfield and Patty Hallock, Jan. [29, 1794. 

Ebenezer Hawkins of Williamstown and Rebekah Jipson, Feb. 
16, 1794. 

Wni. Arms, Jr., of Deerfield and Mercy Snow, March 4, 1794. 

Benjamin Southwick of Northampton and Elizabeth Polly, Feb. 
16, 1795. 

John Abell of Fairfield, Vt, and Ruth Grant, Feb. 18, 1795. 

Elijah Luce of Williamsburgh and Mehitabel Howes, March 
16, 1795. 

Thomas Orcutt and Sally Carpenter, April 23, 1795. 

Joseph Collins and Esther Fuller, Aug. 20, 1795. 

Aaron Putney and Deborah Maynard, Aug. 29, 1795. 

Alpheus Darling and Lois K'jllogg, Dec. 24, 1795. 

Abner Brown and Susannah Tower, Oct. 9, 1796. 

Moses Shepard and Fanny Allen, (colored) Nov. 6, 1796. 

Asa Bates and Jemima Kingman, Nov. 17, 1796. 

Daniel Kellogg, Jr., and Lucy Weeks, Jan. 22, 1797. 

Zenas Leiand of Ashfield and Azubah Fuller, March 16, 1797. 

Marsena Sanderson of Deerfield and . Zilphah Fuller, March 
29, 1797. 

Silas Patrick and Nabby Gates, J-une 8, 1797. 

Asa Turner and Lydia Willcutt, July 2, 1797. 

Abell Olds and Elioner Billington, July 6, 1797. 

John Manter of Ashfield and Rebekah Snow, July 26, 1797. 

Josiah Hannum of Williamsburgh and Dolly Banister, Feb. 6, 1798. 

Koswell Stevens of New Hartford and Molly King, Sept. 2, 1798. 


Benjamin Pierce, Jr., of Chesterfield and Dolly James, June 
26, 1799. 

Lot Hall of Ashfield and Sally Jipson, July 6, 1799. 

John C. Lyman and Susannah Burgess, Nov. 7, 1799. 

John Salmon and Polly Putne3% Nov. 21, 1799. 

Matthew Keith and Lucretia Jipson, Jan. 30, 1800. 

Asahel Stoodley of St. Albans, Vt., and Lydia Beals, Jan. 22, 1801. 

Eleazer Blake and Ruth Beals, Jan. 22, 1801. 

Joseph Rhoades, 3d, and Esther Knight, Jan. 29, 1801. 

David Wilds of Williamsburgh and Charlotte Gustin, Sept. 10, 1801. 

William Harrington and Hannah Davidson, Dec. 17, 1801. 

Dea. Joseph Cutler of Brookfield and Widow Judith Brown, Jan. 
24, 1802. 

Solomon Bates of Chesterfield and Nabby Willcutt, April 6, 1802.. 

Ansel Amadon and Susannah Parker, April 29, 1802. 

Doctor Ellis Coney and Sarah Grover, Sept. 26, 1802. 

John Smith, Jr., and Hannah Putney, Oct. 21, 1802. 

Joseph Carey, 3d, of Williamsburgh and Freelove Fullfer, Jan. 

i3> 1803- 
Gershom Bates and Patty Parker, Feb. 3, 1803. 

Willard Cleaveland and Sally Strong, March 10, 1803. 

Benjamin Jones and Polly Jipson, March 23, 1803. 

Samuel Snow and Temperance Luce, Dec. 8, 1803. 

Eleazer C. Leonard of Worthington and Hannah Salmon,. Jan. 
18, 1804. 

Wm. H. Parker of Charlemont and Nancy Aldridge, Jan. 25, 1804. 

Joshua Abell, Jr., and Phebe Cathcart, March 8, 1804. 

Luke Keith of Cummington and Hannah Willcutt, April 3, 1804.. 

Joshua Sansamon and Hannah Dunham, Sept. 7, 1804. 

John Glass of Peru and Phebe Davis, Nov. 29, 1804. 

Mitchell Dawes of Cummington and Mercy Burgess, Jan. i, 1805. 

Amzi Childs of Deerfield and Rhoda Snow, Jan. 10, 1805. 

Simeon Hurd of Sandgate, Vt., and Rebekah Jones, Jan. 27, 1805. 

James King of Ashfield and Lilly Willcutt, April 14, 1805. 

Stockwell Stearns of Worthington and Zerviah Willcutt, Oct. 
31, 1805. 

Asa L. Robinson and Persis Weeks, Feb. 17 1806. 

Seth Ford of Cummington and Parthena Kingman, Feb. 20, 1806.. 

Rufus Cushman and Theodocia Stone, June 12, i8c6. 


Meriman Chamberl i and Polly Hubbard, Oct. 2, 1806. 

John Harris and Abigail Carpenter, Nov. 27, 1805. 

Chester Wait of Savoy and Susannah B rown, Nov. 25, 1806. 

Amos W. Pool of Plainfield and Sarah Abell, Nov. 27, 1806. 

Reuben Dresser, Jr., and Sophia Bardwell, May 12, 1807. 

Joshua Packard, Jr., and Betsey Ingram, May 14, 1807. 

Harvey Luce and Hannah Cliffoid. June 3, 1807. 

Rev. Wm. Fisher of Stamford, Conn., and Khoda Bardwell, Oct. 
25, 1807. 

John Wilder of Chealeuicld and Hannah Amadon, Feb. 15, 1808. 

^ev. Abel Farley of Manchester Vt, and Hannah Dresser, Feb. 
18, 1808. 

Jonathan Lilly, Jr., of Ashfield and Clarissa Kellogg, Sept. 22, 1808. 

Erastus Gleason of Plainfield and Eunice Til ton, Oct 5, 1808. 

Rufus Abbott of Chester and Anna Owen, July 17, 1809. 

Stephen Whitney of Deeifield and Polly Williams, Feb. 22, 1810. 

John Bisbee of Plainfield and Mary Lyon, March 27, 1810. 

Doctor Daniel Pierce of Peru and Abigail Lyman, May 3, 1810. 

Samuel Hall, Jr., of Ashfield and Betsey Jipson, July 12, 1810. 

Allen Newell of Whateley and Hannah Jipson, July 13, 1810. 

Stephen Luce and Mary Graves of Williamsburgh, Sept. 20, 1810. 

Aaron James and Irena Willcutt, Nov. 29, 18 10. 

Joel Jones of Chesterfield and Clarissa Owen, April 30, 1810. 

Caleb Dodge of Litchfield, N. Y., and Marcia Jipson, Sept. 
17, 1810. 

Wm. Hosford and Tirza Jipson, Sept. 19, 18 10. 

Jed. Clark and Elizabeth Cushman, Jan. 19, 1813. 

Benjamin Johnson of Pittsfield and Mary Cargill, Nov. i, 18 13. 

Ebenezer Healy, Jr., and Esther Parsons, May 5, 18 13. 

O. D. Hannum of Southampton and Sarah Sprague, May 27, 1813, 

Elisha Warner and Patty Weeks, July 5, 18 13. 

Rufus Olds and Eunice Sprague, Aug. 25, 1814. 

Chester Olds and Naomi Sprague, Sept. 22, 18 14. 

Prescott Bartlett and Narcissa Robinson, Oct. 17, 1814. 

Junius Northam and Sally White, Jan. 31, 1815. 

Cyrus Bisbee and Eliz'th Buckingham, May 16, 1815. 

Simeon Cowles of Amherst and Molly King, June 28, 1815. 

James Richards, Jr., of Plainfield and Sally Bardwell, May 31, 1815, 


Robert Little of Williamsburgh and Mrs. Sarah Whitcomb, Dec. 
21, 1815. 

Lewis Thayer of Cummington and Tenty Kingman, Jan. 2, 1816. 
r Eben'r Ford of Plainfield and Roxey Olds, Jan. 22, 1816. 

Asahel Billings and Violet Bardwell, Jan. 31, 1816. 

Amos Deming of Savoy, and Priscilla Sears, Feb. 15, 1816. 

Horace Frary of Whately and Catharine Simmons, Oct. 7, 1818^. 

Robert Barras and 2^rviah Orcutt, Feb. 11, 1821. 

Jesse Willcutt, 2d, and Hannah James, Dec. 2, 1813. 

Joel Sampson and Anna Hubbard, June 5, 1814. 

Jacob Loveli and Naomi Damon, April 2, 1818. 

Bradley Packard and Mary Webster, Dec. 2, 183 1. 

Leonard Smith and Mary Coney, May 13, 1835. 

Abner Kelley and Sarah, daughter. of Daniel Beals, Dec. 10, 1835. 

Asahel H. Searle and Sophia Skiff, Dec. 11, 1823. 

Martin Bryant of Chesterfield and Nancy A. Skiff, Jan i, 1824, 

Oliver Wiles of Williamsburgh and Sophia Hosford, March 4, 1824. 

Reuben Lynch of Stockbridge and Sarah Hosford, Nov. 10, 1824. 

Asa Pettengill of Cummington and Cynthia Brown, Jan. 25, 1826. 

Peter Niles of Worlhington and Mary Buckingham, April 11, 1826. 

Oliver Taylor Cathcart and Nancy Abell, April 12, 1827. 

Gains Pease of Summers, Conn., and Wealthy Walcutt, June 13, 

John C. Lyman oiE Cummington and Cynthia Bassett, Nov. 7, 1827. 

Oman Bartlett of Cummington and Lovisa Damon, Dec. 27, 1827. 

Russell Searle of Chesterfield and Abigail Beals, Dec. 27, 1827. 

EbenV W. Town of Enfield and Sophia A. Hawks, Dec. 1, 1827. 

Barnabas A. Howes of Ashfield and Polly C. Lawton, Nov. 8, 1827. 

Ansel Edwards of Albany and Rowena Darling, Dec. 21, 1827. 

Alvan Macomber and Nancy Burnell, Feb. 22, 1832. 

Norman Cogswell of Chesterfield and Eliza Farley, May 15, 1832. 

Elias Beals of Cummington and Polly Bates, June 14, 1832. 

Silas Hannum, Jr., and Harriet E. Kingman, Oct. 25, 1832. 

Pomeroy Smith and Louisa C. Burnell, Jan. i, 1833. 

Nathan Sears of Ashfield and Abigail Bates, May 22, 1834. 

Philo P. Tucker and Harriet N. Hawks, Oct. i, 1834. 

Braman Wing of Savoy and Betsey Luce, Sept. 17, 1837. 

Joseph Cole of Chesterfield and Hannah Willcutt, Sept. 23, 1838. 


Capt. John Grant and Mrs. Jane B. Shaw of Cummington, Oct. 9^ 

Elijah Walcott, Jr., and Diana R. Parker, Feb. 14, 183^. 

Wm. Keith of Greenfield and Almira Thompson of Heath, Oct 
21, 1841. 


Lewis H. Warren of Ashfield and Sarah Converse, Nov. 24, 1841. 
Ebenezer Snell, Jr., of Cummington and Rachel F. Bardwell, Dec. 
15, 1841. 

Moses Belden to Mrs. Sally Briggs, April 27, 1842. 

Benj. E. Kemp of Buckland and Mehitabel Luce, Jan. 18, 1844. 

Abner Phelps and Eryphela Wheeler, Sept. 4, 1844. 

David Kingman and Harriet N. Richards. July 29, 1845. 

Wm. N. Moore and Caroline S. Moody, May 3, 1846. 

Spencer C. Gurney and Abigail T. Hoxie, April 2, 1847. 

Theo. Parsons and Mehitable Shaw, Jan. 30, 1848. 

Jeremiah Bardwell and Wealthy C Goodman, Nov. 29, 1849. 

Otis C. Howes and Cornelia M. Hubbard, Oct. i, 1850. 

John M. Smith and Sarah M. Beals, Oct. 13, 1850. 

Samuel J. Gould and Rosetta A. Russ, June 10, 1851. 

Thomas C. Phelps, Jr., and Hannah S. Moore, Dec. 11, 1851. 

J. M. Francis and Beihiah E; Russ, Dec. 11, 1852. 

Alphonso Dickinson and Abby A. Field, Jan. 30, 1852. 

Henry Bodman and Sarah Hill, May 3, 1852. 

Levi Stephenson and Martha R. Miller, May 10, 1852. 

George Stephenson and Elizabeth E. Utley, June 14, 1853. 

Milo Milliken and Mary Willcutt, Nov. 24, 1853. 

Hosea P. Hunt and M. Vaughn, May 10, 1854. 

Henry M. Blakely and Genett Haihaway, Aug. 2, 1854. 

Geo. W. Packard and Mary J. Foid, Feb. 23, 1855. 

Aquila Mooie and Eliza A. Miller, May 3, 1855. 

Amos Hawks and Climena Baker, Dec. 27, 1855. 

James Lawton and Catharine Baly, Jan. 17, 1856. 

John W. Miller and Eugenia Howland, May i, 1856. 

Zenas Field and Cynthia Luce, Oct. 11, 1856. 

Albert H. Merritt and Aurelia M. Jackson, Oct. 6, 1856. 

A. P. Hunt and Hannah J. Plymplon, May 12, 1857. 

Jo-eph Blake and Caroline P. Abell, May 27, 1857. 

James B. Taylor and Abigail Manning, July, 1857. 

Joseph Meekins and Permelia Bassett, Sept., 1857. 


Rev. Wm. Carruthers and Martha P. Baker, June 23, 1858. 
Matthew Ray and Mary Burke, Feb. 7, 1859. 
. Cyrus Kingsley and Susan J. Pynchon, March 17, 1859. 
Alonzo Bates and Aurelia E. Upton, May 3, 1859. 
Lewis Abell and Martha Packard, 1859. 
Amasa S. Cowles and Ruth S. Newcomb, 1859. 
George E. Williams and Lucy B. Upton, Nov. 14, 1859. 
Harvey Rhodes and Sarah Jane Damon, Oct, 21, i860. 
Asahel Bisbee and Sarah Stephenson, Nov. i, i860. 
Coleman L. Dawes and Martha C. Tilson, June 12, 186 1. 
Robert Pratt and Mary Loud, June 12, 1861. 
Edward Baker and Elizabeth Damon, July 4, 1861. 
Horatio Culver and Minerva M. Scott, July 20, 1861. 
Fordyce Chilson^and Maiy Ann Frissel, March 16, 1863. 
Chester M. Fuller and Almira A. Warner, Dec. 29, 1863. 
Fred. Richaidson and Juliette Hayden, March 2, 1864. 
John H. Matthews and Catharine Brinen, Jan. 21, 1865. 
T. P. Lyman and Olive J. Rice, Oct. 11, 1865. 
John H. Bissell and Julia Ann Richnrdson, Dec. 6, 1865. 
Henry F. Rice and Sarah E. Godfrey, Jan. 17, 1866. 
Harlan W. Torrey and Ellen M. Parker, June 23, 1866. 
John H. Godfrey and Elvira A. Porter, May 23, 1867. 
Levant Phelps and Ella L. Prince, June 3, 1867. 
Elihu Boyce and Amanda Miller, June 16, 1868. 
Herbert W. Brown and Luella R. Damon, Sept. 8, 1868. 
Chas. Thayer and Ida Dixon, Sept. 13, 1868. 
Dwight Thayer and Sarah Miller, Oct. 23, 1868. 
Edward Valentine and HaUie A. White, Feb. 20, 1869. 
E. Herbert Alden and Laura E. Fuller, Sept. 8, 1869. 
Edward G. Bradford and Sarah M. Newton, Sept. 14, 1869. 
John K. Fuller and Lucena Plumley, Dec. 2, 1869. 
Arthur H. Walkley and Martha A. Hawks, Jan. 15, 1870. 
Evlyn Taylor and Louisa R. Johnson, June 8, 1870. 
Franklin Mayor and Nancy Mayor, July 10, 1870. 
Frank D. Robinson and Lizzie Porter, Oct. 26, 1870. 
Lyman B. Cannon and Julia B. Hubbard, June 15, 1871. 
Benj. M. Dyer and Lois H. Williams, Nov. i, 1871. 
Leander V. Hill and Emily Porter, Nov. 25, 1871. 


John G. Sykes and Lydia At Dyer, Dec. 26, 187 1. 

Orrin N. Russ and Mary Millins, May 6, 1873. 

Augustus H. Roberts and Mary Ann Richardson, July 29, 1875. 

Israel P. Stebbins and Mary Alexander, Jan. 24, 1877. 

Willie E. Shaw and Eva V. Merritt, July 3, 1877. 

Horace Atwater and Emma Ernestine Walkley, July 26, 1877. 

Frank G. Sears and Etta F. Wildinan, April 21, 1877. 

Clifford L. Nutter and Sarah P. Sturtevant, Sept. 10, 1877. 

John E. Cogan and Bell J. Bates, August 11, 1879. 

Ralph A. Packard and Rachel E. Hawes, Oct. 30, 1879. 

Alcander Hawks and Eunice A. Loomis, Nov. 18, 1879. 

Lucius PI. Hubbard and Margaret E. Bucknam, April 29, 1880. 

Wilbur D. Porter and Julia F. Tufts, May 23, 1880. 

Ozro B. Davis and Fleda E. Miner, May 30, 1880. 

Ward D. White and Susie P. Hunt, Nov. 25, 1880. 

Emil H. Miller and Flora A. Buck, Dec. 25, 1880. 

^'Intentions'' — where date of marriage is not recorded. 

Epaphras Curtis and Elizabeth Waldo, Dec, 1787. 

Ephraim Bates and Mary Chamberlain, Jan. 4, 1790. 

Micah Jepson and Mary Hawkins of Williamstown, April 8, 1790. 

Daniel Croney (Coney?) and Mary Jones, May 23, 1790. 

Chas. Beswick, Jr., and Mary Vinton, July 9, 1790. 

Parson Mansfield and Joanna Smith, Dec. 19, 1791. 

Moses Hallock and Peggy Allen of Chilmark, July 2, 1792. 

Edipond Bridges and Rebekah Minor of Peru, Nov. 12, 1792. 

John Presip* and Molly Odell of Cummington, March 4, 1793. 

Jesse Abell and Sally Orcutt, Nov. 15, 1795. 

Levi Bates and Lovina Hersey, July 10, 1796. 

Abell Olds and Eleanor Billington, April 24, 1797. 

Josiah Hannum and Dolly Banister, Dec. 4, 1797. 

Jonathan Luce and Mehitabel Bates, May 19, 1798. 

Charles Grimes and Hepsey Bodman, Aug. 10, 1800. 

John K. Hamilton and Submit Grimes, Sept. 21, 1801. 

John Grant and Nancy Reed of Cheshire, April 16, 1802. 

* Preaip was a Portuguese. 


Joseph Rice and Mary Burnell, Aug. 15, 1803. 

Othniel Hannum and Patty Basselt, Sept. 26, 1803. 

Silas Burgess and Lucy Stone, Nov. 15, 1803. 

Joshua Abeli, Jr., and Ph<:be Cathcart, March 4, 1804. 

Ebenezer Parsons and Eunice Clark, March 14, 1804. 

Erastus Clark and Hannah Dresser, July 16, 1804. 

John Glass of Peru and Phebe Davis, Oct. 20, 1804. 

Samuel Daugherty and Anna Woods of Belchertown, Feb. 10, 1805. 

John VVillcutt and Cynthia Abell, March 10, 1806. 

Thos. Tower, Jr., and Sarah Manning, Dec. 30, 1806. 

John Eldredge and Sally Kellogg, Oct. 5, 1807. 

Silvanus Stone and Mehitabel Kellogg of Brookfield, Jan. 20, 1808. 

Caleb Cushman and Betsey Alvord of Plainfield, Feb. 9, 1808. 

John Luce and Hannah Bigelow, Feb. 15, 1808. 

Elijah Streeter and Katherine Weeks of Belchertown, Feb. 15, i8o8. 

Reuben Kingman and Betsey Clark, March 8, 1808. 

David Kellogg and Sophia Bassett, Nov. 24, 1808. 

Spencer Hubbard and Sally Gunn of Sunderland, Jan. 25, 1809. 

Ebenezer White and Hannah Ripley, Oct. 8, 1809. 

Samuel Buckingham and Eliza (Jox, May 7, 18 10. 

Jonathan Snow and Betsey Bond, Dec. 25, 18 10. 

Nathan Fuller and Hannah Dyer, March 4, 181 1. 

Elijah Bardwell, Jr., and Lovina Howes of Ashfield, Dec. 2, 181 1. 

Harvey Walker and Tamar King, April 11, 1813. 

Cyril Jepson and Phebe Sears, May 30, 18 14. 

Benj. White and Sophia Butler, Nov., 1814. 

Robert Little and Mrs. Sarah Whitcomb, Dec. 12, 1815. 

Willard Stowell, and Lucy King, Jan. 8, 18 16. 

Rev. Abel Farley and Sarah Saddler, June 29, 1816. 

Versal Abell and Sally Potter, Sept. 11, 1819. 

Silas Olds and Sally Prentice, Dec. 14, 1819. 

Greenwood Brown and Mrs. Chloe Bates, Jan. 16, 1820. 

Abiram Phillips and Lucretia Jepson, Feb. 11, 1820. 

Henry Hannum and Submit Abell, March 25, 1820. , 

Samuel NaVamore and Aurelia Bardwell, Oct. 18, 1820. 

Dr. Stephen H. Fuller and Susan E. Seymour, Oct. 21, 1820. 

Dr. Alvah W. Rockwell and Lucy Ames, Jan. 13, 1821. 

Obadiah Skiff, Jr., and Ann Bryant, Sept. 2, 1823. 


Jabez Bement and Eliza A. Jordan, Jan. 15, 1824. 

Edson Cook and Esther Abell, Jan. 17, 1824. 

Abner Damon, Jr., and Miranda Bates, Jan. 17, 1824. 

William Abell and Jerusha S. Arms, April 15, 1824. 

Silas Bassett, 2d, and Pamelia Bradford, April 24, 1824. 

D. W. Graves and Sarah Wells, May 21, 1824. 

Bela Dyer and Deborah White, Aug. 21, 1824. 

Capt. R. Dresser and Sibyl W. Smith, Feb. 11, 1825. 

Dr. Geo. Wright and Julia Billings, Aug. 27, 1825. 

Emmons Putney and Orpha Starkweather, Oct. 22, 1825. 

Dea. Jonathan Lyman and Lydia Towne, Nov. 4, 1826. 

Edwin Norton and Minerva Smedley, June 8, 1827. 

Harris Wait and Phebe H. Hunt, Aug. 20, 1828. 

Edmund Perkins and Laura Orcutt, Dec. 5, 1828. 

Ira Angell and Martha Hosford, Sept 25, 1829. 

Hiram Cowls and Sophronia Knight, Nov. 6, 1830. 

Dr. J. W. Rockwell and Elizabeth Mills, April 19, 1834. 

Wm. Sanders and Almira Buckingham, May 24, 1834. 

Israel B. Thompson and Mary S. Town, July 4, 1835. 

Capt. Fordyce Rice and Eunice V. Nash, Sept. 26, 1835. 

Jabez H. Eldredge and Mary Ann Johnson, Feb. 20, 1836. 

S. Brayman and Laura Healey, May 15, 1841. 

Abner Field of Hatfield and Wealthy Putney, Sept. 24, 1842, 

F. W. Lyman and Sarah W. Naramore, Jan. 26, 1844. 

James Gloyd and Lucretia Ford, Nov. 8, 1845. 

Rev. Royal Reed and Julia Starkweather, Dec. 8, 1845. 

Wm. N. Moore and Caroline S. Moody, April 18, 1846. 

Francis Dresser and Corinth Higgins, Jan. 23, 1847. 

C. M. Fuller and Laura Beals, Oct 23, 1847. 

Forrace Jepson and Martha H. Record, May 26, 1848. 

Horatio Bassett and Aurelia Fuller, Sept. 4, 1848. 

M. Nash Hubbard and Julia A. Parsons, May 18, 185 1. 

Chas. Underwood and Mary Ann Hoar, June 3, 1867. 

Wm. E. Manning and Carrie O. Keplinger, June 3, 1868. 

Herbert W. Brown and Lucilla Damon, July 22, 1868. 


Births not Previously Inserted.. 

Patience, daughter of Abijah Tucker, Dudley, Jan. 26, 1761. 

Hannah, daughter of Abijah Tucker, Goshen, Oct. 8, 1766. 

Molly, daughter of Robert Webster, Feb. 12, 1766. 

James, son of Edward Orcutt, Hingham, May 3, 1761. 

Matthew, son of Edward Orcutt, Goshen, April 12, 1764. 

Deborah, Jr., daughter of Wni. Meader, Nantucket, Nov. 14, 1778. 

William, son of William Meader, Goshen, Sept. 29, 1781. 

Jonathan, son of William Meader, Goshen, Dec. 21, 1783. 

lames 7 

Au- 1' r twins of Samuel and Martha Mott, April 18, 1784. 
Abigail, ) > r > / 1- 

Nabby, daughter of Jos. and Deb. Maynard, March 19, 1793. 

Martha, daughter of Shepherd and Mary Moore, Oct. 26, 1801. 

Irena, daughter of Silvanus Burk, Sept 18, 1785. 

Orril, son of Silvanus Burk, Feb. 16, 1787. 

Gains, son of Silvanus Burk, June 22, 1791. 

John K., son of David and Elioner (King) Green, June 15, 1789. 

Justin, son of David and Elioner (King) Green, Oct. 13, 1794. 

John, son of John and Prudence (White) Adams, Nov. i, 1794. 

Ariel, son of Ansel Amadon, Dec. 20, 1802. 

Rodney, son of Eleazer Hawks, July 9, 18 18. 

Edwin, son of iLleazer Hawks, Nov. 30, 1819. 

Alcander, son of Eleazer Hawks, Aug. 18, 1821. 

Mary Dresser, daughter of Eleazer Hawks, Dec. 15, 1822. ' 

Chas. S., son of E. W. Town, Feb. 17, 1833. 

Jerusha S. Arms, wife of Wm. Abell, Aug. n, 1792. 

Eliza, daught'ir of Wm. Abell, April 15, 1825. 

Rufus, son of Joab and Mary (Bliss) Carpenter, March 19, 1806. 

John, son of Asa and Prudence Chamberlain, Sept. 10, 1789, 

^Became a physician. 



Lincoln, son of Asa and Prudence Chamberlain, Sept. 15, 179^^ 

Wealthy, daughter of Rev. Abel Farley, Sept. n, 1813. 

Oliver, soii of Gershom Cathcart, Dec. 17, 1794* 

Henry L., son of Alfred D. Tucker, Jan. 18, 1837. 

Geo. A., son of Alfred D. Tucker, , 1838. 

Rosetta Ann, daughter of Nelson Russ, Chatham, Aug. 19, 1832^. 

Bethia E., daughter ot Nelson Russ, Chatham, Feb. 20, 1835. 

r Julia B., Williamsburgh, Aug. 7, 1838. 
Children of N, Russ, < Oren N., Goshen, May 4, 1840. 

( Martha E., Goshen, May 10, 1842. 

Rebecca, daughter of S. Braynian, July 25, 1842. 

Edwin A., son of Emery and Finette Moore, Jan. 25, 1842. 

Eliza E., daughter of A. B. Loomis, March 7, 1842. 

Geo. S., son of Lowell Hunt, April 28, 1842. 

Ellen A., daughter of Edward Bridgrnan, May i«, 1842. 

Ellen J., daughter of Ezra Bracket!, June 8, 1842. 

Elvira, daughter of Samuel Porter, April 28, 1843. 

Clifford H., son of Sears and Vashti Luce, Dec. 20, 1843. 

Sarah Josephine, daughter of Edward Biidgman, Jan. 18, 1844. 

Francis, son of Francis and Lucinda Lyman, Jan. 26, 1844. 

Martha Ann, daughter of Joseph and Emeline Hawks, Feb. 
II, 1844. 

Joel D., son of Geo. W. and Asenath Manning, Feb. 22, 1844. 

Martha G., daughter of Samuel and Laura Brayman, Feb. 24, 1844. 

David S., son of Abner and Luena Moore, Aug. 5, 1844. 

•Catharine, daughter of Jeremiah and Sarah Ward, Aug. 8, 1844. 

IMaria ]^., daughter of E. A. and Charlotte A. Carpenter, Aug. 
i8, 1844. 

Susan P., daughter of Lowell and Electa Hunt, Oct. 22, 1844. 

Royal R., son of Fordyce and Mary Rice, March 4, 1845. 

Adeline E., daughter of Marlon and Adeline Damon, June 4, 1845, 

Laura J., daughter of Emery and Finette Moore, June 5, 1845. 

Henry Frank, son of Fied. W. and Sarah W. Lyman, June 26, 1845^ 

Edward P., son of S. VV. and Nancy Til ton, July 26, 1845. 

Edward J., son of Edward Bridgrnan, Oct. 7, 1845. 

Julius R., son of Zebina Leonard, Nov. 7, 1845. 

Mary A., daughter of Sears and Vashti Luce, Dec. 8, 1845. 

Jacob S., son of Levi and Marvilla Gardner, Dec. 29, 1845. 

Albert S., son of Jere. and Sarah Ward, Jan. 10, 1846. 


Henry, son of Joseph and Emeline Hawks, Feb. 7, 1846. 

William E., son of Geo. W. and Asenath Manning, March 3, 1846. 

Wealthy C, daughter of Geo. and Tryphena Abell, July 18, 1846. 

Fordyce Lyman, son of Fordyce and Mary Rice, June 15, 1846. 

Edwin H., son of Samuel and Laura Brayman, Oct. 13, 1846. 

Sarah Emma, daughter of Rufus and Louisa Cowls, Jan. 13, 1847. 

James B., son of Samuel and Abia Porter, May 9, 1847. 

Francelia D., daughter of Edwin A. and Charlotte Carpenter, May 
14, 1847. 

Sarah E., daughter of Henry and Susannah Godfrey, July 23, 1847, 

William A., son of Nelson and Thankful Russ, Aug. 23, 1847. 

Charles, son of Gershom and Sarah Damon, Oct 20, 1847. 

Emery M., son of Fordyce and Mary Rice, Nov. 9, 1847. 

Martha E., daughter of Ephraim and Parnel Warren, Feb. 4, 1848. 

Clarinda J., daughter of Spencer and Abigail Gurney, Feb. 9, 1848. 

Reuben H., son of Francis and Corinth Dresser, March 4, 1848. 

Martha E., daughter of Daniel and Lois Burt, March 21, 1848. 

Sarah A., daughter of Wm. and Caroline Moore, April 4, 1848. 

Eunice A., daughter of Almond and Hester Loomis, Dec. 12, 1848. 

Samuel, son of Sam'l and Laura Brayman, March 7, 1849. 

Lucius U., son of Thomas and Lavina Buck, May 20, 1848. 

Morgan S., son of Zimri and Thankful Newell, Sept. 21, 1848. 

Frances M., daughter of Isaac and Mary Wing, May 12, 1848. 

Achsah S., son of Edward and Caroline Bridgman, Aug. 19, 1849. 

Geo. Wright, son of F. W. and Chloe Belding, Oct. 3, 1849. 

Edward M., son of Francis and Corinth Dresser, Jan. 12, 1850. 

Franklin W., son of Amasa and Betsey Cowles, March 9, 1850. 

Chas. K. Gurney, son of Lysander and Mary Gurney, March 9, 1850. 

Ellen L., daughter of Peregrine and Catharine White, April 11, 

Alice E., daughter of Sanford and Maria Gage, May 13, 1850. 

Jonathan C, son of Champion and Rachel Brown, July 6, 1850. 

Amanda, daughter of Josiah and Elizabeth Miller, July 20, 1850. 

John W., son of West and Nancy Tilton, Aug. 5, 1850. 

Octavia F., daughter of Emery and Finette Moore, Aug. 6, 1850. 

Daniel, son of Henry and Susannah Godfrey, Aug. 30, 1850. 

Marion O., daughter of Oscar and Mary A. Washburn, Sept. io> 

Mary, daughter of John H. and Lucy Lester, Sept. 11, 1850. 


Ella M., daughter of Jeremiah H. and Wealthy Bardwell, Sept. 14, 

Francis M., son of Fordyce and Mary Rice, Nov. 27, 1850. 

Mary J., daughter of Rufus and Emma Cowles, March 17, 185 1. 

Elizabeth, daughter of Sam'l and Abia Porter, March 23, 185 1. 

Walter U., son of Wm. S. and Sarah E. Davis, June 19, 185 1. 

Melzer E., son.of Edwin and Paulina Brockett, July 13, 1851. 

Dvvight S., son of Amasa and Betsey Cowles, Nov. 14, 185 1. 

Chas. A., son of Edwin and Mary Stearns, Oct. 18, 1852. 

Clark Erwin, son of F. W. and Chloe Belding, Oct. 16, 1852. 

Laselle, son of Abner and Erryphela Phelps, Oct. 7, 1853. 

Martha Augusta, daughter of Rev. T. H. and Jane Rood, April 
23, 1854. 

Chas. B., son of Elijah and Sarah Bardwell, Feb. i, 1855. 

Fred. A., son of Fred, and Sophia Hunt, May i, 1855. 

Lizzie, daughter of Bennett and Cordelia Allen, Aug. 2, 1855. 

Alice, daughter of Willard and Caroline Nichols, July 4, 1855. 

Henry James, son of Benoni and Mercy Ann Bissel, Dec. 24, 1856. 

Fred A., son of Fred and Emma Richardson, Aug. 9, 1856. 

Chas. Joseph, son of Fred and Sophia Hunt, , 1857. 

Maria E., daughter of Elijah and Sarah Bardwell, Sept. 11, 1857. 

Martha E., daughter of Calvin A. Packard, April 11, 1857. {Cor- 

Almond E., son of Almond and Hester Loomis, April 26, 1857. 

Betsey Ann, daughter of Amasa and Betsey Ann Cowles, Nov. 11, 

Wm. L., son of Edmund and Louisa Dawes, March i, 1858. 

Emma Loena, daughter of Henry and Julia E. Tilton, March 21, 

Ellen, daughter of John and Mary Godfrey, April 22, 1858. 

Clara Maria, daughter of Bennett and Cordelia Allen, April 28, 

Wilbur, son of Sam'l and Abia Porter, May 10, 1858. 

Jonathan Arthur, son of A. P. and Josephine Hunt, June 14, 1858. 

Ella J., daughter of Abner and Erryphela Phelps, June 23, 1858. 

Mary Ann, daughter of Frederick and Amy Richardson, June i, 

Fired. Knowlton, son of Geo. and Elizabeth Stephenson, July 18, 



Nellie Louisa, daughter of Baxter and Louisa Wilder, Oct. 9, 1858. 
Mary, daughter of Rodney and Minerva Hawks, Dec. 27, 1858. 
Frederick, son of Fordyce and Mary Rice, June 29, 1859. 
Eva, daughter of Hiram and Ellen F. Bates, Dec. 15, 1859. 
Milford Henry, son of Henry and Julia E. Tilton, June 29, i860, 
Lizzie Maria, daughter of Arthur and Josephine Hunt, July 20^ 
Wm. Henry, son of John and Mary Godfrey, Dec. 2, i860. 
Fred. W., son of James and Abigail Taylor, Dec. 20, i860. 
Willie, son of Heman and Ellen White, April 9, i860. 
Almond, son of Martin Meckley, Jan. 20, 1861. 
Ella T., daughter of H. H. and Julia Packard, Feb. 5, 1861. 
Flora, daughter of Henry and Julia Tilton, July 14, 1861. 
Alice B., daughter of Orin N. and Martha Russ, Sept. 21, 1861. 
Edward Elsworth, son of Henry and Julia Tilton, Sept. 11, i86j 
Walter L., son of George and Isabel Kellogg, Jan. i, 1863. 
William, son of Elijah and Sarah Bardwell, no date. 
Nellie Catharine, James and Cordelia Shipman, April 28, 1863. 

k Twins, sons of Hiram and Ellen Bates, May 11, 186; 

Frederic B., son of Orin and Martha Russ, Feb. 7, 1864. 

Frederic J., son of Chester and Almira Fuller. 

Celestia Isabel, daughter of Edward and Elizabeth Baker, Feb. 2^ 5» 

Horace L., son of Frederic and Juliette Richardson, April 14, 1863, ^365« 

Minnie, daughter of Calvin and Wealthy Packard, July 14, 1863^ ^^6s« 

Alice P., daughter of James and Cordelia Shipman, Aug. 8, 1863 ^^^S' 

Frank M., son of Julius and Angeline Davis, Dec. 2, 1865. 

Charlie Elmer, son of Dwight and Susan Clark, Dec. 26, 1865. 

James L., son of Andrew and Catharine Sydell, June 3, 1866. 

Willie H., son of Orin and Martha Russ, Sept. i, 1866. 

Albert S., son of Albert and Kitty Taylor, Nov. 13, 1866. 

Orvilla J., daughter of Benjamin and T. C. Davis, Oct. 4, 1866. ^ ** 

Peter, son of Joseph and Julia Cloutier, Sept. 2, 1866. 

Angelia Maria, daughter of Almerion and Mary Damon, May 153. ^^'5 

1867. _ 

Lizzie K., daughter of Timothy and Jennie Lyman, March 31, 1867"^' ^^' 

Frank Lyman, son of Edmund and Louisa Dawes, June 24, 1867. -^ ' 

Anna Belle, daughter of Chas. and Ella Washburn, July 20, 1867 




Elva L., daughter of Augustus and Laura Manning, April 3, 1867. 

liCwis Monroe, son of Julius and Angeline Davis, Sept. 23, 1867. 

Chas. M., son of Chas. and Marion Underwood, March 14, 1868. 

Chas. H., son of Jackson and Julia Minor, March 30, 1868. 

Alice Climena, daughter of Benj. and T. C. Davis, Sept. 8, 1868: 

Mary Belle„daughter of James and Orintha Mollison, Sept. 9, 1868. 

Idella Gertrude, daughter of William and Lucy Houghtaling, Aug. 
7, 1869. 

Minnie Louisa, daughter of Elihu and Amanda Boyce, Aug 29, 

Willie Hiram, son of Hiram and Ellen Bates, Oct. 5, 1869. 

Fannie Emeline, daughter of Chas. and Marion Underwood, Nov. 
2, 1869. 

Clarence E., son of Enos and Edlah Hawks, Dec. 16, 1869. 

John Ellington, son of Daniel and Susan Wade, Jan. 19, 1870. 

Jennie E., daughter of Augustus and Laura Manning, Feb. i, 1870. 

No name, child of James and Angie Rounds, Feb. 23, 1870. 

Charlie, son of Herbert and Luella Brown, May 21, 1870. 

Sarah B., daughter of Fred, and Juliette Richardson, Oct. 13, 1868. 

Marilla Sophia, daughter of •Fred, and Juliette Richardson, Oct. 
29, 1870. 

Clifford E., son of Edward and Hattie Willcutt, Jan. 3, 1871. 

Harry Marlon, son of George and Isabel Kellogg, Feb. i, 187 1. 

Clara L., daughter of Elisha and Harriette Hayden, April 6, 187 1. 

Joseph Hazel ton, son of Arthur and Martha Walkley, Sept. 2, 187 1. 

Arthur Thomas, son of Daniel and Susan Wade, Sept. 26, 1871. 

Francis W., son of John and Louisa Miller, Oct. 31, 187 1. 

Henry C, son of Benj. and T. C. Davis, Nov. 22, 187 1. 

Julia Nettie, daughter of Chas. and Mary Underwood, Nov. 23, 1 87 1- 

George Henry, son of Herbert and Luella Brown, Dec. 14, 187 1. 

Mary Emma, daughter of Franklin and Elizabeth Robinson, Dec. 
23, 1871. 

Carrie A., daughter of Augustus and Laura Manning, June 25, 1872. 

Alice, daughter of Enos and Edlah Hawks, July 22, 1872. 

Harry Grugan, son of Timothy and Jennie Lyman, Oct. 25, 1872. 

Julia Edna, daughter of Wm. and Sarah Chilson, Nov. 24, 1872. 

Sarah Alice, daughter of Levi and Nancy Rice, Dec. 19, 1872. 

Mary Annie, daughter of James and Abigail Taylor, Jan. 14, 1873. 

Carrie Grace, daughter of Oscar and Eliza Washburn, March 29, 


Lilian J., daughter of Henry and Ann Hathaway, Aug. 26, 1873. 
Annie Francis, daughter of James and Orintha Mollison, Aug. 26, 

Herbert S., son of John and Louisa Miller, March 11, 1874. 
Edwin Lester, '(^ Twins, children of Fred, and Juliette Rich- 
Edward Chester, ) ardson, Sept. 9, 1874. 

Edward Ernest, son of Franklin and Nancy Mayor, Dec. 5, 1874. 
Clara Madelia, daughter of Wm. and Sarah Chilson, Oct. 18, 1874. 
May Belle, daughter of Arthur and Martha Walkley, Dec. 19, 1874. 
Enos Raymond, son of Enos and Edlah Hawks, April 2, 1875. 
Arthur A., son of Augustus and Laura Manning, Nov. 11, 1875. 
Reginald Elwin, son of Freebun and Julia White, Dec. 22, 1875. 
Emma Louisa, daughter of Chas. and Julia Bogart, Jan. 10, 1876. 
Florence G., daughter of Oscar and Eliza Washburn, Feb. 15, 1876. 
Sarah E., daughter of John and Louisa Miller, June 29, 1876. 
Emma Maria, daughter of Frtd. and Juliette Richardson, Oct. 23, 

Arthur Goodrich, son of Rev. Daniel and Susan Lord, April 8, 

Arthur Josiah, son of Enos and Edlah Hawks, June 21, 1877. 

Marion Franklin, son of Freebun and Julia White, July 16, 1877. 

Robert F., son of Israel and Ida btebbins, Nov. 21, 1877. 

Viola T., daughter of Augustus and Laura Manning, Jan. 19, 1878. 

Arthur H., son of Arthur and Martha Walkley, May 21, 1878. 

Harrie W., son of Chas. and Jennie Brooks, June 3, 1878. 

Lena H. F., daughter of Freeman and Katie Sears, Aug. 18, 1878. 

Henry Edson, son of Fred, and Juliette Richardson, Oct. 19, 1878. 

Daisy, daughter of Edward and Hattie Willcutt, Feb. 5, 1879. 

Charlotte A., daughter of John and Louisa Miller, March 29, 1879. 

James George, son of James and Katie Patterson, Aug. 25, 1879. 

Ida Louise, daughter of Orman and Alice Rice, Aug. 31, 1879. 

Ernest Frank, son of Frank and Ella Sears, Sept. 11, 1879. 

Nellie Mary, daughter of John and Belle Cogan, Dec. 29, 1879. 

Mabel Jessie, daughter of Israel and Ida Stebbins, Feb. 18, 1880. 

Ada Bell, daughter of Augustus and Laura Manning, Feb. 26, 

Marian Delia, daughter of Rufus and Delia Stanley, March 21, 

Lucll J., son of Lewell and Josephine Hobbs, July 26, 1880. 



Paul, son of Mary Grimes, Sept. 28, 1783. 

Abijah, Benjamin, Betsey, Francis, children of Abijah Hunt, Sept. 

Elisha, son of Ebenezer Putney, June 6, 1784. 

Sophia, daughter of Deborah Banister, June 6, 1784. 

James and Abijah, children of Samuel Mott, June 6, 1784. 

Martha, daughter of Mary Grimes, May 9, 1785. 

Reuben, son of Content Kingman, May 9, 1785. 

Content, son of Content Kingman, July 2, 1786. 

William, son of Bethia (Flallock) Hosford, July 2, 1786. 

Achsah, son of Abijah Hunt, Oct. 5, 1786. 

Jerusha, daughter of Artemas Stone, June i, 1788. 

Rufus, Wealthy, Calvin, Theodama, children of Caleb Cushman, 
June I, 1788. 

Shepherd, son of Enoch Beals, Sept. 28, 1788. 

Samuel, Rebecca, Asahel, Molly, children of Jedediah Bucking- 
ham, July 4, 1790. 

Harvey, son of Stephen Kellogg, Oct. 3, 1790. 

Jena, Harvey, Jonathan, Joseph, Samuel, Elisha, Shubel, Obediah^ 
Betsey, Tabitha, children of Samuel Luce, Oct. 19, 1790. 

Clarissa, Seth, Erastus, Billy, children of Silas Parsons, March 
ID, 1 79 1. 

Artemas and Chester, children of Silvanus Stone, July, 1792. 

Mercy and Lydia, children of James Wheeler, Oct. 7, 1792. 

Paulina, daughter of Silas Parsons, Dec. 30, 1792. 

Ruby, daughter of Stephen Kellogg, March 3, 1793. 

Silas, son of Silvanus Stone, April 14, 1793. 

George and Nathan, children of Enoch Beals, Sept. 15, 1793. 

Elsie, daughter of Josiah Hayden, March 16, 1794. 

James, son of James Wheeler, April 20, 1794. 

Homan, son of Joel Chapin, Sept. 20, 1794. 

Austin, son of Silas Parsons, Sept. 20, 1794. 

Joel, son of Silvanus Stone, April 19, 1795. 

Levi, son of Enoch Beals, May 10, 1795. 

Rufus, son of Stephen Kellogg, March 6, 1796. 

Oliver, son of James Wheeler, June 5, 1796. 
^ Dosia, daughter of Silas Parsons, Oct. 23, 1796. 


Sally, daughter of Silvanus Stone, March 23, 1787. 

Joel, son of Cyrus Lyon, Oct. 29, 1797. 

Amos Joy, son of James Wheeler, May 6, 1798. 

Chloe, Levi, Polly, Hannah, Benjamin, children of Thaddeus Nara" 
more, Aug. 12, 1798. 

Rufus, son of Abner Baker, July 8, 1798. 

Artemas, son of Abner Baker, Oct. 14, 1798. 

Sally, daughter of Silas Parsons, Sept., 1798. 

Gideon, living with Gershom Cathcart, Sept., 1798. 

Needham, son of Joseph Maynard, Jan., 1799. 

Nathan and Henry, children of Samuel Luce, Feb., 1799. 

Augusta, daughter of George Salmon, March, 1799. 

Pomeroy, son of Silvanu>? Stone, May, 1799. 

Sanford, son of Abner Brown, June, 1799. 

Joseph, William, Hannah, Theodocia, Benjamin, Susannah, chil- 
dren of Joseph Jepson, June, 1799. 

Chester, Roxy, Jason, Silas, children of Samuel Olds, June, 1799. 

George, son of George Salmon, Nov. 24, 1799. 

Lucy, daughter of James Wheeler, June 8, 1800. 

Austin, son of Enoch Beals, July 3, 1800. 

Rendy, daughter of Stephen Kellogg, July 6, 1800. 

Betsey, daughter of Matthew Keith, March i,. 1801. 

Aaron, son of Joseph Jepson, April 26, 1801. 

Dorcas, daughter of Abner Brown, June 7, 1801. 

Theodore, son of Abner Parker, June 21, 1801. 

John, son of Lot Hall, July 5, 1801. 

Brainard, son of Seth White, Aug. 30, 1801. 

Wealthy, daughter of Silvanus Stone, Sept. 30, 1801. 

Silas, son of Silas Parsons, Nov. 5, 1801. 

Wealthy, daughter of Gershom Cathcart, July 11, 1802. 

Nelson White, son of Cheney Taft, Aug. i, 1802. 

Hannah, daughter of Enoch Beals, April 27, 1803. 

Moses, son of Joseph Jepson, May i, 1803. 

Nahum, son of Abner Baker, May 22, 1803. 

Abner, son of Abner Damon, Oct. 23, 1803. 

Benjamin C, son of Thaddeus Naramore, May 13, 1804. 

Hannah, daughter of Silvanus Stone, May 30, 1804. 

Frederick, son of Giles Lyman, Aug. 5, 1804. 

Hannah, daughter of Eleazer C. Leonards, March 3, 1805. 


Noah, son of Hosford, March 3, 1805. 

Alvan, son of Selh White, May 26, 1805. 

Henry Russell, son of John Smith, Jr., Nov. 3, 1805. 

Sarah R., daughter of Abijah Hunt, May 28, 1806. 

Henry, son of Giles Lyman, July 13, 1806. 

Mary, daughter of Silvanus Stone, Aug. 10, 1806. 

Sophia, daughter of Stephen Hosford, July 5, 1806. 

Calvin, son of Seth White, Sept. 13, 1807. 

Freeman J., son of John Smith, June 26, 1808. 

Orin, Clary, Laura, children of C3TiI Carpenter, June 19, 1808. 

Tryphena, daughter of Gershoni Cathcart, June 25, 1809. 

Alvan, son of Origen Orcutt, July 9, 1809. 

Mary and Susannah, children of Eben Parsons, Oct. 15, 1809. 

Harriet, daughter of John Smith, April 15, 1810. 

Patty, daughter of Stephen Hosford, May 6, 1810. 

Electa May, Judy Shaw, children of Nehemiah May, May 14, 1810. 

Hannah Colson, daughter of John C. Lyman, June 24, 1810. 

Virgil, son of Dea. Cyrel Carpenter, July 22, 1810. 

Horace, son of J. Pool, July 22, 18 10. 

Charles, adopted child of Dei. J. Lyman, June 2, 181 1. 

Luther, son of Origen Orcutf, Aug. 25, 181 1. 

Mary, daughter of Abijah Hunt, Sept. i, 181 1. 

Wm. Cushman, offered by Calvin Cushman, Nov. 3, 181 1. 

Tirzah, daughter of Stephen Hosford, May 10, 1812. 

John Emerson, son of Gershom Cathcart, June 21, 1812. 

Joseph, adopted child of Jared Hawks, June 29, 1812. 

, child of Amos Pool, July 26, 1812. 

Elijah, son of Elijah Bard well. Sept 27, 18 12. 

Horatio Bardwell, son of Calvin Cushman, April 18, 1813. 

Susan Mantor, daughter of John C. Lyman, April 18, 1813. 

Luther, son of David Kelloojg, June 6, 1813. 

Wealthy, daughter of Rev. A. Farley, Jan. 9, 1814. 

Philomela, daughter of Abijah Hunt, May i, 1814. 

Maria, daughter of John Smith, Jr., May 8, 1814. 

Hudson, son of Origin Orcutt, June 26, 1814. 

Louisa Maria, daughter of Calvin Cushman, May 25, 1815. 

Augustine, son rf Elijah Bardwell, July 23, 1815. 

^Vm. Newell, son of Rufus Moore, Sept. 10, 1815. 



Abel, son of Rev. Abel Farley, Sept. 29, 1815. Baptised the day 
his wife was buried. 

Mary, daughter of Elias Lyon, April 25, 1816. 

Abigail, daughter of Dea. C. Carpenter, Oct. 13, 18 16. 

Harriet Amelia, daughter of ('alvin Cushnian, May 4, 1817. 

Fidelia, daughter of John Smith, May 12, 1817. 

George Man tor, son of Silas Burgess, May 25, 18 17. 

Emery, son of Rufus Moore, June i, 18 17. 

Lucinda, daughter of Eben. Ford, Sept. 28, 1817. 

Calvin Luther, son of Calvin Cushman, Oct., 1819. 

Lucy Sophia, daughter of Rev. Joel Wright, Dec. i, 1822. 

Joseph Huntington, son of Joseph White, June 12, 1824. 

Eliza Adams, daughter of Rev. Joel Wright, July 29, 1827. 

Caroline Parsons, daughter of George Abell, Feb. 27, 1831. 

Elizabeth Ann, daughter of Rev. H. B. Holmes, June 3, 1832. - 

Maria Spencer, daughter of Arvin Nash, Sept. 2, 1832. 

Edward Cornelius, son of E. W. Town, Jan. 31, 1835. 

John Chenery, son of Rev. J. C. Thompson, July 29, 1838. 

Ezra Martin, son of Ezra Brackett, May 3, 1840. 

Edward Payson, son of Rev. J. C. Thompson, May 3, 1840... 

Abby Lemira, daughter of Marcus Lindsley, May 4, 1840. 



Deatlis not Previously Inserted. 

Mary, daughter of Reuben Smith, Aug. i, 1813, aged 7 years. 

Achsah, daughter of Reuben Smith, April 2, 1813, aged 12 years, 

Rich'd Carpenter, April 11, 18 13, aged 67 years. 

Zachariah Luce, Feb. 22, 1812, aged 66 years. 

Salathiel Tilton, March 30, 1842, aged 84 years. 

Benjamin Abell, Feb. 10, 1808, aged 51 years. 

Cyrus Lyon, Feb. 12, 1831, aged 81 years. 

, wife of C. Lyon, March 20, 18 13, aged 59 years. 

Calvin, son of Wm. Abell, July 9, 1830. 
Charles, son of Wm. Abell, July 24, 1830. 
Jona. Nelson, Sept. 12, 1777, aged 34 years. 
Daniel, son of J. Nelson, Sept. 26, 1775. 
Manning, son of Christopher Banister, Nov, 16, 1774. 
Lucy W. G., daughter of Rev. Joel Wright, Oct. 4, 182 1, aged 18 

George, son of John Williams, March i, 1824, aged 20 years. 

Almira, daughter of Thos. Porter, Feb. 17, 1824, aged 18 years. 

Eden, son of Levi Stearns, April 7, 1828, aged 7 years. 

Eden, son of Levi Stearns, Aug. 27, 1830, aged 3 years. 

Jacob S., son of Arvin Nash, April 7, 183 1, aged 6 years. 

Reuben Dresser, Aug. 4, 1845, aged 63 years. 

Sophia, his wife, Dec. 13, 182 1, aged 41 years. 

Elizabeth, daughter, Oct. 7, 1845, ^g^^ 19 years. 

Martha, wife of E. Carpenter, July 19, 1849, ^g^^ ^^ years. 

Reuben Dresser, Feb. 2, 1818, aged 71 years. 

Mary, his wife, July 6, 18 10, aged 58 years. 

Hannah, his daughter, Aug. 27, 1777, aged 5 years. 

Reuben, Jr., Aug. 22, 1777, aged 3 years. 

Amos, Aug. 21, 1777, aged 2 years. 

JRev. Abel Farley, March 22, 1817, aged 44 years. 


Hannah, his wife, Sept. 27, 1815, aged 38 years. 

Wealthy, daughter, Jan. 6, 1834, aged 20 years. 

Ebenezer Putney, June 14, 1802, aged 63 years. 

Susannah, wife, Jan. 5, 18 13, aged 60 years. 

Widow Margaret Putney, 1802,87 years. 

Hannah, daughter of EbenV, Sept. 9, 1777, aged 3 years. 

Mary, daughter of EbenV, Sept. 9, 1777, aged 4 years. 

John Williams, 2d, May 17, 1843, aged 74 years. 

Lieut. EbenV White, Sept. 17, 183 1, aged 70 years. 

Dea. Oliver Taylor, May 12, 1826, aged 78 years. 

Lilly, wife, April 18, 1813, aged 56 years. 

Adam Beals, Dec. 25, 1796, aged 72 years. 

Mary Calhcart, wife of Robert, 1809, aged 75 years. 

Gershom Cathcart, Sept. 23, 1852, aged 85 years. 

Polly, wife, July 11, 1858, aged 82 years. 

Lilly, daughter, April, 1813, aged 16 years. 

Edward Orcutt, Jan. 6, 1801, aged 66 years. 

John Jepson, July 7, 1830, aged 77 years. 

Betsey Leach, wife, Oct. 3, 1831, aged 79 years. 

Marcy, daughter Wm. Hallock, Sept. 27, 1809, aged 35 years. 

Mrs. Nabby Chapin, daughter, Jan 19, 1795, aged 26 years. 

Mrs. Alsie, wife, June 7, 18 16, aged 82 years. 

William Hallock, Oct. 21, 1815, aged 86 years. 

Henry Kingman, Oct. 17, 1834, aged 24 years. 

Harriet E. Kingman, wife of Cyrus Miller, Nov. 15, 1835, ag^d 27 

Fidelia Kingman, Feb. 23, 1834, aged 22 <'ears. 

Samuel Grimes, Jan, 16, 1789, aged 50 years. ^ 

Robert Webster, April 15, 1848, aged 71 years. 

Joshua Simmons, March 6, 1819, aged 75 years. 

Sarah, daughter Moses Belding, Sept. 11, 1847, aged 17 years. 

Clarinda, daughter Moses Bclding, Oct. 17, 1847, aged 23 years. 

Nancy, wife of John Grant, Oct. 25, 1836, aged 63 years. 

Lucy, only child of John Grant, Dae. 12, 183 1, aged 27 years. 

Margaret, widow of Ezra May, Jan. 19, 1788, aged 56 years. 

Joseph Jepson, Sept. 22, 1859, aged 75 years. 

Mary Ann (Judd), daughter, March 30, 1853, aged 30 years. 

Aaron Jepson, Sept. 26, 1836, aged 36 years. 

Spencer C, only child Asahel Billings, Oct. 29, 1830. 


Lucy S., wife Silas Burgess, Sept. 17, 1854, aged 71 years. 

John Salmon, March 15, 1799, aged 61 years. 

Ruth, wife, Jan. 30, 1800, aged 62 years. 

John, May 23, 1808, aged 32 years. 

Mary, (Peru, Ohio,) Aug. 18, 1844, aged 66 years. 

Mrs. Lucy, wife of Elder EbenV Smith, Oct. 5, 1808, aged 68 years. 

Elizabeth, wife of Gurdon Williams, April 2, 1824, aged 49 years. 

Urbane, son, April 29, 1824, aged 22 years. 

Deborah, wife of Samuel Naramore, Nov. 26, i8fco, aged 64 years. 

Joshua Packard, Jr., July i, 1834, aged 65 years. 

Philena, wife, Jan. 3, 1807, aged 40 years. 

Betsey, wife, July 15, 1834, aged 53 years. 

Capt. Horace Packard, Sept. 4, 1848, aged 54 years. 

Daughter of D. W. Graves, Aug. 9, 1828. 

Mary Green, daughter of Rev. Hervey Wilbur, Nov. 21, 1827. 

Son of Dr. Geo. Wright, Dec. 15, 1827. 

Son of Barney Prentiss, March 5, 1832. 

Lydia, wife of Jacob Gardner, Nov. 5, 181 2. 

Nathaniel Tower, Jan. 12, 1850, aged 77 years. 

William, son of Caleb Bryant, Aug., 1830. 

Joshua Abell, Aug. 29, 181 1, aged 80 years. 

Rev. Isaac Child, Dec. 24, 1842, aged 55 years. 

Elizabeth, wife, March 15, 1855, aged 76 years. 

Susan Abell, April 2, 1858, aged 56 years. 
Joshua Abell, Aug. 18, 1833, aged 78 years. 

Phebe Abell, Nov. 14, 1846, aged 84 years. 

Widow Molly Gustin, wife of Capt. Webster, June 12, 1829. 

Barnard Grover, born 1771, died Nov. 8, 1790. 

Zipporah, wife of Stephen Grover, Oct. 7, 1791. 

Hannah, wife of Lemuel Lyon, Nov. 10, 1766. 

Christopher Grant, Oct. 12, 1777. 

Elizabeth Grant, Aug. 6, 1796. 

Ezra, son of Joshua Abell, Oct. 26, 1802. 

Dorothy, wife of Joshua Abell, Sept. 3, 1803. 

Joseph Jepson, April 20, 1839, aged 83 years. 

Rev. Benj. FJ Brown, , 1842. {Corrected^ 

Desire Mayhew, Jan. 13, 1843, aged 75 years. 

Shepard Moore, June 15, 1843, ^g^^ 80 years. 

Mrs. Joseph Jepson, June 15, 1843. 

240 HiSTOur OF goshen. 

Francis Willcutt, June i6, 1843, aged 44 years. 
Livie White, wife of Asa, March 26, 1844, aged 52 years. 
Elvira, daughter of Nathaniel Phelps, May 20, 1842, aged 18 years. 
Susan, daughter of Joseph Putney, May 22, 1842, aged 39 years. 
Widow Sherman, June 13, 1842. 
Sophia Orcutt, June 26, 1842, aged 39 years. 

Laura B., daughter of Reuben Dresser, July 24, 1842, aged 20 years- 
Sarah, daughter of Rufus Moore, Sept. 16, 1842. 
Willard PackarfJ, Sen., April 16, 1843, aged 71 years. 
Almira, daughter of Wm. Sanders, Sept. 16, 1844, aged 45 years. 
John Franklin, Nov. 18, 1844, aged 74 years. 
Benjamin Russ, July 14, 1844, aged 62 years. 
Reuben Kingman, Jan. 28, 1845, aged 63 
Halsey, son of Eleazer Hawks, Feb. 26, 1846, aged 29 years. 
Lydia, wife of J. V. Hunt, May i, 1846, aged 65 years. 
Martha, wife of Hattil Washburn, Oct. 26, 1847, aged 67 years. 
Emily Thurston, wife of Forrace Jepson, July 23, 1847, aged 
32 years. 

Sophronia, daughter of James Orcutt, Dec. 3, 1848, aged 49 years. 

Robert Webster, April 15, 1848, aged 72 years. 

Marion, daughter of Luther Kellogg, July 3, 1848, aged 7 years. . 

Wid.' Mary, Joseph Bassett, Dec. 23, 1848, aged 84 years. 

Betsey Butts, 1849, age 88 years. 

John C, son of West Tilton, March 3, 1849, aged 10 years. 

Daniel Ford, Oct. 12, 1849, aged 72 years. 

Nathaniel Tower, Jan. 12, 1850, aged 77 years. 

Sarah, wife of Cyrus Stearns, June 28, 1850, aged 84 years. 

Lucinda, wife of Solomon Parsons, July 6, 1850, aged 85 years. 

Abner Damon, April 14, 185 1, aged 85 years. \ 

Noah, son of Francis Willcutt, April 23, 185 1, aged 16 years. 

Stephen, son of Rufus Moore, Aug. 18, 185 1, aged 21 years. 

Harvey, son of Francis WiHcutt, Nov. 9, 1851, aged 26 years. 

Katharine, wife of Ambrose Stone, Dec. 5, 1851, aged 90 years. 

Zebulon Willcutt, Feb. 16, 1852 aged 93 years. 

Sarah, daughter of Ezra Brackett, March 6, 1852, aged 26 years. 

Jacob Gloyd, Jr., March 30, 1852, aged 63 years. 

Samuel Luce, June 11, 1852, aged 74 years. 

Angeline, wife of Oscar Washburn, May 2, 1852, aged 27 years. 

Lucretia, wife of Amasa Putney, Dec. 2, 1852, aged ^^ years. 


Bathsheba, wife of Willard Pack;ircl, March 26, 1853, aged 75 

Lucinda, ^wife of L. F. Ed'ny, Oci. i, 1853, aged 23 years. 

Delia, widow EberiLzer Cam[)b':li, Dec. 4, 1853, aged 67 years. 

Jolin V, Hunt, Jan. 27, 1854, aged 77 years. 

John Putney, April 9, 1854, aLTtd 62 years. ^ 

Lovisa, wife of Abncr Damon, June 3, 1854, aged 86 years. 

Susannah, wife of Shepard Moore, Auii:. 18, 1854, aged 87 years. 

Milo Milliken, Sept. 5, 1854, aged 20 years. 

Tryphena, wife of Geo. Aheli, Sept. 7, 1854, aged 45 years. 

Jona- Hunt, Aug. 16, 1854, ag^^d 54 ye irs. 

Lucy^ wife of Jerome Slephep.son, March 9, 1855, aged 31 years. 

Lois wife of John (iodfre), March 17, 1855, aged 72 years. 

Cyrus Stearns, March 25, 1855. aged 90 years. 

Lucinda, wife of J. VValktr, Maich 30, 1855, aged 40 years. 

WestTilton, May 23, 1S-5. ai^ed 55 years. 

Jared Hawks, June 13, 1855. aged 80 years. 

Bethiah, wife of \Vm. Ehlrcd^L-, Sept. 4, 1855, ^S^<^ ^^ years. 

Jane, wife of Joiui Grant, Sept. 29, 1855, aged 78 years. 

Patty, wife of Gershoni l>alt::s, Oct. 10, 1855, aged 73 years. 

Elihu, son of Dryden Dawos, ():t. 2, 1855, ag^d 21 years. 

Gershom Bates, Oct. 22, 1855, aired 77 years. 

Sylvanns Miller, Jan. i, 1857, aged 50 years. 

Daniel Pierce, M. D., Aug. 25, 1857, aged 74 years. 

Anna, widow of Jonah Williams, Aug. 28, 1857, aged 87 years. 

Simeon Cowls, Apr'l 27, 1857, aged 78 years. 

Abigail, widow of Phineas Manning, Sept. 22, 1857, aged 94 years.. 

Henry Eddy, July 10, 1857, aged 68 vears. 

Betsey, wite of Amasa ('owles. N"ov. 24, 1857, aged 33 years. 

Susan, daughter of Joshua Al)^-ll, Ai)!il 2, 1858, aged 55 years. 

Laura, wife of Chester yi. Full.r, Jan. i, 1858, aged 30. 

Eliza, daughter of Ezra Rrackett, Jan. 17, 1858, aged 37 years. 

James C. Pearl, May 12, 1S5S, a^^ed 52 years. 

Loiza, wife of Baxter Wilder, < ):t. 2, 1858, aged 27 years. 

Charlotte, wife of Sinie(..u Cowlos, Nov. 19, 1858, aiied 73 years. 

Clarissa, wife of Jolui V. Hunt, Sept. 30, 1858, agtd 69 years. 

Polly, wife of G. Catliciit, July 11, 1858, aged 82 years. 

Abigail, wife of Daniel l*'nrd, I'o!). 8, 1859, aged 79 years. 

242 HISTOR\r OF goshen. 

Aurelia, wife of Wm. Tilton, Jan. 30, 1859, aged 66 years. 

Elvira, daughter of Eleazer Hawks, date not known, aged*4S 


2^nas Gloyd, Oct. 20, 1859, aged 70 years. 

Sophia, wife of N. S. Merritt, Nov. 17, 1859, aged 32 years. 

Asa White, Dec. 24, 1859, aged 72 years. 

Esther, wife of J. C. Pearl, May 18, i860, aged 48 years. 

Samuel Whitman, Jr., July 3, i860, aged 83 years. 

Arthur P. Hunt, Oct. 14, i860, aged 25 years. 

Amy, wife of F. Richardson, Oct. 31, i860, aged 20 years. 

Cynthia, wife of John Fuller, Nov. 23, i860, aged 65 years. 

Violet, wife of Asahel Billings, Feb. 17, 1861, aged 78 years. 

John Grant, March 11, 1861, aged 90 years. 

James, son of Sam*l Porter, March 18, 1861, aged 14 years. 

John L. Godfrey, April 19, 1861, aged 32 years. 

Mary, daughter of Freeman Sears, May 27, 1861, aged 23 years. 

Edward, son of West Tillon, May 28, 1861, aged 16 years. 

Emery, son of F. Rice, June i, 1861, aged 10 years. 

Sarah, daughter of F. Rice, June 11, 186 1, aged 6 years. 

Mayhew Bassett, June 11, 1861, aged 68 years. • 

Silas Bassett, June 17, 1862, aged 71 years. 

Mary, daughter of Jacob Jenkins, Aug. i, 1861, aged 8 years. 

Henry, son of Elijah Bard well, Aug. 6, 186 1, aged 2 years. 

Lizzie, daughter of Elijah Bardwell, Aug. 10, 1861, aged 4 years. 

Charles, son of Elijah Bardwell, Aug. 10, 1861, aged 6 years. 

Ellen, wife of Patrick Dwyer, Feb. 6, 1862, aged 50 years. 

Arispe, daughter of Abner Pynchon, June 17, 1862, aged 25 years. 

Polly, daughter of Ebenezer White, May 12, 1862, aged 66 years. 

Ralph Utley, Nov. 7, 1862, aged 66 years. 

Hannah, widow of Timothy Lyman, Jr., Nov. 21, 1862, aged 82 

Frank, son of Amasa Cowles, June 22, 1863, aged 13 years. 

Willie, son of Nelson Russ, Aug. 4, 1863, aged 16 years. 

Abner Phelps, Sept, i, 1863, aged 44 years. 

Rob't Rogers, Jan. 22, 1864, aged 77 years. 

Emma, daughter of S. Porter, April 13, 1864, aged 10 years. 

Erastus Brown, April 21, 1864, aged 72 years. 

Cynthia (Tilton), wife of LuCe-Field, July 2, 1864, aged 76 years. 

Josiah Miller, Dec. 3, 1864, aged 48 years. 


Theo. Parsons, Jan. 19, 1865, aged 73 years. 

Orlin Nichols, Jan. 25, 1865, aged 63 years. 

Orpha, wife of Emmons Putney, July 14, 1865, aged 71 years. 

Phelinda Brown, Aug. 22, 1865, aged 72 years. 

Judith Hunt, Aug. 23, 1865, aged 92 years. 

Minnie, daughter of Calvin A. Packard, Sept. 28, 1865. 

Oliver Red, Nov. 21, 1865, aged 25 years. 

Lorinda, wife of C. Underwood, Feb. 4, 1866, aged 30 years. 

Aug. Sydell, July 5, 1866, aged 70 years. 

Jared Damon, June 28, 1866, aged 74. 

Mary, wife of Col. L. Stone, July 16, 1866, aged 71 years. 

Sally Whitman, Oct. 16, 1866, aged 75 years. 

Charles S., son of Elijah Billings, March 19, 1866, aged 29 years. 

Robert Barrows, April 21, 1867, aged 70 years. 

Sylvia, wife of Horace Willcutt, July 22, 1867, aged 35 years. 

Pardon Washburn, Aug. 29, 1867, aged 80 years. 

Helen, wife of Emmons Putney, Jan. 27, 1868, aged 51 years. 

Abigail, wife of Dr. Pierce, March i, 1868, aged 80 years. 

Julia M. Holman, wife of Minor, May 9, 1868, aged 25 years. 

Anna, daughter of John Smith, July 6, 1868, aged 86 years. 

David Whitman, Nov. 7, 1868, aged 81 years. 

Jackson Willcutt, June 18, 1869, ^aged 52 years. 

Aurelia, wife of Benjamin White, Aug. 11, 1869, aged 73 years. 

!Rev. Wm. Willcutt, Aug. 19, 1869, ^S^^ 7^ years. 

Wm. Tilton, Oct. 15, 1869, aged 76 years. 

Amanda, wife of E. Boyce, Dec. 14, 1869, aged 19 years. 

David Carpenter, Feb. 20, 1870, aged 85 years. 

Laura, wife of Alden, Sept. 11, 1870, aged 18 years. 

Cyrus Joy, Dec. 14, 1870, aged 83 years. 

Aurelia Fuller, wife of Horatio Bassett, Dec. 10, 187 1, aged 43 years. 

Hiram Willcutt, May 24, 187 1, aged 39 years. 

Jane Bassett, daughter of Joseph Bassett, March 6, 1872, aged 87 


Henry White, March 15, 1872, aged 49 years. 

Helen, wife of Edward Smith, April 17, 1872, aged 22 years. 

Wm. H. Miller, Aug. 10, 1872, aged 24 years. 

Martha, wife of Oren Russ, Sept. 23, 1872, aged 31 years. 

Franklin Robinson, Nov. 19, 1872, aged 24 years. 

Rev. T. Walker, July 31, 1873, aged 61 years. 


Abner Pynchon, Jan. 7, 1874, aged 67 years. 

David Beals, Aug. 5, 1874, aged 69 years. 

John W. Miller, Nov. 15, 1874, aged 85 years. 

Jennie, daughter of J. D. Shipman, Dec. 20, 1874, aged 20 years. 

Rev. Sydney Holman, Dec. 31, 1874, aged 74 years. 

John Fuller, March 27, 1875, ^g^d 85 years. 

Eleazer Hawks, June 16, 1875, aged 93 years. 

Luther Stone, July 2, 1875, aged 87 years. 

Lilly P., wife of Jonathan Hunt, Sept. 23, 1875, ^g^d 70 years. 

Betsey Willcutt, Nov. 3, 1875, aged 79 years. 

Quincy Bates, Oct. 15, 1875, aged 83 years. * 

Rachel Carpenter, Nov 12, 1875, aged 85 years. 

Tryphosa, wife of Willard Parsons, Jan. 20, 1876, aged 78 years. 

Sarah, wife of Horace Packard, April 4, 1876, aged 82 years. 

Willard Parsons, May 6, 1876, aged 80 years. 

Mehitable, wife of Francis Willcutt, Sept. 10, 1876, aged 68 years. 

Mercy, wife of Miller, Dec. 10, 1876, aged 91 years. 

Elizabeth, wife of Elijah Billings, Dec. 16, 1876, aged 80 years. 

Anna, wife of Calvin Loomis, Jan. 9, 1877, aged 94 years. 

Thomas Dail}', Jan. 27, 1877, aged 17 years. 

Sally Manning, daughter of Phineas, March 5, 1877, aged 86 years. 

Levi Barrus, March 18, 1877, aged 82 years. 

Julia M., wife of C. C. Dresser, June 26, 1877, aged 56 years. 

Nelson Russ, Sept. 2, 1877, aged 71 years. 

Anna L., daughter of Lorin Barrus, Oct. 17, 1877, aged 18 years. 

Rhoda, wife of Eleazer Hawks, Nov. 21, 1877, aged 86 years. 

Pulchera Plumley, Dec. 12, 1877, aged 77 years. 

James Prince, Feb. 19, 1878, aged 93 years. 

Samuel Porter, April 3, 1878, aged 77 years. 

Harriet, wife of Asa White, May 19, 1878, aged 80 years. 

Moses Dresser, July 19, 1878, aged 88 years. 

Melvin Steel, July 21, 1878, aged 56 years. 

Geo. W. Manning, Aug. 26, 1878, aged 78 years. 

Nabby Bates, Nov. 19, 1878, aged 95 years. 

Celia, daughter of Josiah Miller, Nov. 9, 1878, aged 37 years. 

Wealthy Nichols (Godfrey,) Nov. 29, 1878, aged 71 years. 

Calvin Loomis, Dec. 13, 1878, aged 99 years. 

Vesta C, wife of Edward C. Packard, May 18, 1879, aged 24 years. 

Abigail Warner, Aug. 2, 1879, aged 74 years. 

• ; 



Etta, wife of Frank Sears, Sept. 12, 1879, aged 19 years. 

Elijah Billings, Dec 12, 1879, aged 79 years. 

Mary Bassett, daughter of Joseph, March 2, 1880, aged 86 years. 

Cynthia Richardson, March 5, 1880, aged 81 years. 

Caleb C. Dresser, March 25, 1880, aged 66 years. 

, wife of J. W. Miller^ July 13, 1880, aged 84 years. 


Page 239. 

Lydia, daughter of J. Gardner. 
Page 240. 

Willard Packard died April 6. 

Mrs. Sarah Stearns died June 25. 



Act of Incorporation, 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts : 

In the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-one. An act for 
Incorporating the Plantation called Chesterfield Gore and the Northwardly part of 
the Town of Chesterfield, in the County of Hampshire, into a Town by the name of 

Whereas the Inhabitants of the Plantation called Chesterfield Gore, formerly 
known by the Second Additional Grant made to Narraganset Township Number 
four, and those on the Northwardly part of the first Additional Grant to said Nar- 
raganset Township now included in the Town of Chesterfield aforesaid, have 
represented to this Court the great Difficulties and Inconveniences they labor under 
in their present Situation, and have earnestly requested that they be incorporated 
into a Town : 

Be it therefore Enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives in General 
Court assembled, and by the authority of the same — The Plantation called Chester- 
field Gore and that part of the first fidditional Grant to Narraganset Township 
aforesaid, now included in the Town of Chesterfield, and bounded as followeth, 
viz. : — Beginning at the Southwest Corner of the said Second Additional Grant or 
Chesterfield Gore, thence North bounding westerly on unappropriated Lands Eight 
hundred and Sixty-four Rods to Ashfield south Line, thence East nineteen Degrees 
South on said Ashfield South Line 'till it comes to Conway west Line, thence 
South nineteen Degrees west on said Conway west Line to a Bound formerly known 
by Hatfield North-west Corner, thence south eleven Degrtjes west on Williams- 
burgh west Line to the South-east Corner of the first Additional Grant to said 
Narragansett Number four, thence west on the South Line of said Grant, Six hun- 
dred and fifty-four Rods including the whole of the four Tier of the Original Lots 
OR the said first Additional Grant, thence North Eleven Degrees East on the west 
Line of the aforesaid four Tier of Original Lots, four hundred and fifty Rods to the 
Northwest Corner of the Original Lot Number twenty-nine, thence West three 
hundred and twenty-six Rods to the Southwest Corner of Lot number Ninety-four, 
being the North-west Corner of the Pine Timber Lot so called, thence North 
Eleven Degrees East four hundred Rods to the South Line of the second Addi- 
tional Grant, or Chesterfield Gore, thence West to the first mentioned Bounds, be 


and hereby is incorporated into a separate Town by the name of Goshan with all 
the Powers, Priviledges and Immunities that Towns within this Commonwealth 
have, or do enjoy. 

And be it further enacted that Jacob Sherwin, Esq., be and hereby is empowered 
to issue his warrant to some principal Inhabitant of said Plantation requiring him 
to call a meeting of said Inhabitants in Order to choose such Ofificers as by Law 
Towns are empowered to choose in the month of March annually — provided 
nevertheless the Inhabitants of that part of the first Additional Grant which are 
included in the Town of Chesterfield shall pay their proportionable part of all such 
State and County Taxes, and Town Taxes so far as respects the raising of 
Men and Supplys for the Continental army as are already set upon them by the 
Town of Chesterfield in like manner as though this Act had not been made — 

In the House of Representatives, May 14, 1781. This Bill having had three 
several readings passed to be enacted. 


In Senate, May 14, 1781. 

This Bill having had two several readings passed to be enacted. 


A true Copy, 



The following obituary notice of a native of this town is from the Mariefia (Ohio) 
Register ol Feb. f2, 1880. 

Died in Fairfield, Feb. 10th, John J). Chanilwrljiin, a^c<l JK) years and 5 months. 

John Dressier ChambiTlain was born at Goshen, Hampshire couitty»Massachnsetts,8ept 
10, 1781). Ilii father was the fourteenth (thild whose nann- was Asa, and the name is wide- 
ly disseminatecl. The sulyertof this skeU'h came on foot across the mountains and landed 
at Waterfor<l, this county, Marcli, 1811. lie t:iu;,^ht >chooi at Adams, (Cat's Creek,) Water- 
ford and Aniesville. lie enlisted iii tlic war of ls|-2, and was honorably discharged at ita 
close in 1814. He was near San<lusky in hcMrin^ of llu" battle on the lake which resulted in 
Perry's victor}'. After the war he enjrajrcMl in the manufacture of clocks at Cincinnati with 
Lunian Watson, under the firm name of Watson & Chamberlain. He afterwards returned 
to his farm in Wooster (now Watertown), where he si)ent most of his long and useful life. 
He helil many oflices of trust and always discharjjjed his (iuties honestly. He was CtAmty 
Commissioner from 18:J4 to 1840, servinjf with Kobert K. Kwart, Daniel II. Bucll and Wil- 
liam Dana. In politi<'8 lie was an antislavery Whi>r and ardent liepublican, and, while 
always a law-abiding citizen, he never turned from his door a hungry human being, though 
forbidden by an odious law of Congress to feed the hungry slave fleeing from servitude. 
He reared a large family and was the kindest of parents, fondly devoted to those of bis kin 
and ready to labor incessantly for their welfare. Though of a strong will he was a man of 
tender sympathies, and human suffering moved him as it does a child. He defended what 
he conceived to be his rights with an unconquerable devotitni, l)ut asked nothing for him- 
self that he did not concede to others. For many years he had lived in the past, recounting 
the incidents of his life, and of the lives of those with whom he had associated, with great 
pleasure. Those who stood with him in his i)ioneer life have been swept down by the 
ruthless hand of time, and now the lone sentinel at the ripe age of fourscore and ten has 
laid down his burden to meet them. His funeral will take place to-day, from the residence 
of C. H. Godilard, his son in-law, in Fairfield. 

llev, Joseph Stone Burgess, 

The early part of Rev. J. S. Burgess' life, was spent on his father's farm in Go- 
shen, Mass. His older brothers, Benjamin and Frederick, having left home, his 
father depended largely on Joseph, in carrying on the farm, and entrusted much to 
his care. Immediately following his father's death, which occurred when Joseph 
was seventeen years of age, he assumed with his mother, the entire responsibility 
of conducting the interests of the farm, which were considerable, and were made 


quite successful. At eighteen he was appointed in connection with his mother, ad- 
ministrator of the estate left by his father, and guardian of four minor children, 
George, Sarah, Lucretia and Silas. The duties of this office were faithfully dis- 
charged, and approved by the Court. About this time, he became very anxious to 
obtain an education superior to what could be acquired at the schools in Goshen, 
especially at that time. 

In April of the following year, he left Goshen on foot with a few books and need 
ed clothing, for the purpose of fitting for college at Andovcr, Mass. Finding the 
expenses here too great for his limited means, he soon left Andover for Shelburne 
Falls Academy, an institution established on the **Manual Labor System," to aid 
indigent students. Here he was provided with instruction, and labored daily three 
hours to pay for his board, rising each morning at four o'clock. His industry and 
studious habits secured good health and proficiency in his studies. Here he re- 
mained three years and was promoted to the position of assistant in mathematics, 

under Prof. Brown. 

Several young men of Goshen followed his example, and soon entered the Acad- 
emy. Among the number were his brother George, F. W. Lyman, Levi L. Pierce 
and H. Orcutt. During his connection with the Academy, he taught winter schools 
in Goshen, Ashfield and Shelburne. Some of these were large and difficult, but he 
won commendatory reports from the committees, for his efficient services. He was 
subsequently engaged for eight years in teaching in New Jersey. While residing 
in that state he was delegate to the State Educational Convention at Trenton, 
where he took a prominent part in the discussion of important educational ques- 
tions then before the public. 

In 1844, he was delegate to the Whig State Convention at Trenton. He took a 
very active and earnest part, by frequent addresses and by circulation of documents 
and newspapers, advocating the election of Henry Clay for President. 

Towards the last of his residence in N. J., he read law in the office of Mr. Alex- 
ander of Princeton, and expected to have made the legal profession his life work. 
Subsequently pecuniary matters look him to Boston, Mass., when Religious Im- 
pressions so wrought upon his mind as to entirely change the whole tenor of his 
life and labors. These impressions dating back to early religious meetings in Go- 
shen, under the labors of Rev. Mr. Noyse of the C ongregational church ; the piety 
and faithfulness of his parents, his brother Frederick, and sister Maria, and Rev. 
Mr. Bpardman; strengthened by Baptists and Methodists of Ashfield, were consum- 
mated at last in Boston, much through the influence of his oldest brother Benjamin 
and wife. Here he decided to be a Christian^ and to preach the Gospel of Christ 
to the best of his ability. He immediately gave up his business and worldly plans, 
and entered at once the Theological Seminary at Whitestown, 'N. Y., under the 
auspices of the Free Baptist denomination, in due time becoming a member of the 
church and ordained minister in the denomination of Free Baptists. When about 
leaving the Seminary at W., Mr. B. received a call to settle over the Free Baptist 
church at West Waterville, Maine. His labors here were attended with a very in- 
teresting outpouring of the Divine Spirit, adding some sixty persons to the church. 
Here he was united in marriage with Miss Laura A. Gage, a relation which has 
been most happily continued to the present time. 

In 1848, Mr. Burgess received and accepted a unanimous call to the pastorate of 


the Free Baptist church of Lewiston, Maine. Here his labors were continued 12- 
years, during which time, several religious awakenings were enjoyed, resulting in 
large additions to the church. He also rendered very important aid in the erectioiv 
of a large and beautiful house of worship. He served also as Superintendent of the- 
public schools. Returning to Lewiston after an absence of eight years, he estab- 
lished a second Free Baptist church, building a meeting-house and adding many 
members during his seven years of pastoral work. The additions to both churches 
during his pastorates of twenty years were nearly seven hundred souls. 

During Mr. Burgess* whole ministry he has firmly maintained an anti-slavery 
and temperance position, sometimes at a loss of place and means of support. 
From principle he has vigorously defended the poor and oppressed, and lifted up 
his voice emphatically against all National sins. He has been settled over import- 
ant churches at Bangor, Me.; Haverhill, Mass. ; Harrisburg, Pa., and St. Johns- 
bury, Vt., and has been often engaged in raising large sums of money, in payment 
•f burdensome church debts. He has served several times as delegate to the F. B. 
General Conference ; and Corresponding Secretary of the Home Mission Society, 
travelling extensively West and South, raising funds and aiding in church building. 
He was one of the original founders of the Maine State Seminary, now Bates Col- 
lege, of Lewiston, Me., and was eight years President of the Baard of Overseers of 
the College. He has for many years been correspondent of several newspapers. 
His public addresses and sermons upon various important occasions, have bcea 
published and commended. Mr. B. has joined several hundred in marriage, besides 
attending very many funerals ; and has been uninterruptedly engaged in the Chris- 
tian ministry 35 years. 

Fersonal Eeminiscenccs by Levi L. Pierce- 

Circumstances over which I had no control, prevented my being born in Goshen,, 
but I went there to live in 1824, when only eight years old — on the 19th of April, a 
day memorable in the history of New England — a day when in the streets of Con« 
cord. "The embattled farmers stood and fired the shot heard round the world." I 
lived with my uncle. Col. Timothy Lyman, a farmer residing in the north district of 
the town. He owned some three hundred acres of land, of average quality for that 
part of the country, having stones enough on the surface to fence it into five acre 
lots, with walls five feet high. He was a thrifty farmer, and here I learned the ru« 
diments of farming, which I have never regretted, as it brought me in close com- 
munion with nature, and laid a%lowbut sure foundation for success in after life. 

Fred. W. Lyman, a cousin of mine, and of about the same age, lived half a mile 
distant. We were always warm, intimate friends and companions, and attended 
school in the old red school house, and always occupied the same seat in the north- 
west corner of the school-room. There we studied Peter Parley's geography, and 
learned, "The earth is round, and like a ball seems swinging in the air." We also- 
studied reading, writing, arithmetic, and the studies generally taught in district, 
schools in those days. I don't know as there was anything vicious in our natures,.but 


we were disposed to have a good deal of fun, both in and out of schoolhours. We 
generally managed to ticape punishment, but occasionally would go so. far as to be 
brought up with a round turn and a smart application of birch. As a sample of our 
tricks in school, I will name one : A boy we will call Roger, sat on a seat in line 
of ours, but some eight feet distant. We beckoned him to move up toward us, in- 
timating we had something to give him. Just as he had managed to get near us, 
without the teacher, noticing him, we would scream out at the top of our voices, 
^*Roger is here!** That would startle the whole school, and the teacher would ex- 
claim "Whafs the matiei* nmv V* and coming to the scene of the tumult, we would 
say, "Just as we were busy at work on a hard sum, Roger came and bothered us." 
The result was, Roger was taken by the ear and marched into the middle of the 
floor, there to stand for half an hour to be pointed at as a warning to others. Did 
space permit, I would speak of spelling schools, militia trainings, and musters. At 
the first muster I attended, my uncle gave me twenty-five cents for spending money, 
and Aunt Hannah said, "Now, Levi, don't spend it foolishly." But long before the 
day was over it had all gone for ginger-bread and fire crackers, mostly for ginger- 
bread. I went to meeting regularly every Sunday in the once yellow old meeting- 
house on the common. Rev. Mr. Wright was the minister. I doubt not he was a 
good man in the usual acceptance of the term, and has long since "gone up higher." 
* * * But to my mind a brighter day is dawning — a day that will 

brush away the cobwebs of Dogmatic Theology, and usher in the Christianity of 
Christ--a Christianity broad as the world and whose membership shall embrace the 
whole family of man. Then will come the true millennium, when the lion and the 
'lamb can lie down together, without the lamb being compelled to lie hmde the lion. 
In iS"?!, soon after the death of my uncle, I went to live with Mr, Benj. White, 
where I remained until I was twenty-one. In 1840, I went to Southport, now Ke- 
nosha, Wis., and since then my life has been somewhat checkered. In 1848, I be- 
came acquainted with P. T. Barnum, Esq., the great show man, and was in his 
employ the most of the time for twelve years, travelling with Jenny Lind, the Chi- 
nese family, and for two years, 1850-51, as treasurer and ticket seller lor his great 
travelling American museum and menagerie. Dec. 10, 1856, 1 sailed on the steamer 
Persia, in company with Gen. Tom Thumb, as his treasurer and ticket seller, for 
an extended tour 6f Europe. I found the General a very genial, companionable, 
generous little man. The exhibition proved a financial success, he appearing daily 
before large audiences, including crowned heads and heads not crowned. On the 
loth of Feb., 1863, ^ ^^<^ ^^^ pleasure of attending the marriage of General Tom 
Thumb and Miss Loviena Warren, at Grace church. New York. The wedding at 
the church and reception at the Metropolitan Hotel were very elegant. I accom- 
panied the General and wife on their wedding trip to Washington, and on the even- 
ing of the 1 2th, by special invitation of President Lincoln and his wife, we spent 
two hours at the White House. There were present several members of Congress., 
and in passing into the East Room, Mr. Lincoln said to the little General, '*You go 
. ahead, I would rather follow jom than many Generals I have in the army." Becom- 
ing tired of the show business I engaged in the shoe business in Syracuse, N. Y,, 
where I was quite successful. In 1870, with my wife, Mr. Barnum, and an English 


friend, I took a pleasure trip to California, via Union Pacific R. R., visiting the 

Yosemite valley, and many other ihterestiiig places, all enj^ing it highly. For the 

past ten years I have been a semi-invalU. I bought a home, and am now living in 

the pleasant village of Greenfield, Mass. surrounded by the kindest of relatives and 

friends, with all my needed wants supplied. Here I intend to remain until called 

to fairer fields and pastures new, on the other side of Jordan. 

L. L. Pierce, 

Sketches of'tlie Ceiiteimial Oominittee. 

Alvan Barrus, son of Levi, chairman of the committee, was born in 1831, the 
the semicentennial year of the town, lie has always resided in this town, and 
taken an active interest in every thing that pertains to its welfare. As one of the 
town officers, he has borne his full share of labor. He was commissioned as Justice 
of the Peace in 1867, and is the only Justice now resident in the town. He has 
frequently been engaged in various public duties, and was a member of the Legis- 
lature in 1879. Devoting himself to a careful study of the questions coming before 
the House, he made several short but effective speeches, by which he won an hon- 
orable standing among his fellow legislators. His aid was often sought in drafting 
and advocating bills introduced by other members. He was a member of the Com- 
mittee on County Estimates. 

A paper referring to the bill for amending the game laws, said, it was "discussed 
with no little spirit. Mr. Barrus of Goshen was the champion of the bill in the 
interest of the farmers, and cudgelled some of the lawyers and city sportsmen who 
had taken occasion to speak lightly of his calling, in a way that won for him the 
sympathy and approval of even those who opposed the measure. It was the first 
time Mr. Barrus had spoken upon the floor, but the professional debaters will not 
care to shak*^ him up again.'* 

The Boston Traveller^ in commenting upon the prominent members of the 
House, classed Mr. Barrus " among the men who have made the session of the 
Massachusetts Legislature of 1879, memorable." 

His record as a member of the First Mass. Cavalry in the civil war may be found 
on a previous page. 

He is Chairman of the Board of Selectmen for 1881-2. 


George Dresser, Secretary of the Committee, son of Moses, resides on the ancient 

'komestead of the family, where he was born and has always dwelt, except for a few 

years spent in New Jersey, and in trade in St. Lawrence County, N. Y. Educated 

in the common and select schools, and at the Academy in New Salem, he was for 





some years a successful teacher, and has often acceptably served as one o£ the 
School Committee of the town. He is one of the deacons of the church, for which 
he has peculiar qualifications, and has served on the Board of Parish Assessors 
and also as one of the Selectmen and Assessors of the town. 

Hiram Packard, Treasurer of the Committee, son of Willard^ born 1816, has 
always been a resident here ; always true to his convictions of right and duty; 
always doing his full share, pecuniarily, in sustaining church and parish; never 
" signing off," because something had been done of which he did not approve. He 
has done frequent official service for town and parish, and was tendered the diaco- 
nate of the church, which he declined. He represented his district in the Legisla- 
ture of 1873, Farming is his chosen calling, and of late years, in company with his 
son, Edward C, and Lorin Barrus, he has been experimenting with varied success 
in the culture of Fish, their latest effort being with carp imported from Germany 
by the U. S. government, lie is one of the Board of Selectmen and Assessors for 

Lieut. Timothy P. Lyman, son of Capt. Francis, born 1834, was brought up on 
the original Lyman homestead, where he still resides. Possessing the loyal and 
military spirit of his ancestors, he early enlisted in the First Mass. Cavalry, and 
was with the regiment at Hilton Head, also in most of its engagements around 
Richmond, and was there at its fall. He was acting Quartermaster of the regiment, 
being promoted from private to First Lieutenant. Re-enlisting, he remained in 
the army to the close of the war. After his return home he was appointed Deputy 
State Constable, which office he held till the law creating the force was repealed. 
He has served upon the Board of Selectmen and Assessors of the town. 

John H. Godfrey, son of Henry T., born 1842, worked upon the farm till the 
breakinflj out of the Rebellion, when he enlisted in the 52d Mass. Regiment, and 
was at the capture of Port Pludson. After the close of the war, he engaged in 
mercantile business with his uncle Anson, in Northampton, for a few years, and 
then bought the store in Goshen which he now occupies. He has done a success- 
ful business, besides serving his fellow citizens as Town Treasurer and Selectman. 

Deacon Theron L. Barrus, son of Levi, has long been identified with the civil, 
educational and religious interests of the town. He has served the church, parish, 
and town, in various official positions for an extended period with conscientious 
fidelity, and with general acceptance. He taught school for several terms, and has 
often served as one of the School Committee. His chief pursuit is farming. 

Alonzo Shaw, son of Ebenezer ©f Cummington,born 1819, is one of the substan- 
tial yeomanry of the town, shrewd, honest, and a good manager in business affairs. 
He has shown that intelligent farming on the hill towns will pay, and has given 
substantial evidence by adding largely to his buildings and his acres, and doubtless 
to his revenues. He has often served the town as one of the Board of Selectmen 
and Assessors, and in other important positions. He is cousin to Fayette Shaw, 
one of the foremost and wealthiest leather merchants in Boston. 

He is re-elected for 188 1-2 on the Board of Selectmen and Assessors. 



J^BBLL FaHILT, 133. 
Beit)aniIn,2J,71, 9S. 
Carrie P.. 75. 

George.ST. 83, 91,92. 

Georgo A., 103. 

Joabu»,ia.l7, 19, M,38, 64, 71, M, 1 

NMhanlel,t3,34,«7, US. 

WUliam, 2S, SO, IB, 63, 72, 91, BS. 
AuAHS, Brv-Ucor^, 49. 

Ben net, 69, 76. 
Philip, 24, 116. 
Rev. Timothy, 15, 


Her. RobiTt C., 6!, 74. 


Isaac, 69. 
Amaik»i, 134. 

Ansel, BU. 

Kbencier, 70. 
Akdkrson, Capt., 64, 
Bakes Fahili, -.toy. 

Ball, Warren, ins, 
Benjamin ii., 13. 
3ABnWBLL FANii.r. 131, S. 

Xltlah, fie,6n,ei. 71. 

Ret. Horatio, 4H, AG, SO, 6*. 

Jeremiah H., 131. 

Barkbb, Rev. Joseph, IR, 42. 
.Bamibtru FahIi.t, 134. 

Abial, 42. 

Barzlllal, II, 14, 17, IN, 21, 92, 2.\* 36, 01. 

r, IB, II. ss, so. 4 

Lemuel, II, 17. 18, IS. 32, 34, 36, 42, 70, 

Mary, 4i, 

Sophia, 79. 

Wllllara. 11,70. 
BAKn. Col. Asa, 01. 
B*RRi;s Pahilt, 138-142. 

Alvan, 31, 34, 3S, 38, 30, 40, 83, 60, 76, « 

Charlca.SS, 03,69. 103. 

Uoorge. ]10, SOB. 

Biram, 37 as. 4U, St. 68, 09, 71, 74, 73, ' 



Bascom, Rct. Aaron 

Babsbtt, SUrb, 23. 

Joseph, 1S5-B. 

Gen-hom, 08. 
HuilBoii, 93. 
Levi, 111. 

nanlel, 70, ao7. 
Davl.1. 70. 
Dexter, 60, 207-8. 

Joseph. 39, a!>, 89, lO.'t, JOT, 
JBtKiiK, Rlrhnnl, 110. 
IBS, Fred. W., 79. 



Beswk'K, Evorton, LS. 


John, 11. 

Capt. , r,«), 88. 

Xatlmn, m. 
BiLLiN(;s Family, 137-8. 
Asahi'l, 28. .SO, 3«, 37, 3J>, 40, .'il, («. G4, MO. 

Klijah, :W, 51, (W, W, 7'2, W. 

Fred S., 34, 3."), 10:i. 
BisitKE, Rev. J. II., 4i). 
BissELL, John II., 107. 
Blakk Familv, 13rM». 

Joseph, 11, 7"2, 135. 

Silas. i:W. 
BOARDMAN.Rev. Wm. J., 48, 75. 
BODMAN, William, li». 
BoiKS, Sanford, (57. 
BoiRy, Boiijjimin, 13, i3, 70. 
BOLTW<.M)n, Rev. I^iK'iusM.,(>'2. 
BiiACKK'iT Family, '208. 

Ezra, 71. 

Bkadfoki). , 74. 

BRAYMAy, Saiiuu'l. 72. 
Briimiman, Eflward, 33, 8.3. 

Sidney E., l'2-2. 

"E. P. B.," '210. 
Briugs, Rev. James, 4.5. 
Brown Fam i l v , i:i5. 

Rev. Benj. F., 57, '2:?0. 

C'hampiim, 71. 

Daniel, 11, 18, 21, -23, 42, 71, 102. 

Dorcjiw, 42. 

Greenwood, 2.'», 121, 135. 

Joseph, 13, (>8. 

JoMah, 13. 

Judith, 42. 

Thomas, 11, 17, 18, 21, 25, 30, 41, 42, 71, 112, 

Caleb, 0(), 00. 

Eli, a3, 114. 

ratri<-.k, 30. 

Dr. reter, 84. 
BrcKiNiJiiAM, Jed., 2:^, 71. 

BrR(;Kss Family, 130-7. 

Dr. IJcnjamln, 11, 12, 18, 22, 24, 25, 30, 40, 

Benjamin F., 137. 

llev. Frederick >V., 57. 

(icor>?e M.,74. 

Rev. Joyei)h S., 57, 74, 248. 

iVIcrcy, 74. 

Silas, 30, 71, 121. 
Bi:('K, Isaiio, 13. 
BURK, Wait, %. 
BruNELL, Thomab S.. 134. {Correciion.) 

i Kln2fi4ley A., 134. 
Brsn, Joseph, 08. 
.BrsiiNELL,' Itev. Dr., 64. 
IRUTLEB, S(dom<m, 71. 
:Byin<;t()N, Rev. Mr., .50. 
Canning, Eilwanl W. B., 74. 
Carpenter Family, 14,3. 

Cyril, .51. 

David, W>, 75, 208. 

Edwin A.,71,8:i. 

Ezra, ««, 70, 118. 

Richard, 143. 
Carrithers, Rev. William, 62. 
Cathcart, Gershom, 38. 

Oliver T., 2i^. 

ClIAMKERLAIN, A SB, 2,5, 248. 

Jolui I)., 248. ^ 


ti race, 47. 

Ezekiel, 47, 57. 
CiiiLn, Rev. Isaac, 67. 
Cm LOS, Dr., 84. 

El I ward, 51. 

Josiah, 13. 
! Uev. Lewis F., 74. 
j (). r.,70. 
iCoLK, Ansel, 88. 
! Ebenezer, 13. 
CoLSON, Adam, 151. 

|C()NKV,Dr. Ellis, 37, 84. 
Converse, Edward, 13. 


; Ezekiel, 10, 22, 88. 
COWKN, Prince, 13. 
CowLES Family, 143. 

Amasa, 72. 

Jabez, 13. 

Simeon, 72. 
Cox, James, 13. 
Crafts, Albert W., 82. 
Cranston, 1(>8, 215. 
Crittenden, Amos, 13. 
Crosby, Joseph, (>7. 
OrOssktt, Rev. Robert, 48, 75, 76. 

Rev. J. Fisher, 57. 
CriiTis, Zach., 13. 
Ci siiMAN Family, 142-3. 

Caleb, 14,2:^,01,00. 

Calvin,50, 00, 01,()4, 74. 

Minerva, 00. 

Solomon, 143. * 

Rev. Ralph, 58, 200. 

Rev. Rufus, .57,74. 

Vesta, 01. 

Wealthy, 01. 




Marshal, 10, ra. 

JohiilL.M.S,B,B,OS, lOT. 


John L., W. 


wm. A., aa. 

Ocnbom, 103. 

UoULP. H. J., 07, 71. 


MarlOTi, B7-S, H. 

Aaa. 11.71,06. 

itobert, IS. 

Christopher, 13. 21, 43, 71. 

WlllUm, 13. 


n^v-BS, Chnrles H., 106-7. 

John, Ik-i, 0, T, 8, B, 71, 4, B, 93. 101. 131, Ml 


UltAVEB. Downing W., 83. 


Gkimes Family, 140. 


James. 23, S. 


Mary 11. 


■Drbbskb FAMILT i«-5,aio. 

Rev AraoB,M),81. 

UBO^BuFAUIcr 140. 

AlberlB. SS.^IO. 

Stephen, 33.71. 

Cali!bC.,te,M. 72, 88. M, 121,300-10. 


brands, 38, 37. 

GuiLFORD.Cnauncy, 72. 

tioorge. 34, :», fil,61,0»,74,74,7B,T8.!10, 


Spencer, M. 

George C, 34, TO. 


nnnnali, 02. 

Levi. 72,210. 

.loLn, i;i. 

Mnaee, 11,31.3(1,81,72. lis. 

Nnthnll. ». 

R«uben, 11, 12, 14, 21, M. 24. 80. 37, fSS, M. 

Widow, 71. 



Sophia B., IS, 210. 

Ablgull, 18. 


Also, 41. 

Joslah, 19. 

Jeremlnh. 41. 4, 52.3,4,00. 


Moaes. M. 

nvEH, RC1-. Anson, BO. 11. Irt, 54,02, 71,00,110. 

HAuaioN, Tho-nns, IS, 0. oo. 


fUiluN, Theron, 70. 

EwKr.i. Consider, 03. 

AWen. 7". 

FiBHEH, Bcr.Win.,Bi. 

IUWK8 FASII.V, 147. 



r<)wi.EK. Ker. Almm, IW, 44. 

E leaner, 70. 


Electa, 02. 


Dr. KrutUM, 8*. 

Electa, .-U. 

FaonlB K„ 75, 6, 83. 

Jnral, 29, 70,1,81, 2. 

Doctor, 84. 

Joseph, 03, 4, TO, 80,2, 3, BB, 121. 

John, 28, 07, CO. 

Julia, 21], 2. 

Nathan, 09. 

llodncr, (17, 70, 80. 

<;aiiI5, San ford .7fl. 




Ilcnrr, '--i- 

Joel, 02. 


<JEtiF., Uoacy S.. tU, IKS. 

Olnm Lowls.lH. 

IIIGGINI, Simeon, IB. 

GwiVD. Jacob, 70. 



HOSFORD, Arad, 23. 

HUBBASD, Alexia B., lOS. 
Oftlvlil A ., 108. 
Daniel, 66. 

Fred. A., 108. 
HoUon, lao. 

Bev. wiu.,10, er. 

HdohbB, 102. 
Htht F^MILV, H7-8. 


John v., 9J. 
LoweU, 90. 

Geo. S., ill. 
HmouHB, Dr., SI. 
Jakbb Familt, lis, S 

Enoch, 2S. 

Jobu, 21, 3, B, 33. 70, 

Luther, 213. 

Ualaohl, 23,0.30,3, 


JBMKINS, jMCilb,0*. 

ieoniinl, SB. 
jEl-flON PmiUX 119. 

Francla, 33. 

Fomwe, B9, 71. 

John, 2i, 3, 1)9, no. 

Jueoph, a», 90. 

Hluah, 33. 

Cyrol, OB.ffli. 
Ji:wKiJ.,Anron, 11. 

Joime, Alfred, 75, 83. 

Cnpt- Lewis, 09. 

William, 11,32. 
Joy Familt, 1S4. 

Julia A., 101. 
Jpclliu, llcv. Geo., 60. 
SbllooO, Uanlal, 33. 

Jennie E.. in. 


Stephen, 23, OS. 
KBiKdiBev Cftlvln, 07. 
KiDi CharlcB, 11. 
KILDDBK, Rev. Joslah.ll, S, 
KWa FAMILY, 149. 


Levi, 89. 
Rcohen, 00. 

Hon. HIchmona P., 149. 
KriidSBLHT. llcv Cjms, 00. 


LAND, Harroy, 61. 

John, 17. 

lua, 3S, 81. 
MadlBOD, 110. 
Lamb, Mrs. MarUia J., 167-9. 
Lazzll, EdDiaud, 98. 

Cyiel, 70. 
nurl, IS. 

LlNBLBT, HUIHU, lU, 71. 

I.iTTi.BFlEi.D, Daniel, IS. 
iGi^v,Rev Alfred, 74, 
.1 Thomae, 38. 
LoowlS Family 162. 

ion B., 118. 

Fin, S8, Ua. 
Loud, Caleb, 20. 
LovKLL, Jacob, 79. 
LUCAS, tieo. W.,61. 
Luce Fahilt, 163. 

me], 23, 39, 06, 7L 

LULL, James, 72. 

(IS. Reuben, TI. 

tilicB,38, no. 

Heleu, T6. 

John C, 38, 71. 

Jonathan, 51, 04. 

Jusluh, IKI, 110. 

Rlthiiril, l.'iO. 

TtaDinas, 71,88. 

Timothy, II, 11, 17, 30, 8, 9, 3 


)N FAHILV, 150. 

Fru», 19,31, 3,1, 70, 12L 

Lemuel, 10, 17, 19, 14, 36,41, 1, 70,83, S3, 119. 

Marcus, 28. 
Sllvenua, OD, 



William, 71. 
Maniono Family, 158. 

Augustas, 105, 120. 

6eoi:ge W., 103. 

Greoige P., 105. 

Joel D., 105. 

John, 103, 105. 

Pbinehas, 23, 67, 97, 103, 121. 

WilUam, 106. 
Mart, Charles, 70. 
3£ansfield, John, 23. 
3LAHTIK, Rev. Orra, 67. 
2dA80N, Bey. Stephen, 47, 75. 

Lowell, 64. 
Jlf AY Family, 163-S. 

I>exter 71, 

Electa, 60, 62- 

Ezra, 10, 12, 71, 96, 153. 

Margaret, 19, 42. 

Xehemiah, 14, 17, 18, 21, 5, 6, 36, 7, 9, 41, 
71, 9, 81, 2, 9, 93, 153, 216. 

Prudence, 62. 

Sarah, 12. 
:XCayhew, Freeborn, 23, 71, 92, 155. 
:]IIayob, Greoige, 39, 70. 
:Xtf£ADSR, William, 22, 71, 114, 153. 
^3^LL8, George, 13. 
JXliLLEB, Josiah, 71. 

Bev. Moses, 48. 
^Sf ITCHSLL, Chester, 93. 

Bev. Mr. 48. 
.SiOLLISON, J. R., 70. 

^HlooRE Family, 155. 
Abner, 88. 
Shepherd, 23. 


Banister, 69. 

Bev. Daniel O., 55, 62, 214. 

Elisha, 154. 

Hon. Levi P., 62. 
^Af OTT Family. 
- Samuel, 11, 22, 23, 91. 

James, 226. 
^f ARAMORE Family, 156. 

Alpheus, 23, 37, 64, 93- 

Deborah, 23, 68. 

Franklin, 36, 37, 40, 68, 69. 

Henry L., 107, 157. 

Joseph, 23, 37, 68, 92. 

Samuel, 156. 

Sarah W., 74. 

Thaddeus, 24, 70. 
>^A8H Family, 157. 

Arvin, 121. 

MarthaJ., 157,8, 9. 
Kelson, Jona., 18. 


Newell, Zimrl, 71, 92. 
Olds Family, 160. 

Bev. Jason, 56, 90. 

Levi, 23. 

Samuel, 13, 18, 21, 68, 110. 

Silas, 90. 
Orcutt Family, 159. 

Edward, 11, 71. 

James, 64, 97. 

Nathan F., 137. 

Thankful, 74. 
Orr Family, 159, 160. 

James, 22, 3, 66, 8. 

Owen, , 72. 

Packard Family, 160-162. 

Asa, 13. 

Caleb, 97, 

Calvin A., 33, 7, 8, 40. 

Edward C, 63, 70, 6. 

Frebun W., 71, 91. 

Hiram, 33, 4, 5, 7, 8. 40, 63, 9, 70, 88. 

Capt. Horace, 36, 63, 89, 91, 93, 161. 

Horace H., 106. 

James, 11, 19, 21, 3, 68, 116. 

Joshua, 11, 38, 9, 66, 8, 78, 90, 1, Ib^. 

Balph, 72. 

Willard, 22, 70, 161. 

Wm. S., 39, 69, 70, 72. 
Pain, Ebenezer, 72. 
Parker, Widow Mary, 24. 
Parsons Family, 162-165, 214- 

Benjamin, 11 « 54, 55. 

Rev. B. Franklin, 57, 69. 

Ebenezer, 11, 17, 25, 36, 37, 79, 81, 82. 


Elihu, 23, 120. 

Frederic, 118. 

Helen, 75. 

Henry, 105. 

Justin, 11, 21, 24, 37, 39, 42, 61, 54, 62, 69, 71, 
119, 163, 214. 

Bev. Levi, 54, 5. 

Levi, 69, 163-4. 

Lucretia, 54, 62. 

Lucinda, 74. 

Mary, 74. 

Bhoda, 74. 

Silas, 11,55,69. 

Solomon, 11, 37, 40, 69, 79, 82, 89. 

Stephen,28,51. 88. 

Theodore, 69, 163. 

Willard, 29, 09. 

Wm. Lyman, 107. 
Partridge Family, 165. 

Asa, 71, 165. 



J. H.. 74. 
Pathiok. James, S3, S 
Febbt, JaeUh,14. 

t, loa. 

Bcnjamld, 10. 

Wendell, M. 


Rev. Clus. H., 60. 
Dr. Daniel, TS, 84. 
George, 121. 
Heniy, 00. 
Uartha, 74. 
Levi L., 74, 6, IBB, MO. 
Thoma*. 13. 
Timothy D., SS, 107. 
Volney, 71. 

POMEROl T1106.W., 70. 

POBTEU, Saiunol, 71. 
PrXTT, Enoch 13. 
PBENTI(!B,!BHrnc:;i30, 7.^,143. 

PUTHErFAMILr, 166-7. 

AmaBa, 75. 

Ebcnczer,II,I4,31,23,i4,»7,12,I«, 0!, 7!, 
eo, lis, 110, 120, IBB. 

Ellshu, 71. 

Bmmong, 8«, 17, IS, 214, 7fi, 88, B9. 

Hnnniih, 03. 

irani7, 107. 

Joseph, 38, 70, 73, IHT. 

Harin, 74. 

Vnhum, 118. 
Naomi, 74. 

Dr. Jolj, 8S-4. 
Kaknev Family, 144. 
Rebd, Ecv. Eoyal, 48, 75. 

RICE, Capt. Fordyrc, 92. 
Lyman F., loO. 

James, 62, 4. 

Hehcmloh, 30. 
RrciiAKDSON, Fred. C, 72, 218. 
RiCiiuoHD, Zchulon,24. 
BoREBTa, Ansel A., 107. 

Dr. Isaac, 12,71,83. 

Dr. Joseph, 83. 

Dr. E.C.,84. 

Dr. A. W., 84. 

Dr. J. W., 75, 84. 
RooEBS. Dr. George, 84. 

I^ev. H. M.,60,TB. 

Jolin, 24. 

Joseph, 71. 105. 

Bobert, 71, 156. 

Rolon, 71. 
Rood, Rev. Thomas H.,4B, TS,3U. 
Israel G., 47. 

RuBSKLi., Jona., 24. 

Rev. E. Putney, 66. 

Ucort^, 37, 70, 81. 

F. mills, IS. 
UoMi^ II., TO. 


lonio, 07. 

SiiEA,.rolin. 13. 
SnELiiON, WlllllUn n., 74. 
.SnEVAUi], Rot. Mase, 44. 
J limes D., 88. 
, Jafoh, Ifl. 
Rlchnnl, 13, 
SiHUDNa, JoehnB,S9,0S. 
Sktth Fauily -70-1. 
Hamuli, 74. 

joiiD, II, li, SI, 4t, 2, na, 00, 70, ib, ito. 

JohD M., 37, 53,04, 170, 216. 

Lconanl, 71. 

I.ucy, 74. 

Miiry, O-i, 74. 

Ralph E., SB, n. 


Ehenezor, IS. 
Samnal, 03. 

Capt. Jonathan, 22, 3. 

Samuel, IM. 
StBabNS Fawilt, 1S7-170. 



!Ebenezer, 9. 

Ezra, 38, 66. 

Isaac, 9. 

John, 24, 70, 96, 215. 

!Lemuel, 96. 

liCvi, 90. 

Samuel, 12. 

Shubael, 9. 

Thomas W., 69, 90. 
Stephenson, Geor^re, 118. 
Stone Family, 171-176. 

Alvan, 57. 

Ambrose, 11, 1.5, 22, 3, 5, 31, 36, 7, 8, 9, -M), 69, 
74, 88, 92, 8, 171. 

Amos H., 69, 88. 

Dea. Artemas, 11, 14, 21, 2, 42, 44, 51, 8, 71, 

Augusta, 74. 

Edward G., 69. 

Frederick P., 30, 40, 64, 9. 

Jerusha, 42. 

Oren, 93. 

Col. Luther, 29, 30, 1, 3, 5, 6, 38, 9, 40, 63, 9. 
93, 121, 173-4. 

.Silvauus, 11,23,70,1. 

Street, Whiting, 34. 
Strong, Rev. Joseph, 45. 

Taft, Cheney, 195-6. 
TAYI.OR Family, 176-7. 

James B., 106. 

Dea. Oliver, 14, 17, 18, 21, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7, 36, 7, 
8, 9, 40, 4, 5, 51, 70, 79, 90, 120, 176, 214. 

Ludo, 78. 

Jason C, 79. 

Ezekiel, 68, 96. 

Samuel, 69. 

Israel B.,31, 83. 

Rev. John C, 40, 8, 9, 75, 76, 214-5 
TILTON FAmLY, 177-8. 

Benjamin, 69, 90. 

EmmaW., 75. 

George F., 104. 

Henry H., 33, 51,71. 

Polly, 17. 

Salathlel, 23, 177, 

Spencer, 71; 103. 

S. "West, 33, 0, 07,71. 

Vashti, 75. 177, 215. 

William, 28, 40, 71. 
Todd, Rev. Asa, 67. 

Isaac, 23, 70. 

Nathaniel, 70. 

Richard, 24, 72. 

Thomas, 73. 
Town, Ebenezer W., 51, 76, 81, 121. 

ia?^?;I?3. i one person? 
Turner, Wm., 13. 
Tucker, Abijoh, 9, 12, 168. 

i Nathan W., 13. 
I Stephen, 13. 
Utley, Ralph, 37, 121, 178. 
VINING, Mrs. M. C. F., 49. 
Vinton Family, 178. 

Abiathar, 24, 98. 

Frederick, 74. 

Levi, 24, 66, 98. 

Nathaniel, 24, 72. 
j Walker, 
1 Isaac, 98. 

Rev. To\\Tisend, 50. 
Ward, Trowbridge, 93. 

William, 19. 
Warner, Joseph, 93, 4. 
Washburn Family, 179. 

Hattil 33, 5, 81, 90. 
Webster Family, 179. 

Robert, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 98, 9, 116. 

Elizabeth, 74. 

William, 70, 88, 95. 
Weeks Family, 180-183. 

David, 183. 

Elijah, 100, 181. 
I Ezra, 182. 
[ Mercy, 180. 

1 Capt. Thomas, 11, 17, 18, 21, 3, 41, 2, 70, 98, 
1 9, 180, 1. 

I Wh ALLEY, Rev. Samuel, 62. 
; James, 23. 
! Rev. M. G., 48. 
Whitcomb, James, 24. 
White Families, 194-202. 
, Abigail, 24. 

Asa, 37, 89, 91,195. 

Benjamin, 29, 33, 5, 6, 8, 9, 40, 51, 63, 72, 75, 
201, 202. 

Ebenezer, 24, 64, 6, 89, 195. 

Ellas, 70. 
; Ezekiel, 24, 72, 194. 

Farnum, 17, 18, 21, 2S, 42, 71, , 195. 

Henry, 37, 71. 

Hon. James, 200. 

John, 30, 114. 

Jonathan H., 201, 



Joseph, :15, 40, 7-', T.l, IW. 

Joseph ir., 1!K). 

Josiah, 24, 64, 0, ffJ. 

Julia M., 74. 

Marey, 42. 

Molly, 24. 

Rev. Morris E., 4^. 

Xoah, 72. 

Nehemiah, CA. 

Peregrine, 121. 

Ralph H., 201. 

Simon H.,200. 

Sophia M., lf>0. 

William, 10, 12, 17, 18, 21,2, G, 35, G, 0, 
72, U2, T), 100, 119, 11)6, 7, 8, 2(^2. 
Whitman Family, 193-4. 

Ephraim, 47. 

Grace, 47. 

Eev. Samuel, 39, 34, 6, 54, 67, 193. 
Whitney, Gen. James S., 137. 
Williams FA3nLY, 183-191. 

Mrs. Anna, 121. 

Artemas, 187. 

Clarinda B., 62, 75. 

Daniel, 33, 6, 8, 63, 88, 188. 

Mrs. Deborah S., 62, 3, 4, 121. 

Gordon, 67, 70. 

Hannah, 74. 

Hinckley, 70, 80, 1, 3. 

H. Wright, 118. 

John, 17, 21, 3, 9, 87, 40, 66, 186, 67, 70, 9, 80, 
1, 2, SK). 

John, 2(1, 88, 91,121, 191. 

Jonah, 23, 82, 90. 

Levi, 29. 

Mrs. Mercy, 121. 

Sarah R., 185. 

Rev. William, 57. 
WiLLOuTT Family, 191-2. 

Antlrew, 57. 
; Enoch, G<), 70. 

Jesse, 66, 70. 
40,2,! .Toel, 191. 

Lorenzo, 68. 

Philip, 70, 118. 

Zebulon, 11, 23, 31, 67, 191. 
■WiNO Family, 193. 

Edward, 2J, 118. 

Samuel, 23. 
Wright Family, 204. 

llev. D. Grosvenor, 57, 204. 

Dr. George, 75, 84. 

Rev. Joel, 47, 75, 202-4. 

Rev. J.E M., 61, 66, 204-6*. 

Jonathan, 61. 

Justin, 13. 
Wyman, Daniel, 72, 216. 


* Correction— PsigQ 206, first line should continue "after residing for four years, etc.** 


centen:nial a:nniyersary 




Groslieii, IVIass., 

JUNE 22, 1881. 








The town of Goshen was incorporated May 14th, 1781. On the 
approach of the One Hundredth anniversary of that event the citi- 
zens were moved bo take measures for its proper observance. At 
the annual town meeting held March 1, 1880, Alvan Barrus, George 
Dresser, Hiram Packard, Timothy P. Lyman, John Henry Godfrey, 
Theron L. Barrus and Alonzo Shaw were chosen a committee to ma- 
ture plans and make all necessary arrangements for celebrating the 
town's centennial birthday. The committee organized and finally 
decided that inasmuch as the date of incorporation, May 14, came 
in a busy season of the year, and liable to cool and stormy weather, 
that it was advisable to fix the day of celebration at a later date. 
It was accordingly voted to have the anniversary exercises on the 
22d of June, and a card of invitation was issued in the following 
language : 

1781 WELCOME HOME. 1881 

^11 persons interested in the Town of Goshen, Mass., 
2 ither by residence, marriage^ descent or otherwise, 
cere cordially invited to participate in the celebration 
crf the One Hundredth Anniversary of her incorpO'^ 
Ration, June 22, 2881. 

t-i^7^..r, n.^l^:' IITAT.S, A. SHAW, 5 committee. 

The committee also adopted the following order of exercises; 


Incori»oration of the Town of Goshen, 


Wednesday, June 22d, 1881. 

Alvan Barrus, President of the Day. 
T. p. Lyman, Chief Marshal. 

Hiram Barrus, Esq., Historian. 

Mrs. M. Leora IS. Houghton, Poet. 

Rev. J. E. M. Wright, Chaplain. 

Centennial Committee, 

Alvan Barrus, Chairman. J. H. Godfrey. 

George Dresser, Sec'y. T. P. Lyman. 

Hiram Packard, Treas. T. L. Barrus. 

Alonzo Shaw. 

Exercises in R. E. Smith's Grove, one-half mile north of the center. , 

Procession formed near the church at 10 o'clock A. M. 

Led by Haydenville Brass Band. 

Chief Marshal and Aids. 

President of the Day, and His Excellency, Gov. Long. 

Chaplain, Historian and Poet. 

Invited Guests, Members of the Press. 

Sons and Daughters returned. 


Committee of Arrangements. 

Clergy, Soldiers of the late war. 

Officers of Neighboring Towns, Marshal. 

Citizens of Goshen and other Towns. 

Exercises at the Grove, 

Music by the Band. 
Singing.— Hymn by Rev. J. E. M. Wright.— Tune, America, 

God of our fathers now 
In reverence we bow, 

Our songs we raise, 
At thy blest mercy seat, 

Together here we meet ,- 
And in communion sweet 

Thy name we praise- 

Our fathers loved these hills, 
These rocks and mountain rilla», 

In bygone days ; 
But they have passed away,, 
And we look back to-day 
A hundred years, when they 

Here sang thy praise^ 

May children's children know 
Our father's God, and go 

In wisdom's ways ; 
Look upward to the skies, 
In truth and virtue rise. 
And take the heavenly prize 

In youthful days. 

Let flocks and herds increase. 
Let blight and mildew cease. 

In coming years. 
Save from devouring hail. 
May nothing wrong assail. 
Prosperity prevail. 

Save from all fears. 

May heaven's light and love 
Beam on us from above 

As years go by. 
May future days be bright 
With learning's blessed light. 
Religion cheer our sight 

And lead on high. 

Invocation. Hymn. Prayer. 

Reading Act of Corporation by Hon. Henry B. Peirce, 

Sec'y of Commonwealth. Historical Address. 

Anthem by Choir. Benediction. 

Basket Picnic upon the Grounds, preceded by Blessing. 

Free Table for distant guests, Band and Soldiers. 

Returning of Thanks. 
Auld Lang 8yne, — Choir, Audience and Band uniting. 
Address of Welcome, by the President of the Day. Poem. 
5ts, Sentiments and Responses will be a large feature of the occasion, 

he programme was carried out iu nearly every particular. Mrs. 
ighton not being present, her poem was read by Rev. D. G. 
^ht, D. D. Hon. James White of Boston courteously accepted 


the place assigned to the Secretary of the Commonwealth. Dea. 
T. L. BaiTUS was chosen Toastmaster, but want of time prevented 
the toasts being given. 

The excellent report of the exercises by Editor Henry S. Grere, 
Esq., published in the Hampshire Gazette of June 28, is copied in 
these pages nearly entire. Several speeches delivered on the oc- 
casion have since been kindly furnished by the authors, and are 
also here presented. 



As was anticipated, the number of people gathered in Goshen on 
Wednesday last, to celebrate the one hundredth anniversary of the 
town*s incorporation, was greater than was ever seen there before. 
The day was fair, though cold and breezy in the morning. People 
came in from all the region roundabout in great numbers, and the 
number present must have been 2,500 to 3,000. Promptly at 10 
o'clock, the procession was formed in front of the church and hotel, 
under the marshalship of Lieut. Timothy P. Lyman. It was led by 
the Haydenville Brass Band, and included a large body of veteran 
soldiers under the lead of Capt. C. E. Tileston of Williamsburg. 
Hundreds of loaded vehicles of all descriptions fell into line, swell- 
ing the procession to over a mile in length. The grounds selected 
for the exercises were on land of Ealph E. Smith, about a mile north 
of the hotel. There, at the foot of a hill, a large platform was 
erected and seats provided for many, while the rising ground in 
front afforded favorable sitting places for hundreds more. The ex- 
ercises were oi)ened with music by the band, followed by the sing- 
ing of the centennial hymn, written by Kev. Mr. Wright, the village 
pastor. This was sung by a large choir, to the tune of America, 
the audience joining. A fervent prayer was oJBfered by Kev. Amos 
Dresser of Nebraska, who was distinguished in old abolition times, 
when to be an anti-slavery man was to be unpopular. Mr. Dresser 
bears upon his back the marks of twenty stripes received while dis- 
tributing bibles in the South, because one of them was found wrap- 
ped in an anti-slavery paper. Then came the singing of another 
hymn by the choir, followed by the reading of the act of incorpora- 
tion, by Hon. James White of Boston, a native of the town.* Then 

* Not exactly a native : he was born in Hinsdale about two months after his parents* re- 
moval from Goshen. The petition for the incorporation of the town was drawn up by Wil- 
liam White, Esq., grandfather of Hon. James White. 

came the Historical Address by Hiram Barrus, Esq., of Boston. 
Mr. Barrus is a Dative of the town, and lived there many years. 
About 20 years ago, soon after President Lincoln was first inaugu- 
rated, he received a minor appointment in the Boston custom 
house under Collector John Z. Goodrich, and has gradually worked 
his way up to one of the most responsible positions, that of assist- 
ant cashier, which he now holds. He has given a great deal of 
time and labor to the preparation of a complete history of Goshen, 
which has recently appeared in book form, comprising one of the 
most complete town histories ever published — a credit to its au- 
thor and an honor to the town. The delivering of the address oc- 
cupied about an hour, and was listened to attentively by those near 
the speaker, but many were prevented from hearing ifc by the noise 
of the wind sweeping through the overhanging trees. 



Had we stood where we now stand 120 years ago this morning 


we might have heard the sound of two axes, with an occasional 
crash of a falling tree. The spot where it fell is in a southwest di- 
rection, on the land now owned by Amos Hawks. The men who 
wield the axes are David Stearns and Abijah Tucker, young men of 
about 30 years of age. They have come from Dudley to make in 
this wilderness their future home. Their families have come with 
them as far as Northampton, where they will spend the summer, 
while the log cabin is prepared for their reception here. The 
months wear away, the first harvest is gathered in, and the two 
wives and five children are brought to their homes. They are quiet 
homes. The nearest neighbor is a long distance away through the 
pathless woods, in New Hingham, which we now call Chesterfield. 
Westward, there is no Inhabitant this side of Pontoosuc, now call- 
ed Pittsfield. Plainfield is U'mamed and unknown, and the nearest 
white person in that direction is in Fort Massachusetts at East 
Hoosic, now Adams. In the northeast part of Huntsto wn, now Ash- 
field, there is a fort and a few settlers. Conway is yet a part of 


Deerfield, and has no inhabitant. Williamsburg, or "Hatfield three 
mile Grant," is known only as the " Dark Woods,'* and probably has 
not received its first settler. 

The French and Indian war had virtually ended by the surrender 
of Canada to Great Britain in 1760, one year earlier. For more than 
120 years the inhabitants of old Hampshire county have been more 
or less exposed to attacks from the Indians. Children had been 
born, says Holland, grown up to manhood, and descended to old 
age, knowing little or nothing of peace and tranquility. Hundreds 
had been killed, and large numbers had been carried into captivity. 
Men, women and children had been butchered by scores. There is 
hardly a square acre, certainly not a square mile, in the Connecticut 
Valley, that has not been tracked by the flying feet of fear, re- 
sounded with the groan ot the dying, drunk the blood of the dead^ 
or served as tlie scene of toils, made doubly toilsome by an appre- 
hension of danger that never slept. It was among such scenes and 
such trials as these, that the settlements of Western Massachusetts 
were planted. It was by these sc'enes and trials that their sinews 
were knit to that degree of strength, that when the incubus of war 
and fear was lifted, they sprang to those enterprises of peace that 
have transformed the hills into an abode of plenty, and a seat of 
free education and free religion. 

The influx of immigrants in the spring of 1762 must have been 
quite extensive all along the line of this town and Chesterfield. 
William White of Charlton was OLe of these. He received a deed 
of land here May 17, 1762, from Gad Lyman, then of Northampton, 
but later of Goshen. 

Col. Ezra May, from Woodstock, Conn., with ten men to assist him 
in his labor's, came about the same time, with " old Mr. Corbin and 
wife to do their cooking." The north bound of his farm was a few 
feet south of the present church. White took the third hundred 
acre lot south of May's, and boarded with May during the first yean 
The next lot, north of May's, on which the church now stands, was 
taken by Lieut. Lemuel Lyon, also from Woodstock, and probably 
the same year. 

Capt. Eobert Webster, from Dudley, with his wife and one child, 
also came this year. There may have been a few other arrivals up- 


on our territory at this time, but probably not. Farther south, on 
land now included in Chestertield, there was, doubtless, a greater 

Other settlers upon our territory that came within a few years, 
were Asa Gran" from Wrentham, John James and Zebulon Willcutt 
from Cohasset, Joseph Blake and Etlvvard Orcutt from Hingham, 
Eeuben and Moses Dresser, and Eben Putney from Charlton, Thomas 
and Daniel Brown and the five Banister brothers — John, Lemuel, 
Christopher, Bnrzillai and William — and probably Artemfxs and Syl- 
vanus Stone, from Brookfield, Joshua Abell from Kehoboth, Capt 
John Bigelow, Isaac Kingman, James and Joshua Packard from 
Bridgewater, Dr. Benjamin Burgess and Samuel Mott from Tisbury, 
John Smith, Timothy Lyman, Benjamin Parsons and his sous, Eben- 
ezer, Justin, Solomon, Silas and Benjamin, from Northampton, 
Thomas Weeks and Ambrose Stone from (xreenwich, and William 
Hallock from Long Island. 

William White was a man efficient and prompt to act in every 
good cause. He was one of the first that went to the country's de- 
fence, on the alarm that followed the battle of Lexington. He drew 
up the i)etition for the incorporation of the town, was its town 
clerk for some thirty years, selectman for many terms, justice of 
the peace thirty-five years. Representative to the Greneral Court, 
and delegate to many important conventions. 

Col. Ezra May, a man of such acknowledged ability, that upon 
the incorporation of Chesterfield, which included his farm, he was, 
in the very first year of his residence here, chosen the moderator 
of the first town meeting in Chesterfield, and constable and chair- 
man of the selectmen. He was first deacon of the church in that 
town, went early into the army, rose to the rank of Colonel, was iu 
the battle of Saratoga, and at the taking of Burgoyne, where he 
took a violent col<l, which resulted in his death a few months later, 
at the early age of 46 years. Two of his sons, Nehemiah and Dex- 
ter, \^ere in the army with him. 

Thomas Weeks, from Greenwich, went down to Lexington with a 
small company of men, and was with the army near Boston io 
1775-6. He was a man of more than usual education for his time, 
had been deputy sheriff in Worcester county for many years, and 
served as paymaster for the troops. He left many records and sev- 
eral journals of the scenes through which he passed, and from 


which it appears, that in 1777, he was at the surrender of Ticon- 
deroga; an event which he branded with the terms — "Shame, in- 
famy, disgrace." He was an able surveyor, laid out many of the 
highways of the town, was often employed in running the boundaries 
of the land, and was the first town clerk of Goshen, the first sub- 
scriber to the papers for the organization of the church, and a dele- 
gate to the convention that formed the constitution of the state.* 

Dr. Benjamin Burgess came during the Kevolutionary War, and, 
for a long period, was one of the leading physicians of this vicinity. 
He was a man of sound judgment and strong common sense, and 
was often called to serve in town affairs. He came from Martha's 
Vineyard, bringing his wife with him. Before setting sail for the 
mainland, his wife quilted what money they had — $1,000 in gold — 
into the skirts of her dress for greater security if they fell into the 
hands of the British, whose vessels were troubling our coasters. 
They were once fired upon during the voyage, but escaped un- 

Dea. Oliver Taylor was another important man in the affairs of 
the town and church. He was a man of great firmness of charac- 
ter, and seems to have had things pretty much in his own way. He 
was first deacon of the church, an office he held for nearly forty 
years ; was four times elected to represent the town in the Legis- 
lature, and was Justice of the Peace for sixteen years. He enlisted 
in the army of the Eevolution, but was sent home to work at his 
trade — that of a tanner — as his services for his country in sup- 
plying leather for shoes for the army were more important, as a 
tanner, than they could be as a soldier. 

John James, the moderator of the first town meeting called by 
the selectmen, and the first merchant in town, was a man of much 
force of character, and a successful man of business. He died in 
1804, leaving to the town a donation of $100 to be kept on interest 
for one hundred years. After that time the income is to be devot- 
ed to the support of schools au<J the gospel, and for such other pur- 
poses as may be desirable. 

Keuben Dresser, from Charlton, was another of the sturdy yeo- 
manry who was among the early settlers. He made large purchases 

* Capt. Weeks was delegate to the convention from Chesterfield Gore. Capt. William 
White and Luke Bonney were the delegates from Chesterfield. The convention commenced 
Its sltUngs September 1, 1779, and closed Its work June 16, 1780. 


of land, employed many workmen, set out extensive orchards, 
and built, it is said, on his own laud, fifteen miles of heavy stone 
wall, much of which stands to the present time. The faim is still 
in possession of his descendants. 

Chesterfield was incorporated June 11, 1762. It included the ter- 
ritory called New Hingham, and the "Fii-st Additional Grant, or 
Narfagansett No. 4,'' which brought the uorlh line of the town near 
the Goshen meeting house. In January, 1763, a petition was sent 
to the General Court from the people of the Gore, which was the 
land lying between the church and Ashfield, asking to be annex- 
ed to Chestei-field. This was so promptly done by the Court 
that, no notice having been given, Chesterfield waked up one fine 
morning surprised to find its territory enlarged by the addition of 
3,500 acres of land it had never asked for. It rubbed its eyes, saw 
that it meant the removal of the church location to some unknown 
point northward, and sent at once a counter petition for a speedy 
divorce, which was granted in June following. 

But we must pjiss to another matter that antedates the town. 
The war of the Eevolution approaches and our men are prejiared. 
for the event. A company of minute men, of which Robert Web- 
ster has been made captjiin, Christopher Banister lieutenant. Wil- 
liam White sergeant, has been organized, and when the alarm sent 
out after the battle of Lexington reaches this place, April 21, two 
days after the battle, the order is given, and officers and men, 44 
in all, are <»n their way to the seat of war. Thirty-nine of these 
continued in the service, and join Gen. Pomeroy's regiment, and fif- 
teen men return home after terms of service varying from seven 
days to thuty-seven The men that returned receive one penny 
per mile for travel out and back, and about 25 cents per day as 
wages. The records of these facts are on file in the State House in 
Boston, and similar pai)ers left by Capt. Webster are in possession 
of his grandson, Wm. H. Webster. Timothy Lyman, Artemas Stone, 
Reuben Dresser, Christopher and Barzillai Banister, Oliver Taylor, 
Caleb Cushman, Nehemiah May were among those enrolled and thus 
early entered the service. 

In 1777-8, Gen. Burgoyne was on his march from the north 
acioss the country, designing, as the people feared, to devastate 
and destroy all that lay in his pathway. A call for volunteers to 


meet at Bennington, and oppose his propjress, was read in the pul- 
I)its on the Sabbath, and the next mornin«^ men were on their way 
thither, armed to meet the foe. The battles of Bennington and 
Saratoga brought victory to the Americans, and they had the satis- 
faction of marching the defeated British General and his army 
across the country as prisoners of war. A portion of the army 
passed through this town, and Capt Johu Grant, then a small boy, 
who saw them, said there were with the men on foot several ladies 
on horseback. 

We now come to the period of the Incorporation of the Town. 
The *' Gore '' seemed to be, in some respects, unfortunately situated. 
Its early settlers, as already stated, had been at one time annexed 
to Chesterfield, but to restore peace, were again set off. Their ne- 
cessities finally compelled them again to appeal to the General 
€ourt, reciting their grievances, and asking to be incorporated as a 
town. Capt. Thomas Weeks presented the matter to the Court in 
1779 and again in 1781. In January of the latter year, moved by 
the " petition of Thomas Weeks, agent to the petitioners of a part 
of Chesterfield," also of the " petitioners of a Gore of land called 
Chesterfield Gore,*' a committee was appointed by the General 
Court to repair to Cbesterfield, hear the parties, and report at the 
next session of the Court. The action of the committee may be 
Inferred from a letter of which the following is a copy : 

NoRW^iCH, May 1, 1781. 
Sir: — I havo left the report of the committee appointed on the mat- 
ters relatinof to the Gore, Narragansett No. 4, and Chesterfield, with 
landlord Elisha Lyman and all the papers except yours, left with me, 
which are here inclosed. If you ^o down this session, remember to 
carry down to Court the plan of that part of Narrao^ansett No. 4, as 
Capt. White proposed to the committee when at Mr. May's, represent- 
ing those that were willing to be annexed to the Gore. Doct. Mather 
and Doct. Shepard propose not to go down this session, and I can't. 
You will do as you tliink best respecting ^oing down this session or the 
next. We have closed our report, which if you send, you will have safe- 
ly conveyed to the Secretary as directed. 

9 hard money. 

10 hard money. 

Doct. Mather's bill 13 
Doct. Shepard'sbill7 

I am, Sr. your most Humble Serv't, 
To Mr. Joshua Ahell. John Rirkland.* 

The act of incorporation finally passed May 14, 1781, and was ap- 
proved by John Hancock, Governor. The name given in the act was 

* Mr. Kirkland, a prominent man in Norwich (now HunUngton,) was grandfather of Har- 
vey Kirkland, Esq., of Nortiiampton. 


Goshan — probably a clerical error. The origin of the name, as 
given by Dea. Oliver Taylor to his daughter, is said by Mrs. Polly 
Tilton, grand-daughter of Dea. Taylor, to have been this: — Goshen 
of old was the best part of Egypt, so the name was considered ap- 
propriate for what was claimed to be the best part of Chesterfield. 

The town meeting, for organization, was held pursuant to a war- 
rant issued by Jacob Sherwin, Esq., of Ashfield, May 23, at the 
bouse of John Williams, which then stood just above the burying 
ground. Lieut. Thomas Weeks was chosen clerk; Joshua Abell, 
treasurer; Capt. William White, Lieut. Lemuel Lyon, Msg. Christo- 
pher Banister, selectmen and assessors ; Thomas Brown and Eben- 
ezer Parsons, constables ; Farnum White, Lemuel Banister, Eben- 
ezer Putney, Lieut. Timothy Lyman, Thomas Weeks and Barzillai 
Banister, highway surveyors ; John Williams, sealer of weights and 
measures; Lemuel Banister and Farnum White, tythingmen; John 
Smith and M^\ Christopher Banister, fence viewers; Samuel Olds, 
leather sealer ; Barzillai Banister, deer-reeve ; Nehemiah May, Dan- 
iel Brown, Barzillai Banister and Lemuel Banister, hog-reeves. 

Three important interests received prompt attention during its 
first year. It was voted to give Mr. Joseph Barker a call to settle 
in the work of the ministry. June 21, it was voted to offer him 
100 pounds as an "encouragement." His salary was to be 40 
pounds the first year and after that to increase annually five pounds, 
until it amounted to sixty pounds. Voted that Lemuel Banister, 
David Stearns and Thomas Brown wait on Mr. Barker with said of- 
fers, but the call was not accepted. 

August 21, voted to raise thirty-six pounds three shillings, for 
paying the bounty and wages of three soldiers for three months, 
and to procure 5 linen shirts, 5 pairs stockings and shoes, and two 
blankets; also 2101 lbs. of beef for the army, all in obedience to 
acts of the General Court, and voted to raise 32 pounds of money 
to pay for beef. , 

October 16, the town voted that Ebenezer Putney, Timothy Ly- 
man, Thomas Hamilton, Bei^jamin Burgess, Oliver Taylor, Christo- 
pher Banister and William Hallock, divide the town into school 
districts. Their report was made and fortunately entered upon the 
town records, and is interesting, as it probably shows the whole 
number of families in town at that time. The town voted to raise 


15 pounds for preaching, and chose Lemuel Banister, Thomas Brown, 
Farnum White, Thomas Weeks and David Stearns a committee to 
employ a preacher. 

Voted November 15, to raise 25 pounds for schooling. 

Voted to hire Mr. Fowler to preach ten Sabbaths more. 

An incident of the times that is of present interest appears in 
the action of the town in a meeting held Dec. 21. The condition 
of the Southern States while in the hands of the British army was 
such as appealed to the North for sympathy and help. The town 
voted that Joshua Abell, its treasurer, " be the person to receive the 
donations that may be given in this town to the sufferers in the 
Southern States, agreeable to a brief from His Excellency, John 
Hancock, and pay to the gentleman said brief directs.^' The appeal 
was probably not in vain,, but we regret that we find no record of 
the amount contributed. 

And so ends the first year of the town's existence. Properly 
caring for all minor matters, they have thus early shown their 
patriotism in raising men and material for the army of the Union ; 
their wisdom and forethought in laying the foundations of their fu- 
ture prosperity by pro viding schools for their children and religious 
privileges for all. 

The town, even in the days just after the Revolution, was some- 
what tinged with the *' greenback " idea, and voted, that paper cur- 
rency was absolutely necessary to discharge our quota of the debt 
contracted by the late war. Voted to recommend similar action 
to the neighboring towns. Lemuel Banister was chosen to repre- 
sent the town in a county convention, and a petition was suggested 
to aid the matter in a " constitutional way." Notwithstanding the 
lessons of the lamentable failure of the continental paper currency, 
the town again voted in 1786 that it is expedient to have a paper 
currency emitted. William White, Dr. Benj. Burgess* and Oliver 
Taylor were appointed to prefer a petition to the General Court for 
that purpose. 

Some of their votes indicate the distress of the times and some 
dissatisfaction with the government. But we are to remember that 
the people of that day were under peculiar trials and hardships. 
The Revolutionary war had been long and exhaustive. The able- 
bodied men had spent years in the army, while their lauds at home 

^ere *yriij pjrrliillj ♦!ie5initL po«>r:T «Lltiv:u:iHL or if eoltirated at 
Ail. tuie laiii>r w\i» perTunieti bj wtxiien. t^hfldrea aod feeble men 
3i>€ ante ro ♦!«> «iauj a:§ 3ouii«»r5: cieir Glomes in maQT cases lo<' 
hi >fiii#»s. » jt oal t * lirtie betnxr dun cfian ; c^ixes and debts to l)e paid 
ani* .»^^arcelj aaj auiceT g> be fxatL aaii nttle or QoUiing te obtain it 
Tfizh amijog ufae pet>^ gienerally. e^ren if moaej were plenty. Put- 
Iini5 oorsel^es tn tifcieir p(aee. waar woold we hare dooef Verv 
moch, probabiy. as tfaey did : CritkEsed ihe gjoveninient, petitioned 
tfjic relief, sa?5gesteti paper mooey. gjoc up cooTenQoos, passed strong 
resolaii* jna. and then, in a - eoossftniiocuil way^" waited^ as Mr. Mi- 
«iwber difl, ft>r 5<xnethin;^ r*> mni op. Here were all the elements 
fc>r a sueceasfal rebeiIioa.and Daniel Shays attempted to lead off in 
cioe. Bat his lack of abilfty niade h^ efR>rt5 an inglorious fizzle. 
One man who belonged to this town jc«i:^d his soldiers and was in 
the fight at Springtield. A man next to him was killed when the 
cannon was fired upon his company, and. accepting the truth that 
'^discretion was the better part of valor." he fled with his terrified 
leader and companions^ and ef entually returned to his home and 
became a loyal and respected citizen. To the honor of our people 
be it said, that though keenly feeling the trials of their situation, 
they were loyal to the country, and only this one man was found to 
carry a rebel weapon. Broaght up as they had been, to have opiD- 
ioDS and to express them, too, they watched with a critical eye eve- 
ry act of the government that looked like want of economy. They 
felt that eternal vigilance was the price of liberty, and when Con- 
gress passed an act grantiu.:: five years' pay to the oflScers who had 
served in the continental army, our citizens promptly demurred, 
and passed a vote declaring that they would not pay any continen- 
tal, state or county tax till Congress rescinded the objectionable 

We cannot but admire their pluck, but whether this little one 
among the thousands of Judah would be likely to intimidate the 
National Congress, is an unanswered query. 

In 1799 the town passed a vote that seemed a little singular, but 
as our Legislature in 1869 did the same thing for the state, it was 
evidently a very proper thing to do. The vote of the town was 
that the money raised by the tax on dogs should be appropriated 
for the support of schools. The act of the Legislature passed with- 

in a few years allows the dog tax and requires it to be used for 
schools or libraries. 

Six years later, (1805) the town seems to have originated another 
idea that the state eventually put into more general practice. The 
town voted that the Selectmen have the care and charge of the 
school books belonging to the town, and distribute them among the 
schools as they judge proper, indicating beyond question that the 
town furnished the books for the scholars, so that none should fail, 
through poverty or other cause, of having the necessary books for 
use in their studies. The state, it will be remembered, recognized 
the same benevolent principle in the law passed in 1873, giving 
towns permission to authorize their school committees to purchiise 
text books for use of the schools, to be owned by the town and 
loaned to the pupils under proper regulations. 

The town began to choose school committees a quarter of a cen- 
tury before the state required it by law. In 1799, Wm. White, Reu- 
ben Howes, Justin Parsons, Ambrose Stone and Moses James were 
appointed to this office. In 1826, Rev. Joel Wright, Capt. Joseph 
White, Capt. John Grant, Dr. Geo. Wright,* David Carpenter, Jared 
Hawks, Jr., and Emmons Putney, the only survivor, and now pres- 
ent, were chosen the first general school committee under the act 
of the Legislature. This was the commencement of the new era 
in the history of Massachusetts schools, which, in a few years plac- 
ed Horace Mann at their head as secretary of the Board of Educa- 
tion, to whom the state is indebted, more than to any other man, 
for what our schools have since become. 

Another important factor in the education of the early residents 
of the town was a first-class town library. We have no record of 
its origin, not even the date. In Capt. Grant's Journal he speaks of 
attending a library meeting in 1796, and it was continued for many 
years after, but how long we are not informed. 

It contained valuable books, history, biography and travels, and 
we are told that the young men read them. Of one of them it was 
said that he was one of the most thorough students of history that 
could be found in his time. 

In the paper read before many of you on the centennial of the 

* Dr. Geo. Wright was a genial man and much respected. During his examination for 
license as a physician, he was asked how he would induce perspiration in a patient, to 
which he gave the usual answer. Later in the examination the question was several times 
relocated. Finally, the question was put in this form : If you wished to throw the patient 
into a profound perspiration how would you do that? •' Bring him before your honors," 
was the candidate's ready and witty reply- 


churcb, in December last, I gave a somewhat extended history of 
the church. The want of time, if no other reason, makes it im- 
practicable to enter into many details presented on that occasion. 
But the church has beew so important an element in the moral and 
religious education of the town, that no picture of what the towa 
and its people have been and have done, can be fair and honest 
which does not give the church a prominent place. It was organ- 
ized Dec. 21, 1780, the foundation indeed of the town itself, which was 
Incorporated some months later. This, it will be remembered, was 
the usual order in these matters, the general court from the earliest 
period in the history of the State, never allowing the incorporation 
of a town till the formation, or some good proceeding in that direction, 
was had toward the formation of a church within the limits of the 
proposed town. The petition for incorporation of the town brings 
out the idea quite fully. 

' The cases of excommunication were rare, and it is worthy of no- 
tice as showing the general good morals of the people, that, strict 
as the church was to detect and call the ofl'ending members to ac- 
count for any and every delinquency, there does not appear to have 
been within its jurisdiction a case of discipline for offences against 
chastity or other flagrant offence, during the first 50 years of its 

For seven years no pastor was settled though many were called. 
When the minister was needed for special occasions m the absence 
of a supply, as in cases of discipline, admitting members, adminis- 
tering the ordinances, the pastors from the neighboring towns on 
invitation, kindly assisted. In one case this seems to have led to 
trouble as indicated by the following vote passed Nov. 2. 1786: 
^•Then attended to a remonstrance which the Eev. Timothy Allen of 
Chesterfield sent in against this church, for desiring him to assist in 
admitting a person into our church which he supposes was not a W 
member. Voted to choose a committee of two of the Brethren to 
answer in behalf of the church the above remonstrance." Chose 
Oliver Taylor and Thomas Brown. There may have been two sidtJ^ 
to the story, but how it was finally disposed of, the records do not 
say. We suspect, however, that the Chesterfield pastor did not con- 
sider tha" turning out a bad member, was equivalent to receiving a 

* The writer la not aware that any native or resident of Goshen was ever sentenced W 
State's prison. 


bad ooe, and so was not conciliated, for, in the latter part of the 
same month, the church wanted his assistance in excommunicating: 
a member whom they cousidered bad, but he declined, and Kev. 
Mr. Bascom was invited to tiike his place. 

Rev. Samuel Whitman of Ashby, a native of Bridgewater, was 
finally iastailed as the first ptistor of the church, Jan. 10, 1788. 
Rev. Mr. Allen was moderator of the council, offered prayer and 
preached the sermon. Rev. Joseph Strong of Williamsburg gave 
the charge, and Rev. James Briggs of Cummington offered the clos- 
ing prayer. 

The church at this time had about 50 members. It had cliosen 
one year previous two deacon^, Oliver Taylor and Artemas Stone. 
They were strong men and no church could have better material from 
which to select their leading officials. Among tiieni were William 
Hallock and his two sons, Jeremiah au<l Moses ; Nehemiah May, 
Ebeuezer Putney ; Joseph, Christopher and Lemuel Banister; Fcir- 
num White, Justin Parsons and Dr. Benj. Burgess. 

And so the church, with an earnest and efficient membership, pro- 
vided with an able pastor and faithful assistants, settles down to its 
ai)propriate work. For a whole generation it moves quietly on un- 
der the same pastor, exerting an influence for good that was felt 
through the whole community. 

lu addition to what is now considered the legitimate work of 
the pastor th.ere was a special work among the young in the way 
of religious instruction. The Westminister Catechism was taught 
at home and in the schools. Every Saturday P. M. it was the duty 
of the pastor to visit some one or more schools and require the pu- 
pils to recite the catechism to him, he in turn giving such explana- 
tions and instructions as each case required. When the schools 
were not in session the pastor met the children at private houses 
for catechising and instructing them in religious truth. It was 
on one of these occasions that a boy, who evidently needed some 
instruction, was asked by Mr. Whitman, " Who was the first man ? ^ 
" Well," says the boy, '•' I dunno certain, it was rather late when 
I got here, but 1 believe it was Adam, or Eve, or Methusaleh." 

The church was early alive to the work of missions and a mis- 
sionary society was formed for promoting the cause. The result of 
this is seen in the number of young men, natives, or sometime 


residents here, who engaged in missionary work. Among them were 
Eev. Levi Parsons, son of Dea. Justin, who was one of the lirst two 
missionaries from the United States to Palestine, and Be v. Horatio 
Bardwell, D. D., missionary to Bombay and afterwards agent of the 
American Board, of whom his biographer said, " The key to his en- 
tire life and character is found in hia consecration to the work of 
missions." Eev. Ralph Cushman went to Kentucky as a home mis- 
sionary, and was afterwards appointed General Secretary of the 
American Home Missionary Society for the Western States. Calvin 
Cushman, Elijah Bardwell, brother of Hnratio, together with Mr. 
John Smith, went out as missionaries with their families, to the 
Choctaws in Mississippi in 1820. The voyage down the Mississippi 
Eiver, and that of Mr. Smith up the Yazoo, the sickness and death 
on the way of his oldest son, and the burial a hundred miles from 
any human habitation, with the bark peeled tr«)m a tree to mark 
the grave, were some of the thrilling incidents that marked the 
way to their tield of labor. Miss Electa May, daughter of Nehe- 
miah, married Eev. Cyrus Kingsbury, the missionary, and accom- 
panied the Choctaws across the Mississippi to their new home. 
Sarah Bardwell, sister of Eev. Horatio, married Eev. James Eich- 
ards and went missionary to Ceylon. Hannah, daughter of Eben- 
ezer Putney, was the wife of John Smith,* who went with him to the 
Choctaw mission. Al van Stone, in the early histoiy of Hlinois, went 
out to that state and engaged in active work as a home missionary 
till removed by an early death. 

Time would fail me to do anything like justice to the memory of 
a score of others like minded who have entered the ministry and 
done noble service for Christianity. I may mention, however, Jere- 
miah Hallock and his brother Moses, both long in the field and effi- 
cient laborers — Jeremiah 40 years at Canton, Conn.; Moses a still 
longer term in Plainfteld, father of Eev. William A. Hallock, the 

* wmnrd Barrows In 1836 was employed in making surveys for the U. S. Government in 
Mississippi, ** Learning,'* he says, " that one of the missionaries. Father Smith, still If^o^^ 
In the vicinity, I called on him at an early hour the next morning. It was one of tboM 
clear l)eautif ul mornings of a Southern winter. As I reached the door of his rude cabin, I 
heard the voice of prayer. The pioneer Christian was praising God, in the stillness of the 
morning, that he had hrought him through so many trials and dangers. When the service was 
ended lentered aud introduced myself. Mr. Smith had lost his first wife in the early part 
of his settlement there and had married another. A large family of sprightly and hand- 
some children surrounded him, while with clear recollections of the days of darkness and 
distress, he related his trialB on the journey into the wilderness. But, said the old man. 
as the tears rolled down his furrowed cheeks, * I have never regretted my coming here. Gw 
sends comfort and blessing to us, as his missionaries, more than we deserve.* *' — Rev. Dr. 
Barrows' " Twelve Nights tn the HufUer*8 Camp." 


long time secretary of the- American Tract Society in N. Y., and Gir- 
ard Hallock of the Journal of Commerce. It is said that ♦Rev. Moses 
Hallock fitted more men for the ministry than any other man of his 
time, and that so well were his pupils fitted for college that his own 
sons were educated by Williams College without charge. Then fol- 
lows Eev. Justin Parsons, one of a large family that came from North- 
ampton, a man of energy, good judgment, honored by the town and 
church with the highest offices in their gift, turning his attention to 
the ministry when more than 50 years of age, preaching more than 
40 years, buUding a church for his people at his own expense, 
helping Lane Seminary in its early struggles for existence, giving 
a son to labor and die a missionary in Palestine, having a daugh- 
ter who married a clergyman, — the parents of our new U. S. Min- 
ister to France, Hon. Levi Parsons Morton of New York. Justin 
Parsons had also two brothers who lived here and finally became 
preachers — Rev. Silas and Rev. Benjamin Parsons. Silas had also 
a son, Ernstus, born here probably, became a preacher and labored 
with remarkable success during a sbort but active life. Rev. Ru- 
fus Cushman, brother of Rev. Ralph, was 22 years pastor of a 
church in Fair Haven, Vt., was a man full of good works, faithful 
and beloved. His son, Rufus Cushman, D. D., 24 years ivi the min- 
istry, (li(Ml a few years since in Manchester, Vt. 

Rev. Joseph S. Burgess, of Lewiston, Me., whom we rejoice to 
have with us to-day, is another of the faithful pastors who reckon 
their nativity here. We expect him to speak for himself, but will 
take the liberty of saying what he may not choose to say himself, that 
his labors have been crowned with such success that he has had 
the happiness of receiving into the membership of the churches, 
over which he has been placed, about 700 members on profession. 

Another pastor whose boyhood drew health, inspiration and effi- 
ciency from these hills and among this people, Rev. D. Grosvenor 
Wright, D. D., of Poughkeepsie, a son of the second pastor of the 
church here, long remembered and well beloved, is also with us to 
join in our celebration, to receive our hearty welcome, and we hope 
also to take part in these exercises. 

We cannot forbear naming other pastors in this connection. Rev. 

* Rev. Moses Hallock settled in PlainAeld, the first pastor of the Congregational Church, 
Jnly 11, 179*2, and ministered to a confiding and united people 45 years. He received to the 
Church 358 memliers, instructed 304 pupiFs, of whom 50 became ministers and 7 mission- 


Jason Olds, a worthy son of Goshen, long in the ministry in Ohio ; 
Kev. E. Putney Salmon, President of Beloit Academy, the prepara- 
tory school of Beloit College ; Rev. Win. Williams, professor in La- 
Orange College, Alabama; Rev. Benj. F. Brown, home missionary 
laborer in Virginia; Rev. Frederick W. Burgess, an active and de- 
voted young i)reacher, who died at the age of 27. Others might 
be named, did time permit, who became preachers and teachers, 
and are included in the list of our natives. It should be remem- 
bered also that eighteen or twenty of the daughters of Goshen have 
done and are doing their share of the world's work as wives of 
ministers and missionaries, whose names we must omit on the 
present occasion. 

The pastors of the church who succeeded Mr. Whitman, many of 
whom like him had each their share in the work of fitting and in- 
spiring some one or more of this large number of men and women 
for their noble work, were Rev. Joel Wright, Henry B. Holmes, 
John C. Thompson, Royal Reed, Robert Crossett, Thomas H. Rood, 
Sidney Holmau, H. M. Rogers, Townsend Walker, George Juchau, 
D. B. Lord, and the present pastor. Rev. J. E. M. Wright, son of one 
of the worthy daughters of Goshen. 

As we recall what the fathers were, we may perhaps be tempted 
to think that with them all wisdom is departed, I recently heard 
John B. Gough say in Faneuil Hall, that many years ago he under- 
took to speak on temperance in that place, but was greatly annoyed 
by rowdies who came in to break up the meeting. One of the 
leaders of tlie gang, pointing to one of the portraits upon the 
walls of the hall, boasted that that was a likeness of his ancestor. 
" Yes,*' said Gough, " your family is like a hill of potatoes, the best 
part is' under ground.'* But we may justly disclaim its application 
to our people. While we quote "The Fathers, where are theyt" 
we may answer with some complacency, ** Look at their children." 

We have already seen what a worthy record some have made as 
ministers and missionaries. Others have been equally prominent 
in other callings. Ezra Weeks, son of the first town clerk, remov- 
ed to New York city, accumulated a large fortune, owning at one 
time seven acres of what is now the most fashionable portion of 
that city, became president of a bank, and author of a popular 
pamphlet on the treatment of cholera. 

William Lyman, who was born and reared on the farm on which 


we are assembled, became a merchant, and was one of the leading 
citizens of Schenectady, N. J. He educated his nephew and name- 
sake, Dr. William, son ot his brother. Captain Francis, whose resi- 
dence was here. The young WiUiam became a physician of acknow- 
Hedged skill, an orator of much eloquence, a member of the Illinois 
Legislature, (and I think speaker of the Illinois House,) and in the 
civil war medical director on Gen. Logan's staff. . 

In the business world I would name another native who has 
made a reputation which places him in the front rank of the 
merchants of Boston. Joseph H. White, son of Joseph, grandson 
of the early settler William, born on the White Homestead in 1824. 
He was for many years the leading member of the firm of White, 
Browne & Co., and is now the senior member of the firm of White, 
Payson & Co., the selling agents of the Manchester Mills, of which 
he is the principal stockholder and director. He soon accumulated 
a handsome fortune and assisted his brothers in starting in mercan- 
tile business, one of whom is E. H. White, the head of the house of 
K. H. White & Co., whose business is not exceeded by more than 
three or four establishments in this country. Another brother, 
Hon. James White, formerly in business with Joseph H., we are 
pleased to announce is with us to-day to participate in our festiv- 

Dea. Benj. Burgess, grandson and namesake of the long time 
physician, a prominent merchant and citizen of Boston for nearly 
half a century, and his brother Silas, a lawyer of Worcester, we 
are happy to meet here to-day. 

Enoch and L. L. James, grandsons of the early settler, John 
James, successful merchants in their day, and Luther James of Ann 
Arbor, Mich., all prominent as business men and capitahsts, are not 
to be forgotten on this occasion. 

William Mayhew, the wealthy and generous Baltimore merchant, 
of national reputation, was a son of Freeborn Mayhew, for many 
years a resident of this town. 

Among the daughters whom Goshen is proud to claim is Mrs. 
Martha J. Lamb, whose literary ability has placed her high upon 
the roll of honor. Her history of New York, recently published by 
A. S. Barnes & Co., is said to be the largest work of the kind ever 
accompfished by a woman. It is not only the largest, but has re- 


ceived the endorsement of eminent literary authorities, as worthy 
of rank with the best. She too honors the occasion by her pres- 

Other daughters of the town are worthy of mention for the sons 
they hav^ given to the worid. 

Lucretia Parsons, daughter of Kev. Justin, married Rev. D, 0. 
Morton, and as before stated, was the mother of Hon. Levi P. MortoD, 
the New York millionaire, member of Congress, and now U. S. Min- 
ister to France. 

Mercy Burgess, daughter of Dr. Beryamin, married Mitchell 
Dawes, and was the mother of Hon. Henry L. Dawes, one of the 
honored and worthy Senators of this state. 

Passing over others worthy of note, we may well pause for a 
moment to pay the tribute so nobly earned by those forty sons of 
Goshen, who, in the civil war, gave themselves to the service of 
their country. Some fell on the field of battle ; some wounded 
clear through, came home to die among their friends, and now rest 
in yonder cemetery, among the heroes who fought and bled at Sara- 
toga and Monmouth and York town. Those who still remain are 
with us to-day. The flag they defended waves above us, and makes 
our centennial worthy of commemoration. All honor to the dead 
and to the living. 

The men of this town, notwithstanding its granite rocks and hard 
soil, by the practice of rigid economy and well directed labors, early 
acquired a competence, and so well established was their reputa- 
tion for honesty and for ability to meet all pecuniary obligations, 
that it was said by one who well knew the facts, that any of its 
citizens could readily get trusted at the stores in Northampton, if 
it was known that he belonged to Goshen. 

It was, perhaps, to test his own individual reputation in this re- 
spect, that a somewhat eccentric citizen, Edward Orcutt, took oc- 
casion once to ascertain how far this confidence, in respect to him- 
self, extended to other towns in the valley below. Being in want 
of a pig he went to Hatfield, where he understood the article was 
for sale, and commenced negotiations, always adding the important 
qualification, " You will trust me, I suppose.*' But he soon found 
they didn't trust, and so he continued his researches with com- 
mendable perseverance for some hours. At last he found the man 


he was looklDg for, a man that had a pig to sell and a dispositioa 
to gratify his customer. The bargain was closed and the pig was 
ready to start with his new owner, who, having become satisfied 
that one man was ready to trust him, eoded the matter by produc- 
ing the money and paying the bill on the spot. 

It is, sometimes, intimated that the Fathers builded better than 
they knew. I doubt it. The more I learn of their aspirations, 
purposes, plans and hopes, the more am I impressed with their 
profound faith, intelligent action, and far-seeing statesmanship. 
They were not here enduring privation, dangers, death, for them- 
selves, but to found an empire for their children, and for the gener- 
ations in the future. 

A few days ngo I visited one of the three oldest houses now 
standing in old Plymouth. It was built more than two hundred 
years ago, under the shadow of Burial Hill, within a stone's throw 
of the Cushmau monument, by my ancestor, Eobert Barrow, great- 
grandfather of my greatgrandfather. Passing from one room to 
another, I was impressed by the massive timbers wrought into the 
frame work of every part of the building, so well preserved that 
not a sign of decay appeared in any part. The foundations were 
laid so deep find firm that the house stands as upright and true as 
it stood when erected seven generations ago. It was evidently 
built to lasty and last it apparently will till the march of what is 
termed modern improvement requires its removal, to make way for 
a style of architecture more fanciful, but less substantial and en- 

And so the Fathers built for education, morality, liberty, and re- 
ligion. They laid the foundations on the rock of eternal truth, add 
knew that no lapse of time could ever weaken or remove them. 
So long as their children shall follow their example and continue to 
build on these foundations, so long shall the superstructure be all 
that the Fathers planned, desired, and hoped. " The great com- 
prehensive truths, written in letters of living light on every page 
of our history — the language addressed by every past age of New 
England to all future ages is this : Human happiness has no perfect 
security, but freedom ; freedom none, but virtue ; virtue none, but 
knovv ledge j and neither freedom, nor virtue, nor knowledge has 


any vip^or, oriininortal hope, except in the principles of the Chris- 
tian religion." 


The following poem, written by Mrs. M. Leora S. Houghton, was 
read by Rev. D. G. Wright, of Poughkeepsie, N. Y. Mrs. Houghton 
is a daughter of Mr. J. Miltoa Smith of Sunderland, formerly of 
Goshen ; 


Ye hillsides green ! Oh home-land fair, 
Where childhood wandered free! 
With furrow'd brow, and whit'ning hair, 
The tracery of years and care — 
We turn again to thee. 

Tho' one may track th* eternal snow. 
To grasp the Northern pole, 
jMay glide where flashing waters flow. 
Or mighty rivers mightier grow. 
And sunny Southlands roll,— 

Mix with the multitude that treads 
The thronging avenue, 
Or roam where Earth her silence shed^. 
And the brpad, fertile prairie spreads 
To touch th' o'er arching blue, — 

Tho' through the trackless wild we stray, 
Or o'er the shifting sands. 
Where mossy turrets, old and gray. 
Have seen the centuries roll away. 
In other climes and lands, — 

Yet native home- land, dear and sweet, 
Tho' few thy charms may be. 
Long as the pulse of life shall beat, 
Thy wandering sons with weary feet 
Would fain return to thee. 


Behold ! with eager, throbbing hearts we wait, 
Where the stern Past its hoarded treasure flings; 


Where the retreating century's ponderous gate 
Backward, upon its rusty hinges, swings. 

O shadowy years, that sped so long away ! 
We call to you upon that viewless shore, 
To keep with us this rare, old trystlng day, 
And bear us back the vanished scenes of yore ! 

Come with your noiseless tramp, O mighty hosts. 
From out the shadows of the near unseen ! 
Uplift the vail which wraps your hidden coasts, 
Which lies the Present and the Past between. 

Ye hands of toll, which rent these rugged hills 

From the stern clutches of the forest wild ; 

Around our lives your ^enedi('tlon thrills 

The home-light gleam whhth on your h6arth-stone smiled. 

O ye, who llv'd and labored, lov'd and died. 
Amid the scenes which greet our eyes to-day. 
Whose generations thro' death's portals wide 
In silent, swift procession passed away : — 

Out on the hillside, where the shadows fall 
With the last glory of the setting sun, 
Secure and dreamless, ye await the call 
Which makes the mortal an fwimortal one ! 

And just as sweetly In your distant grave, 
Tho' ruthless feet shall press your narrow bed. 
Ye rest, who, with a mlllhm brave, 
Were by the trumpet's call to slaughter led. 

Ye, too, who went on your returnless way 

To teach the nations of a Saviour'.^ love. 

And drooped In manhood's prime, or worn and gray, 

Soared with rejoicing to your crown above ;— 

Where fell your mantle, when the fiery steeds 
Sped like swift angels up the path of light? 
Where is the promise of your earnest deeds? 
Where the rich harvest of your noble might? 

Your sheaves are garnered where the savage wild 
You nobly dared, a weak, intrepid band : 
Or where the golden sun of Orient smiled 
On the far hillsides of the Holy land ! 

O, dauntless souls! O courage born of trust 
In the Eternal Fatherhood of God ! 
Ye are not dead, although your slumb'rlng dust 
Has long since moldered 'neath an alien sod. 

Ye voiceless, vanished years ! O century fled ! 
As we your last, departing footsteps trace. 
We'd wear the laurel for your noble dead. 
And give their memory an honor'd place ! 



So, time hath wrought with magic hand. 
Since bom in bitter throe, 


The priceless free()om of our Und 
A handrerl years ago ! 

From Northern bound to Southern tide, 
From ocean shore to shore, 
The wilderness hath blossomed wide, 
Its hills and valleys o'er. 

And thronging millions seek thy shade 
Where erst no foot had tro<) ; 
And in remotest glen and glade, 
Behold the upturned sod. 

By lake and stream, on inland plain. 
Eastern and western strand, 
I*roud cities stretch their arras .\main. 
To grasp each dther's hand. 

In woven lines the pf»ths of trade 
Are traced o*er land and sea. 
And the swift wings of steam are made 
Our messengers to be. 

The chained lightnings girt the world 
Obeying our behest. 
So space Is from her empire hurled 
And knows no east or wcbt. 

O, Time hath wrou;?ht with magic hand 
Adown the century's flow, 
Which the broad bow of promise spanned 
A hundred years ago ! 


Still earth shall bloom, in coming years, as now. 
And still succeeding summer suns shall glow; 
The golden harvest wave, an<l fruited bough ; 
Then fall the wreathing mantle of the snow. 

While o'er our dust unheeding feet shall tread. 
The world shall wake to wonders new and strange, 
Thro' Nature's hidden forces captive led, 
Ages shall work new miracles of change. 

And still the restless tide shall ebb and flow. 
The tireless rivers hurry toward the sea. 
The swift, succeeding generations go 
Into the far, yet near Eternity ! 

Night shall succeed to day, and day to night, 
Until the wearied earth grows old and gray, 
And the last century, with Its paling light, 
In drear, dread silence, vanishes away. 

Then shall the riven heavens like a scroll. 
Amid a thousand thunders crashing roar, 
In one wiile-reachlng sweep together roll 
And pass away— and Time shall be no more. 



Although it was announctid that the celc^biiition would be con- 
ducted on the basket picnic plan, tables were spread for about 200 
people, and the abundance of food provided showed that the peo- 
ple of the town were no strangers to genuine hospitality. The 
speakers, invited guests, veteran soldiers and band marched to the 
tables, and after the invocation of the Divine blessing by Rev. D. 
W. Waldron, the dinner was eaten. Then the president of the day 
gave the following 



A few years since, standing by the bedside of an aged citizen 
who was largely identified with that which has made the history of 
Goshen what it is; to him, all the active scenes of his later life 
were gone, and from childhood to old Jige all was blank. Turning 
to me in his mental wanderings, he repeated many of the little in- 
cidents of his early childhood, in which he then groped as if real, 
as when they first transpired. "There," said he, pointing to dif- 
ferent articles in the room, " is my little brother's coat, there is his 
chair, and here is our little cart. Joseph* has gone out some- 
where and I am going, pretty soon, to find him. I am tired now 
and want to lie down. Call my mother, and I will say my little 
prayer to her and go to sleep." So saying, he turned upon his side, 
repeating to his angel mother : — '*Now I lay me down to sleep, I 
pray the Lord my soul to keep." Thus Deacon Benjamin White went 
out of this tabernacle and found his brother Joseph awaiting him at 
the door. 

So in figure, the sons and daughters of Goshen, leaving the cares 
and busy scenes of life, turn back to the home, the scenes and the 
friends of their childhood. There are many reminders of these to 
welcome you, beside which any words of ours seem empty and 
their sound hollow. Every dwelling or place on which it stood, 

* His twin brother. 


every household, every father, mother, brother, sister, child or 
friend ; the church, the old school-house, the playground, the shady 
tree and dell, the cooling spring, the running stream, and every 
loved spot which their infancy knew, all unite in the glad refrain — 
'' Welcome Home.*' 

Though there is somewhat of sadness in the vacant chair, the 
grassy mounds and the i)illar of stone that suggests the way of all 
the living, it is manly to (Iro[) a tear over them. It is sad that some 
who started the year with us and were anxious to see this day, 
"have gone out somewhere." It is none other than joyful to be- 
lieve that they are among those gone before, who compass us about, 
so great a cloud of witnesses : — 

•• Having known It Christ to live, 
Now they know it gain to die." 

We cordially welcome His Excellency, the Governor of the Com- 
monwealth, together with other members of the Government, and 
representative men from various portions of this state and else- 

Though not ashamed of our record as this day presented, and 
even proud of it, we have not taken you up into this exceeding high 
mountain and shown our varied kingdoms and possessions that you 
may fall down and worship us; we want you to see the men and 
women we raise, leain something of their character and of the 
influence they have and are exerting in their varied spheres, and 
see whether the oft-repeated prayer, " God save the Commonwealth 
of Massachusetts," ara be better accomplished than by the good old 
fashioned way in which we are doing, and have been doing it for a 
hundred years, in this venerable hill-top town. 

Rev. J, S. Burgess being introduced said : 

Ladies and Gentlemen : — It is fitting to honor merit We bav-e 
assembled upon this "centennial occasion'' for the purpose of hon- 
oring the moral and mentnl worth of our ancestors. We take 
boundless pleasure in coming from Lewistown, Maine, to be one 


with you upon this auspicious and eventful period of ancestral re- 
view; to note some changes which have transpired, but especial- 
ly the principles and spirit by which our honored fathers were en- 
dowed and acted. 

The services which have preceded this very excellent dinner, 
reflecting so much credit to the domestic culinary ability of the 
ladies of Goshen, have been in the channel of praise and grateful 
acknowledgments or intrinsic moral and Christian worth, on the 
part of men and women a hundred years ago. The able and valu- 
able address — the songs and prayers — have all breathed the same 
spirit of love and tender recollections of brave and loving fathers 
and mothers in long-ago years. In reminiscences of which we 
speak, we may allude to some faults and errors in connection with 
those times, but in no way to disparage worth, or criticise unjustly 
pei*sons of genuine meiit. 

The old school-house of fifty-five years ago comes vigorously to 
mind. Its shabby outside, and inconvenient inside of scats and 
benches; cold in winter as a dozen barns, smoky, most shamefully 
whittled by bad boys. The text books were few in number, ob- 
scure and blind, with teachers quite as much so, in some instances 
at least. Among the number none really excelled " Webster's Spell- 
ing Book,*' in its first lessons, and those adapted to youthful years. 
The strange pictures and i)ractical morals taught, in the fable of 
the "rude boy stealing apples.^' The "old maid " with her tum- 
bling-down pail of milk from her haughty head, " and with it all 
her imaginary hapinness.*' The "cat under the meal bag" seizing 
the venturesome but unsuspicious mice. The "lawyer and farmer" 
over the murderous bull and gored ox! The lawyer's "if and if," 
" and that alters the case,'' has hardly ceased yet. Some teachers 
ruled as with a rod of iron ; others were ignorant and cowardly^; 
while others were very good, and still some others used not a little 
deception, especially preparing the scholars for an " examination ** 
by the learned and august " committee," the last and greatest dread 
of all the scholars. A class was called out to spell, upon one of 
these occasions, which had been trained to spell long and difficult 
words by the teacher. Kev. Mr. Wright, chairman of the examin- 
ing school committee, asked one in the class to spell victuals^ after 
the words ompompanoosic and Canajoharie had been correctly 


sf)eilfc<l, when the entire class was found incapable of spelling; tlie 
most eomnion and easy words of one or two syllables. This "in- 
uoceiit '^ decei)tion was ever after abandoned. 

Sau>. Luce i»Iayed the most tricks and received the most punish- 
ments of any boy in school. John Snow was frequently his victim. 
John had sometime troubled the teacher by repeated askings to go 
out. ** Muster — may — I — go — out?*' was his drawling way of 
doing it. When ui», Sam. slyly jilaced a j^in with the head down- 
wards into a crack of the seat occupied by John, who, upon resum- 
ing his seat, felt the force of the jnn, leaped and yelled to the top 
of his voice, when Master Mayhew, with the voice of thunder, in- 
quired the; John, crying and rubbing the injured part, ex- 
claimed, " Sam stuck a pin in the seat.'* The school was convulsed 
in laughter, and Sam. Wiis severely punished amidst laughter and 
teai-s. A love aflair in school interested not a few of the larger 
boys and girls. A young lady of Southampton was the teacher one 
winter. She was fair and pleasant, and the school proceeded ad- 
mirably. It began to be noticed that Abner's eyes were oftener on 
the teacher than on his books, and her attentions were frequently 
bestowed upon Abner, cind sometimes he tarried after school to be 
farther instructed in difficult lessons ! At the close of the school, 
Abner was seen on his way to the home of the ** school marm," 
when lo ! in autumn a blushing bride was brought to town, the 
envy of some and the admimtiim of many. 

The church embraced considerable intelligence and piety j sever- 
al were liberal in their Christian views and of independent thought 
and expression, others were nari-ow, intolerant and bigoted. They 
really held the Methodist and liaptist denominations as outside of 
the true church heretics and fanatics — unworthy Christian fellow- 
ship. When Silas Burgess, "committee" to supply the pulpit on 
the Sabbath, employed, unbeknown to most of the church, an ex- 
cellent Baptist minister. When he entered the house and took 
the pulpit, quite a number of the "ilhberar* immediately left the 
meeting in disgust. A jealous young man, late from the academy, 
threatened to cane WMlliam Willcutt at the doors of the sanctuary, 
when coming out of the church, Sunday {xfternoou, because he be- 
lieved in a sinless life. His expression was, " Do you say, Bill Will- 
outt, that you live without sin! Say so, and 1*11 cane you." "I 


don't say so but believe we ought to be boly," was Mr. Willcutt's 
reply. The mad and intolerant spirit of the young man was really 
applauded! When Rev. Samnel Whitman preached several doc- 
trinal sermons on the Divinity of Christ, which were subsequently 
published in book form, and called " Whitman's Key," he was most 
furiously and unjustly condemned as a Unitarian and heretic, dis- 
missed peremptorily from the pastorate of the church, not allowed 
even a seat in the pulpit he had so long occupied. These same re- 
ligious opinions, ably advocated by Mr. Whitman, and for which he 
Buffered reproach and the most violent opposition, are to-day the 
prevailing sentiments of the Christian world. Capt. John Grant, 
Silas Burgess, and Origin Orcutt were considered subjects worthy 
of church discipline, and exclusion therefrom by some, because 
they occasionally attended meetings of other denominations. This 
spirit of intolerance, however, yielded in time to that of progress 
and charity. Evangelists came and held protracted meetings, revi- 
vals ensued, the church became united, and with it a liberal and 
most commendable Christian feeling prevailed and still continues. 
" The old meeting-home on the hilJ,''^ as it was called, was large and 
stately, barren of ornaments, without fire, carpets or cushions, un- 
attractive in every thing material, in the winter frosty as ice could 
make it. Here the congregation shivered with cold teet and cold 
hearts, from cold sermons. The pews were like sheep-pens, with 
galleries all round and roomy. The pulpit was raised high above 
the pews, as much as to say the higher the holier ! — with an im- 
mense "sounding-board" still higher, above the head of the preacher, 
the wonder of the boys, a "perch for angels'' in the long and 
solemn services. The tything-man, inhis corner pew, elevated above 
all, and eye on all, was an awful terror to the gallery boys, espec- 
ially until he fell asleep, then the jack-knives did vandal work on 
the pews. Satan, with his frightful claws and horns, never had half 
the terror among the rude ones in the gallery, as did this " official '' 
of the law. The singers, about fifty in number, occupied long plain 
seats. They were somewhat gifted in the art of church music, both 
instrumental and vocal. Deacon Billings and Fred. Stone were for 
years efficient and acceptable leaders, and Francis Dresser played 
the viol well. Miss Clara James, and subsequently her younger 

NOTE.—The word " When " in line 80, page 32, should be stricken out. 


sister Eachel, led the treble, and taken all in all, not excepting the 
beauty and brilliancy of the ladies in their " sweetest smiles and 
gayest ribbons,'* were indeed the great attraction of Sunday services. 
No grander or better music was heard among the hill-towns. Any 
material changes in the regular order and routine of things, were 
violently opposed by certain members of the church, as evidences 
of apostacy from the truth — heathen or Catholic inovations. 
-When even stoves were introduced into the house, carpets, changes 
of any kind — instrumental music — were declared to be the source 
of novelty and lightness; headache and drowsiness, a base dis- 
turber of true worship, a grief to the Church, and a dishonor to 
Christ. That even the guns and ammunition kept under the pulpit 
long time before, against any sudden attack of Indians or English, 
should not be removed. Some of the "smners^* thought "a little 
more powder in the pulpit, rather than under it, wouldn't be 

In the settlement of a minister, Capt. John Grant frankly, and 
rather bluntly, declared '" the qualifications most needed were 
good common sense, and knowing enough to stop when he got 
through." Another good brother " must see Deacon Taylor before 
he could tell how he liked the candidate ; " and another " wouldn't 
change his faith in Calvinism, of forty years standing, for any man 
or minister, or any amount of argument." 

The young ladies of those times possessed many charms, aod 
bore away the hearts and hands of many young men in town .and 
surrounding towns, especially Cummington. Among the deeply in 
love and really " fascinated," was David Whitman, who abounded 
in love letters to various ladies. Before sending these missives, 
however, he usually read the contents to some friend. One of 
these letters ended in the following language: '* If you will accept 
my proposal of marriage I will call thee angel ; if not, I shall bate 
and detest thee, my dear." Poor David lived and died a bachelor. 

Amusements and means of instruction were limited, still of much 
service in various ways. Spelling and singing schools, lyceums, 
able and Interesting lectures on chemistry, astronomy and other 
useful topics, were quite common. Sleigh-rides, military musters 
and cattle-shows obtained a special interest. These occasions often 
brought many together in social intercourse, promotive of peace 


and good will. Love looked love to eyes, followed by marriages, 
numerous families, kind endeavors, and manly Christian lives in 
numerous cases. 

In returning to the old ''meeting-house," some of the most inter- 
esting and significant meetings of national importance were held, 
besides those of Christian worship, meetings where town matters 
and general politics were freely discussed. The question of " total 
abstinence from all intoxicating liquors " was ably and most elo- 
quently presented to a large assemblage of people for the first time, 
by Eev. Dr. Woodbridge of Hadley. The subject then was entirely 
new and novel, and the impression made was almost overwhelming. 
The doctor called for pledges at the close of his masterly address. 
Only five came forward and signed the temperance pledge. Among 
the number were Captain John Grant, Silas Burgess and Origin 
Orcutt. My father disposed at once of nearly a barrel of cider 
brandy lately provided for family use, and never from that day did 
intoxicants of any kind have admittance to his house. These radi- 
cal temperance views and positions met at first, as might have been 
expected, stern opposition, even from some of the best citizens and 
members of the church. The truth had gone forth, and finally pre- 
vailed over all opposition, and the town in a large mnjority of its 
citizens, became thoroughly committed to the cause of temper- 

The first anti-slavery meeting of a public character was also held 
here. Eev. Amos Dresser, whom we are all very glad to meet upon 
this occasion, addressed that meeting upon the subject of *' Ameri- 
can slavery." Mr. Dresser had just returned from the South, where 
he had been whipped within an inch of his life, by slaveholders and 
professed Christians, for letting fall, in the sale of Bibles, some 
wrapping paper condemning slavery. Smarting from the wounds 
he had received, and indignant over the mean and terrible abuse 
received, of some/orty lashes on his bare back^ on the public com- 
mon of Nashville, and loss of all he had of wordly effects — fleeing 
for his life. I need not say Mr. Dresser gave one of the most thrill-^ 
ing and touching speeches to which the citizens of Goshen ever 
listened. Anti-slavery sentiments from that hour were almost 
universally adopted by the people, and to which position, firmly and 


tonscientiously taken, the town has ever since most closely and 
tenaciously adhered. 

Farewell missionary meetings were also held in the special iuter- 
t)sts of missionaries about leaving for their chosen fields of labor. 
Kev. Horatio Bard well for Ceylon, and Levi Parsons for Palestine ; 
€alvin Cushman, John Smith, and their wives, for the Choctaw and 
Cherokee tribes of Indians in the then far off south-west. These 
brave and self-denying missionaries received deep sympathy and 
the kindest farewells, with prayers, tears and blessings ; whose facea 
they should never see more, such was the distance from home, and 
the many dangers and hardships they should encounter. 

Educational meetings were also held in the interests of Amherst 
College and Mt. Holyoke Female Seminary. These meetings were 
mostly addressed by Eev. Roswell Hawks, of Cummington. The 
College had recently been founded, was some in debt, and greatly 
needed funds, and was pre-eminently devoted to the education of 
missionaries and ministers. The Holyoke Seminary for the exclu- 
sive education of young ladies in household matters, as well as 
books, was then new, strange and novel. How to make ^^good 
bf'ead " was thought to belong to the mother rather than the school. 
Money was however contributed, and a permanent interest created 
in them, and the schools were subsequently honored by several 
excellent Goshen students. All honor then to the old meeting- 
house on Groshen hill. Honor to those who built and worshiped 
within its walls. All honor to those who lived Christian lives and 
defended the truth, now buried in yonder cemetery. And may 
honor and truth, their nunierous descendants ever equally charac- 

The speech of Mr. Burgess was greatly enjoyed, and was inter— 
rupted with frequent and hearty applause. 

He was followed by Rev. D. G. Wright, D.D., whose address was li 
tened to with great interest from beginning to end. It was writte 
without time for preparation, a fact which none would have su 
pected, had it not been stated by the speaker. 



Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: — Your Committee 
some weeks ago honored me with a request to be present on this 
occasion as one of the links in the chain by which they wish to 
connect the present generation with those past ; and by so doing, 
help deepen an interest in the virtues of those who here, one hun- 
dred years ago, organized a society and church, and in the years 
subsequent laid foundations on which you have builded, and where 
you are enjoying the fruits of their wisdom aud piety in such rich 
profusion. And since coming here your Committee have done me 
further honor by asking me to give some reminiscences of the 
ancients of this town which come within my knowledge. 

Though unwilling to occupy time that might be better filled by 
others, I have pencilled some points as they occurred, that I might 
present them in a more methodical form than I could hope to do in 
an extemporaneous effort. Yet it would have been more appropriate 
for a lineal descendant of the fathers of this beautiful town to 
occupy the time allotted to me ; but, although not to the manor 
born, I confess I feel very much at home this day among my bet- 
ters, and am happy to enhance, if I may be so fortunate in any 
degree, the pleasures of the occasion by what I may say of the 
olden time. For by right of pemory, at least, I have an inheri- 
tance among present dwellers upon these grand old hills and in 
these beautiful valleys. And although an absentee from Goshen 
for half a century with the exception of one brief day's call, and a 
stranger to a vast majority of those present, yet the name of almost 
every old family here represented as denizens of the dear old town, 
was engraved on memory's tablet, where my heart in childhood and 
youth, with mates now gone within the veil, was mingled love and 
oiirth together, and we learned the book and turned its leaves with 
folly's feather, and where the saddest emotion my bosom had 
known, was pity for those who were wiser than I. So that as I 
stand here, there passes before me as in a panoramic shape the 
homes and forms of venerable men and lovely women who were 


Lore in my boyhood's days. Yet, alas ! those fathers and mother^ 
of stalworth virtue and piety, as well as form, meet not our sight- 
But in memory they live, and it is meet and right thus to commem- 
orate their worth, and reverently lay our tribute of affection and 
gratitude upon their hallowed graves. And if we, dearly beloved 
old friends, i*ellcs of the past as we are, though I hope not deemed 
fossils by the younger portion of this assembly, if we may serve to 
bring past and present in more close communion, and recall the 
principles which inspired the founders and builders of church and 
society in Chesterfield Gore, our centennial celebration will not be 
in vain. 

But endeavoring to promote such an end, it may seem too ego- 
tistical in reference to myself, as I necessarily must ; but even that 
may be pardoned in one who for almost six-tenths of the time since 
its incorporation has known more or less of the town, and who for 
years was a resident. Others who have passed life here and known 
Its later history, are better qualified to speak of that than I am* 
Yet few of the Old Boys of sixty years ago knew more, perhaps 
not so much, of families and individuals as my humble self. Fam- 
ily position gave larger opportunities for such knowledge than 
others differently situated possessed. For you, my friends, may not 
be aware the sons of ministers were considered smart, — smart I 
mean " to cut up," as the phrase then was, and also be every where 
and see every thing with which perhaps they had no business and 
so contrived to pick up a knowledge of folks and things, of indi- 
vidual and ♦amily traits, of which *heir really superior and more 
sedate companions might remain ignorant. This may appear myth- 
ical to the youth of this day, when ministers' sons and deacons^ 
daughters are doubtless models of propriety ; educated as they are 
in a more refined and cultivated age and so breathing a milder 
atmosphere than we did ; but that the now old adage was once cor- 
rect, and not slanderous of such persons, may appear from an anec- 
dote of myself. During the only time in which I have been privi- 
leged to visit this section some twenty years ago — since my 
parents removed — I called at the house of one of my father's par- 
ishioners and his deacon in the days of his early ministry. The 
venerable mother in Israel, then verging on fourscore years, could 
not understand who the stranger before her was. Her son, a play- 


mate of my boyhood, at last said : " Mother, have you forgotten Rev. 
Mr. Wright and his wife, whom you and father loved so much, and 
with whom you were so intimate ? This is their oldest son." After 
sitting a few minutes in silence, as if gathering up the threads of 
memory dropped during some forty years, the little woman turned 
to me with a beaming countenance and flashiog eye, and said, — 
" Why, sir, you are not that little Grosvenor Wright who used to 
come here and cut up so like mischief, and find out every thing 
that was going on, are yoxxV* And, with shame-facedness, Mr. 
President, I was forced to confess, "Yes, ma'am, I am he!'' 

But do you ask what I knew or learned of more interest or im- 
portance, what I remember about the dear old folks of a half cen- 
tury ago f 

Ah, if I should attempt to reply in detail, your patience would 
be exhausted, and the sun would go down ere I could begin to 
answer. But if you will please bear with an old mjin's garrulity, 
let me say that in all my homes for fifty years I do not recall so 
many stalwart men and lovely women, among a population similar 
in numbers, as lived in old Goshen in my boyhood days. Why, my 
younger friends of this assembly, there were giants and giantesses 
in intelligence and moral worth in those days ; and whom ye, how- 
ever much more cultivated intellectually, and polished in manners, 
as the term is, than your ancestors were, ye cannot hope to excel ; 
for a race then toiled in these fields, aifd a class of women i)resided 
as queens in their households, who for noble manhood and woman- 
hood, and that sterling virtue which exalted a people, made it 
second to no other community. And this assertion brings before 
my mind's eye persons from whom ye have descended, and of whom 
any people might be justly proud that such blood flowed in their 

My recollection of the ancients goes back to 1821, when such 
representative men as Deacon Taylor, Esq. White, Ma^jor Stone, and 
Capt. Naramore, were among the oldest inhabitants in Goshen 
society and church. Their stately forms and dignified mien, but 
better, their noble characters, yet live before me, fresh as when 
a boy, I was taught to bow, uncovered and reverently, in the pres- 
ence of such patriarchal characters. Yet they were all vigorous, 


and going in and out among a people proud to recognize their wis- 
dom and influence ; who were men of maris: wherever seen, in the 
various relations of life. And of the next generation it may be 
truly said they were worthy successor of such noble sires. Of 
that class were prominent the four stalwart Lyman brothers, John 
Thomas, Capt. Frank and Col. Tim, as we boys perhaps irrev- 
erently designated the two latter, each a man of note in his indi- 
vidual sphere ; and then the twins, Joseph and Benjamin White, 
fratres nobiles, the like of whom for native nobility and yet sim- 
plicity of character I have seldom known j Esq. John Williams and 
his brother Jonah, men of avoirdupois as well as moral weight j 
the Parsonses and the younger Naramores, Levi Barrus and Silas 
Burgess, Asahel Billings and the saintly Jonathan Lyman, the Til- 
tons and the Packards, Col. Stone and his brother Frederick, Joseph 
Putney and Capt. James, Capt. Reuben Dresser and his brother 
Moses, Capts. Wm. and George Abell, the Hosfords, and others I 
could name, most of whom were leaders of ai^knowledged ability 
in the community. Of the gopd and peculiar traits of such persons 
I, learned in part at the fireside by hearing them discussed by my 
parents j and in part by my own observation, as I went among 
them. For, from the age of ten to seventeen yeara, I lived in many 
of the families named, for days and in some for months, to acquire 
that practical knowledge of life which my father felt could be, by 
a boy, obtained in no other way — wisdom which books could not 
impart — and to which training I attribute, in a large degree, the 
foundation for that iron constitution by which I have almost 
attained my three score years and ten. Picking up stones on Capt. 
James's farm one season j riding horse to plow, with other spring 
work, for Noah Hosford and the Whites j and one summer spread- 
ing and raking hay for Emmons Putney, and at dinner feasting on 
his delicious sweet corn, which, he will bear me witness, Dr, 
Wright once said at his table, a boy of my age might eat a dozen 
such ears and not hurt him, and in yet another spring gathering 
sap and chopping wood and tending kettles in the maple bush, and 
not unfrequently syruping off at midnight and carrying the sweet 
stuff to the house with no companion but old dog Towser, while 
the master. Uncle Daniel Williams in the meantime being away 
keeping vigils with some beautiful damsel, and sipping from her 


words, if not lips, a nectar sweeter lar for him than I bore ou my 
neck-yoked shoulders ; or working as I did subsequently for that 
wise farmer and genial man, Uncle Reuben Smith, summer after 
summer, until by studying in autumns and winters, I was fitted for 
college. But all these advantages not only tended to make me 
what I am as a man, bodily and mentally, but afforded opportuni- 
ties for studying character and acquiiing a knowledge of the people 
at large, which a boy who had a home where childhood and youth 
were passed in his parent's employment, did not possess. 

But pardon, I pray you, Mr. President, this seeming egotism. I 
have indulged in it not for self s sake, but that the grandchildren 
and great grandchildren of such ancestors may in a measure 
understand how I believe boys should be trained, but also, how as 
a boy, I came to know so well the inhabitants of those old homes ; 
and to comprehend what reason 1 had then to esteem them, and 
they now have to venerate the memory of such men and women. 
Another feature of the clden time, besides work, do I recall in 
connection with some of the names mentioned, viz. : how Goshen 
folks were regarded by others as a class of citizens superior to 
what was usually found in a strictly farming community. I refer 
to Education. Few towns of its size, at that day, paid so much 
attention to tiie mental cultivation of the young. Not only were 
the district schools in advance of some of its neighbors, but for 
many an autumn, a select school was sustained for the benefit of 
advanced pupils, and taught by men of superior education and 
experience from Amherst College, and by which benefits of inesti- 
mable value were conferred not only upon us residents, but also 
upon those who, from other towns, came as students. Again, fifty 
years ago Goshen folks were a decidedly religious people. Often 
did I hear pastors of other parishes, such as the \vise and devout 
Hallock of Plainfield, the pure, saintly Shepard of Ashfield, and 
tihe scholarly, godly Waters of Chesterfield, and others, speak of the 
remarkably intelligent and attentive congregations in the old meet- 
ing-house, when they exchanged pulpits with my now sainted 
father ; of course not to the disparagement of their own congrega- 
tioDS, but as a matter of.common remark respecting that one. And 
as 1 recall the devout aspect of those who were wont to assemble 
there Sunday after Sunday, I am sure the judgment of the minis- 


teFS whom I have named was just. A.nd perhaps one cause of the 
fondness for, and devotion in, their house of prayer, was the unsur- 
passed music which the great choir, filling much space in the three 
sided gallery, produced. The Billings brothers, the Stone sisters 
and the Smith family, the James daughters — noble men and beau- 
tiful women, — were iacknowledged leaders in sacred song. And 
nowhere in modern times have I heard such singing as that choir 
produced with such old Fugue tunes, such as Mear, Barby, Dundee 
and Coronation, sung as they were, not only in a style indicative of 
native tsiste and artistic skill, but with an unction as if from on 
high, voices rich and melodious in themselves, but as cultivated far 
beyond what was found in other choirs. How I remember to have 
beard " Singing Master " White, a noted teacher in those days from 
Williamsburgh, remark that probably there was more musical talent 
in Goshen, especially in families which I have named, than could 
be found among the same number of people in any similar com- 
munity in the country. And the beauty of all was that talent was 
so used in the house of God Jis to purify the affections and inspire 
devotion, while elevating the tone of morals in the whole society. 
Thus, in all the relations of life, the fathers and mothers of that 
age, in their several spheres, excelled, and were models from which 
their descendants have copied, or ought to have done, — and by 
whose influence tbey have become what they are in all that is'nianly 
and womanly. 

Of the deep-toned piety of that people at large I could speak 
more, and of the morals as a whole I may. 

Uprightness, honesty, temperance and charity characterized 
them. Temperate as a community, they were not as the word is 
used in these days. For as they understood the word of God, 
sobriety was the rule taught then, not abstinence. Cider was freely 
used by the best families, and in haying and harvesting, " good old 
Jamaica " was deemed as essential as were white wheaten loaf, or 
corn bread and doughnuts, the salt mackerel, of which a good sup- 
ply was always provided ; pork and beans, as well as the corned^ 
beef, which the good housewives knew so deftly how to make appe- 
tizing for their husbands, who were toiling under the sun's scorch- 
ing rays. And I remember having seen but one man drunk in the 
kind of Goshen during my sojourn in its borders. But he lived 


nearer the centre of another town than this, and coming from a 
general training was found in a ditch upon its borders. A good 
Samaritan of Goshen passing by, heard his maudlin call for help, 
and after lifting him out, asked his name. The reply given as a 
drunken man only could, interrogatively, — *'Amidown?" His 
helper not understanding him, again asked, " What is your name f* 
*' Amidown !*' was the repeated reply to the repeated questions, till 
the Goshenite, disgusted, left the poor inebriate to care for himself, 
saying, "Yes, you poor fool, you are down, and there you may lie 
if you will not tell your name." It is true that liquor was sold and 
used in Goshen, but it was a common remark that it was not high 
proof spirits, but well watered. And indeed I often heard it 
asserted that one conscientious seller used every morning to ask 
his clerk, '*Have you watered the rumV* and if the answer was 
satisfactory, the next words were, "Come in to prayers and break- 

I recall another anecdote told of one of my father's parishion- 
ers. His good wife thought ho was becoming a little too fond 
of the creature, and as he stood in wholesome awe of her 
wifely right to remonstrate, having had his jug filled in the 
evening with "New England,'* to assist him and his neighbors the 
next day in killiog his hogs, instead of carrying it into the house? 
as the night was mild, suspended it upon the branch of a tree back 
of the pigpen, where it was not likely to be seen by his spouse. 
But one of those sudden changes for which Goshen climate then 
was noted occun-ed in the night ; and when the hospitable man 
went for it in the morning, to his dismay, he found that Jack Frost 
had emptied the jug, or at least, naught but the neck and handle 
remained upon the branch where he had left his precious stuff, — 
the balance of the jug having been bursted by expansion of the 
water contained in the liquor. 

But, Mr. President, pardon this digression. 1 have ventured to 
relate the fact, to show that even a rumseller in those days had due 
regard to the temperance of his customers. Would that the same 
might be said of other such men in these degenerate days. But I 
am wearying your patience. My wish has been, in compliance with 
your request, to show the generation, at least in outline, what I 
knew of their progenitors, and how even their faults leaned to vir- 


tue's side, and so help to deepen a pride of ancestry^ and so avrakeo 
an nspinUion to imitate ail which was good and true for the same 
proud etni*ience on which they stood — whether individually or as 
a body politic, such as it was my privilege and honor to know they 

Such should be the influence of the services of tiiis Centennial^ 
Mr. President, to make better the living by commemorating the 
virtues of the departed. Then our assembling here will not have 
been im empty form and meaningless ; and when the second cen- 
tennial of this goodly town shall be commemorated by those who 
shall have descended from you, my hearers, and the question be 
askeil by them respecting you, their progenitors, "The Fathers, 
what were they,'' an answer may be returned, such as has been 
uttered to-d^ of our predecessors, even this, *^ Having fulfilled 
the mission assigned them in their several ages^ and kept the faith 
alike with God and man, they rest from their labors ; and as for 
their works, they follow them." 


Hon. ChaSw B. Ladd, State Auditor, being introduced by the Presi- 
deut, s&ud that he was not connected with Goshen by descent, mar- 
riage or residence, but he thought he could come in fairiy under tfa» 
head, '' i>lherwise.'' He was glad to be here to meet his friends 
Barms, Present of the day, with whom he had been pleasantly asso-- 
elated two years since, while both were members of the Gen^ai^ 
Court* They were often on opposite sides of questions under con — 
sideration, but Mr. Barnis wouki carry the day every time. 

Many years ago» being in need of rest, he decided to leave the^ 
city for a few daysy during Independence week, for some quiet townp^ 
where the usual din of celebration would not be found. He thooghi^ 
Goshen must be such a place, and to Goshen he came. But tb^ 
church bell at midnight began to ring, and he foand tiie Gosha^ 
boys full as patriotic, and as noisy in their demonstratioa. as th9 
city boj-s. 



Rev. D. W. Waldron, city missionary of Boston, spoke a few ear- 
nest words, embodying the thought that righteousness exalteth a 
people, and urging the young to walk in that way. It is to be 
regretted that a full report of his brief address cannot be had. 

In introducing the next speaker the President said : 

Ladies and Gentlemen : — We have with us one of the solid men 
of Boston, a retired merchant, retired from business, but not from 
service, as you will understand, when I say he has served several 
terms in the Massachusetts Senate and House of Representatives ; 
is one of the Trustees of Williams College and President of the 
College Alumni Association of Boston ; President of the Congrega- 
tional Club and of the City Missionary Society of Boston, a genuine 
native of Goshen, but who made the mistake of a life-time by being 
born in another town : the Hon. James White. 

After the applause, which greeted this announcement and the 
rising of the speaker, had subsided, Mr. White took the stand and 
spoke to the following effect. 


Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen: — It would be more 
agreeable to me if some other than myself were here to speak for 
our family. Both of my sisters and my brother Joseph, who greatly 
desired to be present with you to-day, and was prevented by busi- 
ness engagements, are natives of this town j but as our parents 
removed to Hinsdale two or three months before having a second 
son, It was no fault of mine that I was not born in Goshen. 

My father spent here the firat forty years of his life, and was 


never fully weaned from his early home. From him I was accus- 
tomed in boyhood to hear much about this people, and from fre- 
quent visits at my uncle Bepj^^in's, it was my privilege to know 
some of them. To me, at that time, Goshen seemed a large part 
of the world outside my native town. I felt very much as one of 
my cousins expressed himself after his first visit to New York City. 
" He knew," he said, " that there were some folks down in Wil- 
liamsburg, and a good many in Northampton, but still before see- 
ing the city he had always supposed that the greater part of the 
people lived in Goshen.-' And to-day it does not seem strange to 
me to hear that so many of her sons and daughters have attained 
positions of eminence in the world. The conditions were here, — 
they breathed this invigorating mount^iin air ; they climbed these 
hills and became physically strong ; they took in these magnificent 
views and got inspiration from them : they were trained to habits 
€t industry and economy ; in the family, the school and the churchy 
they were taught the great principles of morality and religion. 
Here were laid the foundations of those personal character, whose 
svmmetrvand beautv challenge our admiration. And for mvselfasi 
Ciiiled to be bom here, I want to say that I agree with a man who 
lived in the eastern pjirt of the State, and was regarded by his neigh- 
borsas not ordinarily bright- They were accustomed to compliment 
him on bis promising son, saying, among other pleasant things, that 
he ought to be etlucated, and were not careful to conceal their sur- 
prise that he should be the father of such a boy : to whom he 
always replied : *• Well, its all ' kerfditnarjf,* •* So, if you have not 
already forgotten the complimentary allusions of your presiding 
officer as he intniduced me« you will please bear in mind that it is 
all '* ktrtditmarif ** and remember my indebtedness to those who 
lived in Goshen. 

It w;is the original purpose of my father and his twin brother, 
Bei^min^ to obt;»iu a liberal education. Alpheos Nanunore, who 
married my aunt Man^y White, had been rehed upon to cany oo 
the f;irm and to care for the pan^nts. His death, while they were 
pceparing ft»r college under the instruction of their pastor. Rev. 
Mr. Whitman, comi^lled them to change their plan and to become 

Before his nmiOTal U> Hinsdale^ my fiiUier, for sercnl mootli^ 


kept the hotel at the centre of the town, but gave up the busiuess 
because, as my mother says, *^ he would not sell liquor/' This was 
about fifty-live years ago, and, for that time, was a conspicuous 
example of temperance principles. I trust you will appreciate 
your obligations to my father for refusing to sell rum to your an- 


The arrival of the Governor led Mr. White to close his speech 
quite abruptly. His Excellency was greeted with three cheers 
from the large audience which had patiently waited his~ coming as 
one of the leading attractions of the day. The band played " Hail 
to the Chief," and he was introduced to the audience amid rounds 
of applause. He spoke ten or fifteen minutes, and said many pleas- 
ant things, as he always does. He said that among the reasons 
why he was pleased to come, was the fact that he was born in just 
such a hill town in another State, and therefore the memories of 
his boyhood were brought vividly before him. He gave evidence 
of some familiarity with the history of the town, and ialluded to 
some of its early settlers, who came from Bridgewater, Abington, 
Weymouth, Cohasset, and Hingham where he now resides. He 
made an apt illustration of the large reservoir of water but a short 
distance from the grove, comparing it to the men found in the hill 
towns who have been to the commonwealth a reservoir of good 
character, of education, of industrial growth, and of those abiding 
principles which mjike the nation what it is. He reminded his 
hearers that the past with all its teachings has no effective value 
unless it furnishes lessons for the years to come ; lessons which 
shall continue to assist in developing the Christian virtues of the 
living. The people of these hills have made education the founda- 
tion stone of all their prosperity, and we must gather fruit from 
the past, and take courage for the future. His remarks were lis- 


lened to with close attentioD, the people pressing around him as, 
mounted upon one of the tables ou which the banquet had been 
spread beneath the towering maples, he addressed them. After 
his speech the Governor and bis party partook of refreshments, 
and soon afterward returned to Northampton, where he spent the 
night with Councillor Edwards, going to the anniversary exercises 
at Mt. Holyoke Female Seminary the next day. 


Mr. President, Ladies and Gentlemen : — ^After having listened 
to the able historical oration, the interesting remarks and reminis- 
eences of the eminent clergymen, and the brilliant oratorical dis- 
plays of the official gentlemen from the city of Boston; and having 
been soothed and charmed by the beautiful poems produced by the 
women, eminent in literature, whose nativity is an additional honor 
to this town ; and above all, having seen and heard His Excellency, 
the Governor, and listenetl with delight to his eloquent words, I 
ean scarcely succeed in ** making my little speech," except to aid 
in dispersing the people who havo enjoyed the feast so richly fur- 
nished, consisting of bountiful supplies of food for both body and 

But I am pleased and thankful to be permitted this opportunity 
of standing for a brief moment before you, upon my own native 
soil, find recalling the memones of my old school mates, with 
whom, during some six years of childhood, I was associated in the 
study of ** Webster's Spelling Book " and " Colburn's Arithmetic," 
m this beautiful old school house, in sliding down this hill where 
we now stand, in skating on yonder pond, and in climbing the sym- 
metrical beech, birch and maple trees of this beautiful grove, while 
flocks of native birds " discoursed the sweetest music!" Where 
BOW are those loved playmates f Some of them I have this day 
met on these grounds, and, although the frosts of some fifty winters 


Wave whitened their heads, still in their expression — the 
twinkle of the eye, and the arching eyebrow — I recognize the same 
playful spirit and youthful flow of soul. The jokes, the boyish 
tricks and speeches, and the never ending disposition to make fun, 
in and out of school ; the nick-names bestowed upon each boy and 
girl attending school by its leading spirit and "genius," have^ttot 
been forgotten. But alas 1 some of those dear companions are w^t 
present, some have "gone to that bourne whence no traveller 
returns.^' Let us keep their memory fresh and sweet. 

For two things I am especially thankful and proud. First, that 
liam a member of the great human family, and second, that I was 
bom in this town of Goshen, the fundamental principles of our 
system of government are better understood and more uniformty 
practised by the inhabitants of such rural towns as Goshen, tlian 
by those of cities and manufacturing communities. The agricultu- 
ral pursuits and invigorating climate tend to develop, among these 
bills, a strong physique, sound judgment, high moral character, 
with ardent love for liberty and the cultivation of the principles of 
equity and self-government. Although Goshen cannot boast of 
large accumulations of money and property, she can point with 
becomingself-respect to her influence in sustaining order and good 
government, to her strict gtdherence to honesty and integrity in 
ber methods of business and social intercourse, her industry and 
prudence j and to the great and paramount fact, that to her people 
and those of similar character, citizens of this Eepublic, is due the 
existence, salvation, perpetuity and purity of our body politic, as 
established by our fathers, upon the one great Christian principle, 
that *' All men are born free and equal ! " 

The magnificent works of art, displayed in the erection of 
ehurches and public buildings, the palatial residences with all their 
brilliant surroundings, and high and fast styles of living, found in 
our large cities, are of much less worth and true value than the 
ibtegrity, honesty, and firm moral character which are found so 
well developed among the people who inhabit these hills. Even 
the great city of New York is dependent, for its magnificence, its 
thought and character, and for its physical, intellectual and moral 
power, upon the rural districts, and could not sustain itself without 
these aids from beyond its boundaries, for a single century. His- 


tory teaches that the customs of cities tend to the eoervation aiAi 
deterioration of tl;ie people, while on the contrary, the habits and 
pursuits of the rural population promote vigor of both mind and 
body. The fate of old Rome is a conspicuous illustration of this 
important fact. Let us bo thankful that our lives have been blessed 
with such an excellent nativity, that we have been taught to lo^ 
and honor the glorious principles of liberty and equality established 
and incorporated in the constitution and fundamental laws of our 
country. These pliceless gifts are above all material value, they 
come from the spirit of Christ, and so long as these grand old hills 
shall continue to be iuhabited by the descendants of the Puritan 
fathers and the heroes of 177G, teaching and practising the true 
principles of equality, righteousness and self-government, our Ee- 
publican system is safe. 

Good-bye, and God be with you ! 


Spoke briefly but eloquently on the theme — " Goshen's contribu- 
tion of men for the world'3 conversion.*' It is regretted that no 
report of his address was secured. 


Read an exquisite little poem, written while on her way from New 
York to the Centennial. The want of a copy prevents its public*- 



Letters were received from many former residents of the town 
^nd others, which, for want of tiine, wjere not publicly read. The 
following extracts from a large portion of them are of sufficient 
interest to be preserved as belonging to the occasion : 

Ames, Iowa, June 10, 1881. 
.... Your card, inviting me to join you in celebrating the 100th 
anniversary of Goshen from which I have been absent nearly thirty 
years, gave me a degree of homesickness I never before experienced. 
.... Goshen is represented from the Atlantic to the Pacitic, and I can- 
not recall a single person to mind who has gone out from lier but who 
has been an honor to her. . . . While absent in body I shall be present 
ill spirit. II. R. Barowell. 

Virdda, l/L, April 18. 
.... Massachusetts, as a historic State, and Goshen as a familiar 
town, are vividly associated with the traditional memories of my child- 
hood. The very names of your Committee were among the familiar 
names I heard when ** Uncle White," Mr. Dwight, Rev. Amos Dresser, 
and other Old Hampshire Co. people came and talkedover ancient times 
with my parents in the old log house in Brecksville. I shonld take 
most genuine pleasure in being present and seeing those rock-bound 
hills and the kindred faces so familiar and yet so unknown. . . . 


Pitts field, Mass., Jane 17, 1881. 

Alvan Hakul'S. — My Dear Sir: — I have delayed till now an answer 
to your kind invitation to be present at the centennial of your town on 
the 22nd inst., In the hope that I could tind it in my power to attend. 
But professional engagements long deferred will deprive me of that 
pleasure. The occasion cannot fail to be one of great interest to your 
town people, and the sons and daughters who shall then return to do 
honor to the venerable mother whose precepts and blessing they had 
carried with them into the battle of life under other skies. 

To the godly life and the ever-present care and teachings of one of 
the daughters of Goshen I am indebted beyond measure or words, and 


to the home of my mother's early womauhood [ wouid turn witli some 
offering of homage and gratitude on its centennial birthday. 

The town is the root and source of strength to the State — tlie springs 
which supply the stream. Take care that the root does not dry up and 
wither, and that the springs are kept ever full and clear. 

I am truly yours, H. L. Dawes*. 

Ann Arbor, Jfich., June 18, 1881. 
Alvan Barrus, Chairman of Committee. 

Dear Sir: — Your kind note, inviting me to participate in yonr cele- 
bration on the 22d inst., came duly to hand. 

This request has awakened in my mind many memories both sad and 
pleasing, that the lapse of years had quieted into peaceful but not alto- 
gether unconscious slumbers. 

Groshen was the home of my pai*ents and grandparents. Their ashes 
i*epose in your midst. It is also the place of my own nativity. There I 
spent my childhood, youth and early manhood. Not only the earliest 
but the dearest associations of mv life are connected with her beaatifal 
hills, her lovely valleys, her rocks and streams, her schools, her youth, 
her business men of more than half a century ago. 

Though none of the men and women, and but few of the children of 
those early days, will be there to celebrate Goshen's first centennial, I 
assure yoa that nothing could afford me more pleasure than to be one 
of your number were it reasonably possible. Since I left thei'e, forty- 
seven years ago, for a home in the romantic and adventurous West, I 
have never failed but once to pay my friends and early home an annual 
visit.* At the present time, deeply as I regret it, my health is not suffi- 
cient to allow me the pleasure of uniting with you on this most inter- 
esting occasion. 

Hoping that yonr celebration may be the grandest, most inspiring 
<iay that dear old GrOshen has ever seen, and that she may exist to cele- 
brate many like centennials, 

I remain, yours ven' truly. 

Luther James. 

* Mr. James so far reco?ered his health that he made his annual visit to his native, 
town in the autumn of tliis year (1881). He was accompanied by his fj^nial nephew, Mr. 
James L. Babcock, who spent a portion of his boyhood with his grandparents in Goshen 
They were Tisitin^ friends in Boston, October 10. 

Keno8?ia, Wis., June^, 1881. 
.... I cannot be with you on the 22d, but am impelled to bid you 
God-speed, and bow respectfully to the familiar hills and forests of 
Ooshen and the dear friends who live amonof them. 


♦* No liome Is like onr childhood home, 

The prairies litoom more fair, 
And greater wealth of golden corn 

Their fruitful furrows bear. 
But still we love that sterile land 

Of which the satirist's pen 
Declared the products were composed 

Of Granite, Ice and Men." 

Three genei'ations of my ancestoi's rest in Goshen. But be not too 
sentimental. Our fathers fought far the fertile Talleys of the Great 
West. The flag of the nation floats over them. Encourage enough of 
the sons of New England to occupy tliem to Amei'icanize the foreign 
immigrants, and give our Anglo Saxon tone and stability to our politi- 
cal institutions. Very truly yours, F. W. Lyman. 

(ireert field, June, 20, 1881. 

.... It would afford me much pleasure to meet old fi'iends, and min- 
gle in the festivities of the occasion. 

Much has been said within the past years of the decline of the Hill 
Towns. It is ti'ue the population has decreased to some extent during 
the last decides, but as regards intelligence, enterprise, and all those 
<|ualities which go to make a community truly happy and prosperous, I 
think the hill towns will compare favorably with other portions of our 
country, particularly the West, which boasts so much of its gi*eatnes& 
s&nd its glory. Where will you findn-climate more healthy, or scenery 
«o grand, picturesque and lovely as among the hill towns of New Eng- 
land? As Bryant says in that beautiful Forest Hymn : 

" Fit slirine for liumble worsliiper to hold 
Communion with his Mak«r." 

Permit me to offer as a sentimeut: The town of Goshen — venerable 
3ii 3'^cars, but still clothed in ail the beauty of nature iu her loveliest 
:Kaood. Very truly yours, L. L. Pierce. 

Sunderland, Mass,, April 18, 1881. 
.... When I first came to Goshen, about seventy years ago, there 
Xverc quite a number of rich men in the the town, according to the 
amount then thought to constitute riches. The inhabitants lived almost 
entirely upon the products of their farmfl, raising wool and flax, which 
t>he females spun and wove into cloth, furnishing employment at home, 
till marriage look them away to other homes. The young men were 


•ac miraid to miiij tlKm kst Uier WK^ Mil be able to sopport them, 
Cir Ohef v€Te AefpseeCv. Tber were pcettr. too, if they did wear 
)mmmt{ di e ata* w wuiter aad &Ma w MBmer. Their surplus 
amd fiaea wms exctei^sed with the MercfaaBt for calico or for 
to be Bade into white dre£«e» to be vora on special occasions. 
Tbe Mammtl for tucui vear va$ $eal to Ma^. Store's, who with his sons 
were muted dochiers* to be foiled, colored aad dressed. ^' BatterDut " 
<i!S«or wa» the prrrailia^ shade for erery day wear; indigo blae for 
^tnday and other occasioiis. Meats were raised and fatled ou the farm, 
the hides ient to the tannenr to Bake leather for the boots and shoes to 
be ande up for the ^milies by the shoe Baker, who often came io the 
hoBca to do the work. Money wa$ obtained by selling a colt, or cow, 
«r oftcaer a pair of oxen, to the riTer town fumers to be fattened for 
the Boston Barket. 

A Barked change has takes place in public opinioay dnoe those years, 
legardiiig the nse of intoxicating drinks. In those eaiiier days minis- 
ters and people, male and female* old and 3roang, with few exceptions, 
tbooght spiritiioos liquors almost as neceissary as their daily food. It 
i» a wonder that under snch conditioas« with the added temptation of 
cider to help form and keep the appetite, that we ^d not becomea com- 
mnnity of dmnkards. 

In 1813 a feirer prerailed which carried ofTa number of people, yoaug 
and old. Another in 1824. was still more fatal. In a few months there 
were nineteen deaths of persons between the ages of sixteen and 
twentv-fire rears. J. M11.TOX SiirrH. 

Hoi^okej Jmme 20, 1881. 

3is. Alt AX Barrus. Mt I>ear SiR:~Plea&e accept thanks on behalf 
of your associate committee for their cordial inritation to participate 
In the centennial celebration of rour town. 

My former somewhat prolonged residence there, and the large expe- 
rience of my family of the generositv and hospitality of its inhabitants, 
together with the abidimg imierai I hare ever cherished in what erer 
promised to contribute to her prosperity and honor, have enldndled 
within me an earnest desire to accept of your invitation, and partidpate 
in this joyous occasion. But the fatigues of a long journey, just 
endured, together with the infirmities of age, which are now waUdng 
with me hand in hand, constrain me to forego the pleasure. But allow 
me to give you the following sentiment for your considermtion, to wit: 
Goshen's honored dead in the last century. Happy and honorable will 
be the Goshen of the coming century if they shall m a in ta i n the virtues 
of those who have preceded them in the past century. 

Wishing you much joyous satisfaction on the memorable 22d Inst., 


allow ine to sabsoribe mygelf cordially your friend and former pastor 
of the charch in Goshen. J. C. Thompson. 

Cohden, Union Co,, III., June 10, 1881. 
. • ' 'I mast forego the pleasure of meeting the few surviving friends 
of nearly fifty years ago. The memories of my own native town are 
no more sacred to me than those of Goshen, for there I found my better 
half in the person of one of her best and fairest daughters, a full length 
portrait of whom may be found in Erov. 31:10-31. The first day of 
December next will be the fiftieth anniversary of our wedding, and about 
six months later we united with the Congregational church. Three of 
our nine children were born in Goshen. The mother and four children 
the Master has taken to the mansions above. If I am permitted to sec 
the 31st day of August I shall enter ray 80th year. Grod is satisfying 
me with long life, a happy old age, and has shown me his salvation. I 
have believed and am persuaded that He is able to keep that I have 
committed to Him against that day. E. W. Towne. 

So. Deerfleld, Mass., June 20, 1881. 
.... On your ancient hills ray honored father* was born in 1792. 
Of eleven children in his father's faraily only two survive. . . . CouM 
we but lift the veil and catch sorae open vision of those early days of 
the lives and horaes of those heroic sons of toil who broke your hardy 
and rocky soil, planted the church and dotted your hills with school 
houses, it would be a pleasure indeed. They have left a good record 
anpd are resting in the Morning Land. 

** And as the rolling years shall pass, 
And new-bom ages rise, 
As other generations look 
Upon these hills and skies ;** 

may your record in the coming century stand as fair and bright as those 
who left their impress on the past. Miss L. £. Williams. 

jpbn du Lac, Wis., June 18, 1881 . 
Gentlemen: — Your kind invitation to be present and participate in 
your celebration is received. Although some fifty years have passed 
since I left your good old town, high up on the mountains (being at 
that time eleveii years of age), my recollection of pei'sons and places are 
most pleasant. It would give me great pleasure to revisit the scenes 
where some seven of the happiest years of my childhood were ppent; to 
take by the hand some of ray old playmates, as I presume not all have 

* Mr. Artemas Williams. 


yet passed away ; to do i*everciice perhaps to some grey heads now well 
ripened for the grave, who were then heads of families and active mem~ 
bers of the church to which my Jong-sainted father tluMi ministered, 
though almost two generations have gone. 

llegretting my inability to be with you on that joyous occasion, I 
remain, with best wishes for tlie prosperity, civil and religious of okl 
Goshen. Yours truly, 

T. Spencer Wrksht, M. D. 

Mills Seminary, California, April 28, 1881. 
.... It would give me sincere pleasure to unite with you in the fes- 
tivities' of the occasion, and if possible I would take ^^ the wings of the 
vaioxma^ and be (here, — and will be in spirit at least. 

Ella M. Pinkham. 

West New Brighton, Staten Island, N, Y., June 20, 1881. 
Mr Dear Sir: — I am sincerely obliged by the invitation to come up 
to Goshen on the 22d, and take part in the celebration of the hundredth 
anniversary of her incorporation. I am a summer neighbor and lover 
of the old town, and I should most gladly come up and tell my love if 
it were possible. I can, however, only send you my best wishes- 
Goshen, by the career of many of her children, has proved that a city 
set upon a hill cannot be hid; and I trust you will not suspect my tem- 
perance principles, if I hope that all her living children may get as high 
as their mother in the world around them. 

Very truly yours, 

George William Curtis. 
Alvan Barrus, /or <Ac Committee. 

Dennis, Mass, April 26, 1881. 

I certainly ought to be reckoned among those 'interested " in 

your town, although I cannot claim to have resided in Groshen, or to 
have connection by marriage or descent. Yet the ** otherwise " inter- 
ested will justify my claim. I am aware that Goshen lies adjoining 
Ashtield and that town was settled mainly by families fi*om Dennis. 
. - . . Thirty-nine years next November since I first visited your hills, 
^nd my memory is fresh and vivid with the recollections of that delight- 
ful winter spent among your people. Siuce that time I have sailed far 
and wide, and mixed with many races, but nowhere upon the green 
earth have I found warmer hearts or more intelligent heads than among 
the hills of Hampshire County. I have the kindest recollections of its 
people, and hope the town of Goshen will enter upon its second cen- 
tury with bright prospects and high hopes. 

Tiios P. Howesu 


Boston April 26, 1881. 
. . . . As I ain not interested in the town by " residence, marriage or 
descent," I coald only claim an interest ** otherwise " — as for instance, 
from a pleasant acquaintance with ** Mr. Barrns of Goshen." I should 
be happy to make that un excuse for attending if I could spare the time. 
If I can I will. Geo. A. Maroen. 

{Clerk of the Mass, House of Representatives.) 

State House, Boston, April 19, 1881. ? 

Offiiie of Secretary of the Commonwealth, ^ 

I cannot claim to be a son of Goshen at the time of your anniversary. 

unless meantime the town should adopt me, in which event I would 

come up, bring the original charter and read it, if the committee on 

order of exercises should so arrange. 

Henry B. Pierce. 

Boston, June 21, 1881. 
.... I depended on peeing your town and your people. PerhapSi I 
should have found some message from the Plymouth Pilgrims to the 
X)eople of the hill towns, who, I believe, stand pretty firmly by the faith 
of the Pilgrims. But the railroads which ii^enerally favor communica- 
tion, keep me away, and I can only send regrets, and a hope that there 
may be *^ no hail in Goshen," nor anything to mar the pleasures of the 
day. Thomas TIfssell. 

Boston, April 19, 1881. 
.... The one-hundredth birthday of a Massachusetts town is always 
a matter of more than local interest; and the acknowledged beauty of 
your portion of the State, especially in the month of June, enhances 
iny long-felt desire to be present at your centennial. I shall try to 
mvail myself of the privilege now so kindly offered me. 


Billerica, June 15, 1881. 

Gentlemen: — I am sorry to sav that business engagements will pre- 
vent an acceptance of your invitation to be present on Wednesday next. 
It was my fortune when a young man to have among my acquaintances 
some of the good people of your town, and I have always felt a special 
interest in its welfare; and I much regret that 1 cannot be present on 
tlie coming festival occasion . 

I hope every thing will pass off as well as the most enthusiastic 
friends of Goshen can desire. Thomas Talbot. 


Bo9lon, April 18, 1881. 
.... Yoarvery kind iDTitation to all persons interested in yoar bemn- 
tlfnl town, eitiiev by residence, marriage, descent or otherwise^ to par- 
ticipate in the celebration of the one hundredth anniTersary of her 
iacorporatiou, is received. I am '''otherwise^ interested in GosheB, 
mainly through my respect and esteem for your chairman, and 1 regpnet 
that I shall be unable to witness your festirities. May the success of 
vonr celebration be unriTalled, and mav the town of Goshen enter, 
mder the happiest auspices, upon her second century. 
With sincere vegard and many thanks for your courtesy. 

Very respectfully yours. 

Levi C. Wade. 



Hon. Henry B. Pierce, Secretary of the Commonwealth, sent a 
beautiful /ac simile copy of the original act of incorporation of the 
town, which was not received in season to be used in the exercises, 
but which will be duly framed and preserved for use at the next 
t^entennial. The Secretary had intended to be present and read the 
document as announced, but sent his regrets at his inability to be 
present on account of the severe illness of his wife. 

Bepresentative Sidney Strong of Northampton placed the i)eople 
t)f Groshen and vicinity under lasting obligations, which they fully 
appreciate, for his successful efforts in enabling Governor Long to 
be present at the centennial. When it was known that the Gover- 
nor was to attend the graduating exercises at the Agricultural Col- 
lege in Amherst in the forenoon of that day, many thought that he 
would not be able to reach Goshen before the close of the exercises, 
if at all. Mr. Strong saw the dilemma, and kindly perfected 
arrangements, on his own responsibility, by which the Governor was 
able to fulfil his appointment on time. He was brought over from 
Amherst in company with Councillor Woods, and from Northamp- 
ton he was taken in Jacob Holley's elegant turnout to Goshen. He 
was accompanied from Amherst by Adjutant-General A. Hun Berry, 
and from Northampton by Representative Strong and Ex-Councillor 
Edwards. The .Governor, on being told how much the people of 
Goshen had set their hearts upon his being with them at their cel- 
ebration, made special exertions to comply with their wishes. In 
order to do that, he was compelled to give up his dinner until such 
time as he could reach Goshen, which was nearly 4 o'clock. And 
then, the impatient people there, who had been looking for him all 
day, called upon him for a speech before he had had an opportunity 
to get anything to eat. The Governor will always be kindly remem- 
bered by the people of Goshen. 

Among the noticeable features of the occasion was the presence 
of a large number of veterans of the late war under command of 


Capt. Tileston of Williamsburg. They marched in the yirocessioa 
and were provided with entertainment at th6 tables. The lateness 
of the hour prevented a full report as to the different regiments 
represented, which was prepared by Capt. Tileston. The intended 
recognition of the soldiers by appropriate addresses was conse- 
quently omitted, but was splendidly atoned for by a few eloquent 
words from Gov. Long, to whom they were severally introduced. 

Among the distinguished persons from abroad who wei-e pre- 
vented from speaking by want of time, were Gen. H. S. Briggs, Adj. 
Gen. A. Hun Berry, Dea. Benj. F. Burgess of Boston, Gen. Otis of 
Florence, Editor H. S. Gere, and Col. J. B. Parsons of Northampton, 
Capt. Richmond of Shelbume Falls, a ncitive of the town, Rev. B. 
F. Parsons of Georgia, H. L. Naramore of Sharon, Mass., Charles H. 
Shaw, Esq., of Meriden, Conn., Miles Farr of St. Lawrence Co., N.Y., 
Lewis Parsons of Minnesota, and others. The prominent citizens 
of all the surrounding towns were present, and many from towns 
more distant. 

The oldest native of the town present was Mrs. Dolly White 
Engram of Chesterfield, wife of Otis Engram, her age being nearly 
92 years. 

Mr. Eben Edwards of Northampton added materially to the bill 
of fare at the dinner in the grove, by presenting a quantity of ripe, 
luscious strawberries. 

Mr. Luther James of Ann Arbor, Mich., responded to his "Wel- 
come Home" by sending a check for fifty dollars towards defray- 
ing the expenses of the day, regretting very much his inability to 
be present. 


(Extracts from the Springfield I'uionj 

(Fn>in our own Kei>orter). 

Goshen, Wednesday, June -^'4 y ^8^i^. 
The good town of Goshen, high on the hills of Western Hamp- 
shire, celebi*ated, to-day, with appropriate observances, the 100th 
anniversary of its municipal existence, and a right joyous occasion 
it has been, an anniversary significant with much of historic inter- 
est. Coming here, to-day, to tind banners, music, a procession, an 
assemblage of thousands, well-pi-epared addresses, and a royal feast 
not exceeded in abundance and richness by " the fat of the land'* 
of that other Goshen of ancient days, one would be struck with 
wonder and ask, "What does all this mean f '' He would have been 
filled with wonder that should give place to admiration as the his- 
torian of the day recounted the deeds of the fathers, and song and 
other ceremonials made known the full significance of the occasion. 
Such a lesson was this centennial to any present who might have 
disposed to sneer at "that little town of Goshen.'^ Subtracting, if 
need be, something for local pride, the centennial of this town gives, 
with similar occasions in other towns, an index to the importance 
of those communities in the make-up of the whole body politic of 
the State, and points to the source of much that is best in New 
New England life. 

Goshen was, of course, represented by the " whole happy popu- 
lation." Cummingtou, which celebrated its centennial but a few 
years ago, was largely represented on this occasion, and some came 
from Worthington, Plaintield, Ashtield, Hawley, Conway, Williams- 
burg and Northampton. For a week or more the stages traversing 
the mountain routes have been bringing home the sons and daugh- 
ters of the town, and on every hill and in every glade the dwellings 
have witnessed the greetings of re-united families, a pleasant fore- 
taste of the joyous demonstration of to-day. 

Bright and early, in spite of the severe and unseasonable cold, 


the people of Gosheu and a dozen other towns began to assemble, 
this morning, at the Center, to be ready to join in the procession 
at 10 o'clock, to march, under the marshalship of Mr. Lyman, three- 
fourths of a mile north-west to the grove selected as the place of 
meeting, where a platform and seats ha«l been prepared for the lit- 
erary exercises, with five long t;xbles not far* away for the spread, 
prepared with a great deal of painstaking by the ladies of Goshen. 

Ex-Representative Alvan Barrus was president of the day, and 
officiated with promptness and propriety on the occasion, welcoming 
the people in a neat and appropiiate address, and handling the 
details of the programme with good taste. Rev. J. E. M. Wright, 
the new pastor of the old church, who officiated as chaplain of the 
day, came to Goshen from Needham, and passed his boyhood days 
in Jackson, Me., with Dr. Ezra Abbott of the New Testament revis- 
ion committee. Rev. Mr. Wright wrote the centennial hymn for 
the occasion, which was sung to the tune of America by Edward 
Packard, Rufus C. Dresser and others, the audience joining. Rev. 
Dr. D. G. Wright, a cultured clergyman of the Episct)pal denomina- 
tion, and rector of the Poughkeepsie female academy, was present 
to bnng out " refreshing remembrances " of 50 years ago in the 
town of his boyhood, and he did his part well. 

The historian of the centennial was Hiram Barrus of Boston, who 
gave his hearers correct pictures of the homes of the fathers, and 
to their inspection and admiration portraits of the old worthies. 
The speaker noted the great interest taken in the cause of missions 
from the first by the Goshen church, of which the firat pastor was 
Eev. Samuel Whitman, who preached here 30 years. His home waa 
the house tor so many years occupied by Emmons Putney, on the 
main road, not far from the center, and which Mr. Putney is, by the 
way, a man of no little importance. For well nigh 30 years he had 
to do with school matters of the town as general committee, he ha& 
kept correct weather statistics for 50 years daily, that half century 
being an addition to the record of 30 years kept by his grandfather, 
Oliver Taylor, one of the first deacons of the church. Mr. Putney 
points to the spot (at the comers north of Amos Hawks's) where 
stood the house inhabited in other days by Adam Beals, one of the 
men who had a hand in throwing overboard the tea in Boston 

It would be wholly unfair to omit n^ention of the happy rhythmic 


offering by Mrs. Martha J. Lamb for the town of lier girlhood on its 
gala day. 

The people all regretted that death had removed from the town 
one long known to them, who had anticipated much participating 
in the songs of the centennial celebration, Maj. Joseph Hawks. 
His Highland House was thronged with visitors on that day and for 
a week, and besides that many of the people in town kept open 
house. Some of the visitors remain over until nest week. Among 
those present at the centennial none of those, not "to the manor 
born," more thoroughly erjoyed the exercises nor more correctly 
gathered from them the true significance of New England life and 
its institutions than did Prof. Arnold A. Zuellig of Switzerland, who, 
during his sojourn in America, is teaching at Boston,, and spemUng 
the vacation at the Goshen hotel. 




A few errora occur in the History of Goshen, which the author 
tdkes this opportunity to correct. 

Page 121, liBe 10, change 1848 to 1838. 

" 148, " 27, " " Professor in Harvard " to Assistant 
Librarian in Boston Public Librar}-. 

Page 162, line 8, change 1850 to 1860. 
" 164, " 2.3, " Feb. 3 to Jan. 14. 

" '' " 27, " to Cyrus E. died Aug. 10, 1860. 
" " *< 26, " " near Rochester " to Ilion, Herkimer 

Page 220, lines 27, 28, 29, change 1827 to 1831. 
" " " 19, should perhaps be Jan. 5. 

Miss Emily Joy who married C. C. Grugan had 5 children — 2 sons 
and 3 daughters. The sons, Frank C. and Harry T., returned from 
Europe, where they had been educated, soon after the breaking out 
of the civil war. Both enlisted in the service of their country. 
Ffank was one of the staff of Gen. Meade till the close of the war, 
when he entered the regular service and was on duty in the Yellow- 
stone region for some time, and was afterward transferred to the 
Signal Corps Department in Philadelphia. He had charge of that 
department in the Centennial Exhibition, and is now in the service 
at Fortress Monroe. Harrv T. was a faithful and favorite clerk in 
the War Department for some years, and died in office. Mr. C. C. 
Grugan, the father, died Nov., 1876. 

It is said that Prudence White, a Goshen girl, was the grand- 
mother of Kev. Daniel Merriman of Worcester and of Eev. Dr. W. 
E. Merriman, formerly president of fiipon college, Wisconsin. 

3 2044 037 711 165